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From the London Gazette. ing on the treaty in question between Translation of a note delivered to the his Catholic majesty and his most
earl of Egremont, by the count de Christian majesty, which is believed Fuentes, December 25, 1761. to have been signed the 15th of Au
HE count de Fuentes, the Ca- gust, and wherein, it is pretended,
tholic king's ambasador to there are conditions relative to Enghis Britannic majesty, has just receiv- land, he had very good reafons; firit, ed a courier from his court, by the king's dignity required him to whom he is informed, that my lord manifeft his just resentment of the Bristol, his Britannic majesty's am little management, or, to speak more baslador at the court of Madrid, properly, of the insulting manner has said to his excellency Mr. Wall, with which all the affairs of Spain minister of State, that he had orders have been treated during Mr. Pite's to demand a positive and categori- administration, who, finding himcal answer to this question, viz. If self convinced of the justice which Spain thinks of allying herself with supported the king in his pretenFrance against England?' And fions, his ordinary and last answer to declare, at the fame time, that was, that he would not relax in any he should take a refusal to his de- thing till the Tower of London was mand, for an aggression and decla- taken fword in hand. ration of war, and that he should, Besides, his majesty was much in consequence, be obliged to re- shocked to hear the haughty and tire from the court of Spain. The imperious tone with which the conabove minister of state answered tents of the treaty were demanded him, that such a step could only be of him : if the respect due to royal suggested by the spirit of haughti- majesty had been regarded, explaness, and of discord, which, for the nations might have been had withmisfortune of mankind, still reigns out any difficulty: the ministers of but too much in the British govern- Spain might have said frankly to ment; that it was in that very mo those of England, what the count de ment that the war was declared; and Fuentes, by the king's express orthe king's dignity violently attacked, der declares publickly, viz. That and that he might retire how, or the said treaty is only a convention when he should think proper. between the family of Bourbon,
The count de Fuentes is, in con wherein there is nothing that has sequence, ordered to leave the court the least relation to the present war; and the dominions of England, and that there is in it an article for the to declare to the British king, to mutual guaranty of the dominions the English nation, and to the whole of the two sovereigns ; but it is fpeuniverse, that the horrors into which cified therein, that that guaranty is the Spanish and English nations not to be understood but of the doare going to plunge themselves, minions which shall remain to must be attributed only to the pride, France after the present war shall be and to the unmeasurable ambition ended : that, altho' his Catholic of him who has held the reins of majesty might have had reason to the government, and who, appears think himself offended by the irreftill to hold them, although by ano- gular manner in which the memother hand : that, if his Catholic sial was returned to M. Buffy, mir majesty excused himself from answer- nister of France, which he had pre
fested for terminating the diffe- Translation of the answer delivered rences of Spain and England, at the to the count de Fuentes, by the earl same time with the war between of Egremont, Dec. 31, 1761. this last and France; he has, how. HE earl of Egremont, his Briever, dissembled, and, from an ef tannic majesty's secretary of fect of his love of peace, caused a state, having received from his exmemorial to be delivered to my lord cellency the count de Fuentes, amBristol, wherein it is evidently de- baffador of the Catholic king at the monstrated, that the step of France, court of London, a paper, in which, which put the minister Pitt into fo besides the notification of his recall, bád humour, did not at all offend and the demand of the necessary either the laws of neutrality, or the passports to go out of the king's dofincerity of the two fovereigns : minions, he has thought proper to that further, from a fresh proof of enter into what has just paffed behis pacific spirit, the king of Spain tween the two courts, with a view to wrote to the king of France his make that of London appear as the cousin, that if the union of in- fource of all the misfortunes which terest in any manner retarded the may ensue from the rupture which peace with England, he consented has happened in order that nobody to separate himself from it, not to may be misled by the declaration put any obstacle to so great a hap- which his excellency has been pleafpiness : , but it was soon seen that ed to make to the king, to the this was only a pretence on the part English nation, and the whole uniof the English minister, for that of verse ; notwithstanding the insinua
France continuing his negotiation tion, as void of foundation as of dewithout making any mention of cency, of the spirit of haughtiness Spain, and propofing conditions and of difcord, which, his excellency very advantageous and honourable pretends, reigns in the British gofor England, the minister Pitt, to vernment, to the misfortune of the great astonishment of the uni- mankind; and notwithftanding the verse, rejected them with disdain, irregularity and indecency of apand shewed at the same time his ill- pealing to the English nation, as if will against Spain, to the scandal of it could be, separated from its king, the same British council; and unfare for whom the most determined sentitunately he has succeeded but too ments of love, of duty, and of confar in his pernicious design, fidence, are engraved in the hearts
This declaration made, the count of all his subjects; the said earl of de Fuentes desires his excellency Egremont, by his majesty's order, my lord Egremont, to present his laying aside, in this answer, all fpimost humble respects to his Britan- rit of declamation and of harshness, nic majesty, and to obtain for him avoiding every offensive word, passports, and all other facilities, for which might hurt the dignity of sohim, his family, and all his retinue, vereigns, without stooping to in. to go out of the dominions of Great vectives against private persons, will Britain without any trouble, and to confine himself to facts with the go by the short passage of the sea, most scrupulous exactness : and it is which feparates them from the con- from this representation of facts that tinent.
he appeals to all Europe, and to his Catholic majesty, the earl of the whole universe, for the purity Bristol was authorised to content of the king's intentions, and for the himself with assurances, in case the fincerity of the wishes his majelty Catholic king offered to give any, has not ceased to make, as well as that the said engagements did not for the moderation he has always contain any thing that was contrashewed, though in vain, for the ry to the 'friendžip which fubfiftmaintenance of friendship and good ed between the two crowns, or that anderitanding between the British was prejudicial to the interests of and Spanish nations.
Great Britain, fuppofing that any The king having received un- , difficulty was made in Thewing the doubted informations,
that the treaty. The king could not give court of Madrid had secretly con a less equivocal proof of his depentracted engagements with that of dence on the good faith of the CaVersailles, which the ministers of tholic king, than in shewing him, France laboured to represent, in all
an unbounded confidence, in so the courts of Europe, as offensive important an affair, and which so to Great Britain, and combining essentially intereited his own digthese appearances with the flep nity, the good of his kingdoms, and which the court of Spain had a the happiness of his people. little time before taken towards his How great, then, was the king's majesty, in avowing its consent, surprize, when, instead of receiving (though that avowal had been folo' the just satisfaction which he had a lowed by apologies) to the memo- right to expect, he learnt from his rial presented the 23d of July, by ambassador, that, having addressed the Sieur de Bussy, minister pleni- himself to the minister of Spain for potentiary to the most Christian that purpose, he could only draw king, tó the king's secretary of from him a refusal to give a fatifftate ; and his majesty having, af- factory answer to his majesty's just terwards, received intelligence, requisitions, which he had accomscarce admitting a doubt, of troops panied with terms that breathed nomarching, and of military prepa- thing but haughtiness, animosity, rations making in all the ports of and menace; and which seemed lo Spain, judged that his dignity, as strongly to verify the suspicions of well as his prudence, required him the unamicable disposition of the to order his ambassador ‘at Madrid, court of Spain, that nothing less. by a dispatch dated the 28th of than his majesty's moderation, and October, to demand, in terms, his resolution taken to make all the the most measured however, and efforts possible to avoid the milthe most amicable, a communica fortunes inseparable from a rupture, tion of the treaty recently conclud- could determine him to make a ed between the courts of Madrid and lait trial; by giving orders to his Versailles, or at least of the articles ambassador to address himself to which might relate to the interests the minister of Spain, to desire him of Great Britain, and, in order to to inform him of the intentions of avoid every thing which could be the court of Madrid towards that thought to imply the least sight of of Great Britain in this conjuncture, the dignity, or even the delicacy of if they had taken engagements, or
formed the design to join the king's “ ftood but of the dominions, enemies in the present war, or to « which shall remain to France depart, in any manner, from the “ after the war.” It is declared, neutrality they had hitherto ob- that, very far from thinking of beferved ; and to make that minister ing wanting to the respect, acknowfensible, that if they perfifted in re- ledged to be due to crowned beads, fusing all satisfaction on demands the instructions given to the earl of fo jutt, fo neceffary, and so interest- Bristol, have always been to make ing, the king could not but consider the requisitions, on the subject of fuch a refusal as the most authentic the engagements between the courts avowal, that Spain had taken her of Madrid and Versailles, with all part, and that there only remained the decency, and all the attention for his majesty to take the measures poflible: and the demand of a cawhich his royal prudence should tegorical answer was not made till dictate for the honour and dignity after repeated, and most ftinging of his crown, and for the profpe- refusals to give the least satisfaction, sity and protection of his people: and at the last extremity. There. and to re-call his ambassador. fore if the court of Spain ever had
Unhappily for the public tran- the design to give this fo necessary quillity, for the interest of the iwo fatisfaction, they had not the least nations, and for the good of man- reason that ought to have engaged kind, this laft step was as fruitless them to defer it to the moment, as the preceding ones; the Spanish when it could no longer be of use. minister keeping no farther mea. But, fortunately, the terms, in which füres, answered drily, “ That it the declaration is conceived, spare
was in that very moment that vs the regret of not having received e the war was declared, and the it sooner; for it appears at the first
king's dignity attacked, and fight, that the answer is not at all " that the earl of Bristol might re conformable to the demand : we « tire how, and when he Thould wanted to be informed, if the cours " think proper."
of Spain intended to join the French, And in order to set in its true our enemies, to make war on Great light the declaration, “ That, if Britain, or to depart from their neu« the respect due to his Catholic trolity ; whereas the answer con
majesty had been regarded, ex cerns one treaty only, which is said “planations might have been to be of the 15th of August, care“ had without any difficulty, and fully avoiding to say the least word " that the ministers of Spain might that could explain, in any manner, « have said frankly, as Monf. de the intentions of Spain towards 6 Fuentes, by the king's express Great Britain, or the further en« order, declares publickly, that gagements they may have contracted " the faid treaty is only a con in the present crisis. 66 vention between the family of After a deduction, as exact as “ Bourbon; in which there is no- faithful, of what has passed between " thing which has the least rela- the two courts, it is left to the im. « tion to the present war; and that partial publick to decide, which of " the guaranty which is there the two has always been inclined to “ in specified, is not to be under
peace, and which was determined on the true object thereof, it is neces
sary that your lordship will make As to the rest, the earl of Egre. seizure of all the English fhips, eimont has the honour to acquaint ther men of war or merchantmen, his excellency the count de Fuentes, that should be found in the ports
of by the king's order, that the ne your jurisdiction, taking off their cessary passports for him shall be rudders, and securing their papers, expedited, and that they will not to prevent their putting out to sea : fail to procure him all possible fa care shall be taken that no ill treatcilities for his passage to portment is offered to their crews, and which he shall think most conve that no hurt be done to their carnient.
goes, taking what measures should be requisite to the satisfaction of their
respective owners for their preCopy of the king of Spain's orders to the servation. governors of the fea-port towns of
It is likewise his majesty's pleathat kingdom, for the detention of sure, that an embargo shall be laid the English ships. Translated from in all the ports of Spain (till new the original Spanish.
orders) on all ships or vessels of any
nation whatsoever, beginning with Buen Retiro, Dec. 10, 1761. the Spanish ships, in order to hinder IS majesty is pretty sure that any intelligence that might be given
the king of England has al- to the enemy of this rupture, and ready, or will, in a few days, de to provide against the danger that, clare war, or cause hoftilities to be by such information, the Spanish commenced against his majesty's men of war, or merchantmen, now subjects : on this supposition, and at sea, would run of being seized by until we are informed what conduct the enemy. the English will observe in their
This order has no other excepTupture with Spain, which their in- tion, but that no obstraction or justice has occafioned, it is his ma
hindrance shall be put to the deparjesty's will, that the ships of that 'ture from this port of any vessel nation that shall be found in any of that Don Juan de Arraiga, or the the ports of his dominions shall be ministers of the marine department, detained, declaring, at the same shall think proper to send out. The time, that this is only done to keep king trusts to your prudence and them as a deposit, and which is to
zeal for the due execution of his be effected with the precaution that orders. all concerned shall think proper to take for the preservation of the ships and cargoes, till his majesty His majesly's declaration of war against finds that the king of England be
the king of Spain. gins the war, agreeable to the re GEORGE R. gulations established among civi 'HE constant object of our lized nations, when they will be set attention, since our accesat liberty : to put in execution this fion to the throne, has been, if his majesty's orders, and that no- poslible, to put an end to the calathing may be wanting to obtain mities of war, and to settle thie 5