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tion was signed at London, between Lord that, when the citadel of Antwerp should Palmerston on the part of Great Britain, be evacuated by the Netherland troops, it and Talleyrand on the part of France, should be forthwith delivered up to the which, after setting forth that Great Bri. Belgians; and the French troops should tain and France had been requested by the immediately retire within the French ter. King of the Belgians, to carry into execu
ritory. tion the Articles of the Treaty relative to the Netherlands, concluded at London on
In terms of this convention, a requisi. the 15th November, 1831, the execution
tion was made by the British and French of which was jointly guaranteed by Great
Charges d'Affaires, at the Hague, on the Britain, France, Austria, Russia and Prus
29th October, to the Dutch Government,
to evacuate the Belgian territories, and on sia, and that all attempts to obtain the
the 21 November an answer was return. execution of the Treaty by negotiation had failed, stipulates, as a first step towards
ed, refusing to consent to deliver up the the accomplishment of that object, that
citadel of Antwerp. On the 6th Novem. Great Britain and France should require
ber, therefore, an embargo was laid on the the King of the Netherlands to enter into
Dutch vessels in the British forts, and or. an engagement, by the 2d of November,
ders were issued to our cruisers to seize all
Dutch vessels at sea. A similar step was to withdraw, on the 12th of that month,
taken by the French government. This all his troops from the territories which,
measure having been anticipated for some it was agreed, by the Treaty of Novem.
time, few vessels were detained in the ber 1831, were to form the kingdom of
British ports. At Liverpool, there were Belgium. The King of the Belgians was, in like manner, to be required to with
only two, several others having escaped draw his troops from the Dutch territory.
on the first intelligence of the embargo, It was, at the same time, declared, that,
A Dutch East Indiaman having sailed inif either party should refuse compliance
to Coves, in the Isle of Wight, ignorant
of what had taken place, was detained, with the above requisition, Great Britain and France would proceed, without farther
and several Dutch vessels have been seized notice or delay, to the measures, which
by our cruisers at sea. At Bourdeaux, a
considerable number of Dutch vessels were might to them appear necessary to compel the execution of it. By the seconda
cond detained. article of the Convention, it was stipu. Meantime, great preparations were lated, that, if the King of the Netherlands making by the British and French Gorefused to agree to the proposition to eva vernments to enforce the Convention. cuate the Belgian territories, an embargo Much activity prevailed at the naval ar. should immediately be put on the Nether- senals of both countries in the fitting out land vessels in the ports of Great Britain of ships of war. On the 29th October, and France, and an order issued to the part of the French fleet, which was to cocruizers of the respective countries to stop operate with the British in the blockade and bring into their ports all the Nether of the Dutch coast, arrived at Spithead. land vessels which they might meet with On the 4th of November, the British at sea ; and for the more effectual execu. fleet, commanded by Sir Pulteney Mal. tion of this measure, that a combined colm, and the French fleet, under the comFrench and English squadron should be mand of Rear-Admiral Ducrest de Villestationed on the coast of Holland. By neuve, in the Suffren, of 90 guns, sailed the third article, it was agreed, that if, from the Downs. This was the first time on the 15th of November, the Dutch troops that the people of England had seen, from should be still in the Belgian territory, a their own shores, the tri-color sailing in French corps should enter Belgium, for union with the British flag; and it is diffi. the purpose of compelling them to eva- cult to describe the sensation it occasioned cuate the territory, on the understanding, among the numerous spectators who had however, that the King of the Belgians assembled to behold the gratifying specshould have previously expressed a wish tacle of the two most powerful and most for the entrance of the French troops for enlightened nations of Europe uniting, the above purpose. By the fourth are not for the purposes of conquest or ag. ticle, it was stipulated, that, if the mea- grandisement, but, to obtain, for a less sure pointed out in the preceding article powerful nation, the blessings of freedom became necessary, its object should be li- from a yoke, which they, in less auspici. mited to the expulsion of the Dutch troops ous times, had been the means of imposing from the citadel of Antwerp, and the forts and rivetting on the necks of the Belgians, and places dependent upon it; and France By an arrangement with the French goexpressly engaged not to occupy any of vernment, it has been arranged that Sir the fortified places in Belgium by the French Fulteney Malcolm is to take command of troops employed in the above service, and the combined fleet.
PORTUGAL._Don Pedro still remains PRUSSIA. -The Prussian States Gaat Oporto. His force is now estimated at zette contains a declaration of the King, 16,000 men, and reinforcements are daily which, after noticing the determination arriving from France and England. It of England and France in respect of Hol. is said that he is to assume the command land, proceeds to sayof his army, a step by which the petty « His Majesty, the King, conformably jealousies which has hitherto existed
to the declarations that he has made on among his officers, and proved very pre
cvery occasion, and in concert with Aus. judicial to his cause, will be eradicated.
tria and Russia, has caused notice to be On the 11th October, the Miguelites made
given to the Governments of England and an attack on the Serra Convent, with a
France, that he must refuse to these coerbody of from 4000 to 6000 men, which
cive measures, not only all kind of co-opewere repulsed with great slaughter. The
ration, but also his assent; and that, on loss on Don Pedro's side did not exceed
the contrary, he has resolved to place a 100 men. The hostile fleets also had an
corps of observation on the Maese, in or. engagement off Vigo, in which Admiral
der to be ready, on the entrance of a Sartorious, and twenty-seven men on
French army into Belgium, to avert the board his vessel, were wounded, and ten
eventual consequences which the intended killed. His flag ship, the Donna Maria,
military operations might have with rehad 82 shot-holes in her sides. None of his other vessels suffered so severely. The
spect to the tranquillity of Germany, and
of his Majesty's dominions, and to the geMiguelite fleet, under Admiral Felix, suc
neral peace.” ceeded in effecting its retreat, without the loss of any of its vessels. On the 24th TURKEY.-Sultan Mahmoud is makOctober, another assault was made on the ing a vigorous rally, and has got together Serra Convent. The object seemed to be an army of 40,000 men, principally Alto take the garrison by surprise ; but banians, who are to march under the having failed in this attempt, the Miguel. Grand Vizier against Ibrahim Pacha. ites hastily retreated. Don Miguel has The latter still continues to advance; but at length joined his army with a rein- unless he pass Mount Taurus immediately, forcement. His troops, of all arms, are his farther progress must be stopped till estimated at 25,000; and another attack spring. Jean de Maurajeni, a distinis anticipated before the troops retire into guished individual at the Court of the winter quarters. The French Govern. Ottoman Porte, has arrived in London, ment has of late been strongly pressing charged with a special mission to solicit our cabinet to join with them in adopt- the mediation of the British Government, ing some decisive measure in favour of in connection with that of other European the constitutional cause in Portugal; but Powers, to effect terms of pacification no decision has yet been arrived at on between the Sultan and the Pacha. this matter.
STATE OF COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES.
The threatening aspect of the political tive. The cotton manufacturers are also horizon has had less effect on the com- well employed, and the large demand they mercial and agricultural markets than now have for the home market is clearing might have been anticipated. In the west off the heavy stock of goods they had acof England, a great deal of business is cumulated. At Sheffield, trade is in a doing in the woollen trade, without much very depressed state ; the American trade, speculation. Low stout broad cloths, which usually affords a considerable de. about eight shillings per yard, are a little mand, being completely at a stand. This advanced in price, and the demand is in- is attributed principally to the cholera. creasing. The worsted stuff trade is still The sugar and coffee markets continue in in a better state than the woollen trade, a languid state. At the East India Com. and has admitted of an advance both of pany's periodical sale of raw silks, which prices and wages. The prices for six commenced on the 22d October, the pur. quarters wide merinos and other fine light chases, during the whole of its continuance, goods are advancing. The hosiery, and were made with great spirit. The total other businesses connected with it, are in quantity offered was 5285 bales, consista greater state of activity at the presenting of 2600 bales of Company's Bengal, time than has been known during the 2425 bales of licensed China, 235 bales of same season for several years past. The licensed Bengals, and 25 bales of Persian blanket trade, after some months of deep silks. The following is an accurate depression, has become uncommonly ace statement of the progress and result of the sale :-Out of the Company's silks about and the biddings were unusually brisk, 480 bales of the most inferior qualities the manufacturers being in high spirits were refused at the taxed prices, and the at the inproved aspect of the trade. The remainder sold at an average advance of quantity of wools announced for sale was two and a half per cent on the quotations between 2500 and 2600 bales, of which realized at the June sale. The demand rather more than 1000 bales were New was most active for the Company's finest South Wales, 500 Van Diemen's Land, and best silks. The private trade Bengals 240 bales of German, 342 bales of Smyr. were all sold at prices realizing the same na, 90 bales of Cape, 50 bales of Spanish, advance as the Company's silks. Of China 2 bales of Swan River, some English silks, about 2500 bales were brought for- combing, and other wools. The manufacward for sale, of which a large proportion turers from Bradford, Halifax, Leeds, and was bought in, and the remainder was other principal places in Yorkshire, bought disposed of at about the same prices as largely. Some superior Australian fleeces those given at the June sale. The Persold as high as 3s. to 3s. 24d. per lb.; sian silks were bought in at from 9s. 4d. fine from 25. to 23. 11d; and inferior to 9s. 9d. per lb. The total stock of raw from ls. to ls. 11d. per lb. The finest silk remaining in the East India Com. Van Diemen's Land wools offered propany's warehouse for future sale, amounts duced from Is. 5d. to 2s. 20., and inferior to 7917 bales, of which 7699 are Ben- and middling from 10d. to ls. 41d. per gals (Company's), 151 bales of private lb.—The German wools were sold at from trade China, and 97 bales of licensed Ben- ls. to ls. 10£d. per lb. ; the Smyrna at gals.
from 6d. to 10 d.; the Cape at from Is. Id. At the East India Company's sale of to ls. 6ļd, and the English combing, saltpetre and spices, there was a full at- from 1s. to ls. 1d. per lb. The wool tendance of persons interested in the salt from Swan River was of good quality, petre trade. The quantity declared for and sold at 2s. 1d. per lb.-_There was sale was 612 tons, exceeding the last de- some competition for it on account of the claration by rather above 100 tons. The novelty of the article, being the first im. sale commenced very briskly at 38s. per ported from the colony. The results of cwt., but the price soon advanced to 39s. these sales tend to establish an advanced per cwt. As the sale proceeded, the biddings market for colonial and most other wools. were less active, and a portion of the The wools from our possessions in Ausquantity offered went at from 1 to 2 per tralia and Van Diemen's Land, showed cent. The result of the sale establishes that increased care and attention has been an improved market. The saltpetre sold paid in the growth and packing, and were by the Company in August last went off more free from the burr than heretofore, at from 33s. 6d. to 35s. per cwt. The sheep shearing having commenced this Company's black pepper, consisting of season earlier than usual. 1014 bags, sold at from 3 d. to 3 d. per At Paisley, the demand for Flushed Ib., and nutmegs at from 4s. 3d. to 4s. Bordered Shawls continues pretty steady. 4d. per lb.
Petticoats are considerably brisker, and The contracts of the Lords of the Ad- the price of weaving has advanced from miralty for rum, sugar, and other articles 10 to 15 per cent. Common Imitation for the navy, were taken on the 1st No. Shawls have been rather dull for some vember. The quantity of rum contracted time, but the manufacturers are all paying for was 75,000 gallons. There was much the table price. There are still a number competition among the trade to obtain the of Angola shawls made, and the prices contract; which was ultimately taken at remain steady. Canton Crapes, both fi. within a fraction of ls. 9 d. per gallon. gured and plain, are a good deal brisker. The last contract was for 100,000 gal. Flain Middles and Thibets are rather lons, and was taken in July at a price dull; the weavers find it difficult to get equal to ls. 6 d. and per gallon. Proof new engagements. The Silk Transparent leewards are now 6d. per gallon dearer Gauze trade has been very dull these than at this time last year. The import two months past; but we are glad to of rum generally is 19,105 puncheons less learn, that it is in the way of improvethan at this time last year; and although ment, a number of weavers having got the home consumption and export trade canes within these ten days. There are have fallen off, the stock is now 12,000 still, however, a number of the hands puncheons less than last vear.
idle. It is the opinion of the manufacThe Wool Trade bas been brisk during turers, that the prospect of trade being the month, and prices have been rather steady through the winter is a great deal advancing. There were extensive sales at more encouraging than it was at the beGarroway's, which lasted several days,ginning of the last or preceding season. The sale-rooms were very much crowded, At Perth, for some time past, the
Weavers have been employed, but at very indeed never at a lower ebb than it is in low wages; no advance having taken Scotland at present, and farming capital place for a considerable period, except in has almost disappeared. At the present umbrella clothes, which were considerably prices, the tenants cannot possibly pay the advanced a few weeks ago; but a beavy high rents for which they are bound to reduction has lately taken place in their landlords. The crop is great in bulk, the weaving of that article, which will but it is far from certain that the quantity press hard on the poor weaver at this of grain exceeds an average crop. Owing season, when so much light is required. to the wet weather in the end of August, A good number of harness weavers are at a great proportion of the wheat crop in present employed, but the price is still Scotland was much injured. The weights very low. On the whole, the weavers have range from 50 to 64 lbs. per bushel. but a poor prospect of getting through Barley also suffered severely; and, althe winter with any degree of comfort. though the crop exceeds an average, a
At Kawick, trade has not been better, large proportion of it, even on good land, nor have the manufacturing stocks been so turns out to be of inferior quality. Such low, for the last sixteen years.
of the barley crop as was exposed to rain East INDIA FLOUR.-An extraordic in the sheaf, has been much injured for nary trade has sprung up at Liverpool, malting, a great part of it having sprout. in the importation of flour from Calcutta. ed, and is thus rendered unfit for the pur5000 sacks arrived there lately, and the poses of the maltster. The weights run price quoted is 26s. to 27s per 1961b. from 51 to 54 and 55 per bushel. The subject to a duty of 38. per brl. This is crop of oats is good. They yield abun. the third or fourth importation made by dantly in proportion to the straw, and the the same house, Acroman and Still, withreturn at the mill is likewise ample. Turin the last 18 months. This flour is nips, particularly the late sown, have manufactured by means of steam engines greatly improved within the last six lately erected on the Ganges. The engines, weeks. A good deal of business has me of 32 horse power, and the daily pro- been done in letting ; three pence a-week duce of meal is about 35 tons. Of this a for hogs, and five pence for old sheep, the large proportion goes to supply the natives general rates. Many farmers have preof Calcutta with a very superior cheap ferred letting a part of their turnips to be food, which no feeling of caste prevents
attle in the straw them from consuming. Another portion ing in, thinking it a safer speculation, supplies the demand of a biscuit bakery, owing to the price of lean stock-five from which ships are furnished for their shillings per week may be stated as the homeward voyages with a fresb and very usual rate. The weather has been fa. superior biscuit, at much less than the courable for the sowing of the wheat crop; usual cost, and the fine flour is brought and the braird is in general suficiently te this country for the supply of the luxuriant, though in some districts it has power-loom weavers, bleachers, &c., form. been attacked by slugs. Young grasses ing, as it does, from the extraordinary look well. The potatoe crop is excellent strength of the flour, the best sizing ma, in quality, but not so abundant as last terial ever produced, and which is now year. Several cargoes of potatoes have used exclusively by some of the leading been shipped in the Tay for the London manufacturers of Lancashire. It cannot markets. They were bought up by spebe used as bread flour, being too stale on culators at from 8s. to 9s. per boll, of 32 its arrival in this country.
stone Dutch weight The King of Holland has recently issued a The exportation of grain from Ireland, decree, which must have a very injurious during the last twelve months, has been effecton the Belgian manufacturers. Up to unusually large, amounting, into London the date of this new fiscal regulation, the alone, to 100,000 quarters of wheat, upBelgians were allowed to send their manu. wards of 600,000 quarters of oats, and factured cottons by Dunkirk to Holland, about 100,000 sacks of flour; and, we bewhere, being shipped for the Indies in lieve, nearly an equal quantity has been Dutch vessels, they paid only a duty of imported into Liverpool; and this, in ad. 12 per cent; whilst English and Ger- dition to very large supplies into Glasgow, man wares paid 25 per cent. The Bel Bristol, and other ports, shows that a gians are now placed, in this respect, on great increase, as compared with former the same footing with the English and Ger- years, must have taken place from the mans, with whom they cannot for the pre- cultivation of land there of late. On an sent successfully compete.
average, the crops this year, in that counTHE GRAIN MARKETS have varied try, will turn out quite as well as the last, little during the month, and have been in although there have been partial failures a very depressed state. Agriculture was amongst them.
CATTLE.Owing to the abundance of held at Perth, the whole stock was straw, and the improvement in the turnip cleared off at an early hour. Prime crop, there has been a considerable de black-faced wedders sold at from 20s. to mand for cattle, and prices have been 21s. and inferior down as low as 14s. rising. At Doune Fair, cattle were 20s. Prime ewes were bringing from 7s. 6d. to a-head higher than last year. At Old 12s. Biggar Fair, cattle of the true Ayrshire At Doune Fair, on the 6th November, breed sold readily at an advance of full there was a short supply, the demand par. 30 per cent over last year's prices. At ticularly brisk, and prices from 2s. to 48. Hallow Fair, held at Edinburgh on the a-head above last year's market, and from 13th and 14th November, there was a 2s. 6d. to 4s. 6d. above last October Tryst brisk sale. The quantity of cattle in the at Falkirk. Wedders were sold at L.17 market was at least a fourth less than to L.24; and ewes from L.8 to L.ll, per last year. During the first day all the clad score, and were all sold. best lots changed hands at least 30 per HORSES.-At the Newcastle Cow Hill cent above last year's market, and 20 per Fair, the first rate horses brought for sale cent above prices obtained at last Falkirk were few in number, and were disposed of tryst, the better description of cattle before the regular fair commenced. There bringing an advance of about L.2 per were a great many of an inferior descrip. head on the Falkirk and Doune prices. tion; such as were useful brought pretty The principal part of the supply consisted good prices. Stags and ponies were nuof lean stock. Two-year-old Highland merous ; the former varying from L10 stots sold from L.4, 10s. to L.7, 78. to L.20 each ; the latter bringing, accord. Three-year-old do. L.7 to L.ll. Two ing to age and quality, from 1.4 to L.12 year-old Highland queys, from L.3, 10s. each. to L.5, 10s., quality inferior. There was At Paisley Martinmas Fair, the best but a poor supply of fat cattle in the draught horses in the market were offered market, prices from 58. to 7s. per impe- for L.35. At Hallow Fair, good draught rial stone.
horses brought good prices, but inferior SHEEP have also been on the rise. animals were in little demand. At the October Spittal of Glenshee Fair,
LEGENDS OF THE LIBRARY AT LIL. from each other, two monasteries, known LIES. BY THE LORD AND LADY by the flowery appellatives of Lilies and THERE. 2 Vols._ The title which Roses. These edifices have for many cen. Lord and Lady Nugent have chosen for turies been no more ; but on the site of their stories will be apt to mislead simple the former of the two, standeth a small readers. It will be imagined that the mansion, of Tudor architecture, bearing scene of their Legends is some fancy lie still its ancient name. Of the monastery, terary shop, the summer or winter little memorial beyond the name remains, blossom of a London root, transplanted save only that, under a small enclosed and flourishing about the Pantiles, or the space, erewhile its cemetery, now a wil. Marine Parade ; and that they are con. derness of flowers, the bones of the monks sequently tales of fashion, and of modern repose.” But the pools, the glades, the manners. Let us correct this mistake. shrubs and paths, and sportive colts, and Lillies, or more properly Lilies, is a veteran steeds, we pass for “ the warm charming spot thus described : “ Place cheer of the little oak library (at Lilies) yourself just midway between the three -for the quaint coverings and tracery of seas, which form the boundaries of South- other times which abound therein_for ern England, you will find yourself on a the awful note of the blood-bound baying small knoll, covered with antique elm, upon his midnight chain ; the pleasing walnut, and sycamore-trees, which rise melancholy of the hooting owl, from his out of a vale, famous in all time for the hereditary chamber in the roof; and for natural fertility of its soil, and the moral the tunefulness of the cooing wood-quests virtues of its people. On this knoll, fitly and the morning rooks, which bustle and called by our ancestors the lleartof South caw, and of the high winds which pipe Britain,' stood, distant about half a mile and roar, daily and nightly, through the
Longman, Rces, Orme, &c, London. boughs; and for the deep, glossy verdure