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other is paft : To say nothing of by the leaves of the Myrrhis being the powering stalk of the cow more finely cut, of a paler green coweed being furrowed and fomewhat lour, and though they have some downy; and that of Hemlock, what of the Hemlock smell, are far smooth, even, and always fpot- less strong, and have no spots. This ted. These plants differ likewise plant flowers in April, and the very essentially in their feeds, which feeds are ripe before the Hemlock in the cow-weed are long, smooth, begins to flower; and these seeds are änd black, when ripe; whereas cylindrical, rough, and terminated in those of Hemlock are small; chan an oblong point. nelled, and swelling towards their The leaves of Hemlock are most middle.
fit for medicinal purposes, as being Besides the cor-weed, there is in their greatest perfection when colanother plant in appearance very lected in dry weather from the midlike the Hemlock, although widely dle of May to the time that their differing from it in other respects; flowering ftems begin to fhoot': and, unless I am very greatly mis as by that time the plants will have informed, quantities of this have felt the effects of the warm sun, have been collected and sold in London acquired an highly virose smell, for the Hemlock. This is more like. and the stems of the leaves are co: ly to be taken for the Hemlock in vered with purple spots, an argufummér or autumn, as it is an an ment of the exaltation of their juices. nual plant, and is produced and And we should be attentive here to Aowers late in the season. The give them all advantages, as three plant here meant is the cicuta minor degrees of latitude, and other cirof Parkinson, or cicutaria tenuifolia cumstances of soil and situation, of Ray. This however is easily dif- may occasion a very sensible differtinguished from Hemlock by its be ence in the qualities of the same ing of the colour and fape of par. plant. An instance of which ocRey, its flowering stalks having no curs in the plant under considerapurple or other spots, and not hav: tion, and may be one of the causes ing the strong smell peculiar to why the effects of the Hemlock Hemlock.
have not been such here, as we are To the two plants before-men. affured they are at Vienna, viz. Dr. tioned may be added a third, which Storke fays, that the root of the very frequently, more especially Hemlock, when cut into slices. about London, grows along with, pours forth a milky juice, which and is mixed with the Hemlock. This I have never seen it do here in plant is called by the late excellent England. Mr. Ray, small Hemlock Chervill
several vegetables, with rough feeds; and is denominat- which, though they thrive here aped by Casper Bauhin in his Pinax parently well
, their productions are Myrrhis sylvestris feminibus afperis. nevertheless not the same as in This, like the cow-weed before- other parts of the world, where the mentioned, can only be mistaken heat is more intense, and, the sum. for Hemlock in the spring. It mers of longer continuance. It may be diftinguished then from it, would be extremely difficult here, Vol. IV,
though the plants thrive very well, ground without the greatest pain. I to produce from the white poppy was contrained therefore to walk or Cistus ladanifera, either the opium upon my toes, supported by sticks. or the laudanum, the known produc- Since Christmas laft, my complaints tion of these vegetables in other grew worse, my legs fwelled more, parts of the world. No art can
the ulcers broke out again, increafmake here the tragacantha pour ed in their number, "extent, and forth its gum, the lentiscus its ma- soreness; and, notwithstanding all stick, or the candle berry myrtle, of the means I could procure, they North America, its sebaceous con would not heal; insomuch, that by crete. To these might be added the beginning of May my legs and many others too tedious to men- thighs were very greatly distended, tion.
extremely hard and painful, of a In such mild winters as the laft, deep red colour, and numberless the leaves of Hemlock may be pro- ulcers occupied both my legs from cured in any part of them; but they my knees to my ancles. Many of are not to be depended upon; as their these were very large and deep, and specific smell is then comparatively surrounded by high callous lips, weak, their juices poor and watry, and glected a thin Marp humour, and they are wholly without spots. in such a quantity that it ran into
my ihoes, and upon the floor where A remarkable instance of the fuccess of i stood, and wherever it touched
Hemlock in England; in a letter my fleth, it brought other ulcers. from a gentleman, who received the My feet were likewife prodigiously benefit of it.
swelled, and I could scarce move
my ancles, and not in the least my OWEVER great at Vienna, toes. My sorrows did not end
and ellewhere, the success may here, for upon lying down in my have been from the use of Hemlock, bed the warmth thereof made my ulit has not, as I am informed, been cers yet forer, and excited such an equal to the expectations of practi- itching all over my body, that I was tioners here. I therefore send you constrained to leave my bed, and the success of its administration in have fat upright in ńy chair great
part of the night; not daring to lie Having for many years been cor- down. The continuance this pulent, and been...obliged to fit potture made, if poflible, my condimany hours every day, occafioned, tion wòrse ; as my legs grew more several years since, my legs to swell
, diftended, and consequently my uland frequently to become very hard cers increased in number, and the and painful. At times, for these old ones became more foul
, and four years, this has increased, and greatly enlarged. Not only my several uicers have broke out in legs and thighs,
but my arms both my legs, which, though they head were fivelled and infamed. I sometimes have been healed, they was lot and dry, and my spittle, Jeft my legs hard and swelled, and which had for some months heen my tendons were so contracted brackish, now became very falt..! from the calf to the heel, that I had been in hopes that the discould not fet my feet fat to the
my own cale.
charge from my legs would have and though I was frequently waked drained off the humours and re- by the itching of my body, as well lieved me, but I experienced the as by the smarting of my ulcers, I reverse ; for the greater my dis- continued all night in bed. charge was, the more my complaints At the end of a week, during all increased.
which time I found myself growing In this state I was in the begin- easier, my perspiration in the night ning of May (1761,) and as I had was restored, which left me a contaken a great deal of purging phy- fiderable time. My thighs, arms, sic, had tried various applications, and head changed their deep red coand had gone through such other lour for one less intense, and were regimen as had been directed, and quite reduced to their natural diremained nevertheless in this la- mensions. My itching was less, mentable condition, I despaired of and my skin peeled all over my relief, and my life became almoft body; my spittle was less falt; my insupportable.
legs and feet continued in the same Under these circumstances, and degree of distension, but were far believing myself to be in a great less red and painful, and their disdegree dropfical, I consulted Dr. charge was considerably decreased. Watson, who, after having weighed I could move the toes of one leg, all the particulars, was of a contrary but not of the other; the purge opinion, and directed me to lose was repeated at intervals, and the twelve ognces of blood, and to take fomentation and poultice continued. a cooling purge; he also preseribed At the end of the second week, the that I should have my legs foment- skin of my thighs, and the upper ed every night and morning with a parts of my body, was of its natural deco&tion of Hemlock for half an colour; my itching gone, and my hour, and that a poultice made of spittle was natural and tasteless. the boiled herb, and beat up with The swelling of my legs and feet oatmeal and lard, should be applied was much less
, and I could move warm after each fomenting, from the toes of the other foot. I had my knees to my ancles, and to be likewise a much freer use of the changed twice a day.
joints of my ancles than I had had I must here observe, that as other for a considerable time. The dir. plants are much like, and had in charge from the large ulcers was other instances been used for, Hem- less in quantity and well concocted, lock, the doctor was so obliging as their callous lips were softened, and to examine the herb I made use of, of a good colour, and they gave me not only to satisfy himself of the little or no pain. Besides, there identity of the herb, but likewise of ulcers filled up apace, and a valt its condition. I was also directed number of the small ones were ento abstain for the present from ani- tirely healed. Under these happy mal food, and to drink plentifully appearances, the fomentation and of milk and water, and of any other poultice were chearfully continued, diluting fluid.
as they were before directed. The second night after these ap Not to be too tedious in my replications I slept in bed, which I cital, I must inform you, that ai the had not done for a great while; ' end of a month, during which time
the discharge became 'less and attributed these falutary effects ; as less, every ulcer in both my legs possibly every one of them might, was entirely filled up and healed, in fome degree, have conspired their callous lips were dissolved, thereto; but as, throughout the and, from the subsiding of their tu- whole, except fome purges, of mours, my legs were less than they which I had taken numbers before, had been for some years. I was di- I used nothing but the fomentation rected, therefore, to discontinue the and poultice of Hemlock, as beforefomentation, but as there were yet mentioned, I cannot but attribute considerable indurations in the lower my cure principally to the vir. parts of my legs, and upon my tues of the Hemlock, which I think Thin-bones, the poultice was con- in my case were very remarkable; tinued. This I wore for a fort- and, as far as one instance will
go, night longer, or thereabouts, when are a strong argument of its excelall my ulcers being firmly cicatrized, lent effects. I pretend not to deand the indurations foftened, it termine how far it has been useful was left off. Though my legs were in other cases, and under other diquite well and reduced to their na- rections; and I cannot here fuptural size, the skin of them, from press my gratitude to Dr. Watson, being so long distended, was soft for his humanity and kind attention and Habby: I was therefore directed to me during the continuance of my to wear strait stockings, which was illness. accordingly complied with. I could from my chambers, Yours, &c. sow fet my feet flat upon the New-Inn, O&t. 16. H. MITCHELL. ground, which I had not done for four years, could move my ancles An account of Doctor Storke's second and toes as well as ever, and I could Elay on the medicinal nature of walk with as much ease and free Hemlock. dom as ever I could in my life. I then was permitted to eat anima! T Jays, or Various disputes have
HE Dr. ed to do. However, as I aim of a arisen betwixt physicians and bocorpulent habit, by way of precau- tanists, with relation to the Hemlock, tion I was directed to drink occa- I used for making the extract. fionally some sea-water, which I have
I gave a defcription of it from hitherto continued.
Morrison, that was fufficiently It is now three months since I clear. left off the poultice: my legs con For which reason, I shall only retinue perfectly well, not so much as mark in a few words, that my Hema pimple has appeared upon them lock was the cicuta major, vulgaris, this autumn, and I never was in bet. maculofa fótens. ter health in my life:
Linnæus puts it under the name If, during this successful treat- of coniun feminibus jiriatis. ment, I had used a great variety of species plantarum, p. 243. N. 1. external and internal medicines, Matthiolus describes it p. 272. though I had been cured, I should C. Bauhin, 18. Tabern. 1170. not have known to which to have
Clufius calls it cicutaria major, each fide, exceeded that of a man's vulgaris, hift. 2..p. 200.
head. It is best gathered, for making This man made a monstrous apthe extract, before the flowers are pearance: as he seemed to have three blown.
heads. The root is not used for this pur All their glands being conjoined in pose ;
every other part of the one mafs, cohered strongly. plant.
There were large tumours, also, The expressed juice is boiled, of- in the arm-pits; which rendered the ten stirring it, in a glazed earthen motion of the arm painful, and almost vessel, with a slow fire, to the con- imposible. sistence of an extract.
In the fore part of the thorax, a It may be doubted however, whe- schirrous mass extended itself from ther apothecaries are not too sollici- the
neck, to the edge of the rib. tous about depurating this juice. There were, moreover, ichorous For I would rather have it thick, ulcers, which eroded these schirand almost a pulpy extract.
rules. An extract may be prepared, ' In other places, where there were from a decoction of the dry herb; divisions in the skin, foul cancerous when it cannot be obtained from funguses were produced. the fresh.
Besides, innumerable finufes, and But this is far less efficacious. fiftulas were discovered.
I am extremely sorry, that some A most violent cough harrassed hundred pounds weight of the ex- the patient : nocturnal Iweats wafttract of Hemlock, prepared from ed away his flesh, and strength: his the dry herb, unknown to me, were respiration was difficult : his appe. fent from Vienna into other coun tite prostrate :
and his feet, arms, tries; as the effect is neither fo face, and whole body, puffed up great, nor so quick, as that of the with an edematous swelling. extract prepared from the juice freth There were, indeed, evident signs expressed.
of a true consumption. This herb was suspected of being Several physicians endeavoured poisonous by all apothecaries; and to conquer this illness, by the most therefore, at first, they were not wil- penetrating remedies, as well vegeling to prepare fo great a store of it table as mineral, but their attempts - as I desired.
were in vain : or, rather, the patient And when they saw the pills e. grew worfe for them. very where wanted, they were not I made this man, who was almost able to procure the fresh herb.” wasted away; panting for breath ;
Amongit a variety of cases, all and swelled all over ; be carried to tending to establish the reputation my hospital. of this medicine, (though wherein Mr. Haffner, though he had ofit failed, the doctor has not been fo ten seen many very dangerously ill, explicit) we shall select the 19th, as cured by the sole use of Hemlock, yet very extraordinary.
gave up all hopes in this case. “ A man of the age of thirty I myself, to confess the truth, four, had for some
thought the man was lost; for a of the neck schirrous; and so consuming fever, nocturnal sweats, large, that the bigness of them on a continual fatiguing cough, the