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ments against paper money, or rather his abuse of it, made not the slightest impression.
The Radical Reformers are not a party, in the usual sense of the word ; they are no set of men of the same opinions, united for the common purpose of ousting the party in power from their places, and obtaining power and place themselves, as well as currency for their particular opinions. They are too numerous, being in fact the people, to form a party; and their views and doctrines are in many respects dissimilar. In only one important point they agree,—that the good of the people, the just, and the true, is to be sought, and every thing inconsistent with these objects rejected. They support a Retorming Government, by supporting Reform; and do not profess to support Reform only by supporting a Reforming Government. Every man sincerely attached to the principle of Reform, for its own sake, and not for the sake of a party or set of men, is a Radical Reformer. From Reformers of such a description, much good is to be expected; from such men no evil is to be dreaded.
The Times has given the independent Reformers a new title. After describing them, with all its usual force of language and carelessness of truth, as the friends of anarchy and spoliation, it has bestowed on them the emphatic title of “ Destructives.”
The object of the independent Reformers is, with much fury, declared to be the destruction of the institutions of the country, the demolition of the Constitution. Of late years, we have heard much of the destruction of the Constitution. We should be sorry to believe the Constitution so very ricketty as it is represented by many of those who pretend to be its best friends. These gentry remind us of an impostor steward, in one of Mrs Centlivre's plays, who gave a false account of a feeble old gentleman's sudden death; adding, “ that he was very subject to it.” The Constitution is always dying, it would appear. According to Tory notions, it was destroyed by Catholic Emancipation ; by the repeal of Test and Corporation Acts; and, a third time by the Reform Bill. It is plain, from each of these Acts having been described by the Tories as destructive of the Constitution, that “ the Constitution" must, with them, have meant, Protestant and Prelatic ascendency, and the Rotten Burghs. When the
Times uses the Tory cry of the destruction of the Constitution,” we wish it would tell us plainly what it means. The Radical Reformers do not threaten to destroy the House of Commons, por Royalty, nor even the House of Lords. It cannot, therefore, be what is vulgarly understood by The Constitution that the Times means by that term. The Radical Reformers insist for the destruction of Monopolies. Can the Constitution, with the Times, mean Monopolies? The Radicals call for the destruction of Pensions and Sinecures. Are Pensions and Sinecures the Constitution? They ask the Ballot and Short Parliaments. Are the Septennial Act and compulsory voting (or, as it is falsely termed, the influence of property,) the Constitution ? The Independent Reformers ask for equality, not toleration, of religious rights. Is the supremacy of one church out of the Episcopal, Presbyterian, and Catholic, to say nothing of the many other forms of Christian worship, and the compulsory payment by one man for another man's spiritual teacher, the Constitution? The same honest Reformers demand the abolition of the Taxes on Knowledge. Is the ignorance of the people the Constitution ? Which of these things is the Constitution which the Times says, thc Radicals wish to destroy? Is it any, or all of them ?
THE MINISTRY AND TIE TAXES ON KNOWLEDGE. It has been proved by the issue of the Elections, that the Whig Ministry has the support of a vast majority of the middle classes of England and Scotland, if not of Ireland. Few Iories have got into Parliament; and still fewer avowed Radical Reformers ; although not a few of those members, who call themselves Whigs, and profess to support the present Ministry, are in reality Independent or Radical Reformers, and will only support those acts of the Ministry, which they shall think right. But even making allowance for these, the Ministry will have a decided majority of the House of Commons to support any question they may chuse to make a Ministerial one. It will be impossible for them to plead the want of power to carry any good measure, which they are known seriously to wish carried. The country has, therefore, a right to expect that they will proceed with vigour in those Reforms for which alone a Reform in the Representation was desired. There is one measure, which, if they will give quickly, we shall, for our own parts, allow the Ministry credit for a sincere desire to give, in due time, every other Reform, which the true interest of the people shall dictate; we allude to the Abolition of the TAXES on KNOWLEDGE. Let the light of political knowledge shine freely upon all classes, and no abusc, no fallacy, can long exist. Knowledge is to the health of the popular mind, what free air is to the health of the body. Those who wish the people to possess the means of political instruction, must intend to govern them by the conviction of their understandings, and not by force or improper influences; and that Ministry which excludes knowledge from the poor, must as certainly mean to govern for their own interest, and not that of the naiton. By this infallable test we shall try the patriotism of Ministers.
FRANCE.—The French ministry are PARLIAMENT was dissolved on the 3d
much stronger than was anticipated. The of December, and the writs for the elec
address at the opening of the Chamber of tion of the members of the New Parlia
Deputies was carried by a triumphant ment are returnable on the 29th of Janu.
majority of 233 to 114. An attempt was ary. The last of the boroughmonger
made to assassinate the king on his way Parliaments is thus brought to an end, and
to the Chamber on the 19th ult. ; at least a new era opens on the country with the
a pistol was fired at him, but whether it commencement of the present year. Pub.
contained a ball or not is uncertain; and lic attention has been almost solely di.
many entertain strong suspicions that the rected to the general election, but the
whole affair was got up by the police. early period at which we must go to press,
The supposed assassin has not yet been prevents us from recording the result. As
apprehended. The expedition against the far as we can judge from the elections
Dutch is popular in France. which have already taken place, we may
SPAIN.–The Queen's party has great anticipate a great victory for the friends
difficulty in keeping head against the Carof liberty and order. In London, the
lists; and the death of the King, who still whole sixteen members are liberal, not a
continues in a weak state of health, will, single Tory being returned. Many of
in all probability, be the signal for a civil the new members are pledged to support
war. A serious conspiracy, which was the vote by ballot, and the shortening of the duration of Parliament ; measures
to have been attempted in Madrid in fa.
vour of Don Carlos on the 5th of Novem. which are absolutely necessary to complete the reform in the Parliamentary re
ber, was fortunately discovered in time
to prevent it being carried into effect. presentation.
The conspirators were supported by the IRELAND.-All proceedings for the re body guards, and the scheme embraced .covery of tithes have been suspended dur- nothing less than the assassination of the ing the general election. The prosecu. King, Queen, and Infantas, and all who tions which have hitherto taken place, had declared for the new system of gohave had very little effect in enforcing the vernment. The Spanish Liberals are, in payment of tithes. A change of policy in general, unwilling to avail themselves of the management of Ireland is loudly re- the late amnesty offered them, fearing quired, for the proceedings of Mr. Stan that its protection would be at an end ley have all but driven the country into whenever either of the contending facrebellion. The question of the repeal of tions obtained a decided superiority. the union daily gains supporters; and it PORTUGAL.-The Marquis Palmella is not wonderful, considering that Ire. has returned to this country with the land has been so long treated rather like view of endeavouring to prevail on our a conquered country, than as an integral Ministry to recognise the government of part of the British dominions. That the Donna Maria. He has not, however, repeal is a measure fraught with evil to succeeded in this object, though great exall the three kingdoms, but more especi. ertions are m
is are making by the French gre ally to Ireland, we cannot doubt.
doubt. There vernment to indu
There vernment to induce our government to is little chance of a British and Irish Par. take this step. Don Pedro is at preliament going on for any considerable sent completely shut up at Oporto. He time without serious collisions, which will has been long blockaded by the Miguel. ultimately result in a separation of the ites on the land side ; and by means countries.
of a fort erected by them at the mench
of the Douro, they have completely cut French and Dutch armies. Prussia still off his communications by sea. Several maintains a powerful force on the Dutch vessels which went from this country and Belgian frontier, but does not seem with provisions and reinforcements have prepared to take active measures against in consequence been forced to return. A France. The state of the finances of vessel which sailed from the Clyde for Russia, and the failure of the attempt to Oporto with about 450 recruits, was raise a loan in London, as well as the wrecked off the coast of Galway, and all season of the year, prevent her assisting on board perished.
the Dutch ; though little doubt is enterBELGIUM and HOLLAND.-General tained, that the proceedings of the British Chassé, the Dutch commandant of the Ci. and French governments on the Dutch tadel of Antwerp, having refused to sur question, are most galling to her governrender the Citadel when summoned, in ment. name of Britain and France, on the 30th TURKEY and EGYPT.-It appears by November, commenced the same day news from Constantinople of the 10th firing on the French in the trenches, November, that Ibrahim Pacha, after which they had begun on the night of giving his army nearly two months' rest, the 29th November. The French did has resumed offensive operations. He not return the fire seriously until the commenced by taking possession of the 4th ultimo. They continue to push on defiles of Cilicia, and, having dispersed a the siege with much vigour; and it is corps of Turks assembled to oppose him now certain that the Dutch will defend at Ereckli, entered Koniah on the 1st themselves to the last extremity. The November.- Koniah (the ancient Iconi. fire on both sides is tremendous. The um) is half way between the frontiers of city has hitherto been spared the horrors Syria and Constantinople. This news is of bombardment, but how long it may said to have hastened the departure of the escape is a matter of uncertainty. The Grand Vizier for the army. The Turkish Dutch army, though in great force in fleet entered the Hellespont on the 5th ult. the immediate neighbourhood, has made The Egyptian fleet had returned to the no attempt to raise the siege, and no hos. harbour of Suda. The ravages of the plague tilities have yet taken place between the at Constantinople were on the decline.
STATE OF COMMERCE, MANUFACTURES, AND AGRICULTURE.
It is pleasing to observe that the true The wages are, however, low at Glasgow. principles of commerce continue to gain A weaver may work industriously from ground, notwithstanding all the efforts of fourteen to sixteen hours each day, and the supporters of the system of protec- yet earn no more than five shillings a. tions. The progress of just and liberal week. sentiments in France is most cheering. THE FLANNEL TRADE in the West The merchants and manufacturers of Ly- of England is brisk. Fine pieces meet ons have earnestly expressed their con, with a ready sale, and low-priced goods viction, that the protecting system, inju. are also in demand. A slight advance rious as it needs must be to all, is yet far has taken place in dyed goods.. more so to the party which inflicts it, In WOOLLEN CLOTHS there is a dethan to those against whom it is in in- clension of the demand. Some orders for tention directed. Their petition to the army cloth have been received, but the Chambers, praying for a relaxation of prices offered are so extremely low that duties on foreign, and especially British it is difficult to find clothiers to underarticles of manufacture, breathes a spirit take the working of them. There is some as wise as it is benevolent
demand for merinos and the finer qualiTHE COTTON MANUFACTURERS are ties of stuff goods; but with regard to low. well employed, and the large demand priced articles, the market is extremely which they now have for the home mar- flat. ket is clearing off the heavy stock of THE WORSTED STUFF TRADE conti. goods they had accumulated. They also nues in a very good state; all the mills find their payments come in punctually ; are fully employed, and the markets are which speaks well for the situation of the regularly brisk. drapers. The foreign trade is improving. SuK TRADE._ The silk-weaving in
the neighbouring towns round Manches. a deficiency of 100,000lbs. ; the decrease ter is moderately brisk ; fancy weavers in the two first qualties being 100,000lbs. pariicularly inquired for; very few of the in each, while in Twankays there is an sarcenet weavers bave to wait for work, increase of 100,000lbs. The sale was although wages are uncommonly low. fully attended, and the biddings were The sarcenet weaver cannot earn, on an animated. The first breaks of Boheas average, more than 8s. per week ; the realized from Is, ll}d. to ls. 11 d. per fancy weaver may earn about 12s. At pound, which will render them liable only Paisley, though blue dresses are rather to the 96 per cent duty. The prices ob. dull, flushed trimmings continue brisk. tained averaged rather higher than those
The turn-out of the weavers at Mac- obtained at the September sale. clesfield, has been accommodated by the AGRICULTURE.-The weather hasconmasters agreeing to a rise in the wages tinued on the whole favourable for the of the workmen.
sowing of wheat, and there are few years THE LEATHER TRADE.-This trade in which the sead has been put in the has been extremely flat and depressed for ground under more favourable circum. the last twelve months, and prices have stances. Little variation has taken place been so low, as in many cases not to leave on the Grain Markets, although the the tanners a profit. It now, however, tendency on the whole is upwards. The appears that prices have passed their low price of cattle, which had risen consider. est ebb, and that the tanners have again ably in the month of November, sunk a the prospect of realizing a fair return for little in the beginning of last month, and their capital.- The stock of leather at pre- the dealers who sold the cattle they had sent on hand is very limited, as compared purchased at Doune Fair in the Border with that of last year at this season ; a markets lost considerably. Markets have, good deal of leather has been sold of late, however, again revived, and the demand and some articles are becoming scarce, and for fat cattle is on the increase. The looking up in prices. Stout foreign backs horse markets have been rather brisk. are now scarce, and have advanced consi. At Newtonstewart horse market, on the derably in prices. Good calf-skins, Spa. 24th November, five-year-old farm-horses nish and German horse hides, are also brought about L.40, three and four-yrar. scarce, and advanced in prices. Crops are old horses about L.35, and two-year-old getting in short supply also, and looking horses L.30. At Castle Douglas fair, on upwards. Shaved hides are now the dull the 4th December, the demand for horses, est article in the market ; but when other of a fair quality, was good, and the busiarticles have improved in prices, they may ness was great. There were nearly 600 naturally be expected to follow soon. horses exposed. The best pair of draught
WHALE OU.-It appears from an ac horses brought L.80, and the highest price count of the Davis' Straits and Greenland for a carriage mare was L.50. whale fishery for 1832, that 81 ships had Nothing is so difficult to sell at prezent been employed, of which five were lost. as Landed Estates. The impending change The produce of this fishery has been in the Corn Law's prevents speculation or 12,578 tuns of 252 gallons each, and the the investment of money in land. Many quantity of whalebone was about 670 tons good judges consider the present a favourweight, valued at about L.100,000. The able time for purchasing land, being con. value of the oil was L.230,000. The num. vinced that no change in the Corn Law's ber of seamen employed was nearly 4000. can materially depress corn below the
East INDIA COMPANY'S TEA Sale.- prices of late years. The rapid increase On the 3d ult., the East India Company's of the population of Europe, as well as of December sale of teas commenced at the this country, is the great preventative of India House. The total quantity of the a permanent low price of agricultural several descriptions of teas declared for the produce, for it is improbable that any present quarterly sale, was 8,300,000, con improvements in agriculture can keep sisting of the following descriptions :- pace with the population. Over Europe, viz., 1,900,000lbs. of Bohea; 4,900,000lbs. therefore, recourse must yearly be had to of Congou, Campoe, Pekoe, and Sou. soils of constantly decreasing fertility, and chong; 1,120,0001bs. of Twankay; and hence, the amount of labour of the agri. 300,000lbs. of Hyson. As compared with culturist to produce the same quantity of the last sale, the present declaration shows grain must inevitably augment.
The literary increase of the last month mated traces of the author of the Hunchexceeds all ordinary limits. The biogra- back, but cannot add much to his reputaphers muster strong, the young poets tion. Our favourites are Love and Aucome forth singing in bands, the novel- thorship ; and the story of the Bastile. lists are in formidable force, and the class THE AMULET. * _The Amulet is, so to miscellaneous exceeds calculation. To speak, a religious annual, par excellence. our regiet and disappointment, a bare If not told this on the title-page, we should dry notice is all we can accord to the me- conclude the present volume to be much rits of some, and a mere intimation of ex- like its less professing contemporaries. The istence must supply what we should have Amulet contains some pretty, a few good, liked to say of others.
and a great many so-so pieces, and the MEMOIRS OF SIR WALTER SCOTT, usual number of engravings; of which the BY W. WEIR, ADVOCATE.* Besides the The Gentle Student, The Evening Star, maxim, that “ fools and bairns should The English Mother, and perhaps the not see half done work,” we have an ob- Duchess of Richmond, are pretending; jection to thrusting the first published while The Theft of the Cap, The Young Memoir of the first man of his age and Navigators, and the vignette, The Gol. country, into a nook of this Magazine. den Age, are really beautiful. There is, Ampler space is required to do justice to besides, a portrait of John Kemble, in the both the writer and the subject. The character of Cato, painted by Sir T. Lawformer, who already enjoys a considerable rence, and beautifully engraved. But local reputation, if he be not in very truth altogether, there is too much Lawrence. “ the rose and expectancy of our literary Grace Huntly is a pleasing tale, by Mrs. state," comes forward avowing his name, Hall; and the Wonders of the Lane, are and staking his reputation upon his work. verses in the best manner of the author of All, therefore, that we propose doing, till Corn Law Rhymes. There are several the book be completed, is to notice that it things, but none very noticeable, by L.E.L., is in course of publication, and excites a and a slight sketch, Soldiers' Wives, by great sensation in our literary circles. the Rev. Charles Tayler, much to our The Part published, relates to the child- mind. Every thing the pen and burin hood, boyhood, and youth of Sir Walter, of the annuals could do to please and atIt is full of interest and beauty.
tract, has been done for the Amulet. SELECTIONS FROM THE OLD TES. THE JUVENILE FORGET-ME-Notit TAMENT. BY S. AUSTIN. In this -Our manhood and literary taste apart, volume, which is introduced by a very we should not scruple to confess that we modest preface, the Hebrew Scriptures generally like the annuals of the juveare, without in the least disturbing the li.. niles, much better than those got up for teral text, so arranged as to form separ- the ancients or the adolescents. This of ate books, sections, and lessons of some Ackerman's is always a charming one, and length, illustrative of Scripture doctrines was never more so than for 1833. The and precepts. The plan will be at once ladies who contribute so much to these understood, when we mention that one pretty volumes, seem to feel more at home book is devoted to the attributes of God, and at their ease in the nursery, than another to the condition, duties, and des- when striving to minister to the caprices tinies of man; and that under the last of the over-grown, spoiled children on the one, there are such sections, as Duties floor below. Yes the floor below ; for of Children, Humanity, Humility, fc. every body knows that it is the custom of This is a useful and loving labour for the England to send the children to the at young and the uninstructed, and should tics, and keep the best rooms sacred to the be so received by parents, and all who bronzes, or-molu ornaments, and China, have the religious interests of their hum. and other gregarious monsters, dead and bler fellow-creatures at heart.
alive. Miss Landon contributes some sweet MR. KNOWLES' Tales. Mr. Knowles verses for a print, (the Grandmother, a has done himself the justice, and the pub. clever picture by Fraser,) and a pretty and lic the kindness, to collect his strays and fanciful, if not very probable, Indian Tale. waifs into the penfold of one small volume, Mary Howitt writes the Sailor's Wife; instead of permitting them to ramble and her verses are much better than so where few could see them, through Maga- gawky looking a Sailor's wife deserves. zines and Annuals. The Tales bear ani The First Sad Lesson, by Miss Bowles,
is the finest thing in the volume; full of • Ireland, Junior, Edinburgh. Part I. With
pathos and beauty. Portrait of Sir Walter. Pp. 99. + Effingham Wilson, London, Pp. 301.
. Westly and Davis, London, 1 Moxon, London, Pp. 6.
+ Ackerman, London.