The noble lord, who presided in ments. This resignation feemed this council, to whom years have equal to a revolution in the state. added the wisdom of experience, An universal alarm was spread ; without abating the vigour and fire a thousand rumours flew abroad, of youth ; and

who was himself as and the first suggestions were, that bold a minifter as ever directed the this great minifter, endeavouring affairs of this nation, made him to avail himself by his firmness in this reply. " I find the gentleman negotiation of the advantages he " is determined to leave us, nor had acquired by his vigour in war, “ can I say I am sorry for it, fince was opposed by the whole council, “ he would otherwise have certain- who were resolved to have a peace

ly compelled us to leave him; at any rate, and that this oppofi“ but, if he be resolved to assume tion had driven him to resign the “ the right of advising his majesty, fcals. But the true cause of the “ and directing the operations of resignation very soon came out ; “ the war, to what purpose are we and on this point a violent conflict " called to this council? When he ensued, in which the popular caufe “ talks of being responsible to the was worse sustained, and the mi“ people, he talks the language nisterial better, (that is, with “ of the house of commons, and greater effect) than is usual in such “ forgets, that at this board, he is discuslions. Some circumstances con

only responsible to the king. tributed not a little to this success." “ However, tho' he may possibly When Mr. Pitt resigned the seals, • have convinced himself of his the great person to whom they were

infallibility, fill it remains that delivered, received them with ease “ we should be equally convinced and firmness, without requesting “ before we can resign our undera that he thould resume his office, “ ftandings to his direction, or His majesty expressed his concern “ join with him in the measure he for the loss of so able a servant ; proposes.”

and to fhew the favourable sense he On the division, the minister entertained of his services, he made himself, and a noble lord closely him a moft gracious and unlimited connected with him, were the only offer of any rewards in the power of voices in favour of the immediate the crown to bestow. His majesty declaration of war; the rest of the at the same time expressed himself board were unanimously against it. not only satisfied with the opinion

The reader will observe, that to of the majority of his council, but gether with those matters, which declared he would have found himhave been published, relative to self under the greatest difficulty how this very important deliberation, to have acted, had that council conwith some appearance of authen- curred as fully in supporring the ticity, we have added such argu. measure proposed by Mr. Pitt, as ments as have been agitated among they had done in rejeding it. A the people ; a liberty necessary to sentiment (in the light in which his place the matter in its full light. majeft confidered this measure)

Mr. Pitt and lord Temple, ad grounded upon the firmest principles hering to their firit opinion, and, of integrity and honour, ard which having delivered their reasons in' muft raise the highest veneration for writing, resigned their employ


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his royal character not only among fignation; the insuffiency of that his own subjects, but amongst all motive, and the graciousness of the nations, when they see a powet k. notwithstanding the abrupt dewhich has fo little to fear from any parture of his minifter. If after human effort, fo very fearful of the this the late minister should chuse least infringement of the ftri&teft to enter into opposition, he must and most critical rules of justice. go into it loaded and oppreffed

Mr. Pitt was sensibly touched with the imputation of the blackest with the grandeur and condescene ingratitude: if on the other hand fion of this proceeding. • I con- he should retire from business, or fess, Sir, I had but too much rea should concur in support of that son to expect your majesty's dif- adminiftration which he had left, pleasure. I did not come prepar- because he disapproved its measures, ed for this exceeding goodness. his acquiescence would be attributPardon me, Sir,

it overpowers, ed by the multitude to a bargain it oppresses me. He burstinto tears. for his forfaking the public, and We are far from an attempt to

that the title and his pension were add any colouring to fo exquisitely the confiderations. affecting a pi&ture. We are indeed These were the barriers that were far from being able to do justice to opposed against that torrent of po, perhaps one of the most pathetic pular rage, which it was appreand elevated scenes which could hended would proeced from this posibly be displayed, the parting resignation. And the trath'is, they of such a prince, and such a mi answered their end perfectly ; this nifter.

torrent for some time was beaten The next day, a pension of three back, almost diverted into an opthousand pounds a year was settled posite course; and when afterwards on Mr. Pitt for three lives, and at it returned to those objects, againt the same time a title was conferred which it was originally directed, upon his lady and her issue ; a pen- and where it was most dreaded, it Hon the beft bestowed, and a nobis was no ionger that impetuous and lity the most honourably acquired, irresistible tide, which in the year and moft truly merited. Immedi. 1757 had borne down every thing ately the Gazette gave notice to the before it; it was weakened, dividpublic of all these transactions. The ed, and ineffective. resignation made the first article; the On this occasion the clamorous honours and rewards the next ; and and inferior members of each party they were followed by a letter from went lengths, which undoubtedly our ambassador in Spain, containing were neither authorised nor approan account of the favourable and pa ved by their leaders. The friends cific language of that court, and of of Mr. Pitt raised the most violent the strong affurance they gave of a clamours for displacing a midesire to accammodate all differ, nifter, whose measures had raised ences in an amicable manner. the nation from the most abject

It must be owned that this ma. ftate, · to the highest pinacle of neeuvre was very killfully executed. glory. They said, that'i he was in For it at once gave the people to un. fac displaced, when he was como derstand the true motive to the re

“ pelled

** pelled to resign, by not being ū the more juftly to be disliked, ag “ suffered to carry into execution perhaps inconfiftent with the true " those measures which he knew to “ spirit, either of absolute monar"be necessary to the honour and « Chy, or of limited government. " safety of his country. That the « Let the merit of this minifter be "'check which this minister had « what it will," "shall his master

received, would most unseason. " therefore be forced to receive him "ably revive the drooping hopes of " upon any terms? Must his prince “ France, 'funk by the vigour of “ to gratify his ambitious views,

our military operations, and the “ or, if you please, his virtuous “ firmness of our councils under his intentions, dismiss his whole " administration, and would shew “ council, and annihilate his preSpain with what impunity the rogative as a king, his' reason might insult the honour of the Bri. 6 and judgement as a '

man? Was “ tish crown, and violate the proper

“ it ever heard before, that a county of its subjects. They reckoned “ fellor has professed without any up the disgraces which the nation “ reserve or any malk, that because " had suffered before Mr. Pite had “ he could not guide in a govern“ entered into the management of

ment, he would not co-operate ? * affairs, and the victories and con “ This has unquestionably been the

quests which were the fruit of his to true motive for the conduct of « councils.

many ministers, but never was In consequence of these reason " the avowed motive until this ocings, addresses, resolutions and in «« casion. Mr. Pitt has had the structions were set on foot in the freeft scopefor the exertion of great corporations, and it was be “ his genius; he was, perhaps, the lieved, that the example would be “ only English minifter that never followed, as on a former occasion met with the slightest opposition; of the same kind, by all the other

" he has had the treasures and the cities and boroughs of the king

"s forces of the nation at his moft dom. But the progress of this mea

“ absolute command : let him in sure, though commenced with much “ his turn, do that justice that has alacrity, was flow and languid; a “ been done to him'; let him, if few only of the corporations ente

« the favours of the crown constiTed into it, and some even of those “ tute no obligation, be bound at few in a manner lels warm than “ least by the rules of equity ; and was expected. Aftrenuous defence “ if he will not partake in the conwas made on the part of the re

" duct of the prefent most intricate maining ministry.

" and difficult bufiness of adminif “ Was it ever heard, said they, “ tration, let him not render it ftill * that a sovereign has been censu more intricate and more difficule " red for listening to the whole bo " by his oppofition, and let him *dy of his council, in preference " not ftudy to find a justification of ""to the particular opinions of a fin “ his measures, from the ill success gle man? On the contrary,

< of those whom he has left, when “ this uncontrouled sway of a fin

" that ill success will be owing ta gle minister has been often thought “ his own devices." “ dangerous, and was always odious Thus far the points seem to have ", in our free constitution; and is been urged with propriety and


weight. A torrent, however, of in which she ever was engaged, low and illiberal abuse was also alone, and unaffifted, with greater poured out on this occafion. His fplendour, and with more success whole life, public and private, was than she had ever enjoyed at the scrutinized with the utmost malige head of the most powerful alliances. nity, to furnilh matter of calumny Alone this island seemed to balance against him. The successes of his the rest of Europe, administration were depreciated; his : In the conduct of the war he faults were monstruously exaggerat- never suffered the enemy to breathe, ed; and the reward and honours fo but overwhelmed them with reiterjustly conferred on him by his foveated blows, and kept up the alarm reign,were by every trick of wit,ridi- in every quarter. If one of his excule, and buffonery, converted into peditions was not so well calculated matter of degradation and disgrace. or fo fuccessfully executed, amends

Without presuming to take any was made by another, and by a part in a controverfy, which (how. third. The spirit of the nation ever unequally) divided the royal once roused, was not suffered for a council, or without entering into moment to fubfide; and the French, the sentiments of any faction,

which dazzled, as it were, by the multiwe have always fhunned, we may tude aud celerity of his enterprizes, affirm with truth and, inı parciality; seemed to have lost all power of that no man was ever better fitted resistance. In short, he revived the than Mr. Pitt, to be the minister in military genius of our people ; he

great and powerful nation, or supported our allies; he extended better qualified to carry that power our trade; he raised our reputation; and greatness to their utmost limits. he augmented our dominions ; and There was in all his designs a mag on his departure from administranicade, and even a vastness, which tion, left the nation in no other was not easily, comprehended by danger than that which ever mult every mind, and which nothing but attend exorbitant power, and the success could have made to appear temptation which may be, to the reasonable. If he was fometimes invidious exertion of it. Happy it incorrect, he was never vulgar. had been for him, for his sovereign,

His power, as it was not acquir- and his country, if a temper less ed, fo neither was it exercised in austere, and a disposition more an ordinary manner. With very practicable, more compliant, and little parliamentary, and with leis conciliating, had been joined to his court influence, he swayed both at other great virtues. The want of court and in parliament with an there qualities disabled him from authority unknown before to the best acting any otherwise than alone : Supported minifters. He was called it prevented our enjoying the joint to the ministry by the voice of the fruit of the wisdom of many able people; and what is more rare, he men, who might mutually have held it with that approbation; and tempered, and mutually forwarded under him for the first time, admi- each other; and finally, which was niftration and popularity were feen not the meanest loss, it deprived us united. Under hiin Great Britain of his own immediate services. carried on the most important war,


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Those who censured his political tain the ends of opposition, he had conduct the most severely, could once fallen upon popular topics, raise but few exceptions to it; which even then he knew were not none of them fingly, and perhaps, tenable, it can form but a very fmall the whole united, of no great blemish in a public character, howweight against a person long en ever wrong it may be by application gaged in to great a scene of a&ion. to the strict rules of morality. Il

Whether the part, which under would it fare with statesmen, if this his administration we rather conti, sort of consistency were to be expectnued to act than newly took, with ed from the most consistent of them, regard to the affairs of Germany, With regard to the pension and be for the real interest of Great title, it is a shame that any defence Britain, is a queftion of the utmost should be necessary. What eye difficulty, and which perhaps will cannot distinguish,at the first glance, never admit a satisfactory solution. the difference between this and the To condemn him on this head, we exceptionable case of Titles and must be fure of this folution. It pensions? What Briton, with the has been observed in favour of that smallest sense of honour and graticontested measure, that Frence de- tude, but muft blush for his coun. monstrated, through the whole pro- try, if such a man retired unrewardgress of the late treaty, the most ed from the public service, let the earnest defire, that we should aban- motives to that retirement be what don that German connection ; no they would ? It was not possible trilling argument, that our enemy that his sovereign could let his emidid not look upon it to be extreme- nent services pass unrequited; the ly prejudicial to our interests. If fum that was given was undoubtedhe has carried on that war at a valt ly inadequate to his merits ; and expence,a prodigious stand has been the quantum was rather regulated made against the entire power of by the moderation of the great France; had less been expended, mind that received it, than by the the whole expence might have been liberality of that which bestowed it. loft. How far this part of his con The conduct of Mr. Pitt when duct was agreeable to his former the parliament met, in which he declarations, is a discussion which made his own justification, without can avail but little. He found the impeaching the conduct of any of nation engaged in these affairs ; it his collegues, or taking one mea. was more easy to push them for- sure that might seem to arise from ward, than to extricate himself from disgust or opposition, has set a seal them; as he proceeded, he dis- upon his character, covered by experience the advan Lord Egremont was oppointed tages of that pian of action, and his to succeed him as secretary for the opinion was changed.

southern department. But even admitting, that, to at


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