acquisitions, in various parts of the ed under my authority, I with pleaworld; particularly the entire re- sure take notice of an event, which duction of Canada, a conquest of the has made me compleatly happy, and utmost importance to the security of our given universal joy to my loving colonies in North America, and to subjects. My marriage with a the extension of the commerce and princess, eminently diftinguished by navigation of my subjects.

every virtue and amiable endow. May God Almighty grant con- ment, whilft it affords me all pos. tinuance to these successes! The fible domestick comfort, cannot but use which I propose to make of highly contribute to the happiness them is, to secure and promote the of my kingdoms; which has been, welfare of my kingdoms, and to and always shall be, my first obje& in carry on the war with vigour, in or- every action of my life. der to procure to them the blessings It has been my earnest with, that of peace, on safe and honourable this first period of my reign might be conditions for me and my allies ; to marked with another felicity; the which I have been always ready to restoring of the blessings of peace to hearken.

my people, and putting an end to Firm in these refolutions, I do, the calamities of war, under which with entire confidence, rely on the so great a part of Europe suffers. good dispositions of my faithful fub- But though overtures were made to jects in the choice of their represen. me, and my good brother and ally Fatives; and I make no doubt but the king of Prussia, by the several they will thereby demonstrate, the belligerant powers, in order to a gefincerity of those affurances, which neral pacification, for which purhave been fo cordially and univer- pose a congress was appointed ; and faily given me, in the loyal, affec- propofitions were made to me by tionate, and unanimous addresses of France for a particular peace with my people.

that crown, which were followed by Then the lord chancellor, by his an actual negotiation ; yet that con• majesty's command, faid, gress hath not hitherto taken place,

My lords and gentlemen, and that negotiation with France is It is his majesty's royal will and entirely broken off. pleasure, that this parliament be. The fincerity of my disposition to prorogued to Tuesday the seventh effectuate this good work, has been day of April next, to be then here manifested in the progress of it; and held; and this parliament is accord- I have the consolation to reflect, that ingly prorogued to Tuesday the the continuance of the war, and the seventh day of April next.

farther effusion of christian blood, to which it was the desire of my heart

to put a stop, cannot with justice he His majesty's most gracious Speech on imputed to me. apening the present parliament,

Our military operations have Novem. 6, 1761.

been in no degree fufpended or de

layed; and it has pleased God to My lords and gentlemen,

grant us farther important fucceffes, T the opening of the first pare by the conquests of the islands of liament, fummoned and elect- Belleifle and Dominica; and by the



reduction of Pondicherry, which secution of the war, I do assure you hath in a manner annihilated the no confideration whatever shall French power in the East Indies. make me depart from the true interIn other parts, where the enemy's efts of these my kingdoms, and numbers were greatly superior, their the honour and dignity of my principal designs and projects have crown. been generally disappointed, by Gentlemen of the house of commons, a conduct which does the highest I am heartily forry, that the ne. þonour to the distinguished capacity cesity of large supplies appears so of my general prince Ferdinand of clearly from what has already been Brunswick, and by the valour of my mentioned. The proper eftimates troops. The magnanimity and a- for the fervices of the enfuing year bility of the king of Prussia have shall be laid before you ; and I deeminently appeared, in resisting such fire you to grant me such supplies, numerous armies, and furmounting as may enable me to prosecute the so great difficulties,

war with vigour, and as your own In this situation, I am glad to welfare and security, in the present have an opportunity of receiving the critical conjuncture, require ; that truest information of the sense of we may happily put the last hand my people, by a new choice of their to this great work. Whatsoever representatives. I am fully per- you give, ihall be duly and faithfully suaded you will agree with me in applied. opinion, that the steady exertion of I dare say your affectionate reour most vigorous efforts, in every gard for me and the queen, makes part where the enemy may still be you go before me in what I am next attacked with advantage, is the on to mention: the making an adely means that can be productive of quate and honourable provision for such a peace, as may with reason be her support, in case she should furexpected from our successes. It is vive me. This is what not only her therefore my fixt resolution, with royal dignity, but her own merit calls your concurrence and support, to for ; and I earnestly recommend is carry on the war in the most effec

to your consideration *. tual manner for the interest and advantage of my kingdoms; and to My lords and gentlemen, maintain, to the utmost of my pow

I have such a confidence in the er, the good faith and honour of zeal and good affections of this parmy crown, by adhering firmly to liament, that I think it quite futhe engagements entered into with perfluous to use any exhortations to my allies. In this I will perfevere, excite you to a right conduct. I until my enemies, moved by their will only add, that there never was own losses and distresses, and touch a situation in which unanimity, ed with the miseries of so many na- firmness, and dispatch were more tions, fhall yield to the equitable necessary for the safety, honour, conditions of an honourable peace; and true interest of Great Briin which case, as well as in the pro. tain.

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* The grant to the late queen, in case she should furvive bis majesty, was 100,000 l. per annum, with Somerset-house, and ibe lodge in Bichmond-park.

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The bumble address of the right effufion of chriftian blood, cannot : "honourable the lords spiritual and with any shadow of justice, be im

temporal in parliament assembled, puted to your majetly, besides the presented to his majefly, Nov. 7, known generosity and benevolence of 1761.

your innate disposition. Molt gracious fovereign,

Your royal wisdom has appeared tiful and loyal subjects, fering your military operations to the lords spiritual and temporal in be suspended or delayed : and we parliament' affembled, beg leave to beg leave to congratulate your mareturn your majesty our humble jesty on the pretent signal successes thanks for your most gracious speech of your arms. Besides the imporfrom the throne.

tant conquests with which they have. . It is impossible to approach your been bleifed, your enemies have, royal presence at this time, without in other parts, been made once. making our first offering to your more to feel, that superior numbers : majetty, of our most joyful con cannot avail them against the supegratulations on the auspicious oc- rior capacity and conduct of your casion of your royal nuptials. We consummate general prince Ferdiwant words to describe how warmly nand of Brunswick, and the unwe are affected with an event fo fhaken bravery of your officers and highly interesting to your majesty, troops. We cannot see, without and to all your faithful subjects; admiration, those repeated proofs or to express our gratitude to your of magnanimity and ability, which majesty for giving us a queen, who, your great ally, the king of Prussia, whilft the compleats your happiness, though surrounded with so many promises, by every virtue and ami. difficulties, has given to the world. able accomplishment, the greatest Your majesty's sentiments cannot addition to that of your people. fail to have the greatest weight with May heaven grant the longest dura- us, because we are sure that they tion to this felicity, and may it be proceed upon wise principles, foundattended with a numerous progeny, ed in the love of your people. It to transmit the great examples of is therefore from conviction, that, their illustrious parents, and perpe we declare our humble concurrence tuate the blefings of your reign to in your opinion, that it is necessary

fteadily to exert our most vigorous We thankfully acknowledge your efforts in every part, where the majesty's goodness in communi- enemiy may fill be attacked with cating to us that overtures had been advantage. made by the several belligerant We beg your majesty to accept powers, in order to a general paci- the strongest and moit' afectionate fication ; and by France, for a par- assurances, that we will, with the ticular

peace between your majesty greatest zeal and ardour, and at the and that crown, whereupon a nego- hazard of every thing that is dear tiation had followed, which is fince to us, stand by and support your entirely broke off. No other proof majesty in profecuting the war in could be wanting to us, that the the most effectual manner, for the continuance of the war, and the interest of your kingdoms, and in


future ages.

performing, to the utmost of your the war with vigour, will have a power, your engagements to your good effect both upon our friends and allies; nothing being more evident enemies, and strengthen my hands, to than that this is the only method to pursue such measures as may be most procure luch equitable and honour-conducive to the true interests of my able conditions of peace, as may, kingdoms. with reason, be expected from our successes.

The address of the house of 'commons, We should be greatly wanting to

presented Nov, 16. ourselves, as well as to your ma.

Moft gracious fovereign, , if our par E,


tiful and Joyal subjects, goodness, in having so exprefly de- the commons of Great Britain in clared, that both in carrying on the parliament assembled, beg leave to war, and in making peace, no con return your majesty the most hum-' fideration whatsoever fhall make ble and hearty thanks of this house you depart from the true interests of for your most gracious speech from these your kingdom.s, and the honour the throne. of your crown.

Permit us, at this same time, to : This resolution, so truly worthy offer to your majesty our warmelt of a British monarch, and fo en- congratulations on the joyful and gaging to all your loyal subjects, auspicious event of your royal nupcalls for adequate returns on our tials, with a princess descended from part. Penetrated with the livelieft an illustrious protestant line, dif“ sense of your unbounded tenderness tinguished by the most eminent and concern for our welfare, we graces and endowments, and worthy do, from the bottom of our hearts, to be the royal partner of your affure your majesty, that we will, throne, by possessing every virtue that with the utmost duty and zeal, cor

can adorn it. respond to that confidence which We beg leave also to express our your majesty reposes in us, being just sense of that affectionate regard fully persuaded of the neceffity of which your majesty has thewn for unanimity, firmness, and dispatch, your people, by consulting, on this in the present critical situation ;, most important and interesting oc-' and animated. thereto by the gra- cafion, as on every other, their cious admonition of the best of happiness, and that of their porkings.

terity. And we assure your majesty His majesty's most gracious answer. that, with hearts, full of gratitude, My lords,

for this fignal instance of your royal I Thank you for this very dutiful attention to the welfare of your

and loyal address. The joy which subjects, and thoroughly sensible you express upon my marriage, and of the exalted merit of your illuf. your affectionate regard for the queen, trious confort, your faithful comgive me the highest satisfaction. 1 mons will not fail to make such make no doubt but your ready concurs honourable and ample provision, rence in my sentiments, and the be as may enable her to support her coming zeal which you have so royal 'dignity with proper luftre, unanimously declared for carrying on in case the should furvive your ma5


jesty; for the long continuance of The wise and able conduct of his whose life we shall never cease to serene highness prince Ferdinand ofer up to the divine providence our of Brunswick, whereby he hath most ardent yows.

successively defeated the projects of Allow us, Sir, to return our sincere the enemy, and hath prevented and humble thanks to your majesty, their making that progrefs, which, for your tender concern for the from their superior numbers, they prosperity of your people, in wish- expected, together with that graing to restore to them the bleslings cious approbation which your maof peace; and to declare that we jesty hath been pleased to express of cannot too much admire that huma- the valour of your troops, cannot nity, so becoming your royal breast, but give the highest fatisfaction to which, amidst the successes of your your faithful commons; and they own kingdoms, feels for the cala- see, with just admiration, the remities of other nations.

peated proofs, in every campaign, We are fully persuaded, that those of that unshaken resolution, and beneficent dispositions which in- of those aftonishing efforts which, duced your majefty to consent to alone, could have enabled your mathe appointment of a congress, for jesty's great ally, the king of Prussia, a general pacification, and to enter to resist the numerous forces of his into a negotiation with France for a enemies. particular peace, could not have We beg leave to assure your mafailed of the desired effect, if the jesty, of our intire concurrence and enemy, influenced by the fame mo. support in the most effectual protives, had thewn the same good in- fecution of the war, for the intentions, and would have complied terest and advantage of these kingwith such conditions as were re- doms; and in maintaining, to the quisite for the accomplishment of utmost of our power, the good that falutary work.

faith and honour of your majesty's We do molt gratefully acknow. crown, and the engagements enledge your majesty's vigilance and tered into with your allies; and that firmness in not fuffering the hopes we are truly sensible, that the conor expectations of peace to produce ftant care and attention of your mathe lealt suspense or relaxation in the jesty to pursue the most vigorous exertion of your arms. And we measures in every part where any congratulate your majesty on those successfal impression can Aill be happy successes, which, under the made upon the enemy, are the only good providence of God, we must means to attain that defirable obafcribe to the wisdom and vigour ject, an honourable and a lasting of your majesty's measures, to which peace. we owe the reduction of Dominica, We receive, with the deepest the conquest of Belleifle, atchieved gratitude, that most endearing ex, with so much reputation to the Bri- pression of your majesty's unbounded rith arms, and the destruction of the goodness and affećtion towards this enemy's power in the East-Indies, your native country, in the folemn by the acquisition of Pondicherry, declaration which your majesty has their last remaining settlement of any been pleased to make, that, as well strength in those countries.

in the prosecution of the war, as in


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