Compendium of the Study of Theology
Brill Archive, 1988 - 200 ページ
In Part I the author draws on classical authors to illustrate three causes of error in his time and underscores the need for an integral understanding of the signification of terms. In Part II he proposes six themes: a new classification of signs; a theory that common terms signify principally objects, not concepts; connotation as natural signification; common terms signifying an entity and a nonentity are equivocal; terms can lose their signification; a non-Aristotelian classification of equivocation in six modes. Bacon was a very original semanticist and some of his theories helped pave the way for Ockham a few decades later. This treatise opens many windows on to the debate on semantics in the late 13th century.
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aggregati aliquid anima argues Aristotle Aristotle's attribute Augustine Averroes Avicenna Boethius buba Caesar causa chapter Cicero composite connotation dicendum dicit dicitur Easton eius enim enti entity ergo essence essentia etiam exist expression forma genus haec homo ideo igitur imposed imposition impositionem inference libro licet Loeb Classical Library Logic matter medieval Metaphysica Metaphysics mode of equivocation modo natural sign naturali nihil nisi nomen nonentity notion objection Opera Opus maius oratio original sin Oxford parallel text patet Peter Lombard philosophy placitum potest predicated present Priscian proper Publilius Syrus quae quam quia quod reference relation Roger Bacon says secundum Semantics semiotics sense sicut sign at pleasure significat signification signifies at pleasure signum similiter soul species substance Sumule dialectices sunt supposition theory tamen term theology theory things tion transl translation Tullius univocally unum utterances vero vocal sound William Heinemann William of Sherwood