ページの画像
PDF
ePub

* de ruins of America* bei as a puí, si te vei * ne fund it one, that I o , Pat batta 20 were are jo.se festiune rien, a cztott to E; Euri, cidering tice paing itong is a paz 123 was start 250 parts of the sig zu mezona. La die wrica remonts, no one car kar, fromact zoenentat, **Ex we nepracticare io popie fans bis 70 cer to mit za V one cz, fosse izos ing,

De 50* OL A ce amaz, 14:21 3 gain, ac a í kasut bio iach a prive force, wat

cocia 23 D 2 fra tizbe isa a pazeme ile One 19 cranica 10 ; ad mi. 9 IDCB

L'uti, tai le 22 no:

02392 '1*armour for war is a bow $menite, ties siz

Wat ktc of a bow ribs in terrace bazes. it is, we cannot bey, as it ca uot contrary, t'en 20mäst inne za kempen sour person to iz any; ror ton cu zer reizes, nes the Les are u கம் er eey are tLE, si actre மம், Fan et land, 25;ge 550 123 in to, to beware, in

Le Turquía 20 trtir sebou be creriet Tris Tarta: in arrosis, TEK, which berpened to the boat Gaane, cme in we way o ou vende, sere wir, ictde ytais face, was going è es tests, as pares to identining to Cape Tobiko zi. Ás to the res, Eat exey Let me room 19 coubt their cances are to bg='s tha they of the eci dans laving ano iron carry them win one hand. Dans

When the Americans fee spoz The Americans fail on the is their coaits people wbom they do in Cancks made of skins, in the not know, they row towards them, farne manner as the Koriiki ard ard then make a long speech: bat the Tchatchi. Their canoes are it is not certain, whether this is by about fourteen feet long, and about way of a spell, or charm, or fome two feet high. The fore part of parucular ceremony used at the rethern is frozp; and they are fiat-ception of strangers; for both the borrored. Their inward frame one and the other are in use among confuts of licks, which are linked the Kurilians. But before they together at both ends, and in the draw near, they paint their cheeks middle are presled outwards, in a with black lead, and stuff their nola sounding or belly, with cross-fricks, trils with some herb. which keep the fides at a proper dif

When they have guests, they aptance. The kins, which they are pear friendly; they like to converse covered with, all around, seem to with them, and that in an amicable be those of sea-dogs, dyed of a cher. manner, without taking off their ry colour, The place where the eyes from them. They treat them Americans fit is round, about two with great lubinison, and present arshines (four feet eight inches) them with the fat of whales, and from the poop; there is fewed with black lead, with which they upon it the stomach of some great used to besmear their cheeks, as was fain, which one may gather and before observed; doubtless from a

notion,

one:

notion, that such things are as depth of 100 fathoms, or indeed at agreeable to others as they are to a much lesser depth; upon whichi themselves,

account they also breed always near With regard to the navigation the shore. about those parts, it is safe enough It remains to speak of fome islands in fpring and in summer ; but in nearest to Kamtchatka, which are autumn it is so dangerous, that not found in a strait line with the hardly a day passes, but one has above-mentioned, but north of them; reason to fear being shipwrecked; especially of Berings island, whicha for they (the Russians sent upon

the now is so well known to the inhabifea expedition) experienced such a tants of Kamtchatka, that many of violence of winds and storms, that them go thither to catch sea-beavers, even persons who had served forty and the like sea animals. years at fea assured, with an oath, That island extends from the S. E. that they never saw such in their to the N. W. between 55 and 60° lives.

Its N. E. end, which lies almost diThe marks by which they ob- reály over against the mouth of the serve there that land is near, are par- river Kamtchatka, is at about two de-, ticularly the following considerable grees distance from the eastern Thore

i. When there appears a of Kamtchatka; and its S. E. end is great quantity of different kinds of about three degrees from cape Krothe (so called) fea-cabbage, swim- notíki. This island is 165 verltes ing upon the water. 2. When one long, but its breadth is unequal. sees the herb of which, at Kamt. From the S. E. end to a rock, which chatka, they platt cloaks, mats, and hangs perpendicularly over the fea, bags, for it grows only on the sea. and is at 14 verstes distance from that Ihores. 3. When there begin to end, the breadth of the island is from appear at sea, flights of fea-mews, three to four verstes ; from that steep as well as droves of fea animals, such rock to Suiputchei bay, it is five as sea-dogs, and the like; for tho'verftes; from Suiputchei bay to fea-dogs have a hole open at the heart Beaver's steep rock, it is fix verftes ; which is called foramen ovale, and a at Whale's stream, it is five verftes; duct called ductus arteriosus Botalli, but from thence farther on, it grows and, upon that account, may remain gradually broader.

Its greatest long under water, and consequently breadth, viz. 23 verstes, is over go to some distance from the shore, against the north cape, which lies without danger, inasmuch as they 115 verstes from the above-mencan, at a greater depth, find food tioned end. proper for them; nevertheless, it In general, it may be faid, that has been observed, that they feldom the length of that island is so difgo farther than ten German, miles proportioned to its breadth, that our from the shore.

author doubts whether there can be, The sureft fign that land is near in other parts of the world, any

if is, when there are feen Kamtchat- lands of such a shape; at least

, he ka beavers, which live only upon never heard or read of any

such; crabs; and, from the make of their and he adds, that the islands which heart, cannot be under water above they saw about America, and all the two minutes at a time: consequent rows of them lying to the east, have ly, they cannot get food at the the like proportion.

This land conus of rage of therefore one mar convenientir rocks, warch is crraed i marr por r in toats as far as the lake : valliesmar ftretch to the nors and and upon the lake there is a fare to cae butt. I mountains are fo facror; for it is surrounded with tungt, tua, ir ciea weara, die Tocht mountains, as with a was mai iet sien frame apou: tid the anc ine tezed from all winds. The Cance Desweer ine zliant and chef mat, br wtich one MET Kamchatia. The inhabitants of know trus ttrean from the sea. is an Kamnichake of oid imes, morgii iand, which is about feven verhes there must be fome iaac ores-again if circumference, and lies to the the mouth of the me Lantikan form a fever

. verftes citance from by reaop sbat the fry appeared the month of the ftream. The there a'azrs coucna bongt if were Inome from thence towards the wef, merer to citar een niet uit about is fancy and low for five verftes. the borizob.

kound the fores, there are no The Betref wozatzens of the rocks made h2r; wich one siax klaná do but men we a jove 180 kaow som mence, because thee verites ir a perituar.

me te breakers Here looks a Geiperion of this From the highest rocks of that barer rocicy i and, of nire me ifanc, on ízes he following lands: fudouing four pages are irot 9 ou at the button two Bands, one of precut purple Then a page which mea.es about seven perftes 135, the accou" protects the in circuit desce, as was observed

The South Ace of the stand before; but the other is over. is of a quite cftrent 12'ure from 293m the ret end of Berings the otier, as to access: for though award, at the south-we?: it contains the more there is more rocky and of thoirt and ciert rocks, of about craggy, yet there are two places by tree verties in circumference, and min, in far bottomed brats, suca is a fourteen series chance from 2s are the Tfitarteta", one may Beregs imd. Lot only land on the fore, but even From the Darib-erf end of Ber. advance as far as a lase, by the ings izand, in clear weather, one irears that flow from it. The frit may see to the north-ea:t, very hugh of treie places is at 50 verftes, and mourtains corered with inox, and the other at 115, from the fouth- their cincoce mar be computed at taft end of the card.

100 Or 140 rerdes. Those mounThis last place is ver; remarkalle tains our author thought, with bet. from the fa; for the land there ter grounds, to be a cape of the goes rounding from the north to the continent of America, thas an island: welt; and, at the very promontory 1. Because those mountains, allow. there runs a tream, which is the ing for their distance, were higher largeit of any in that ihand; and, than the mountains on the neighwhen the water is high, its depti is bouring islands. 2. Because that, not less than seven feet. It runs at a like diftance towards the east, from a great lake, which lies a one observes plainly, from the island, vers and a half fron its mouth: such like white mountains, from the and because that stream grows deep- beight and extent of which all judg. er, the farther it is from the sea, ed that it was the continent.

Frop Large canoes, or boats, somewhat resembling ferry-boats,

ings island.

From the south-east end of Berings in the middle of May, occasioned island, they saw to the south-east also, by great rains, and by the sudanother island, but not very clearly: den thawing of the snows. Neverit seemed to lie between Berings theless, those floods were moderate, island and some low part of the con- in comparison with those of which tinent.

there ftill remained undoubted From the west and south-west marks : for there have been carried fides, it was observed, that even in many trees, and whole ikeletons of clear weather, there is a perpetual sea animals, to the height of thirty fog higher up than the mouth of fathoms or more, above the surface the river Kamtchatka; and from of the sea (above the common war thence, in some measure, they came ter mark, or level]: from which our to know the inconsiderable distance author judges, that in the year of the land of Kamtchatka from Ber- 1737, there happened likewise in

this isiand such an inundation as that North of the so often mentioned at Kamtchatka, Berings island, there is another Earthquakes happen here several island, in length from 80 to 100 times in the year. The most vioverftes, which lies parallel to it, lent that was observed, was in the i. e. from the south-east to the beginning of February, which, dunorth-west. The freights between ring a westerly wind, lasted exally these two islands, at the north-west, fix minutes ; and before it was measure 20 verstes, and at the south- heard a noise, and a strong wind, eait about 40. The mountains up- under ground, with a hissing, which on it are lower than the ridge of went from south to north. mountains in Berings island At Among mineral things, which ara both ends of it, there are, in the sea, found in that island, one may reckon many rocks at low water mark, and as the most remarkable, the fine waperpendicular rocks like pillars, ters, which, upon account of their

With regard to the weather, it pnreness and lightness, are very differs from that at Kamichatka on wholesome: and this virtue of them ly in this, that it is more severe and was observed upon fick people, sharp: for the island has no shelter with advantage and the desired lam, from any quarter; and, besides that, tisfaction. With regard to the it is narrow, and without woods. plentifulness of them, there is not a

Moreover, the force of the winds valley but what has a stream running increases to such a degree, in those through it ; and the number of deep and narrow valleys, that one them all together exceeds fixty ; can scarce stand upon one's legs. among which there are fome, which In February and · April months, are from 8 to 12 fathoms broad; were observed the sharpest winds, and some are two, and some even which blew from the south-east and five fathoms deep, when the water from the north-welt. In the for: is high; but there are few such, mer case, the weather was clear, but and the greater part of them is ex tolerable; but in the latter case, it tremely shallow at the mouth; bewas clear indeed, but extremely cold. cause that they have a very rapid

The highest rising of the water course, on account of the steep slopes happened in the beginning of Fe- of the vallies, and that near the lea bruary month, during north-west they divide into many rivulets. winds: the other inundation was

USEFUL

USEFUL PROJECTS

[ocr errors]

On the medicinal Uses of Hem- his prescriptions are faithfully prelock. See our last Volume,

pared.

For these reasons it may not be page 105.

improper to inform those medicina

practitioners, who are not converObservations concerning the different fant in botany, and who may, ne

kinds of Hemlock growing in Eng- vertheless, be desirous of trying the land, with rules for knowing and effects of the Cicuta, that at this gathering that used and recommend time of the year (viz. April] there ed by Dr. Storke of Vienna. By is another plant, growing in the William Watson, M. D. F. R. S. same places, and often mixed with it,

so much resembling it in appearance, R. Storke, who published at as not without some attention to be

Vienna last year a treatise de distinguished from it, which however Cicuta, has lately informed a cor- greatly differs from it in fenfible respondent in London, that fince qualities. Great care therefore ought the publication of that work he had to be taken that the one of these received letters from almost every hould be selected from the other. part of Europe, confirming his good As Dr. Storke has transmitted opinion of the virtues of the Cicuta; hither a specimen of the plant he has and that he is about to publish a se- employed, no doubt can remain in cond treatise upon the fame subject, ascertaining its species. It is the containing still more extraordinary Cicuta vulgaris of the botanists, or relations of cures brought about by common hemlock. administering that plant. There is The plant so much resembling no doubt therefore but that endea hemlock, is the Cicutaria vulgaris vours will be made here to confirm of the botanists, which, in some the truth of the doctor's assertions ; parts of England, is called cormore especially, as some of the dif-weed, in others wild cicely. Its eases, in which Dr. Storke found greatest resemblance to hemlock is the Cicuta attended with great fuc- in the spring, before the stalks of the cess, are such as are of all others leaves of the hemlock are intersperfthe most shocking to human nature, ed with purple spots, and therefore and have, by too long experience, that season more easily mistaken been found to give way to no other for it: though even then the leaves

of the hemlock smell much stronger, Hence it is highly important to

are more minutely divided, and of every one, more particularly to phy- a deeper green colour than those of sicians, that the very plant direeted the cow-weed. Afterwards, indeed, by Dr. Storke be administered, and they are more casily distinguished, no other in the place of it, either as the cicutaria flowers at the end through inattention, or want of of April and beginning of May, and knowledge; as judgment in the the cicuta not till June, when the physician is of no real service, unless

means.

other

« 前へ次へ »