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of my riches, and they will continue tending : but thou fawest also, that for ever Seeft thou this mir- thereby they became in the end rour? observe attentively what it more beautiful, and instead of conrepresenteth to thee."
tinuing useless objects, only pleaa Having thus spoke, before Lin- sing to the fight, yielded the finest næus could reply, he waved his and most delicious fruits. So it is with wand, and immediately there ap
His days are short, during peared a garden that had been later which he exists in an imperfect ly planted: the trees were covered state on earth, and he is quickly with a bright green, and began to removed from thence, to flourish in Thoot forth their various blooms on that more exalted station for which every part, and to fill the air with he was created. In this world he fragrant sweets. But suddenly there begins to exert the powers of his came forth those who had the care mind, and to enquire after knowof the plantation, and stripped them ledge, and having obtained some of all their boughs and verdure, small portion of wisdom, to proleaving only the bare and unadorn- mise himself a great increase, and ed trunks, which instead of the to form plans of much improvepleasant scene that before presented ment, and of perfection in what he itself to the view, afforded only a
has undertaken; but being designdisguftful and barren prospect. -- ed for pursuits of a still nobler Soon, however, there were grafted kind, he has a period put to his exon these, fresh branches of all istence and progress here he is kinds; and again, they sprung (like the plants thou sawest) deprivto a more delightful verdure, and ed of his first beauty and lustre, in produced more fragrant blossoms, order to be exalted to a more gloand in the end the finest fruits, and rious state, and to be endued with went on increasing in beauty, higher faculties, that shall be ftrength, and usefulness.
grafted on his human nature, and Linnæus was filled with admira- by the assistance of them he shall tion, and 'began diligently to ob- attain to the utmost his foul can serve their various kinds, that he desire. might know to what classes they
It must not be revealed to man belonged, when the venerable old too clearly what are the glories of man interrupted his fpeculations, that exalted state, left he should and thus addressed himself to him. be unwilling to remain his appoint
" Know that no evil is permitted ed time in this, and rushing immabut for good, and that the short turely into it, should fail in the ness of life which thou lamentedft, defired end; but he is permitted to is confiftent with the designs of a have some faint glimpses to quicken wise and gracious God, the tender his desires, and his endeavours to Father of all created beings. Thou fit himself for it. What happiness fawest the plants beautiful and plea- muft there be in a state, wherein fant to the fight, and it perhaps man shall have before him a prodispleased thee that they were so spect of existence to all eternity, foon stripped of their glory, and without meeting with any obstacle prevented from attaining that per- to put a stop to his pursuits ? section to which they seemed to be wherein he shall have leisure tho.
roughly to contemplate and invefti Shepherd bis Majesty means himself gate all the ways and works of Philosophe de Sans Souci, p. 68.0 God, and to gain a perfect know
HE miser learn
his own enemy, ing its place, its order and design? but the ambitious man is the enemy
What enjoyment in a state, where- of the human race. He strides in he may be permitted to learn forward to vice with impunity, and the history of this world, through even his virtues degenerate into which he Mall have passed, and of faults. The mifer and the ambiall its revolutions ; of the actions tious are both equally felf-intereftand ways of men, and of the deal. ed; but, while one destroys only ings of God with them! where a cottage, the other, perhaps, overin he may learn the history of other turns an empire. worlds, visible and invisible, and Avarice and Glory once made a the scheme of Divine Providence journey together to this world, in with regard to the whole ! and re- order to try how mankind were disflecting thereon, may become ac- posed to receive them. Heroes, quainted with all the attributes of citizens, priests, and lords, immethe Deity; and being filled with diately listed beneath their stand, unfeigned love and adoration, may ards, and received their favours draw near to the Most High, and with gratitude and rapture. Trasee him as he is !!
velling, however, into a more reLinnæus" was in raptures at these mote part of the country, they by words: he no longer lamented his accident set up at the cottage of a condition :- he became sudden- fimple shepherd, whose whole pofly contented with the shortness of feffions were his flock, and all his his days, and even wished to arrive solicitude the next day's fubfiftence. at the end of them : but con His birth was but humble, yet his fcious how much attention and natural endowments were great. care it required to reach that desire His sense was refined, his heart able period in such a manner as to sensible of love and piety, and, poor have well grounded hopes of en. as he was, he still preserved an joying the state of happiness he so honest ardour for liberty and reearnestly wilhed for, he addreffed pose. Here, with his favourite himself to the fage, to beg his di- Sylvana, his flock, his crook, and rection and instruction. Venerable his cottage, he lived unknown, and monitor, (he cried) teach me, unknowing a world that could only teach me how to live, so that I instruct him in deceit' and falsemay attain an happy end. Bu: hood. such was the fervour and folicitude
Our two travellers no sooner beof his mind, that he awoke, and held him, than they were struck lo! that which he had seen and with his felicity.
• How insupheard, was but a dream.
portable is it, cried Glory, thus to be a spectator of pleasures which
we have no share in producing. Avarice and Glory, an history. By
Shall we, who are adored here be*** the king of Prusia. By the low, tamely continue spectators of
å man who thus sights our favours, shearing his sheep. While the rest because as yet unexperienced in of mankind, blessed with affluence, their delights : no, rather let us consecrate all their hours to rapture, attempt to seduce him from his improved with art, fhall you rewise pursuit of tranquillity, and main in a cottage, perhaps shudteach him to reverence our power.” dering at the winter's breeze? Alas! Thus saying, they both, the better little doft thou know of the pleato disguise themselves, assumed the fures attending the great. What dress of shepherds, and accosted the sumptuous palaces they live in ; rustic in terms the most inviting, how every time they leave them “Dear shepherd, how do I pity,cries seems a triumphal procession ; how Glory your poor fimplicity; to see every word they pronounce is esuch stalents buried in unambitious choed with applause : without forretirement, certainly might create tune, what is life but misery? what even the compassion of the gods. is virtue but fullen satisfaction iLeave, pr’ythee leave a solitude de- Money, money, is the grand movstined only for ignorance and ftupi- er of the universe ; without it life dity; it is doubly to die, to die is insipid, and talents contempwithout applause. You have vir- tible." tues, and those ought to appear, The unhappy fhepherd was no not thus lie hid with ungrateful longer able to resist sach powerful obstinacy. . Fortune calls, and Glo- persuasions; his mistress, his flock, ry invites thee. I promise you a at once banished from his certainty of success : you have only thoughts, or contemptible in his to chuse, whether to become an eye. His rural retreat becomes author, a minister of state, or a tasteless, and ambition fills up every general ; in either capacity, be asa chasm in his breast: in vain did sured of finding respect, riches, and this faithful partner of all his pleaimmortality.”
sures and cares sollicit his stay; in At fo unaccustomed an invitation, vain expose the numberless dangers the thepherd seemed incapable of he must necessarily encounter ; nodetermining. He hesitated for thing could persuade a youthful some time between ambition and mind bent on glory, and whose heart content, till at length the former felt every passion in extreme. Howprevailed, and he became, in some ever, uncertain what course to folmeasure, a convert. Avarice now low, by chance he fixed upon the came in to fix him entirely, and muses; and he began, by thewing willing to make him completely the world some amazing instances of the flave of both, thus continued the sublimity of his genius. He inthe conversation. “ Yes, simple stantly found admission among the Swain, be convinced of your igno- men of wit, and he gave
leflons to rance ; . learn from me, in what those who were candidates for the true happiness consists. You are in public favour. He publith'd criticisms indigence, and you miscall your to Thew, that some were not born poverty temperance. What! shall poets, and apologies in vindication a man, formed for the most impor- of himself. But foon satire attacktant concerns, like you, exhauft a ed him with all its virulence; he precious life, only in ogling his found, in every brother wit, a rival, mistress, playing upon his pipe, or
and, in every rival, one ready to de ruption and ignorance ; he is arpreciate whatever he had written.' saigned by the people, and scarcely Soon, therefore, he thought proper escapes being condemned to suffer to quit this feducing train, that ofm. an ignominious death. Now too fer beds of roses, but supply only a late, he finds the folly of having atcouch of thorns.
tended to the voice of avarice, or He next took the field in quality the call of ambition ; he flies back of a soldier. He was foremost in to his long-forsaken cottage, again revenging the affronts of his coun- assumes the rustic robe of innocence try, and fixing his monarch on the and fimplicity; and, in the arms of throne; he was foremost in braving 'his faithful Sylvana, passed the reevery danger, and in mounting mainder of his life in innocence, every breach : with a few fucceffes happiness, and peace. more, and a few limbs less, our fhepherd would have equalled Cæfar himself; but soon envy began On the qualifications requisite in a com. to pluck the hardened laurel from
the holy scriptures. his brow. His conquests were attributed not to his superior fkill, SIR, but the ignorance of his rivals : bis A Book of so much importance
the Bible from avarice, and his fortitude from a revelation from the most high unfeeling assurance.
God of every thing interefting and Again, therefore, the shepherd important to human creatures, ought changes, and, in his own defence, to be read with the greatest reveretired to the cabinet from the field. rence, and handled with the greatest Here, become a thorough bred mi- caution : But to sit down as a comnifter of state, he copies out con mentator upon this facred book, and ventions, mends treaties, raises fub- to profess one's self a public expofifidies, levies, disposes, fells, buys, tor of it, as it is one of the mof arand loses his own peace, in procur- duous, so is it one of the moft foing the peace of Europe; he even, lemn undertakings. Great are the with the induftry of a minifter, abilities, and many are the qualifica. adopts his vices, and becomes flow, tions necessary for this purpose. No timid,suspicious and auftere. Drunk man should prefume upon it, withwith power, and involved in system, out a perfect critical knowledge of he sees, consults, and likes none but the languages in which the scriphimself. He is no longer the simple tures are written, without a compe. fhepherd, whose thoughts were all tent understanding of the history and honeft, and who spoke nothing but antiquities, the genius and polity of what he thought ; he now is taught the Jewish nation, without an aconly to speak what he never in- quaintance with the connected protends to perform. His faults dif- fane history, the manners and cusgufted some, his few remaining vir- toms of ancient times. It is also tues more : at length, however, his absolutely necessary, that a comfyftem fails, all his projects are mentator should understand the blown up ; what was the cause of whole analogy of faith, as well as misfortune, was attributed to cor. be a complete master of all the con
troversies, ancient and modern, with scanty guinea, and dine! while the tenets of the several sects and others, with unblushing hypocrisy, heresies; without a competent skill pretend a zeal for the Lord, and a in which he can never be able to concern for the salvation of precious elucidate those texts, which are ap- souls; when it is notoriously known, plied in the support of those several that they are only the tools of bookopinions. Besides these qualifica- sellers, and draw the hireling pen as tions, there is one, which all writers if the instruments of scheming trade! on the subject have spoken of as in- while, without breach of charity, it dispensably requisite, that is, a pious may be faid of all, that they are and devout frame of mind; a spirit eminently deficient in those leading like that, with which the scriptures qualifications which are necessary to are written; without this, accom
constitute a commentator on the panied by a holy, sedate, and con- holy fcriptures:--this - translations templative life, all the wiseft and of which how can they have the arbest of christians have agreed, that rogance to propofe to correct, who, no man is qualified to expound the I will venture to affirm, many of oracles of God. ---Serious applica- them cannot even read one of the tion, continued labour, long expe- languages at least in which thofe rience much study, solid judgment, scriptures were written. united with the qualifications above Thus much, fir, I thought due mentioned, might lead us to hope from me as an honest man, and a for valuable fruits in a commenta- well-wisher to Christianity, in order tor.
to undeceive the ignorant, but wellThese, fir, are some of the things meaning; to put a check, if poffirequisite, and which, indeed, mut. ble, to this scandalous traffick; to be found in every man, who desires throw a proper contempt upon the his attempts upon the bible to fuc- low and mercenary dealers in it, inceed. How great then must be the jurious as it is to the cause of true indignation of every sensible man, religion and virtue: while at the and how sincere the concern of every same time, I would be as forward, true Christian, to see this, most ve
and would exhort all within my nerable of all books, hackneyed sphere to be fo, in promoting the through the hands of booksellers, labours of any man of known learnand retailed daily, not for the great ing, known abilities, known expeends of piety, virtue, and know. rience, and known piety; but till ledge, but with the most mercenary
such a one shall appear amongst us, and selfish views.---Some there are, let us be content with those many with grief I speak it, who dare to useful and excellent comments we introduce into the world the oracles already have upon the scriptures, of truth with a lie in their mouths, nor be forward to encourage those with féigned names and false titles: who handle God's word only for Others, who think it enough, if, hire, and steal honey from the hives from the former labours of able and of others, to supply their own defiworthy men, they plunder without ciences. As I know not any reason conscience, and without gratitude why I should conceal my name, patch up their feet, gain their where the word of God, Truth,