entertaining individual. We give it in Then, away with the young thief, sell him, the tasty words of a Cambridge friend.

Or give bim that girl, I pray.

But look how he weeps when I tell him-
The Sale of Cupid.

Then stay with me, dear, to-day!
Πωλεισέα, σωλεισθω.

The 4th Idyl has been pronounced Sell the little urchin, sell him,

worthy of Euripides, on account of its Or give him to that girl, I pray; moving and melting pathos. It is a Take him, charmer- mind and tell him

conversation between Megara, the wife Not to run away.

of Hercules (who murdered his childEfery flower of potent spell

ren in a fit of madness), with Alcmena. The cunning imp hath braided ;

The narrative of their destruction is No glowing cheek, I know right well, told with great tenderness; and the

But his sleepless wing hath shaded. comparison of the distracted parent to Brno winning beauty lingers

the nightingale beholding its young His foot so wild and free ;

killed by a serpent, is at once natural The magic of a siren's fingers,

and beautiful. We translate the most Cupid ! never chained thee.

striking part of the poem :
Wherefore, mother, dost thou weep?
Why this anguish loud and deep?
Thy pallid cheek no longer glows ;
Sorrow's band bath killed the rose.
Oh, wo is me! to misery nurst !
By the immortal gods accurst!

Unto a hero's arms I came,
Of spirit brave, of daring high-
Dear as the apple of mine eye!

And still I love to hear his name,

And still I gladden at his fame.
But who hath sunk so deep as he
In Sorrow's darkest, roughest sea ?
I saw it with my shuddering eyes —

I saw each murder'd child before
Its father's bloody arm go down ;
Oh, never did a vision creep

So dreadful o'er the hour of sleep!
I heard their agonised cries

Mother! mother !" o'er and o'er.
But like a timid bird that sees,
Amid the thick boughs of the trees,

A serpent on her young ones feeding -
Round, and round, and round she flies,
Piercing the heaven with her cries,

Yet fears, although her heart is bleeding,
The raging monster to come nigh:
Weak and powerless she. So I
In madness rush'd from room to room;

And still my children's shrieks of pain

Rung into my ears again
The horror of their doom.

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Cupid turned Ploughman.
Imitated from Moschus, by Prior.
" His lamp, bis bow and quiver laid aside,
A rustic wallet o'er his shoulders tied,
Sly Cupid, always on new mischiefs bent,
To the rich fields and furrow'd tillage

Like any ploughman toil'd the little god.
His tune he whistled, and his wheat he

sow'd ;

Then sat and laugh'd, and to the skies

above Raising his eye, he thus insulted Jove : Lay by your hail, your burtful storms

restrain, And, as I bid you, let it shine or rain ; Else you again beneath my yoke shall

bow, Feel the sharp goad, and draw the servile

plough What once Europa was, Nannette is




It happened all of a sudden, in the in order to prevent inflammatory sympyear 1818, that Scott was attacked by toms; but, according to his request, a most severe and (as it proved) tedious the music and supper-party proceeded illness. He had one of his usual dinner- as if no interruption had occurred.* parties, at which he appeared in good For several days afterwards, Scott spirits. Additional guests arrived in continued to struggle with excruciating the evening; and, during a musical pain, and was reduced to great weakperformance, he became so ill, from ness; which, however, did not prevent cramp in the right side, that he with- him from resuming at intervals his drew to his bed-room. The circum- ordinary employments. In about a stance was so completely unprecedented week he was pronounced out of danin his house-he was so unaccustomed ger, and advised to go into the country, to utter the least murmur on the score though his convalescence could not either of ill-health or worry, that all who be insured without adherence to very knew him were exceedingly alarmed. strict regimen and severe medical The disorder was a violent spasmodic discipline. attack, attended with frightful pain ; The first attack, if I remember right, the first of a series of such paroxysms happened some time in winter, or early to which he was at intervals liable, for in spring. In the following summer, more than a year. Feeling himself before the session closed, I recollect quite disabled, he yet did not forget meeting Scott in Charlotte Square, his guests, but sent a message to Mrs. mounted on a low Highland pony, Henry Siddons, that nothing would “riding," as he said, " for the wholedo him so much good as to hear her somes, which he derested as much as sing, and nothing would annoy him any man could do." He then looked more than to think that the festivity of nearly as ill as during his last malady the evening should be “ broken up in in 1831. He was worn almost to a most admired disorder," merely be- skeleton; sat slanting on his horse, as cause he was attacked by a trifling in- if unable to hold himself upright; his disposition, wbich would be better in dress was threadbare and disordered,

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a friend who was with me thought he scarcely for one entire day relinthat Scott would not live for another quished his literary tasks. Indeed, month, I derived the conviction of his they advanced the more quickly, as he TECO Fery.

had not so much interruption as usual The physicians tell me," said he, from visitors. The third series of " that mere pain cannot kill; but I Tales of my Landlord, which appeared am rery sure, that no man would for in 1819, was followed so rapidly by other three months encounter the same the romance of Ivanhoe, that it seemed pain that I have suffered, and live. as if, like the German La Fontaine, he However, I have resolved to take bad attained the art of dictating to thankfully whatever drugs they pre- two secretaries, and carrying on two scribe, and follow their advice as long stories at one time. To dictating (of * I can. Set a stout heart to a stey original con position) he had always a tree is a grand rule in this world.” particular aversion, but was now under

The day, though in summer, was the necessity of employing a scribe, cold and bleak; but the sun shone his own scrolls being almost quite ilthrough a bank of clouds, and the in- legible. Both Ivanhoe and the Bride salid's eye lightened as he pronounced of Lammermuir were produced while the last words. Three days afterwards he yet laboured under that painful I heard that his recovery was despaired disorder; and the duty of amanuensis of; but I did not despair. I wrote to was fulfilled alternately by Mr. William him, earnestly recommending a certain Laidlaw and the late Mr. John Balmode of treatment - the same which lantyne. Frequently, in the midst of ultimately was adopted, by advice of the humourous scenes with old “Caleb the late Dr. Dick, at Abbotsford ; Balderstone,” the convulsive paroxysin Damely, a slow alterative course of would return, and his sufferings were medicine, with very frequent use of most acute; but after the fit, he would the warm bath: which at last eradi- cheerfully and quietly take up the Cated the disorder.

story by the catch-word, and proceed But the conflict was long and doubt- as if there had been no interruption. ful. That summer, almost every one Thus the malady was resisted and believed, on his departure from town, overcome; and in the course of 1820 that be would never return. In truth, he appeared so thoroughly renovated had it not been for his own unconquer- in constitution, that his friends fondly able spirit, joined to the utmost pa- trusted he might equal in longevity tience and equanimity, no medical his friends, Heury Mackenzie or Sir treatment, however skilful, could have Robert Liston, and continue his litebeen of any avail. Exercise he knew rary pursuits for even thirty years was of importance; therefore, of his

But, alas! as Drummond of own free will, he persisted in its use, Hawthornden predicted of his own though motion always exasperated the illness, pain. At Abbotsford, in the autumn,

" Truce ta'en to breathe he became so much worse as to be For late-born sorrows augurs swift not only unable to mount the pony

return." without assistance, but even to sit upright without the help of a servant on Only twelve more years of life were each side to support him. Still he granted to him; and, as already said, persevered ; and, after continuing this I doubt whether, in the whole range practice for several weeks, he felt, as of biography, an example could be


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appeared the Monastery and Abbot, visits were occasionally much more and in January, 1821, Kenilworth : so numerous than welcome. By some that, not forgetting Ivanhoe, here were insignificant cavillers Scott has been four romances, of three volumes each, blamed for his love of aristocratic discompleted within twelve months ; and, play, and his wish to "sink the author" had Constable's house been in reality in the preferable character of an indesolvent (of which, at this period, no pendent country gentleman. The acone entertained a shadow of doubt), cusation is both inconsiderate and unthe clear gain must, without any ex- just; for display was not his object, aggeration, have been a very large sum. vanity was not his ruling principle. As matters stood, the use of large sums He purchased and adorned Abbotswas obtained, at all events, and en- ford precisely as he collected books abled him to realise all his favourite and antiquities — not for show, but plans at Abbotsford, both as to the because they afforded him rational and purchase of land for plantation and permanent enjoyment. As a matter of the final decorations of his house, where taste or source of pleasure, what purhe now lived in a style of princely suit on earth can be more harmless hospitality. Within this year also he and elegant than that of landscapevisited London, and received the rank gardening and architecture? Nor is it of baronetcy from that amiable sove- to be considered as an affair of taste reign who, with his usual discrimina- only; for whoever embarks his fortune tion of character, had already several in the formation of a country-house times invited Scott to bis private din- and grounds, finds himself in the staner-parties, made bim a present of a tion of a petit souverain, with the power gold snuff-box, and invariably expressed of conferring incalculable benefii both towards him the most cordial friend- on his own tenantry and the surroundship and sincere respect.

ing neighbourhood. It is a sphere of The next five years gave rise to no utility as well as pleasure. This reless than seven romances, or novels, minds me, en passant, that, instead of amounting to twenty-three volumes; employing artists from London or of which all, but especially the Pirate, Edinburgh for the interior decorations the Fortunes of Nigel, and Quentin of his house, he contrived in such Durward, shewed unabated vigour, manner to instruct ordinary workmen with the same unaffected charms of from the neighbouring villages, that style, and forcible conception of cha- they completed all his best furniture, racter, that animated his earlier pro- and even executed rich carvings in ductions.

wood, after Gothic models, in a style In 1822, Sir Walter took a leading so masterly that they often wondered part in the arrangements made to wel- at their own handicraft. Such were come the king on his visit to Scotland, the effects of the same perseverance when be evinced all that buoyancy of and ingenuity by which he excelled in spirit and enthusiasm which, more than literature, only applied to different twenty years earlier, had marked his

purposes. conduct as adjutant of the Mid-Lothian The cavillers above mentioned, who yeomanry corps. The occasions, no censured Scott for aristocratic notions doubt, were very different; but the and habits, did not choose to remember good tact, ardour, and perseverance that he was not merely a clansman, displayed by Scott, were the same, but member of an old Border family

chose to live at his owu house in a which, in the aggregate, enormous style such as became the descendant sums have been gained. The work of an old Border baron.

was to start with the life of Napoleon, By recollected conversations and by the Author of l'averley; and the memoranda of particular days, this projector took great delight in blazonmemoir might have been expanded to ing the prospectus of his future voten times its present length; but cir- lumes, having engaged the most emicumstances oblige me to close it within nent authors in the kingdom to write a certain space, and I must therefore on the topics he suggested. That devote my remaining pages to the last bankruptcy might have been avoided, six years of his life. In 1825, every and the affairs of his house retrieved, one who had any judgment or discri- I doubt not; but changes occurred in bination in commercial affairs, per- London so sudden, and so fatal, that ceived clearly that there was a storm no one, even among the most cautious approaching. The system of raising and considerate, could have foreseen money with extreme facility, even on so violent a catastrophe. The panic the most absurd speculations, had been then spread like wildfire : by next carried to such extent that the over- Christmas, some of the London failblown bubbles must at length burst, ures cut off resources which he had and in their explosion create the ut- looked upon as certain, and in the bemost confusion and dismay. Sir Walter ginning of 1826 he stopped payment, Scott, though ostensibly holding the leaving enormous debts, to which the rank of an independent country gentle- assets were comparatively nothing. man, was, by the number of his in- In the winter of 1825 I met fredorsations on the hills of Constable quently with Sir Walter Scott, and at and Co., rendered liable for their com- an interview in Castle Street, two mercial engagements to the amount of months before Constable's insolvency at least 80,0001.; an appalling suin to was known, or even dreamed of, he be demanded of an individual whose predicted the changes which soon afentire assets, if brought to the hammer, terwards took place in the commercial would probably not realiseeven 10,0001. world, and partly explained the me- for the whole estate of Abbotsford thods which he had himself adopted had already been assigned to the pre- in order to weather the storm. But, sent Sir Walter, on occasion of his with the clearest remembrance of that marriage.

conversation, I am thoroughly conThe recent facility in raising money vinced that Sir Walter, up to the time had been exactly suited for the mode of Constable's examination as a baukof conducting business adopted by rupt, remained in profound ignorance Mr. Constable, who, though quite how the estate would turn out, and aware of existing difficulties, always what would eventually be his own liaindulged in day-dreams, that, by some bilities. He was prepared for a severe grand speculation, he would at length ordeal, and seemned perfectly tranquil; retrieve all the past. Towards the end but had he known accurately the exof the year 1825, however, it became tent of the difficulties, probably his nearly impossible for him to effect arrangements to meet them would have renewals of the bills already current. been very different. Among Scotch bankers, indeed, this It may seem fantastic, but although might be done on the principle of in- at this time Sir Walter Scott continued timidation, as they perceived that a apparently in good health and spirits,

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