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MONTHLY REGISTER.

POLITICAL HISTORY.

GREAT BRITAIN.

sooner the beneficial effects of the ReREFORM IN THE CHURCH.-From form Bill than is generally anticipated. the investigations making by Govern. There is undoubtedly a considerable porment into the state of the Church, and tion of those who call themselves liberals, the language used by the adherents of the who expected that the passing of the ReMinistry, it can hardly be doubted that form Bill was to close the account bean important reformation of the Church tween the aristocracy and the people, and is at hand. It was currently reported, who most absurdly supposed, that by due that the work of drawing up the Bill for management on the part of the Ministry, this purpose, had been intrusted to the further concessions might be withheld. Reverend Sidney Smith, but he has con. Such pseudo-liberals utterly forget that tradicted this report. At a late election the Bills were secured, not by the Mini. dinner at Wycombe, the Honourable stry, but by the people ; and that the Colonel Grey, son of Earl Grey, made conduct of the Court and the Tories, by the important statement, that the Reform causing the necessity of a demonstration Bill having become the law of the land, of the power of the people, shewed every the people had a right to expect other one, even the most ignorant, the means reforms, equally advantageous. “ No by which the victory was obtained. To doubt they would soon have a practical suppose that the people will stop short, and beneficial Church Reform_not a and allow the enemy to entrench them niggardly bit-by-bit Church Reform, like selves anew, betrays the utmost ignor the Pluralities Bill of last session_but rance of the state of feeling throughout as full and efficient, and satisfactory the country. The people, flushed with a Church Reform as our own Reform their recent success, will never be conBill." At a meeting, on the 5th Novem. tent till all the more flagrant abuses of ber, of the E lectors of Southwark, Mr. the state are corrected ; and any Ministry, Brougham said, “that a most important Whig, or Tory, which attempts to conmeasure, which must soon be brought trol them in their just expectations, will forward, without which the Reform Bill speedily be hurled from their places, would be quite imperfect, was a Reform however high they may stand in the in the Church. It was well known, that favour of the Crown, or in the good graces the great bod y of the Clergy of the Esta- of the Aristocracy. blishment, who did all the work, receiv. THE DISSENTERS are actively bestired less wages than a gentleman paid his ring themselves. The evils of which footman, while those who did no work, they complain are great; and a simulta. received enormous incomes. There were neous effort is all that is necessary to get in the Church of England, 2999 clergy- rid of them. Taxation without represenmen, who had incomes less than L.100 a. tation is tyranny; and a compulsory asyear. This was less, including board sessment for a sinecure Church, while the wages and livery, than was paid a foot. assessed find themselves obliged, by their man. There were between 700 and 800 conscience, to pay for more efficient reliclergymen, who had but half that in- gious services, can be viewed in no other come ; while some he would not at pre- light. The system of patronage by which sent go as high as the Bishops-even the the great man of the parish provides for a Dean of Durham had ...9000 a-year, family dependent, without regard to his for doing nothing. He would support fitness for the duties imposed on him, is an effectual reform in the Church, by a futile source of heart-burning in Scotwhich all who laboured in the vineyard land, and its abolition is loudly called for should receive adequate wages ; but those by many zealous adherents of the estab. who did not work should receive no lishment itself. pay." If these opinions are those enter- THE ELECTIONS.-Nothing is more tained by Ministers, we may sce much difficult, during the progress of a general election, than to estimate the numbers of when an offer was made, by the family of the members likely to be returned by the our illustrious countryman, to pay to his different parties. Every one acts on the creditors, on the 2d of February, a sum notion, that to admit that the chance of of money, which, in addition to that in the his favourite candidate is doubtful, is to en- hands of his trustees, and the amount in. sure his defeat. From all that we can sured on his life, will pay nine shillings learn, the result in Scotland will not dis- in the pound. The whole amount to be appoint the friends of liberty. Of the thus distributed, will be L.53,000, which Scotch counties, Perthshire and East with the former dividends, and payments Lothian are perhaps the most decided- received from co-obligants, is equal to the ly Tory. Yet Lord Ormelie, the eldest whole claims against Sir Walter Scott in son of the Marquis of Breadalbane, and a 1823. The meeting was very numerously true Whig, is secure of the former, and attended, and the proposal was adopted Sir David Baird, a liberal, is equally sure without a dissentient voice. The follow. of the latter. The Tory candidate for ing resolution was also carried unani. Perthshire is Sir George Murray, backed mously :—“And while the meeting state by his numerous connexions, and all the their anxious wish that every creditor who power of the Athol family, and the victory is not present may adopt the same resolu. cannot otherwise be considered thanas great tion, they think it a tribute justly due to and glorious. It is most fortunate for Perth- the memory of Sir Walter Scott, to exshire that a candidate so well fitted as press, in the strongest manner, their deep Lord Ormelie has been fonnd to break up sense of his most honourable conduct, and the bondage in which the connty has long of the unparalleled benefits which they been held by the Tories. To great here. have derived from the extraordinary er. ditary possessions and family influence, ertion of his unrivalled talents under mis. he joins talents and information, which fortunes and difficulties, which would render him worthy to represent such a have paralyzed the exertions of any one county. The antagonist of Sir D. Baird else, but in him only farther proved the is Mr. Balfour of Whittingham, a nabob greatness of mind which enabled him to wallowing in wealth, the son-in-law of rise superior to them." The proceedings the Earl of Lauderdale, who now, in his of this meeting seem to have been overlatter days, has become a Tory, after pass. looked in London, for on the 9th Noveming through nearly all the shades of poli- ber we find a meeting was held at Bridgetical opinion. But neither the political water House, the residence of Lord L. influence of the Earl, nor the gold of his Gower, at which it was determined, “That son-in-law, avail him in the hour of need, a subscription be forthwith entered into, and both must yield to the straight-form for the purpose of not only preserving ward honesty and independence of Sir D. Abbotsford, but of securing its proper Baird. From these specimens, we may maintenance in the family of Sir Walter judge of the prospects of the Tories in Scott." Subscriptions are likewise rais. the Scotch counties. In the burghs, again, ing in all parts of the country for the matters have still a worse aspect for them. erection of monuments to the memory of The most servile and corrupt is Edin- Sir Walter Scott. His Majesty has subburgh. It has been, since the Union at scribed L.300 for the monument to be least, the scene of perpetual jobbing, and, erected at Edinburgh. for the last half century, the headquar- THE LORD CHIEF JUSTICE.- 'The ter of Toryism in Scotland. The Dun- Right Honourable Charles Abbot, Lord dases long held the undisputed political Tenterden, Chief Justice of the King's sway, and the representation of the City Bench, died on Sunday the 4th of No. of Edinburgh became almost the appanage vember. He attended the trial of Mr. of their family. Yet here the Tories have Pinney, the Mayor of Bristol, on the 27th only started one candidate, and the return of October, but he was evidently labourof the Lord Advocate and the Hon. James ing under the effects of great weakness. Abercrombie is all but certain. The Tory He was unable to leave his house after candidate, Mr. Blair, has never once ven- his return home from the Court, and the tured to meet the electors in public, to de- symptoms of his complaint became rapid. clare to them his political opinions. We ly more alarming. His Lordship was in have, therefore, no fear that Scotland will his 71st year. Lord Tenterden was eledo her duty at the ensuing election, and vated to the Bench in 1816, when his that a very great majority of the Scottish Lordship succeeded Mr. Justice Le Blanc. representatives to the new Parliament will In 1818, Lord Ellenborough having re. be men of liberal opinions.

signed the office of Chief Justice of the Sir WALTER SCOTT.-A meeting of King's Bench, over which Court he had the creditors of Sir Walter Scott was held presided from the year 1802, he was suc. at Edinburgh on the 29th of October, ceeded by Lord Tenterden, then Sir Chas. Abbot. His Lordship was an able law. alive, and in the neighbourhood of the yer and a good judge, except when his po- spot where the Fury was wrecked in litical prejudices interfered. Sir Thomas Parry's last voyage. It appears that the Denman, the Attorney-General, was im. Hudson's Bay Company has formed demediately appointed Chief Justice. The pots of provisions to a considerable extent salary of the office has been reduced from in the line of Captain Ross's assumed L.10,000 to L.8000 a-year.

route overland. The sum necessary for Poors' Laws COMMISSION.-Sometime two years' maintenance of the proposed ago a Commission, to inquire into the expedition, and which, with husbanding, state of the Poors' Law3, was appointed, may suffice for three years, is L.5000, of from which much benefit may ultimately which sum Government has subscribed be derived. Their first step was to send L.2000, and the remainder is in the forth printed queries, directed to persons course of being raised by private subthe most actively engaged in the adminis- scription. Captain Back, the energetic tration of the Poors' Laws ; one set of companion of Franklin, will command queries being framed expressly for the ru. the expedition. ral districts, and another for the towns. CHEAP PUBLICATIONS.—The miser. As answers to these queries were return- able prosecutions of the poor wretches ed, commissioners itinerant were deputed who sell cheap publications, has continued from the Central Board, to examine wit- in London during the month. Hardly a nesses on the spot, to inspect books, and day elapses that some of the venders of the visit work houses. During the last three Poor Man's Guardian-for this is the months, the greater part of the country, publication marked out for prosecutionincluding almost all the parishes distin- are not sent to the jails, to be there kept guished by peculiar management has been for two or three months at the public exvisited by these Commissioners, and they pense, and to complete their education for are expected to complete their labours in the commission of more serious offences. a few weeks. A bill on the subject is to Some of the police magistrates are utterly be brought into Parliament very soon af- disgusted with these proceedings, and reter it meets.

fuse to convict upon the evidence of the BRISTOL Riots.-The trial of Mr. informers, who make a livelihood by en. Pinney, the Mayor of Bristol, for neglect' forcing the laws enacted to keep the people of duty, in not having used due vigour in in ignorance. How long will our rulers his magisterial capacity, during the me- permit those laws to disgrace our statute morable riots at Bristol, was bronght to

book ? Where is all the love for the li. a close on the 1st November. The fol. berty of the press which so many of our lowing is the verdict of the Jury:—“We present Ministry professed when out of unanimously find Charles Pinney, late office ? Mayor of Bristol, not guilty. We are of TRIBUTE TO MINISTERS.-- On the opinion that, circumstanced as he was- 6th November, a deputation, headed by menaced and opposed by an infuriated Sir John Key, Lord Mayor of London, and wreckless mob; unsupported by any waited upon Lords Grey, Althorp, and force, civil or military, and deserted in John Russell, to present their Lordships those quarters where he might most rea- with gold cups, the produce of a penny sonably expect assistance, the late Mayor subscription among the people. Lord of Bristol acted to the best of his judg- Brougham, in consequence of illness, could ment, and with the highest zeal and per- not receive the deputation. The Lord sonal courage.”

Mayor, in his address, said, “ that the CAPTAIN Ross. During the month people could readily, from amongst them. several meetings have been held in Lon- selves, have contributed for a much more don, with the view of fitting out an ex. expensive proof of their approbation, but pedition in search of Captain Ross and it was wished to afford as large a number his companions, who sailed in spring 1829 as possible the pleasure of uniting in thus to the Arctic Seas, with the view of disco. testifying their gratitude. It was on that vering the so much sought for north-west account that the subscription of each inpassage to America. Captain Ross had two dividual was limited to so small a'sum as vessels, a steamer and a ship, but the one penny, by which means an opportucrew of the latter having mutinied, he nity had been afforded to 310,000 indiviproceeded on his expedition with the duals to contribute to the subscription." steamer alone, in which were only him. The cups bore the inscription, “ Take self and nineteen men. At a meeting, on away the wicked from before the King, the first November, at which Admiral and his throne shall be established in Sir George Cockburn presided, he stated righteousness.”—Proverbs, Chap. XXV., his opinion, from all the facts which had Verse 5. They weigh eighty-five ounces, come to light, that Captain Ross was still and will contain five pints of wine each.

WAR WITH HOLLAND.-On the 13th the free institutions of Britain. Althongh, November, a meeting, rather numerously however, the ministry has been so far sucattended, was held in the City of London cessful in their plaus, the great object in Tavern, to petition the King against the view has not been attained. The tithes prosecution of the war with Holland. The are not paid. The people allow their time at which the meeting was held shews effects to be sold when purchasers can be that the object was not for the purpose of found, and their persons to be imprisoned, endeavouring to avoid the calamities of but the accursed impost they will not pay. war, but with the view of removing the Were the Irish clergy dependent for their Ministers from office. The convention subsistence upon tithes, some sympathy with France was already signed, and so might perhaps be felt for them, but while far carried into effect, that an embargo. the Irish Church possesses 990,000 Eng. had been laid on Dutch vessels, and reso- lish acres of land, worth at least a million lutions passed at public meetings can only a-year, for the support of some two thou. have the effect of making the war more sand clergymen, with half a million of bloody and more protracted, by encourag- Episcopalian parishioners, there are aning the King of Holland in his obstinacy. ple revenues for the payment of the clergy, A similar meeting was held at Edinburgh without oppressing the impoverished peaon the 220 November.

santry by the exaction of tithes. Scot. IRELAND.—The maintaining a sine- land contains nearly two millions and a cure Church in idleness by means of 50,000 half of people, and her clergy are at least bayonets, continues to drench the soil of our as efficient as those of any other Church, unfortunate sister isle with blood. On the yet they do not cost more than a quarter of 8th of October, a body of thirty police a million annually. In such circum. men proceeded to the parish of Aglish, in stances, we say to the Irishi, persist, by all the neighbourhood of Waterford, to post no- legal means, in your opposition to the pay. tices for the payment of the arrears of tithes; ment of tithes. Your resistance hitherto and being followed and hooted by a crowd has been noble, and it only requires a few of 200 or 300 persons, the majority of them months' longer perseverance to ensure you women and children, the police fired, and the victory. 12 people were killed, and from 20 to 30 wounded. Not one of the crowd was

THE CONTINENT. armed, and there were not even stones FRANCE.-The Duchess de Berri, who thrown at the police before they fired. We by her ill-advised attempts to secure the refrain from any comment on this atro- throne of France for her son, has caused cious affair, as it must shortly become the the greatest misery to thousands of the subject of judicial investigation, the in- ignorant but devoted adherents of the quest having returned a verdict of wilful wretched race of Bourbon, was appremurder against Captain Burke and the hended at Nantes, on the 7th of Novem. party of police under his command, for ber. She was betrayed by Etienne Gonkilling Catherine Foley, and. Joseph Sin- zague Deutz. This person, who is a not, two of the persons who fell on the native of Cologne, and brought up in the above occasion. The anti-lithe meetings Jewish religion, had repaired to Rome, in have for the present been suppressed by the year 1826, to his uncle, of the same the numerous prosecutions instituted by name, a celebrated Jewish rabbi, and he government against those present at them, there renounced the Jewish, and assumed in most of which prosecutions they ob- the Catholic, faith. He then lived, for a tained verdicts against the accused. The considerable period, on the pecuniary supsentences were extremely severe, when it plies afforded him by Cardinal Albani. is considered that the illegality of such In 1831, after making a voyage to Amemeetings was far from being generally rica, he returned to Europe, and Drack, known. Fines of L.50 and L.100, with his brother-in-law, being attached to the four to six months' imprisonment, were in suite of the Duke of Bourdeaux, he thus many instances inflicted. The prosecu. obtained the means of introduction to the tions against the press continue. Those Duchess de Berri. He was employed by against Mr. Halkett of the Tipperary her in several delicate missions to foreign Free Press, for publishing, as an advertise- courts. These missions he executed to ment, the resolutions of a political club, the satisfaction of the Duchess, and thus are almost unparalleled in the history of the good opinion she entertained of him the country, and have called forth the was strengthened. After the arrival of sympathy of eve friend of liberty in the Duchess in France, Deutz continued the three kingdoms. On the whole, the to be employed by her, and, in one of his conduct of the Whig ministry towards missions to Germany, he became acquaintIreland, reminds one rather of the despo. ed, at Frankfort, with an individual attic governments of the Continent than of tached to the French police. Here the first overtures for betraying the Duchess the fire, which had fallen low, was increased were made. On quitting Frankfort, he by means of turfs, and some newspapers; went to Rome, and received, from the and the smoke, which had penetrated to Pope, letters to the Duchess de Berri. the place of concealment, together with From Rome he proceeded to Portugal, the heat, rendered remaining there longer where he had an interview with Don Mi. impossible. The place of concealment guel, who also delivered him letters to the was very small, and had no window; and, Duchess. Having then gone to Paris, he during the whole sixteen hours in which made a final arrangement regarding the the Duchess and her three companions had sum which he was to receive for his breach been in it, they were forced to remain in of trust. This sum, according to some a standing posture. The back of the chim. accounts, was 300,000 francs (L. 12,000 ;) ney, which consisted of an iron plate, turnaccording to others, 1,000,000 francs ed on its centre, thus forming a door to the (L.40,000.) To carry his plan into exe- concealed apartment. Her attendant Ma. cution, he went to Nantes, and request- demoiselle Kersabice, in the costume of a ed an interview. The persons to whom peasant girl, came out first; then the Duchhe applied having some suspicion, at first ess, who was followed by the Count de refused his request, but, as he declined to Messnars, and M. Guibourg. The Duchcommunicate his dispatches, or the resultess, in coming into the room, immediately of his journey to any other person than said, “ It is unnecessary for you to con the Duchess, they were at last forced to tinue your search; I am the Duchess de comply. The Duchess had formerly re- Berri.” She was completely disfigured, sided in the house of the Demoiselles Du. by the dust and dirt of the hole in which guigny, at Nantes, and she returned thi- she had been confined; but, though much ther on the afternoon of the 6th Deutz exhausted, retained her presence of mind. was admitted to an interview just as the After a process verbal of the circumstances Duchess was about to sit down to dinner. had been drawn up, and the Duchess had After a few minutes' conversation he left been formally identified, she was removed the house, and gave the police officers along with her companions, to the Chateau the signal which had been agreed on for de Nantes, where the apartments of the her arrest. The house was immediately governor were assigned to her; and she surrounded, and the adjoining streets were was shown every attention. The French filled with troops. Admission was at first Government, which had, sometime prerefused to the soldiers, but, on a threat viously, anticipated the probability of apthat the door would be broken open, they prehending the Duchess, had prepared for were at length permitted to enter. It was her reception the Chateau de Blaye, near now about half past four in the afternoon, Bourdeaux, whither she was removed, but, although the most minute search was shortly after her apprehension. Along made, the Duchess could not be found. with the Duchess were seized a great num. Various places of concealment were found ber of letters from many of the Potentates in the house. In one of them, a consider- of Europe, and, among others, from Don able sam, in five franc pieces, with the Miguel, who had sent her a sum of money. effigy of Henry V., as well as some me. These letters, which are curious, it is prodals, bearing the representation of a car, posed by the French Government to pubwhich the Duke holds in one hand, while lish. They will, in all probability, show in the other he wields a trident, with some traces of the means by which the des. which he subdues the demon of revo- pots of Europe endeavour, at present, to lution. Like St. Michael, he is repre- keep down their subjects. sented trampling it under foot. Notwith. The apprehension of the Duchess de standing the bad success which had hi. Berri is generally believed to have been therto attended the search, the municipal the cause of considerable embarrassment authorities did not despair; but it was re- to the French Governinent, as it can nei. solved to desist until the following morn- ther punish her severely, nor inflict a le. ing. Three gens d'armes were therefore nient punishment, without giving occa. placed in each room, and the house was sion for much murmuring. To divest itcarefully surrounded with troops. In or. self, as much as possible, of responsibi. der to discover whether any person was lity, the matter has been referred to the concealed in the chimnies, fires had been Chambers, and an ordonnance of Louis lit in all the fire places. In the third story Philippe has been passed, ordaining a pro. of the house there was a small room, and ject of law, for the purpose, to be brought towards morning it occurred to the sol. diers, stationed in it, that the fuel had BELGIUM AND HOLLAND.—The subbeen disturbed, and, shortly afterwards, ject which has chiefly fixed public attenone of them remarked, that he heard a tion, during the month, is the Belgian noise. To ascertain, if possible, the cause, question. On the 220 October, a Conven

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