frigates, on his majesty's birth day, hind, and above each other, migh and arrived within a league of Ro- make a great defence. I judged feau about noon on the oth ; when it beit therefore to order theni to we judged it best to send a fum- be immediately attacked by the mons to the inhabitants; to which, grenadiers, supported by the batafter their recovering somewhat of talion troops, which was accord. their consternation, and having fent irgly done, with so much order, off two deputies, probably to amuse rapidity and resolution, that the us, they returned a negative answer, enemy, with very little loss, were manned their entrenchments and driven succesiively, in great confubatteries at and above Roseau, and fion, from all their entrenchments, prepared to stand on their defence : from their batteries, and from the I thereupon gave immediate orders head quarter above it, where cofor the troops to land; which was lonel Melvill immediately took post effected very speedily, and in the with the grenadiers. We took there best order, much owing to the dif- M. de Longprie, the French com, position of the boats, and position mandant; their second officer, M. of the king's fhips, very judiciously de la Coucne, and some others, directed by the commodore ; and, with a quantity of powder. agreeabiy to orders given, there was I lay mytelt at their advanced not one single cannon or musquet post during the night, having estadischarged, till the enemy began blished a communication, by proto fire just before our landing: The per guards, with the rest of the troops formed quickly on the beach, troops who possessed the town. and while part foon after poffeffed Next day I established my head the town, the corps of grenadiers, quarters in Roseau, and have been confifting of the companies of the fince much employed in receiving 4th and 22d regiments, command. the oaths of submislion and sured by colonel Melvill, seized a render of arms from the nearest Aanking battery, and part of an inhabitants, as well as in dispatchadjoining entrenchment, which had ing orders for that effect to the been abandoned. The enemy an distant quarters ; the landing of noved us with some popping muf- military stores and provisions, the quetry from behind trees and bushes, quartering of troops, and the preand fired from time to time from paration to occupy and entrench their battery, overlooking their en a defensible post, have been the trenchments, the town and shore. chief objects of my attention hiIt was now pretty late, and it ap- therto. peared to me, that the troops might

I shall foon have the honour of be extremely harrassed, and fuffer transmitting to you more particular even great loss, during the night, accounts of this island; but mult by the cannon and musquetry of inform you, in the mean time, that the enemy, from the entrenchments

as it was carried by assault, I gave overlooking the town; as also, that them no other terms than a prothe enemy might be much rein- tection, till his majesty's pleasure forced before morning; and having should be known, obliging them an excessive strong country in their first to deliver up all their arms, favour, with four entrenchments be- and to swear allegiance to his ma


jesty. Five hundred of the inha “On the 4th of June I failed front bitants, among which are the capa Guadaloupe with the troops we had tains and militia officers of the for Dominique, with the Dublin, quarters, with most of the prin. Belliqueux, Sutherland, and Moncipal planters, have delivered up tague, and on the 6th in the foretheir arms, and sworn submission, noon arrived off Roicau, when I for which I have granted them a sent a lieutenant on thore, accomprotection, till his majesty's further panied by a land cfficer, with a pleasure thall be known. The maniieiio, figned by lo: Rollo and natives Caraibs, who inhabit a rug- myself, addrched to the principal ged quarter on the windward part inhabitants, and all others residing of the island, seem to like their new in the neutral islands of Dominique, masters, and are to deliver up their which was read by the oficer to the arms in a body.

people in the town; and 10on after I cannot conclude without having two of the inhabitants of most note the pleasure of afuring you, that came off in the boat to me, who the greatest harmony has subsisted seemed, upon the whole of their between his majesty's squadron and conversation, not to be displeased the troops under my command ; at our coming to take pofieffion of and that I have experienced the the island; but in the afternoon, greateft zeal, and molt chearful fup: when they were put on fore, we port from the commodore, who also found the people were spirited up very much favoured the attack, by by the governor, Mons. Longprie, a brisk and weil directed cannonade. to stand upon their defence, and As to the king's troops, I cannot declared they liad come to a deterenough applaud the coolness and mination to defend themselves : intrepidity with which they acted upon which I ordered the ships to on the occafion.

anchor as close in as pollible, and It is probable, that this will be the necessary dispositions were acdelivered to you by capt. Douglas, cordingly made for landing the of his majesty's fourth regiment, troops, which was effected about who, notwithstanding very bad five in the evening, under the cohealth, came upon this service, and ver of the snipping; and notwithwas present in the attack; but, ftanding the enemy had 4 entrenchbeing become much worse, now ments upon the face of a steep hill, Teturns, with my leave, to Guada- with two nine pounders in the uploupe. I am, &c.

per one, lord Rolio, at the head of

Rollo. his troops, and colonel Melvill, at Admiralty Office, July 21, 1761. the head of the grenadiers, with a Captain Innis, of his majesty's surprising alertness and intrepidity,

hip the Arundell, arried here drove the enemy from their enlast night, with the following 'trenchments and battery, with the account transmitted by commo lofs only of eight men killed and dore Sir James Douglas, to Mr. wounded, and made themselves,

Clevland, dated on board the masters of Roseau, and the adja: Dublin, in the road of Roseau, cent places of defence, in a time

Dominique, the 13th of June, too short to be conceived from the 1761.

difficulty of the undertaking. The


Jenifiance the enemy made, has put the Highland battalions, in resisting it in our power to bring them to and repulfing the repeated attacks such terms as we pleafe ; and they of the chosen troops of France, has are flocking from all parts of the deservediy gained them the higheit island, to take the oath of allegi- honour. ance to his maje ty king George. The ardour and activity with

M. Longprie is a prisoner, with which the grenadiers puthed the three of the principal people. enemy, and the trophies they have

It is with pleasure I affure their taken, justly entitle them to the lordships of the good understand highest encomiums; and the intreing sublifting between the officers pidity of the little band of Highand men of the navy and army. landers merits the greatest praise. 22d.

Major Wedderburn arrived Lieutenant colonel Beckwith begs

a: St. James's with an account leave to add, that the humanity and of a very fignal advantage gained generosity with which the soldiers the 16th by his majesty's troops treated the great flock of prisoners over the French in Germany; and they took, in his opinion, does his majesty was pleased to order them as much honour as their subpublick prayers of thanksgiving for duing the enemy. these so remarkable successes.

[The little band of Highlanders A letter from an officer of dif above-mentioned were commanded tinction in the allied army to a noble by Patrick Campbell, of Barcalman in town concerning the above dine, of colonel Campbell's regibattle, concludes thus: “ Though ment.] ] very prolix in my detail, I cannot Admiralty office, Rear ad

28th. help adding the most tragical history miral Holmes, having intel. of a family I ever heard : from ligence that several ships of war Rouge I had it : of the two lieu. of the enemy had failed from Port tenant-generals killed, the duke de Louis the 5th of June ; as also that Havre, his father-in-law, was one, the St. Anne French fhip of war his uncle was another; and two had failed from Port au Prince on brothers lieutenant-colonels, killed the same day, he disposed several by the fame shot; himself and ships of his squadron in such a whole regiment prisoners : all paf- manner as he thought moft likehng within his particular view". ly to meet with those of the ene. Copy of the orders Prince Ferdi


In the morning of the nand of Brunswick delivered af. 13th, the Hampshire fell in with ter the day of the battle of the the St. Anne to windward, and 16th of July.

chased her right down upon the July 17, 1761. His serene high- Centaur to leeward. Upon disconels duke Ferdinand of Brunfi vering the Centaur, the St. Annewick has been graciously pleased to hauled up, and was kept between order lieutenant colonel Beckwith the two thips till he was run to fignify to the brigade he has the quite in shore, and becalmed about honour to command, his entire ap. a league to the northward of Donprobation of their conduct on the na Maria Bay, when she began to 15th and 16th.

fire her itern chace. Soon after The foldier-like perseverance of one o'clock the Centaur got close


along-side the St. Anne, when the tower had not been a very strong ftruck her enfign. She is a very built one, it would have been laid fine ship, constructed for 64 guns, in ruins. and had on board fix 24 pound Carrick, July 31. Last Tuesday ers, 26 twelve pounders, and 8 about four o'clock in the afternoon, eight pounders, with 389 persons; the waters of the river Sure rose was commanded by M. Aguillon, four feet, in the space of five miand was carrying home a cargo nutes, thirty miles from the sea, of indigo, coffee and sugar, to and to which the tide comes. It the value of nine million of French happened about two hours after livres.

the flood. At Dungarvan, the sea The sea flowed at Plymouth a flowed and ebbed five times al. bout 18 inches in about two mi- ternately, between four and nine nutes, and immediately ebbed with o'clock the same evening, and once the fame rapidity. This extraor rose much higher than it was obdinary Aux and reflux continued served to do in the greatest spring the whole day. The same was ob- vides. ferved at Penzance, and at Car. A person in Leeds rode his comrick, Dungarvan, and Waterford in mon hackney, from thence to Hull, Ireland, as appears by the follow- and beck again, which is 130 miles, ing letters.

in 19 hours and 22 minutes ; he Penzance, July 30. Last Tuesday was allowed 20 hours. we had an uncommon hot day, Upwards of 100 young fellows and very calm ; and between the sent to Portsmouth in order to take place and Marazion, diftant about shipping there, as servants to the three miles, the waters were agi- British colonies, have been stopped tated in an uncommon

and secured, but the person who Sometimes it would run in past hired them is not to be found, its ufual bounds, and return again notwithstanding the most diligent with

great fwiftness, and continued search has been made for him. in this manner most of the after Two malefactors were ex. Towards evening the ho- ecuted at Pennenden heath,

29th. rizon began to be cloudy, attend near Maidstone, for forging feaed with thunder and lightning ;

mens wills. and at half past seven, there was About fix in the evening, there the fiercest flash of lightning at was a terrible storm of lightning, tended with the loudest clap of thunder, and rain, at a village thunder that I ever I heard. At called Sowerby, near Hallifax, in Ludgvan, about three miles from Yorkshire ; the whole cown hence, the lightning ftrack down by the thunder agitated in a one of the pinacles of the tower, dreadful manner, which threw the forced in one of the doors of the inhabitants into the utmost censterporch, and into the church, and nation, and many were thrown battered the pulpit and canopy, down ; several sheep in an adjointhrew down one of the tables of ing croft were scorched to death the commandments at the altar, by the lightning, part of the wool and did a great deal of other da was burnt and torn off, no other mage. It is imagined, thac if the marks of violence appearing on




them ;

them; the ġround in many places the battle of Kunnersdorff. Since was forced up as with a plow, that time, the corps she belonged in others many surprizing aper to returning to Saxony, she fell tures were made in the earth, which dangerously ill there, and was sent feemed to be of an astonishing to the hospital at Meissen. After depth; The lightning penetrated her recovery, having no opportuinto one house in particular, tore nity to rejoin her regiment, ne up the pavement, and many of enlisted in a battalion of grenathe pieces hit the dwellers on the diers which suffered much in the legs and thoulders, but, thro’ the actions at Strehlen and Torgau. mercy

of God, not one in the town In the last of those battles, the received any capital damage. received two wounds in the head;

A few days fince a gentlewo- was made prisoner, and sent to the man, near Leicester-fields, was sud- hospital at Dresden. When the redenly taken ill; and sending for covered a little, she found means a nurse, Ihe was likewise taken ill to escape out of the hospital, and after the same manner the next passed, without being discovered, day, when she went home and died thro' the Austrian posts, but infoon after, not having proper care stead of going to join her corps, taken, but the gentlewoman re the enlitted with colonel Colignon, covered. Upon enquiry, this ac who sent her to the regiment of Le cident was found to be occasion. Noble's volunteers, in which the ed by using a copper sauce pan, lerved two months. One of her from which the tinning was worn comrades accusing her (but withoff.

out foundation) of stealing from The empress queen has sold to him 14d. sterling, a subaltern put a gentleman of Strasbourg, the her under arreft: this she could town and lord hip of Riechshoffen not digest, and sending for her in the Lower Alsace, being the lieutenant, acquainted him with her last patrimonial estate shae pofteffed sex, and told him, that, during in France.

four years service, he had never Berlin, July 14. A young wo. been put under an arrest, nor reman, aged 23, of a brown com- ceived a blow for neglect of duty, plexion, and strong features, who that she could not put up with hath ferved in our troops four years this last indignity and would serve with honour, hath been discovered in no longer. prince Henry's camp. Her name The war that has so long fube is Anne Sophia Detzleffin, born at fifted between the Geneose governTreptow on the Rega. In 1757 she ment and the malecontents of Corleft her father's house, and came fica, is approaching fast towards to Colberg, where she enlisted in a conclusion. The Genoese, no the militia, and served fix months. longer in a capacity to maintain, She afterwards enlisted in prince the war, have published a maniFrederick's regiment of cuirassiers, fefto, by which they offer a gein which she served two years. In neral pardon to the revolters, upon a skirmish near Bamberg, she was terms of submission; but this has wounded in her right arm with been so far from producing the de. a sabre. She afterwards fought in fired effect, that it has inspired the


« 前へ次へ »