of the effe.:t of lowering the duties after but on Saturday the 5th of January, they the many decisive proofs which already rose as high as 887, 89. In the course of exist of the utility of such a measure. a day or two they, however, sunk to 878. In 1745 the tea-duties were reduced from This rise is to be attributed to the result 4s. per lb. to Is., and 25 per cent ad van of the elections, which have turned out so lorem, and the result was a great increase favourably for Ministers, that they will in the r venue. In 1745 the duty was be stronger in all probability than any L145,630 : in 1746 it rose to L.243,309, Ministry we have ever had. The effect and in 1748 to L.303,545. In 1787 Mr. of the taking of the Citadel of Antwerp, Pitt reduced the duty on wine and spirits and of the retiring of the French troops fifty per cent, and the revenue was, not. into their own territory, whereby the withstanding, considerably augmented. chances of the long anticipated European The history of the duties on Coffee is also war are much lessened, must also have been of great value. In 1805 they were raised considerable. Within the last 18 months, a third. Their produce fell off an eighth. upwards of five millions of 3 per cent In 1808 the duty was reduced from 2s. to reduced, 3 per cent consols, and other 7d. a lb., to the grưat benefit of the re. securities, have been extinguished by in. venue. The average annual produce of vestments in annuities, which operation the high duties previous to 1808, when has tended to make stock scarce, while they were lowered, was L.166,000; the the favourable aspect of affairs at home average annual produce of the reduced and abroad has induced capitalists to induties L.195,000. We say nothing of the vest their money in the stocks; and thus comfort ensured to the people by the re- the price has been raised by the additional duction ; but it will be found that the demand. It is deserving of remark, that consumption of coffee increased fourfold. the great rise took place when it was geThe glass duties alsu shew the bad effects nerally believed that the deficiency on the of high taxation. But to return to the quarter's revenue would be from L.300,000 quarter's revenue, the subjoined table, to L.500,000. The foreign stocks also though short, will render the subject very experienced a rise at the same time with intelligible.

our own.

On the 8th of January, the purchases | INCOME FOR THE YEAR, ENDING 5TH at the Stock Exchange, on account of the JANUARY, 1833.

Sinking Fund, recommenced. The sum Receipts. Increase.)Decrease purchased was very trifling, being L.250

sterling; but as the commencement of a Customs..... £15,559,882 223,157 Excise .... 1 1,657,221 3:6,316

good system, it will likely have a consi. Stamps .... 0,515,314

32,131 derable influence on the future price of 11 axes .......

4,949,885 79,343

1.323,00 l'ost. Office ...

stocks, for it is not a mere juggle like the

69,006 Miscellaneous


21,715 Tory Sinking Fund. The surplus revenue Payment of

of Great Britain and Ireland over the ex. Advances for 320,15+ 38,995 Public Works S

penditure, for the yearending 10th October

1832, has been certified to be L.467,391, £13,379,339 669,051 121,882 9s. 7d., one-fourth of which will be apDeduct Decreasc


plied, within the present quarter, to the Total Increase on the Year 516,169

reduction of the national debt.


command the early attention of Parlia. COMPARED WITH THE CORRESPOND ment. The Repeal of the Union is now ING QUARTER OF 1832.

loudly demanded by the great majority of Receipts. Increase. Decrease. her population, in the vain expectation

that it will secure prosperity to the counCustoms..... &3,887,306 359,583 Excise..... 3,966,488

299,086 try, and relieve it from the taxation by Stamps .... 1,575,955

42,515 which it is now oppressed. The strength Taxes....... 1,92,8:31

78,139 Post Office .... 338,000 10,000

of the feeling in favour of Repeal was Miscellaneous .. 34,729 13,522

never generally known in Britain till the Repayment of 2

General Election ; but the result of it is Advances for 83,771 8,762 Public Works)

unequivocal. Seventy-two of the Mem,

bers are Protestants, and thirty-three Ca. £11,789,072| 390,817 420,310

tholics; fifty-three are new Members, Deduct Increase


and fifty-two re-elected ; forty-two are Decrease on the Quarter


considered Repealers, thirty-four Whigs,

twenty-five Conservatives, and four are THE FUNDS.-A very extraordinary designated as doubtful. No expectation rise in the funds took place in the first can be entertained that the Repeal of the week of January. In the middle of De Union will ever be carried in the British cember, the 3 per cents did not reach 84; Legislature, and therefore Mr. O'Connell

seems desirous of effecting the measure they will find a market for their five or by force. He has formed the project of six millions worth of agricultural produce, reviving the Volunteers of 1782, but which they annually send to Britain, and without arms; for the law does not per. what will be the effect on Ireland of the mit the people to form themselves into loss of so extensive a market? Bri. military bodies without the sanction of tain could obtain agricultural produce Government. Volunteers without arms cheaper from the Continent than from are a most anomalous description of force; Ireland ; and it is the Union alone which but when properly organized, and in due opens to her the British market, while time, we doubt not, that arms will not be foreigners are excluded. wanting. Whatever may be the projectW e deplore much the distracted state at present, we have no doubt that a Re- of Ireland, and the policy towards her peal of the Union would shortly lead to which has been so long followed, and is the separation of Britain and Ireland, to still persevered in. But when so im. the increase of misery in Ireland, and portant a change has been made in the to the degradation of both couatries. constitution of parliament, and when the degradation and ruin of both countries. People of Britain sympathize so cordially As far as we understand, the proposed with the Irish, it should surely be seen scheme, the Irish Legislature is to be en. whether her wrongs may not be redressed tirely independent of the British. What in a constitutional manner, before ex. is wanted is not a mere local Legislature, treme measures are resorted to. If tithes to attend to the wants and interests of be not speedily abolished in Ireland, with Ireland, while the affairs which affect the every degrading regulation to wbich the whole nation are to be transacted by the Irish nation is at present subjected, it British Parliament, like the General and will be impossible to answer the Repeal. particular Legislatures of the United erse States; but a Parliament free and inde- Nothing is so remarkable as the in. pendent, and having no other link to con- creasing power of Mr. O'Connell in Irenect it with Britain than the Crown. A land. Upwards of twenty Irish memsingle year would not elapse before the bers owe their seats in the New Parliamost serious dissensions would arise be- ment to his influence; eight or nine of tween the British and Irish Parliaments. whom are either members of his own The question of the proportion of the na. family, or closely connected with it. Nor tional debt, would of itself be enough to is Ireland ungrateful for his exertions. produce this result. When the British He has already received in subcriptions and Irish Exchequers were consolidated, about £50,000; and in the year ending in 1816, the proportion of the debt due 11th March 1832, the sum subscribed to by Ireland, was 145 millions ; but accord- him amounted to £12,242, 4s. 5d. ing to Mr. O'Connell's statement, Ireland The reduction of the overgrown Irish is not, at present, in any view liable for Church Establishment will soon occupy more than fifty-seven millions; and he the attention of parliament. It is said, attempts to show that the greater part of the Ministerial plan of Church Reform that sum has been already paid. Here, contemplates the abolition of two Irish therefore, is a grand subject for dispute, for Archbishoprics, and the reduction of the quarrelling, and ultimately for warfare. revenues of "the remaining two to L.6000

Before so loudly agitating the Repeal a year each ; and that it is intended to of the Union, the Irish should consider abolish eight Irish Bishoprics, and to liwhether they could provide for the ex- mit the revenues of the remaining bishops penses of their Government ; for their re- to £4000 a-year each. In consequence venue las hitherto seldom exceeded one- of the resistance to the payment of tithes, half of the expenditure. In 1800, the year the distress of the Irish clergy is extreme. before the Union, the net revenue was Subscriptions have been raised in EngL.2,895,536, the expenditure L.7,201,231. land for their support, to which the Eng. In 1816, the net revenue was L.5,111,088. lish clergy and his Majesty's Ministers the separate expenditure, L.10,871,241, have contributed liberally. besides four millions more of joint expenditure with Great Britain. But such facta

CONTINENT. appear to be overlooked by the Repealers. FRANCE.-On the 5th of January an Instead of reducing taxation, the Repeal important debate took place in the Cham. of the Union must lead to its increase; and ber of Deputies, relative to the Duchess Jreland will no longer be able to bestow the de Berri. It was occasioned by the prelarge sums she has hitherto done on her senting of the report of the Commission on charities and hospitals. Were a separa. the petitions which had been presented in tion of the countries to take place, which favour of her Royal Highness. The op. we believe to be the real object of many position insisted that the Duchess should of the Repealers, we ask the Irish where be brought to trial before the Chamber of

Peers; but the Ministers resisted her he- good faith, which cannot fail to strengthing brought to trial at all, on the pretence en the friendly feelings of the two counthat it might occasion disturbances, and tries, on which the welfare and peace of even because there might be difficulty in Europe so much depend. A convention procuring evidence to convict her. The was signed on the 31st December, by Lord real ground of opposition was probably, Palmerston and Prince Talleyrand, which that her conviction might place Louis Phi- is now before the King of Holland. The lippe in an awkward situation, whether propositions made to his Dutch Majesty he pardoned her Royal Highness, or al. are nine : lowed the sentence to be executed. The “l. The forts of Lillo and LiefkensFrench Ministers have therefore deter- hoek to be surrendered to the Belgian mined on holding the Duchess de Berri in troops, within ten days after ratification. custody, and taken on themselves the “2. The navigation of the Meuse to be whole responsibility of her future dispos. subjected to the same regulations as those al. It appeared from what was said by recently established for the Rhine. the Minister for Foreign Affairs, that the “3. The navigation of the Scheldt to be intention of the Government is to confine entirely frec, till the conclusion of a final the Duchess in a fortress for as long a treaty between Belgium and Holland. period as the public safety may require. «4. The transit of Belgian merchandize

HOLLAND AND BELGIUM.-The Cita- to Germany to be free, with the exception del of Antwerp capitulated on Sunday the of moderate tolls for support of roads, &c. 23d of December, and next day the Dutch “ 5. Impunity for all political offences garrison marched out of the Fortress. The in Venloo and Luxembourg. French commenced battering in breach on « 6. Evacuation of Venloo, and the the night of the 20th ; and the fire having Dutch portion of Luxembourg, by the been vigorously kept up on the 21st and Belgian troops. 22d, the breach was practicable on the “ 7. Reduction of Dutch army to peace morning of the 23d. Chasse therefore establishment. sent a dag of truce to Marshal Gerard, «8. Reduction of Belgian army to peace and after a lengthened negociation, it was establishment. agreed that Chasse and his garrison should “9. Restitution to legal owners of Dutch surrender as prisoners of war, be marched property confiscated by English and French to the rear of the French army, and re- Governments.” main there until Forts Lillo and Liefken. The passage of the Sheldt has, by a deshoek, situated on the Scheldt, some miles cree of the King of Holland, been closed below Antwerp, should be delivered up. against English and French vessels. The King of Holland having refused to SPAIN.-The King still continues in a deliver up these forts, Chasse and his gar. very infirm state of health, and the Queen rison, amounting in all to about 5000 men, acts as regent. On the 31st December, a were marched to St Omer, Dunkirk, and number of personages of high rank were other places on the French frontier, and summoned by the Queen to the palace, when are there detained as prisoners of war. Don Francisco Fernandez del Pino, the The Citadel of Antwerp was taken posses. Minister of Justice, read a certificate and sion of by the Belgiang. It was found to attestation that the King had in his Chamhave suffered most severely from the fire ber that day, in the presence of the Mi. of the besiegers; the ground was completely nisters and other personages of distincploughed up with the shot and shells, the tion, signed a decree, revoking and dehouses destroyed, and even the casemates claring null and of no effect the decree and other bomb proof places were in ruins. extorted from him during his illness, de

A general order of Marshal Gerard states, rogating from the Pragmatic Sanction of that the number of metres of trenches was the 29th of March, 1830, relative to the 14,000, upwards of eight miles. The loss succession to the Throne. The effect of on the part of the besiegers was 108 killed, this measure is to abolish the Salic law, and 695 wounded; the rounds of ammu- and to restore the old Visigothic Law of nition fired by the artillery 63,000, of Spain, whereby females succeeded to the which 16,000 were howitzer shells, 15,000 Crown. It will therefore exclude the ten inch mortar shells, and the remaining king's brother, Don Carlos, who is at the 32,000 round shot, 24 and 16 pounders. head of the apostolical party, and open the The materiel found in the citadel and forts succession to the King's daughter, who, amount to 130 pieces, with a large supply being under the influence of the Queen, of ammunition and projectiles of every de. may be expected to be liberal. M. Zea scription. Immediately after the surren- Bermudez has resigned office. Although der of the citadel, the French retired with a liberal-minded man, he is disliked by in their own territories ; thus rigidly adher- the Apostolicals and the Liberals: he is ing to the terms of the convention with Great too liberal for one, and not liberal enough Britain, and affording an evidence of their for the other.

PORTUGAL.-On the 17th December

UNITED STATES. the Constitutionalists made a sortie froin A serious dispute has arisen between Oporto, having crossed the Douro to Villa the Northern and Southern States, reNova. The party destroyed the Convent of garding the Tariff. The Legislature of St. Antonio, which had afforded shelter South Carolina determined, on the 24th to the Miguelites, and been a point of November, by a large majority, no longer great annoyance to the army of Don Pe. to submit to the authority of the general dro. They also succeeded in withdrawing government; and have declared the tariff, sixty pipes of wine, and a quantity of flour by which the whole foreign commerce of and other provisions. While they were the country is regulated, null; and mea. proceeding with these operations, the ene. sures have been taken to support their my attacked them with a force of 6000 men, resistance by force. Rice and cotton are and the Pedroites were forced to retreat the staple articles of South Carolina, and with the loss of fifty men, in killed, the country is wholly agricultural, and wounded, and missing. The French Gene- without manufactures. Most of their ral, Solignac, arrived on the stult., articles of clothing are imported, princi. and a change in the mode of conducting pally from England, as well as many of operations may be expected.

their agricultural implements. By the

tariff these articles are charged with a WEST INDIES.

duty of 30 or 40 per cent ad valorem on In the report from the Select Committee of the House of Lords on the state of the

importation, in order to encourage the

manufactures of the Northern States. It West India Colonies, there is “An ac

was earnestly hoped, from the moderate count of the value of the exports and imports of each of the said colonies, estimat

tone of the President's Message to Con.

gress, when speaking of this unhappy ed in sterling money, together with the

dissention, that it would be accommonumber of ships, the tonnage, and total dated by mutual concessions ; but the la number of men employed, according to

accounts are not so favourable. A prothe latest return furnished by the Colonial

clamation was issued by the President Department (13th April last ;") from

on the 10th December, which leaves no which it appears “ the whole trade of

doubt that force will be resorted to by them may be stated, for one year, as fol.

the General Government of the States, if lows:

South Carolina persists in its resistance. EXPORTS,


ons It is undoubtedly a great hardship for the Value........£3,391,484 Value........ $4,530,908 Slips........

5,119 Ships....... 4,459 Southern States to pay, at an exorbitant Tons.......... 562,751 Tons........ 531,759 rate, for the necessaries of life to support Men......... 39,879 Men...... 39,30L

an injurious system, for encouraging the The estimated annual value of the pro.

manufactures of the Northern States ; ductions of our West India Colonies is

but nothing could be so pernicious and thus stated in the report from the Select

et deplorable to the cause of liberty throughCommittee of the House of Lords in Au.

out the world, as warfare among the gust last, viz. :

United States of Anierica. BRITISH COLONIES.

CEDED COLONIES. Jamaica ..£11,169,661 Demerara and

We willingly turn from this unfortu. Barbadoes.. 1,270,963 Essequibo. . £2,239,529 nate dispute, to the able and statesinanAntigua ... 899,220 Berbice .... 629,101 St Christoph 753,529

like Message of General Jackson to ConSt Lucia .. 595,610 Nevis...... 375,182 Tobago ...,

gress. It presents a clear and luminous Montserrat. 211,160

exposition of the state of the country in Virgin Isls. 201,122

3,980,132 Grenada .. 935,782 British Colon, 19,516,510

all its relations, and forms a striking con. St. Vincent 812,081

trast to the meagre documents called Dominica .. 56:,859 Total....122,496,672

King's Speeches. The Message proves Trinidad .. 735,017 Bahamas .. 269,808

the affairs of the United States to be Bermuda .. 175,560

in the most flourishing condition. The Honduras.. 146,790

shipping, in the course of the last twelve £19,516,510 |

months, has increased 80,000 tons, and Their estimated value (according to

the aggregate of the imports and exports documents produced by Mr. Burge, the

forty millions of dollars. The debt is agent for Jamaica) amounts to the enor only seven millions of dollars, while mons sum of L.131,652,424, as follows:

- the revenue exceeds thirty; and, in the - BRITISH COLONIES. BRITISH COLONIES, course of the present year, the debt will Jamaica ,,L59,125,298 | Bahamas ..12,011,590 probably be wholly discharged. The Barbadoes. 9,089,630) Bermuda ... 1,111,000 Antigua .. 4,361,000 Honduras .. 579,760

whole expenditure of the United States, St Christrs. 3,783,00 CEDED COLONIES. comprising a population of thirteen mil. Nevis ..... 1,750,100 St Lucia.... 2,529.000 Montserrat 1,087,140

lions, dispersed over an immense tract of Tobago.... 2,692,920 Virgin Isls. 1,093,400 Denierara &

country, is only sixteen and a half mil. tilida .. 4,9:1,305 Exsequibo 18,410,190 lions of dollars, a considerably smaller Vincent 4,006,866 Berbice... 7,413,160 sum than the mere collection of our Reinica. 3,056,001 lad.. 4,932, 703 Total.. 131,052, 24 venue annually costs. Such is the differ

ence between a Republic and a Monar- considered hardly a sufficient allowance chy! But then their chief magistrate for a Lord of the Bed-Chamber, or an only costs £5000 a-year ; which would be illegitimate son of our King.


JANUARY, 1833.

The year has opened under favourable gout's principles as a great stride in the auspices for commerce and manufactures. progress of commercial knowledge and The restrictive system by which the com- true liberality among our neighbours. mercial intercourse of nations has been We also learn, from the message of the 60 much trammelled, is on the wane, and President of the United States to Congress, we everywhere see the dawn of a more that the evils of the restrictive system, by liberal policy. On the 30 January, M. which nations are forced to manufacture d'Argout, the French Minister of Trade inferior articles at a great expense, instead and Public Works, in introducing a bill of purchasing articles of superior quality into the Chamber of Deputies, for a modi. from foreigners, at a cheap rate, are be. fication of the duties of customs, expressed ginning to be clearly perceived in Ame. the desire of the French Government to rica. The unhappy dispute which has give the greatest possible freedom to fo- arisen between South Carolina and the reign trade, and to relieve it from all General Government of the States, will injurious restrictions, by substituting in probably lead to a revision of the tariff, some cases duties for prohibitions; and in and to a great reduction of the duties on other cases, where too high duties existed, importation. by reducing and modifying them. He pro. COTTON MANUFACTURES.-The acposed specifically to do away at once with counts from the West of England mark a the existing prohibitions against the im- decided improvement in the Cotton Trade. portation of fine cotton twist, of Cache. Printing cottons have risen from 78. 7d. mere shawls, of Russia leather, (cuirs to 83. 3d.; and as the stocks in the hands odorans, ) of certain embroideries, and of of the consumers are low, the demand is watches and watch-works; and also the brisk. The factories in general are in full prohibition against the import of raw and employment. At Paisley the weavers, durthrown silk, and to substitute moderate ing the whole winter, have been kept in duties. He proposed to reduce the bounty constant employment; and since the preon refined sugar exported, to nearly the parations for the Spring Trade have comproportionate rate paid on the import of menced, the demand for workmen has in. the Raw Sugars : lately the bounty has creased. India Imitation Trimmings are been so high as to be the occasion of the very brisk, and the prices given to the loss of a million sterling to the French weavers have advanced above the table. finances, and in consequence has seriously A number of weavers have been engaged affected the English refineries, France for 1600 India Imitation Trimmings, 2 having supplied nearly all the ports of the sets, at ls. 11d. per cover, which is 70. Mediterranean with refined goods. By per cover above the Table price. A rethe new arrangement this trade is likely spectable manufacturing house have ad. to be resumed by England. He further vanced the wages of their scirers 3d. per proposes to reduce the present duties on shawl on the finer qualities. The demand the importation of live cattle for the for Quaker shawls has increased. Blue cheaper nourishment of the people;” and, dresses are very flat, but there is a demand adverting to other proposed alleviations, for cross borders, and 1400 cotton trim. he concluded by justifying and recom. mings. At Perth, although no rise in the mending the reduction of tonnage dues, price has yet taken place, hands for har. which has lately taken place upon British nesses are in request by the manufacturers, ships in French ports; and he particu- and by agents for Paisley houses. In the larly stated, that this was only the begin. other branches no alteration has taken ning of a series of measures of a similar place, but all hands are employed. The nature, which the Government will hare cotton manufacture continues to increase. to propose. Combined with the petition The reduction of the profits has sharpen. of the Lyons Chamber of Commerce to the ed the wits of the manufacturers; and Legislature, in favour of free trade, we men, women, and children, as well as may consider the publication of M. D'Ar- machines, throw off an increasing quan

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