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part, killed or made prisoners. Ge. ing master of Lansperg, he fent deneral Platen, after this useful and tachments from thence, that cruelly brilliant exploit, pursued his march wasted all the adjoining Marche of with the utmost diligence to Pome- Brandenburg, without at the same rania.

time diverting himself by these raIntelligence of this blow was no vages from his main intention. fooner received by the Russians in A force of Russians was by this Silefia; than they were ftruck with time assembled in Pomerania, to the utmost consternation. They which it was impossible for the king had lately effe&ted one of their pur- of Prussia to oppose any thing that aug.25th, Poith the Auftrians; but with them in the field ; of course he

poses by their junction was in any degree able to contend this stroke compelled them at once could not promise himself that the to sever this union, fo lately and immediate raising the fiege could be with such difficulty compassed to the effect of these fuccours. All he drop all their designs upon Breslau, could do was to send another detachto repass the Oder and to retire with- ment to that part, under general out delay into Poland, left their re- Knoblock; and hoped that by the umaining magazines should share the nion of these several small corps, and fame fate with the three abovemen- by their intercepting or at least dise tioned, and their future fubfiftence trelling the Russian convoys probe thereby rendered wholly pre- vision, the place might be enabled carious.

to hold out, until the fevere setting So unfortunately circumstanced in of winter should render the opewere the affairs of the king of rations of a-liege impracticable. Pryslia, that his wiseft schemes and He was providing in this manner, happiest successes could hardly an and studying new methods for the fwer any other end than to vary the relief of Colberg, to the danger of frene of his distress. The itorm which place his whole attention was which had been diverted from Si- drawn, when an event happened lefia by general Platen's expedition, just by him, and, as it were, under was only removed from thence to his eye, almost as diftreding as the be discharged with irresistible fury taking of Colberg would have on Colberg. The Russians, when proved, and so much the more difthey saw that the measures the king tresling, as it was entirely unexa had taken rendered the completion pected. of both their defigns impracticable, On the retreat of the Russians un. resolved at áll adventures to secure der Butterlin, the king of Pruffia one of them. Colberg was the ob- imagined himself ac liberty.. He ject of their choice, not only as the found a want of provisions in his place furthest from succour, but as strong camp near Schweidnitz, and the possession of it would be an ad- to be the more easily supplied, he vantage fittest for answering those approached nearer to the Oder. ends which were more nearly and He was so little in fear of the ene.. properly Ruffian. M. Butterlin, my, that on making this movement, therefore, as soon as he had esta he drafted 4000 men from the garblished his convoys, directed his rison of Schweidnitz : he thought course towards Pomerania, and be that the preparations necessary to a

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hege would give him fufficient nó- Their loss in the whole of this bold tice, and fufficient leisure to provide and fortunate undertaking, amounts for the fafety of that important ed, by their accounts, to no more place, from which after all, he had than 600 men. ;; Temoved but to a very small dif In a manner so unexpected, and, lance. Laudohn, who through tlie considering the nature of the fortifi. whole campaign had watched the cations, so unprecedented, Schweid. king with a molt diligent and pene nitz fell for a second time in this trating affiduity, and hitherto had war into the hands of the Austrians; found no part open and unguarded, and that city, which in the year thought in this instant ne perceived 1758 had colt che Pruffians a blockan advantage. It was indeed an ade of fome months, and a siege of advantage which would never have thirteen days open trenches to reappeared as such, but to a general cover it, was again loft in a few as refolute as sagacious. He re- hours, and with a very inconfiderafolved to attempt this strong place, ble damage to those who undertook by a coup de main. On the ift of this daring enterprize. October at three in the morning, The king of Prussia felt this the assault began. An attack was grievous blow to the quick. By made at the fame time on all the their possession of Schweidnitz he four outworks, which the troops, saw the Austrians enabled to winter ordered on this important enterprize, in Silefia; he saw that, whilft they approached with so much precau- held this place, he could poflibly tion, that they were not perceived 'make no motion for the relief of any by the garrison. They scaled all other part of his dominions without the four at the fame time; and the exposing Breslau, and along with it troops which defended them had the whole of Upper Silesia, to a cerscarce time to fire a few cannon tain and irrecoverable conquelt. In fhot. On the side of the assailants, the first agitations produced by so not a gun was discharged: but in extraordinary and affecting a difafone of those out-works the fire of ter, he was disposed to attribute this the small arms set fire to a powder misfortune to the treachery of the magazine, which blew up, and on governor, but he was too generous this occafion about 300 of the Auf to harbour such a suspicion, for any trians, and about the same number time, against an officer who had hiof the Pruffians were killed. As therto ferved him with idility, and foon as the outworks were carried, who might have been surprized they prepared to assault. the body with an attack offo uncommon a naof the place, which they entered by ture, and which the king himself had bursting open the gates, and at day- as little suspected as the governor. break they found themselves matters He immediately recovered his tem. of the town, after firing a few thot. per, and said with a smile, “ It is Fire battalions, making about 3000 a fatal blow; we must endeavour men, and lieutanant general Zala " to remedy it.” He wrote to genetrow, governor of the fortress, were ral Zastrow who commanded there. made prisoners. The conquerors We may now lay, what Francis I. found here a great number of can as of France wrote to his mother non, and a large magazine of mea!. after the battle of Pavia, We have

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toe loft all except our honour. As I fortune ; and, in order to get into «: cannot comprehend what hath the way of this good fortune, eve* happened to you, I shall fuspend ry risque was to be run. “my judgement; the thing is ve These advantages over Platen and s ry extraordinary."

Knoblock raised the spirits of the Schweidnitz was loft suddenly; Ruffians, and enabled them to conbut Colberg made a moft obftinate tend with the extreme rigour of the and noble defence. At length, season in that northern latitude; shey however, the garrison began to be pushed the siege with redoubled ef. forely diftrefled for provisions. Ge- forts. All hope of a fupply from the neral Platen quitted the entrench- land was absolutely at an end; and ments, which he had maintained though the Ruflian feet had been by in conjunction with the prince of a violent storm driven off the coast, Wurtenburg, in order to cover the the succour from the sea was too reinforcements, which the nume- precarious to be depended on. In rous and strong detachments of the this desperate situation the prince of Ruffians, who overspread the whole Wurtenburg became apprehenfive, country, had hitherto kept at a dif- left his army, which had been una 'tance. But he had the misfortune able to relieve the town, by delayto meet an infinitely superior body ing any longer under its walls would of the enemy, to be beaten, and to only share its fate, and that famine Vofe part of his convoy; and it was might also oblige him to a surrender. with difficulty he escaped with the He therefore resolved, whilft his remainder to Stetin,

men retained their vigour, to break The other (general Knoblock) through a part of the Ruffian army, had eftablished himfelf at Treptow, and to leave Colberg to make the best which was to serve as a resting place terms its circumstances would admit. for the convoys; but as general This design be accomplished happiPlaten had been repulsed, in the ly, and with little or no loss. manner we have just feen, Romanzow advanced with a large force to hopeless of all relief, Treptow. Knoblock, hopeless of the garrifonexhaufted, provision low aflistance in a town which had the fortifications in many places bat. scarcely any walls, and invested by tered to pieces, after a fiege of near a body so vastly superior, yet made fix months, furrendered to the Ruf. a vigorous and gallant defence for fians. The governor and the garfive days; he was at length compel- rison were made prisoners of war. led to surrender himself and his bo- This place was defended by the dy of about 200n men prisoners of gallant Heyde, who to this time war.

had maintained it successfully a. +1? These fucceffive disasters were oc- gainst all the efforts of the Russan's cafioned by the necessity there was during the war; and as he was dir. for revictualling Colberg, coft what tinguished by the king his master for it would, and, for that end, of dif- his merit in the fuccefsful defence persing the Pruffiian troops in the of it, he had likewise as full assuran. face of a Ruflian,

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ces of his favours after having on ihe men. This revictualling in these late occasion conducted himself with circumstances could not be effected his former bravery, though it was without a singular piece of good

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And now Colberg, Dec. 26th.

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not with the former good for- unfortunate of his campaigns bad tune.

been fo ruinous to him. He had The loss of two such places as fuffered four terrible defeats, withSchweidnitz and Colberg, at the two out having ballanced them with a extremities of his dominions, were fingle advantage of consequence in decisive against the king of Prussia. the campaign of 1759. Yet in It was now impossible for him to these circumstances it is almost in, make any movement by which the credible how little he really loft, enemy could not profit to his al. He was able to take the field again most certain destruction. To form the ensuing year in a very respect fieges with an army like his, infe. able manner, "and to make head rior in the field, was imposible. against his enemies. In that year The Ruffians, by possessing Col- he loft a whole army near Landshut; berg, poffessed every thing. They still he was far from broken. Af. were masters of the Baltick; and terwards in that same campaign, he they now acquired a port, by which gave his enemies two signal defeats, their armies could be well provided, and ended his operations advantaa without the necessity of tedious, un- geously, and with great glory. Bat certain, and expensive convoys from in the year, of which we now write Poland. The road lay almoft open without suffering any considerable into the heart of Brandenburg. blow in the field, without any ftri, Stetin alone stood in their way; but king efforts on any side, his pow. it was obvious that nothing but the , er has gradually crumbled away: advanced season could fave Stetin' The most calamitous defeats could from the fate of Colberg. The not fink him lower. And in the Muscovites, now for the first time, situation in which he stood after took up their winter quarters in Po- the taking of Colberg, we may merania.

fafely fay, that there was scarcely a It is remarkable, that this whole possibility that he could be preser. year past without a regular battle ved from destructtion by any thing between the king of Pruffia and any that lay within the reach of human of his enemies, yet none of the most endeavonrs...

CHAP. VII.

1

1

A detained on the theatre on

The negotiation resumed. French conceffions. Difference concerning the Ger.

man alliance. Difference concerning the captures antecedent to the declara, *tion of war. Treaty breaks off. Meffieurs Stanley and Busly recalled. FTER having been so long being fubverted, all that followed

was rather an altercation than a war, it is time we should return to treaty. It is true, that papers paft take a view of the negotiation for backward and forward ; and the putting an end to the miseries it oc- pretensions of each party, the points cafioned. In reality the view, even they agreed to cede, and those of this fcenę, was very gloomy and which they were determined to unpromising. The confidence and adhere to, grew more distinct and good humour of the two courts explicit. But all that cordiality was

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vanished, which is fo necessary to. France controverted this prowards smoothing and clearing a position: the on her part proposed road, which a long hoftility had to divide these nations; that those broken up, and fo many intricate to the northward of the line drawa topics had contributed to embarials. to ascertain the limits of Canada,

Without involving ourselves in should be independent, under the the detail of the several momorials protection of England, but that which were delivered in, and with ihose who were to the southward, out referring numerically to the fe- fhould enjoy the fame independence, veral articles it will be fofficient under the protection of France. that we briefly ftate those points Nothing was perfectly settled in which were, or feemed to be, in a relation to this point; but it does fair way of adjustment between not seem as if there could have England and France ; and after been any material disagreement wards those. on which it thoald ap- upon it, had the other matters in pear that the negotiation broke off. debate, been adjusted to their mo2. After some discussions concern- tual fatisfaction. ing its proper limits, it was agreed, The African contest seemed to that all Canada should be ceded to have been attended with still less the English. This ceffion.com. difficulty. The French consented to prehended, on one side, all the give up both Senegal and Goree, islands and countries adjoining to provided Anamaboo and Acra were the galph of St. Lawrence, On guarantied to them. the other, it took in all the great The momentous question of the lakes, and the whole course of the fishery was likewisé determined. Ohio, to its discharge into the The french gave up their claim to Mifilippi. . A territory fufficient Cape Breton and St. John's, and for the bafis of a great empire. were fatified to receive the little

- In drawing this line of division, iland of St. Pierre, on the coast of another question arose concerning Newfoundland; but even this they the bounds of Loufiana ; and the were to receive on conditions suffi ftate of the intermediate Indian na. ciently. humiliating. They were to tions between the lakes and the erect no sort of fortification, nor to Mislilippi, who inhabit, or are ra- keep up any military eftablishment ther scattered over an immenfe there. An English commissary was country, that lies along the back of to refide on the island, in order to see our colonies all the way from Pen- that these stipulations were adhered fylvania to Georgia. It was there- to. As to the rest, the French were fore very proper that something de- to have the fame privileges on the finitive should be settled on this are coast of Newfoundland, checked ticle, as it might otherwise easily be with the fame restriđions, which made productive of a new war. before the war they had enjoyed England proposed, that all those na. under the 15th article of the treaty tions should continue, as the con. of Utrecht. In conformity to anotended they had heretofore beer, ther article of that treaty, and in under the protection of Great Bri- compensation for the privilege of tain, without saying any thing pre- the fifhery, they confented that icife as to the dominion of the soil.. Dunkirk Abould be demolihed,

Con

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