strength almost exhausted, the swel- was natural: the appetite was good: ling of the whole body, a cachexy the evening fever was gone : the of the humours, and troublesome sweats were no longer perceived : respiration, prelaged almost certain the strength was nearly as it ought death.

to be: the tumours of the neck However, I desired Mr. Haffner were much less, and fofter: and to apply externally the hemlock fo- the pus was very laudable in the mentation, and to walh the finujes ulcers. and fiftulas several times a day, with Dr. Collins, together with myself, a weak infusion of it; a little honey had the care of this patient. Mr. of roses being added.

Haffner continued diligently his foAt the fame time, I prescribed mentations and injections in the day medicines which might promote ex time; and, at right, applied the pectoration ; and, at the same time, hemlock plafter. increase the strength.

In the space of six months, the By the fomentation alone, the tumours of the neck were less by al. ul.ers were brought to be much most one half; and the patient could cleaner, and the tumours were fof- bend his neck every way, without tened.

trouble. In the space of twelve days, the The respiration was free : no patient had fomewhat more strength; cough remained ; and the patient à freer respiration, and quieter grew fat, and strong. nights.

We now gave, daily, a whole I therefore administered the hem- dram of the extract of hemlock. lock iniernally, also.

In the beginning of the third For the common drink, I gave month, the patient took a dram and the decoction of barley, with a a half of the extract of hemlock every fourth part of milk mixed with day. it.

We continued this dose for three By the use of the hemlock, a co- months : and, in that time, all the pious spitting was obtained : and tumours were dispersed; the whole in the space of about four days, the of the ulcers were covered with a whole body was less swelled; the cicatrix : the finufes, and fiftulas, urine was plentifully made; the coalesced : and the whole neck reevening fever and nocturnal fweats, turned to its natural state. The man were diminished; the indurations was chearful, fat, and strong; nor of the neck, ulcers, fiftulas, and did we ever perceive the leaft inconfiruses, were all in a far better state ; . venience from this dofe. and the patient could bear to get out A cure was, therefore, performed, of bed.

by the help of hemlock, which noWe were greatly pleased with the body before could hope from it." quick effect of this remedy, in fo In his 4th chapter, Dr. Storke desperate a subject: and it encourag- gives some corollaries, viz. 1. That ed us to proceed chearfully in the the hemlock does not dissolve the application, as well of internal as blood into a putrid liquamen. 2. external remedies.

That it does not cause consumptions. Within the space of a month 3. That it does not cause a dimness from the time the patient first took of fight. 4. That it does not take the hemlock, the colour of his face away the power of generation. He


also afferts, that it may be safely The Peruvian bark removes intergiven in schirruses of the abdomen. mitting fevers : and yet is not effiAt the conclusion he inserts 'the folo cacious with all who have that dislowing cautions

ease: are there not many to whom it I have related many cases, in is even injurious ? which hemlock is proper : but I do Must such medicines, therefore, pot, nevertheless, insist

, that it should be held as noxious or useless? always be confided in alone.

Skilful physicians judge the same Other medicines ought, on some of other remedies called specifick. occasions, to he joined to it.

If there be fome, who from any It is requisite, that a physician ju- idiofineraha, or from a complication diciously follow those proper inten- of symptoms, cannot bear the hemtions of cure, which arise from the lock, let them avoid the use of it. particular state of the case.

If the symptoms, conjoined with The Surgeon should externally the disease, require any other rechange, add and take away ; -as rea- medy, why should not that be adson, founded on experience, di- ministered alone with the hemlock ? rects.

Purges are often necessary. Many misunderstood my opinion Bleeding is likewise very reof hemlock, from my first essay; as quisite. they thought, that I had offered a Hæmorrhages should nat, howe remedy, which I believed to be uni- ever, be stopt by that means, in versal, and sufficient, when given a- plethorick patients : for to fuch palone, in all cafes.

tients, they are of much greater beBut I by no means meant fo. nefit, than bleeding by venæsec

I affirmed only, that the hemlock tion. performed such things, which other But in such as are weak, they remedies, in high reputation, could are quickly, and in the best man.

ner, stopt by the agarick of the It cures cancers, That, convinced oak. by a great number of instances, I was The agarick should, nevertheless, certain of.

be only applied to that place where But I do not, nevertheles, assert the effufion of blood is made. that it will cure every cancer.

For if it be put over the whole Nor do I assert, that the whole is ulcer, it is injurious to the wound; to be rested only on the sole use of and often fatal. hemlock.

Sometimes, besides the hemlock, If out of a hundred patients, antiphlogisticks, and refrigerants, whom other physicians have dismis

are indicated. Yed, and declared to be incurable, I This happens often in the gout give relief to, or cure one, it suffices and rheumatism. me; but the number of those, who Externally, sometimes emollimay be cured, is much greater. ents, sometimes digestives, and

Mercury cures the venereal disease. sometimes astringents, are required. But is it always found to have good Sometimes a passage ought to be effects? Does it always cure? How opened to the matter, by means many thousands are there not cured, of the knife; as I have frequentbut destroyed by this disease ? ly observed in the spina ventola

I 4



that the carious and corrupted parts After the fit is come on, the fame might be separated from the found: experiment will also serve to remove and sometimes a fungus should be it in a very short time: for if any cut off,

bye-stander will take the piece of The internal and external use of metal before described, and put it hemlock prevents, with sufficient ef between the patient's teeth, and fect, any relapse in such cases, thereby force them open till his

But sometimes the callous lips of jaws are the utmost stretch, the cancers, or fungous cancers them- fit will immediately go off, and the selves, are waited away, by the fol patient very soon recover. lowing remedy only.

The certainty of this experiment, Take of the powder of hem- the person from whom this account

lock two drams and a half; is taken says, may be depended and of the honey of roses on. The manner (lays he) in which three ounces.

I came to the knowledge of it was This medicament is spread upon from the information of a gentlelint; and applied to the part affect man of undoubted veracity; and as ed, as often as the

physician, or sur what he then told me may serve to geon, judges necessary.

Thew, with what success the experi ment had been made by others, I

shall briefly relate it. A method of preventing and removing

He told me, “ That when he Epileptic Fits; with some observa- was at Amsterdam fome years ago, tions tending to prove the virtue of he happened one evening to be in muk in preventing the Apoplexy. company with several gentlemen,

when one of the company happened NY person subj- & . seized

lepsy, may himself prevent a fy; the other gentlemen present fit of it, if he has any the least pre- could not help being concerned at vious notice of its coming, before he the accident; but an old officer of be altogether deprived of bis senses, the army, who also made one of the by the following simple experiment, company, without any concern, deLet him have always ready in his fired them to make themselves eafy, pocket a piece of metal, as broad for he should shortly cure bim; and as he is able to contain between his then taking a piece of metal out teeth when his jaws are stretched to of his pocket, he went to the person the utmost: as foon as he feels the then lying in the Epilepsy, and putfirit symptom of the fit, let him im- ting the piece of metal between his mediately take this piece of metal, teeth, he forced them open with it, and open his teeth as wide as he whereupon the person forthwith se is able, put the piece of metal be covered. After they were again tween them, that fo h's jaws may be set down, they began to enquire of thereby kept at their uimoft stretch the officer how he could fo quickly for some time: this in about half a recover the gentleman from the minute will make him come entirely Epilepsy? He told them, that he to himielf aç ain, and preient the was often obliged to go out at coming on of the fit for that time. the head of a party, when the ene.


my happened to be but a small di- there are few liable to the Epilepsy, Itance from their


and that as who may not, by means of this exseveral of their men were liable to periment, prevent its coming on in the Epilepsy, if any of them hap: the day-time : I think there are pened to be seized with it when scarce any but who have as long they were thus out upon a party, warning of its approach, as might they were obliged to leave them be be sufficient for taking out a piece hind, where they often fell into the of metal out of their pocket, and enemy?s hands before they recover putting it between their teeth. ed: That for this reason, he had

PHILANTHROPOS. been long in search of something which might instantly recover them. According to letters received this and that he had at last fallen upon year (1761) by the Dutch ships this method of forcing open their from the Indies, several persons, and jaws with a piece of metal, which some of distinction, have died last he had often tried fince, and had year at Batavia, of the apoplexy, never yet known it to fail.”

which is thought extraordinay: As it is undoubtedly the forcing for though that diftemper is as comopen of the jaws, and not any vir- mon in Holland as any where, yet rue in the metal itself, which pro- formerly it was never heard of ac duces this effect, there can be no Batavia; and this circumitance has difference of whatever kind the been urged by very great physicians, metal is of. A crown piece, I be- as a strong argument in favour of lieve, might do; but if made of musk, which was as much in ufe iron or steel for the purpose, I at Batavia, as disregarded in Holland think it would be more convenient and other parts of Europe, since the if made of a square or oblong form, the reign of Lewis XIV. whose of about the thickness of a crown, queen had an aversion to that and and of such a breadth, as to be ex- all other perfumes, which circumactly equal to the widest opening of stance gradually drove them out of the jaws. It may proper

allo to all the courts of Europe. observe, that one of the edges ought to be thin, that it may the more easily enter between the teeth, when An account of a Hydrophobia cured by they are to be forced open by some an accidental bleeding by the temother person; for the fame reason

poral artery; communicated by Mr. it

may be convenient to put a han, Baldwin, Surgeon, at Farringdon, dļe to it, like the handle of a in Berks. With an account of a

remedy, recommended as a moji efI have reason to believe that this fe&tual cure against the bite of a experiment will not only remove mad. dog ; in the transactions of the the fit of the Epilepsy for that time, Berne Society of Agriculture, Arts, but also until the next time of its and Commerce. ordinary periodical rerurn, without any apparent difference from what would have happened if the fit had the other day, an ingenioas been allowed to work itself off. person in company related this fact. I have only to add, that I fuppofe A woman, bit by a mad dog, and



who had the dreadful hydrophobia without falt, and, skimming off the upon her, was doomed, according to curdy part when melted over a the old cuftoin, to be smothered; clear fire, to give two spoonfuls of but at the time her executioners the clarified remainder, twice or appeared, the happened to have thrice within the day. And this a small interval of reason, and made hath never failed to make an almoft fuch efforts to escape, that she got instant cure in many (I am fure at out of their hands to the stairs-head; least a hundred) cases. I have had when, her foot flipping, she fell, myself the pleasure to relieve offiand cut through the temporal artery, ciously by its effects; and who were which bleeding freely, her friends persons, for the most part, at the did not attempt to stop it, conclud- point of death, and folemnly reing it would save them their painful signed to that last cure of every office, as in the end it did; for the malady, by their physician's farewell woman, almost exhausted, gave

evi: fentence. dent figns of a recovery from the A long time after Mr. Boyle had dreadfu} ditemper, and actually published his experience of this survived it.

noble medicine, from his frequent The remedy recommended in the proofs of it in Ireland, where dyBerne Transactions is no other than fenteries were too common accithe herb Anagallis or Pimpernel dents, there happened, at the fiege gathered in July, fuffered to dry, of Londonderry, such a general and pulverized; it may be given in demonstration of its efficacy, as the quantity of half a dram to leaves a subsequent neglect of it no that of a dram, in a simple di- way to be accounted for, but from stilled water of the fame plant, or in the reason I have just assigned it to. tea. After which the patient is to For when by the fatigues and wants falt for two hours. One dose is ge- of that brave garrison, they found nerally fufficient; however, it may be themselves in greater danger, from repeated in eight or ten hours after the havock of the terrible disease, with safety.

than from the efforts of the enemy, we are informed, by the describers

of that memorable" fiege, that the Clarified butter or tallow, recom- distemper fiopt at once, upon the

mended as specificks against the foldiers' finding a concealed reserve bloody flux, and defluxions on the of casks of tallozo in a merchant's gles and breast

. In a letter from warehouse, and dividing it among Aaron Hill, eją; to the earl of Chester- the companies, to melt with, and field, September 27, 1747, on oc- lengthen out, their short remainder casion of the havock made by that of bad oatmeal. disorder in the armies in Flanders. An acquaintance of my own, a

gentleman of the prescribing "faOUR Lordship will remember calty, complained to me some years where hinted first (if I mistake not) temper, then an epidemic one, in in a piece of Mr. Boyle's. The London.'' I advised him to make process (should your memory, by trial of the mentioned help: to chance, not recollect it) is no more, which he first objected, that he than to take new.churned butter,



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