the conclusion of the peace, no


quéen, in a manner that for nearly confideration whatever shall induce concerns her, cannot but give me mojt you to depart from the true in- sensible Satisfaction. The assurances terests of these your kingdoms, and of your steady and vigorous fupport, from the honour and dignity of your must add the greatest weight to my

endeavours for the public good; and Your majesty may be affyred that will be the farejt means of brizging your faithful commons, will chear- the war in which we are engaged, fully grant such supplies as the na to such a conclusion as is the confiant ture and extent of the several fer- object of my wishes; and will mojt vices shall be found to require; effectually provide for the honour, firmly relying on your majesty's happiness, and security of my king, wisdom and justice, that they will doms. be applied with the strictest economy, and in such a manner as may most effectually answer the great The Speech of his excellency George ends for which they shall be Dunk, earl of Halifax, lord licugranted.

tenant general and general gover. We do with great truth affure nor of Ireland, to both boufes enfant your majesty, that it is our most parliament, at Dublin, October 22, earnest desire, that this first parlia 1761. ment convened by your royal au My lords and gentlemen, thority, may, by their conduct, give

jesty's cominands, to meet his zeal, the loyalty, and the affection of first parliament in Ireland : I obey your people.

them with intire satisfaction, from Sensible of the difficult crisis in an assurance that

your deliberations are assembled, we are will be influenced by the fame prindetermined to concur, with the ciples of loyalty and affection to greatest firmness and unanimity, in your sovereign, and of zeal for the whatever

may contribute to the prosperity of your country, which welfare, may tend to defeat the have fo long distinguished the parviews and expectations of our liaments of this kingdom. enemies, and may convince the The loss of our late most graworld that there are no difficulties cious fovereign, at a time when which your majesty's wisdom and not only the fecurity of his own perseverance, with the aslistance dominions, bụt the welfare of Eyof your parliament, cannot fur- rope, seemed so effentially to depend mount.

on the continuance of his life, mult His majesty's answer. have affected you in the most sensible Gentlemen,

manner. I Return you my hearty thanks for Your grief however has already

this very dutiful and affectionate been alleviated, and your loss readdress. The early proofs of your paired by the fucceffion of his mamolt cordial attachment to me and my jesty, not only to the throne, (his family, upon the occasion of my mar- legal inheritance) but to the duty, riage, and the particular regard and affection, and confidence of his attention which you express for the subjects, as unbounded as the greatest

your majefty a happy proof or the dave the honour of his ma

which we


of his predecessors have ever pof- of the honour and dignity of the fessed in the most fortunate periods crown. Such dispositions steadily of their reign

adhered to, cannot fail, under his This parliament happily com- majesty's paternal influence, to premences with the accesion of a king serve you an happy, and to eitablish bred under the influence and formed you an opulent and a flourishing by the example of a prince, who people. uniformly tempered prerogative with Gentlemen of the house of commons, law; and whose glory it was, in I have ordered the proper officers the exercise of his power, to pro- to lay before you the several actect the rights and liberties of his counts and estimates : from which people.

you will be enabled to judge of the You can be no stranger to his provisions necessary to be made for majesty's most gracious declaration, the support of his majesty's governwhat the preservation of the consti- ment, and for your own security. tution in church and state, and the The means of making these proviinforcing a due obedience to the fons, (which, I hope, will be exlaws (not more neceffary to his own peditiously adjusted) I doubt not authority than to the liberties of will, on your part, be such as small his people) shall be the first and be moit suitable to the circumstances constant object of his care. And I of this country; on mine, you may have it particularly in command to depend upon the utmost frugality. declare to you, that his subjects of You will take into your confidethis kingdom are fully and in every ration the several incidental charges refpect comprehended in these al of the military establishment, as it furances.

now stands, of which exact estimates His majesty's wise choice of a cannot be formed; and also that royal consort, eminent for her per a large sum will be wanted for the fonal virtues and endowments, and effectual repair of the barracks; a descended from an house fo illus- work which cannot be delayed. trious for its attachment to the pro I must observe to you, that nottestant cause, displays in the clearest withstanding the authority given by light his paternal care, not only to the vote of credit of the lait parliapreserve to us, but transmit unim- ment, the sum of two hundred thou. paired to our pofterity, the blef- fand pounds only has been raised; a fings of his reign, liberty, and pure circumstance of economy which canreligion.

not fail to give you satisfaction. When I consider the security of My lords and gentlemen, our present, and the prospect of The improvement of your natuour future happiness; and when I sal advantages ought to be the obfee you animated, as I am persuaded ject of your most serious attention. you are, with every sentiment which Agriculture, the fureft support of loyalty and gratitude can inspire; every state, deserves at all times I assure myself of a session of par- your highest regard, to the end liament, that will be finguished that, through your wisdom, the by its uninterrupted harmony, and skill and industry of the inhaby its effective zeal for the support



bitants of this country may fully cor-' truth assure you, that I shall in no refpond with the bounty of provi- degree fulfil the intentions, nor dence in their favour.

merit the approbation, of my To encourage, regulate, and im- royal master, but by studying the prove, which will of course extend, peace and welfare of the kingdom your manufactures and commerce, which his majesty hath committed to will, I am sure, be your continual my care.

Your linen trade has long I am sensible the situation, in been the object of publick encou. which I am placed, is as arduous ragement; but much fill remains as it is important: but I bring with to carry to its full extent a manu me the clearest intentions for your facture, for which there is so large fervice. To maintain the honour, a demand; which is fo various in and to promote the service of the its branches; and which, with due crown, are duties from which I will attention, might be rendered as never depart: to forward the profconsiderable a source of wealth to perity, and to preserve the constithe whole, as it is now to part of tution of this country, are objects this kingdom.

of which I never will lose fight. There is no object more worthy And there is nothing I more linour attention, than our Protestant cerely wish, than that the interests charter schools. Notwithftanding of both kingdoms may be as thothe peaceable demeanour of the Pa- roughly understood, as they are inpists in this kingdom, it must al- separably connected. There is no ways be your duty, and your inter- point I shall more diligently labour. est, to divert from error, by every And I must now assure you at the effectual, though gentle method, opening of my adminiftration (what the deluded followers of a blind re the progress of it will, I hope, deligion. And these institutions 'me- monftrate) that I have no end a rit your support and protection, not ambition, but to be able to repreonly as schools of religion, but as sent, in the warmest manner, to feminaries of useful arts and virtuous his majesty, the zeal and unanimity industry.

of his subjects in this kingdom, and Let me now, in the most earnest to carry with me, on my retum inmanner recommend to you, that, to the royal presence, the good opzafter so many honourable events a- nion, the affection, the hearts of the broad, and so many joyful events people of Ireland. at home, neither jealoufies nor diAtrust, neither public heats, nor private animofities, may disturb A short view of the cause and conduit that tranquillity which is desirable of the war, and a negotiation for at all times, and at this season is a peace, as represented by the French peculiarly necessary to your wel in their Historical Memorial, pabe fare.

lished by authority. As to what regards myself, you HE present war between shall always find me not only ready, France and England, had at but follicitous, to contribute what- first America only for its obje&t; but ever my. authority, my credit, or a confiderable part of Europe has my experience can furnish for these been fince involved in it. salutary purposes. And I can with


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The limits of Acadia and Cana- disappoint it, and she made no da, which by the treaty of Aix la doubt of bringing that princess inChapelle, were left to the discussion to all her views; but the emprefs of commisaries to be named by the rejected her proposals from the two potentates, were made a pre- fame principles of equity as those tence by England for commencing from which France acted, and hostilities, and for taking two French chofe rather to run the risk of an thips, the Alcide and the Lys, at unjust war, which was the natural the very time when the duke de and foreseen consequence of the Mirepoix, the French ambassador, treaty between England and Prufin the midst of peace, and under fia. the sanction of the law of nations France and the empress queen was treating at London to prevent a entered into an alliance purely derupture.

fensive, on the first of May, 1756, This act of violence was an in- which was prior to the king of dignity to France, which her ho. Prussia's invasion of Saxony, and nour obliged her to repel by force. they hoped this alliance would have

If England had intended only to prevented a war on the continent eitablish the possesiions of the two of Europe, but they were disapCrowns in North America upon a pointed; for England having now firm footing, he would, as France armed the king of Prussia, he imhas done, have endeavoured to mediately indulged his passion for prevent the powers of the conti. war, which inability only had renent from taking part in a war strained before, by the invasion of that was wholly foreign to them; Saxony, and the attack of Boheon the contrary, the endeavoured mia. to renew the famous league which

From this time two diftinct wars was formed against Lewis XIV. fubfifted ; one between France and upon the accession of Philip V. to England, which, in the beginning, the throne of Spain, and to per- had nothing in common with the fuade all the courts of Europe war in Germany; and the other be that they were as much interested tween Prusia and the empress in the limits of Acadia, as in the queen, in which England was in. -fucceffion of the Spanish monar- terested as an ally of Prussia, and chy

France, as guarantee of the treaty of In consequence of the first hofti- Westphalia, and as ally of the court lities, which happened in 1755, of Vienna by the defensive treaty of the king of France pacified his the first of May. neighbours, restrained his allies, France, in all the engagements and gave all the powers to under- she was constrained to make with itand that his fole view was to re the confederate powers, was care(train the English within due limits, ful not to blend the differences of and that they ought to regard the America with those of Europe, differences about America with the and as she was defirous to restore moft impartial neutrality.

publick tranquillity, the judged it England took advantage of this unproper to blend interests to dilo pacific conduct, the knew that the tant and complicated, by treating empress queen of Hungary might



of them jointly in a negotiation for obliged to support a war both by a general peace.

sea and land against England, has France went yet farther, and afforded farther succour of with a view to prevent a direct troops to her allies to carry on the land war in Europe, she proposed war, but has only undertaken to the neutrality of Hanover, in the preserve for the empress queen, year 1757, but his late majesty re- the places on the Lower Rhine, fused the propofition, and sent his which were conquered from the fon, the duke of Cumberland, in king of Pruffia in her name. The to his German dominions, who, war in Westphalia, therefore, is at the head of an army composed not carried on for the intereft of entirely of Germans, was ordered the allies of France, but is purely to oppose the march of the forces, English, and is carried on only be+ which France, in pursuance of her cause the army of England in that engagements, should send to her al. part, defends the possessions of Englies, who were attacked in their do- land, and her allies. minions.

Thus, the war of France with This army finished the campaign England, is, in its origin, diftinct of 1757, with the capitulation of from the war of the empress with Closter-Seven, to which the duke Prussia; yet, there is now a conof Cumberland consented: but the nection between the two wars, ariEnglish, notwithstanding, broke fing from the common engagement this capitulation within a few between France and Auftria, not to months, upon a pretence that the make a separate peace with the army which capitulated belonged to common enemy, but by mutual the elector; but that the army which consent. This engagement was abbroke the capitulation, though it folutely neceffary for the security was the fame army, was from that both of Austria and France, for it time to be considered as belonging would be dangerous to France for to the king of England * ; thus the the king of Prussia to join his forarmy commanded by prince Ferdi ces with those of prince Ferdinand nand is become an English army: against her, and to the empress for the elector of Hanover, the duke these forces to join against her, and of Branswick, and the landgrave of the princes of the empire in alliHesse, their forces and their coun ance with France. tries. have been blended together The year 1758 produced no en in the cause of England, so that vent which might give room for a the hostilities in Westphalia, and negociation of peace, yet France lower Saxony, have had, and still made use of the mediation of Denhave the same object as the hostili- mark, to inform England of her ties in America, Afia, and Africa, perseverance in the pacific difpofiviz. the disputes concerning the li- tion which she had before discomits of Acadia and Canada.

vered; but the answer of England France' being from this time was haughty and negative, and de

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* See the History of the War, Vol. I. chapter 4. 6. allo State Papers, page 182.


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