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solemnity of our royal coronation cern, may know when and where upon Tuesday the twenty-second to give their attendance for the exday of Seprem ber next, at our pa. hibiting of their petitions and claims, lace at Westmintier : and foraf- concerning the services before menmuch as by the ancient customs and tioned to be done and performed usages, as also in regard of divers unto us at our faid coronation : and tenures of sundry manors, lands, we do hereby fignify unto all and and other hereditaments, many of every of our fubje&is, whom it may our loving subje&ts do claim, and concern, that our will and pleaare bound to do and perform divers fure is, that we do hereby ftrialy several services on the said day, and charge all persons, of what rank of at the time of the coronation, as, in quality soever they be, who either times precedent, their ancestors, and upon our letters to them directed, those from whom they claim, bave or by reason of their offices or tedone and performed at the coronation nures, or otherwise, are to do any of our famous progenitors and pre. service at the said day or time of our deceffors : We therefore, out of our coronation, that they do duly give princely care for the preservation of their attendance accordingly, in all the lawful rights and inheritances of respects furnished and appointed as our loving subjects, whom it may to fo great a folemnity appertaineth, concern, have thought fit to give and answerable to the dignities and notice of, and publish our resolu places which every one of them retions therein ; and do hereby give spectively holdeth and enjoyeth , notice of, and publish the same ac and of this they, or any of them, cordingly : and we do hereby fur are not to fail, as they will answer ther fignify, that by our commission the contrary at their perils, unless under our great seal of Great Bri upon special reasons by ourself, untain, we have appointed and autho. der our hand, to be allowed, we sized our most dearly beloved bro hall dispense with any of their ferther and counsellor Edward duke vices or attendances. of York [with all the other mem Given at the Court at St. James's, bers of the privy council] or any the 8th day of July, 1761, in five or more of them, 10 receive, the first year of our reign. hear and determine, the petitions The Monday following between and claims which shall be to thein eleven and twelve o'clock, the exhibited by any of our loving fun. officers of arms, serjeants at jects in this behalf; and we shall arms, and others, mounted their appoint our faid commissioners, for horses, and at Westminster hall gate, that purpose, to fit in the painted Windsor berald (after the trumpets chamber of our palace at Welimin. had thrice founded) read the above fter, upon Tuesday the ewenty-first proclamation aloud ; which being day of this instant July, at ten of done, a proceflion was made to the clock in the forenoon of the Temple-bar (where the conftables same day, and, froin time to time, of the city and liberty of Westmin. to adjoorn, as to them fhall seem fter retired, and were replaced by meer, for the execution of our said those of the city of London, the commission, which we do thus pub. city marshal attending) in the fol. lish, to the intent that all such per- lowing order. Sons, whom it may any ways con
A party of constables, with their ed also with matting for the fpec, ftaves, to clear the way.
Over this was, erected a. High conftable of Westminster with second gallery, not so wide, but of his staff.
the same length, viz. that of the Knight marshal's men two and two. open part of the hall, when the
Drams two and two. King's-Bench court fubfifted; but
what must at first light appear very Serjeant - trumpter in his collar, frightful, a third gallery was fixed bearing his mace.
as it were in the roof, and support, Bluemantle and Rouge Dragon, ed by those beams, which are decopursuivants, in their coats of rated at the ends with cherubims;
his majesty's arms. it did not run quite the same length Rouge Croix pursuivant, in his coat as the others, nor was it so wide as of his majesty's arms, having a may be imagined, from its being serjeant at arms on his lett placed in so narrow
a part of the hand.
building, Between the first gallery Lancaster herald, in his coat and and the floor. were contrived on collar, having a serjeant at arms each side, large closets or pantries, on his left hand.
with double doors, answering the Windsor herald, in his coat and purpose of fide-boards, cellars, &c. collar, between two serjeants as well as to contain the plates,
dishes, and other things wanted by A party of constables to close the the company and waiters. In a proceffion.
space, left between these pantries At the end of Chancery-lane and the platform up the middle of Lancaster herald made proclama- the hall, the tables were placed for tion; and lastly at the Royal Ex- that
to dinę at, change (in 'Change time) Rouge who had not the honour to be at Croix pursuivant proclaimed it a the king's table. His majesty, with third time, which ended with loud his queen, nobility, great officers of acclamations of multitudes of people state, &c. dined on the elevated part present.
of the hall, where is kept the court After the king's nuptials, another of King's-Bench. The whole was proclamation was published, to give lighted by fifty-two large chande notice, that it was his majeły's in- liers, each ornamented at the
top tention, her majesty should be with a gilt imperial crown. The crowned at the same time and place, lower gallery was accommodated Upon this occafion Westminster with a curious sluice, of an admihall was laid open from end to end, rable contrivance, for the reception and every thing it lately contained, of urinary discharges. Over the entirely removed, except the floor north gate, which was opposite the and fteps of the King's-Bench court. king's table, a large balcony was A new boarded foor was likewise put up, for the trumpets, the kettlelaid from the north gate up the mid- drums, and other musick, and in dle of she hall to those steps, co the centre over them was. fixed an vered with matting. On each side organ. It was under this musick, was built a large gallery, the bot that the champion, attended by the tom about five feet from the ground, lord high conftable, and the earl and containing eight benches, cover
marshal, all on horseback, made guinea, so that one little house in their entry into the hall. The pro- Coronation-row, after the scaffoldceflion entered at the west door of ing was paid for, cleared 700 l. the abbey; marched on a platform and some large houses opwards of up the great middle isle to the choir, roool. In the coronation theatres, as the front of which was covered with they were called, being a sort of large fcarlet; the organ was not taken booths,capable ofcontaining from iz down, but no alteration made to the to 1500 seats, che prices were beyond arch under it.
all precedent. However fome, who A platform was likewise erected fitted up houses or scaffolds on from the upper end of Westmin. this occasion, loft considerably by fter hall, where the proceffion outitanding their market, The commenced, and continued through ground-rent to build the scaffold.. New Palace yard, Parliament street, ing on was proportionably extraand Bridge-itreet, into King-street, vagant. That in the broad fancand so round to the weft door of tuary,
s. 6 d. per foot. the abbey to the choir, where his That within the rails, inclosing majesty was crowned ; and, in the abbey, let at 51 5s per foot. view of this platform, the houses We need not wonder at the on each side were lined with scaf- great and universal eagerness to see folding, the seats on which were this grand spectacle, when we let at exorbitant prices. The front consider how unlikely it was that feats in the galleries of the abbey, many of those who were capable were let at ten guineas each, and of it should ever see the like again. those in commodious houses along As an instance of this eagerness, the procession, at no less prices. it was reported that a gentleman The prices in the ordinary houses was prevailed on
to take a room were from' five guineas to one for his lady at the rate of one
* On consulting Stow, Speed, and other antiquaries with regard to the prices formerly given, it appears that the prices of a good place at the coronation of the conqueror was a blank; and probably the same at that of his son William Rufus. At Henry 1. it was a crocard; and at Stephen's and Henry the IId. a pollard. At Richard's, and king John', who was crowned frequently, it was a suskin ; and rofe at Henry III. to a dod kin. in the reign of Edward the coins begin to be more intelligible, and we find that for secing his coronation a Q. was given, or the half of a ferling, or farthing; which is the fourth part of a sterling or penny. At Edward 1 1. it was a farthing, and at his son's Edward III. a half penny, which was very well given. In Richard the II d's thoughtless reign it was a penny, and continued the fame at that of Henry IV. At Henry V, it was two pennys or the half of a grolus or groat; and the same at that of Henry VI. though during his time, coronations were so frequent, that the price was brought back to the penny or halfpenny, and fometimes they were seen for nothing. At Edward IV. it was again the half-groat; nor do we find it raised at those of Richard Ill. or Henry VII. At that of Henry VIII it was the whole groat, or groffus ; nor was it altered at those of Edward V I. and queen Mary; but at queen Elizabeth's it was a teitou or tester. At thote of Jame, J. and Charles 1. a milling was given; which was advanced to half a crown at those of Charles II. and James Il. At king William's and queen Anne's it was a crown; and at George I. was feen by many for the same price. At George 1 1. fome gave half a guinea.
hundred and forty guineas ; but they should be obliged to make use the appointment of the solemnity of lanthorns. By these wise preof the coronation falling unhappily cautions, all terrors from fire, which exactly at the time when the ex- might have affected many persons, pected to be delivered, she had were removed. The board of works farther prevailed on her husband, carefully surveyed all the scaffoldings to let a kilful man-midwife, nurse, erected on the occasion, not only &c. attend her, and to hire an ad- for the procession itself, but for ditional withdrawing room, left the spectators, and ordered such the great hurry of the day should of the later to be pulled down, as bring on her labour, when it were judged insufficient in point would be impossible for her to be of strength, or found to jut out so carried away without endangering far as to obstruct the prospect or her life.
paffage. And to prevent accidents The attention of the committee by the stoppages of coaches, &c, of council appointed to consider of on the day of the coronation, nothe coronation to prevent accidents, tice was given, that a way was and of the boards of works, to made for them to pass thro' Parwhose inspeciion all the erections liament-street, cross the New and on this occasion were made subject, Old Palace yards ; and they were cannot be too much applaudede ordered, as soon as discharged, to The committee's first care was to proceed on directly to Millbank, prevent accidents by fire ; and as it and from thence to Hyde Park was apprehended that the joy corner, without making any stop; of the people upon the arrival of and it was further commanded, their
queen, would naturally be ex. that none but the coaches of peers, pressed by bonfires and illumina. peeresses, and others, who attend tions, the lord great chamberlain, ed the folemnity, should pass that the earl marshal, the dean and chap- way after 7 o'clock that morning, ter of Westminster, and the survey- nor any whatever after nine ; and or general of his majesty's works, in the evening the coaches were were ordered to give the necessary to return the same way; but no directions as to them respectively coaches were permitted to pass appertained, that no bonfires should back by any of those ways
till afa be made, nor any fire-works played ter their majefties returned to St. off in any part of Westminster, from James's. Whitehall to Millbank, and from Information having also been thence to Buckingham-gate, round given to the lords of his mathe south-west part of the artille. jesty's honourable privy council, ry ground, till seven days after the that the hackney coachmen and coronation ; and by another order, chairmen had entered into a com: all fires were forbidden to be light- bination not to work their coachas ed on the day of the coronation, and chairs on that day, without exin, under, or near any part of orbitant rates, their lordships causthe scaffolding on any pretence ed an order to be published, rewhatever; and in case there fnould quiring all hackney-coach-men, and be a necessity for people to go un-
chairmen, to be out with coaches der the seaffolding with lights, that and chairs by four in the morn
ing, and faithfully to perform their extravagant prices for what coft duty without making any exorbi- them little or nothing ; for on tant demands, upon pain of being the day of the coronation, many proceeded against with the utmost spectators were glad to give' fixfeverity. But as working their way pence for a glass of water, a thilthro' the great crowds, with which ling for a roll, and so in proporthis folemnity was like to be at tion for other refreshments. The tended, could not fail subjecting day before the coronation, the call both coachmen and chairmen to for horses to bring people to town, infinite troubles, and the latter to and of coaches to set them down great fatigue and danger, they at the places they had taken to threatned not to ply at all, by see the coronation, was so great, which means many persons would that many were obliged to walk lose the pleasure of seeing the several miles, and some after comprocession, and not a few of those, ing a great way on the occasion, who made part of it, would find to return home without having it extremely difficult to reach been able to satisfy their curiosity. the places they were to afiem The military officers were also ble at, it was therefore thought appointed their proper stations, Sir prudent to take a middle course on John Mordaunt's light horse pathe occasion ; and accordingly one trolled the streets all the day and of the most eminent sedan makers night, to prevent disorders ; Şir assured the chairmen, in a moft Robert Rich's dragoons were plaaffable advertisement, that the no. ced at Charing Cross, St. James's bility and gentry would consider square, and in the Park, at the end them properly, if they would but of George-ftreet, for the same parleave it entirely to themselves. pose. The foldiers on duty were This notice had the desired effect. ranged in such a manner, that no The chairmen gave due attendance, obstruction whatever attended the and were generously paid. A gui- ceremony; the nearest hospitals nea for a set-down from any of were cleared too as much as porthe squares at the court end of the fible for the reception and speedy
to Westminster-abbey and relief of the unfortunate, in case hall, and places adjacent, was grudg- that any accident had happened. ed by few; nor does it appear A proclamation was also publishthat any of those who might ed at the Royal Exchange, comgrudge fuch high prices, com- manding all magistrates, peaceplained to the board for regulating officers, &c. to preserve the peace hackney coachmen and chairmen; on the coronation day; in confethe faid board, in consequence of quence of which the justices of an order from the coronation com
peace for Westminster, ordered mittee, having given notice that they the constables of their districts to would have three or four extra. patrole the streets where the scafordinary meetings to hear and de- folding was built on the nights of termine such complaints. Indeed of the 21st and 22d, and for se. it might seem unreasonable, that ven nights after, and to appreany one fet of men should be de- hend all persons throwing squibs, barred setting a just value on their crackers, &c. labours, when others took the most