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one accord, and shew the Radicals that “ his ministry bad been broken that at this game, above all others, they up without any fault alleged,” &c. have not the shadow of a chance. Let Yet, even under these circuinstances, every man look around, before the the Conservatives being called upon 31st of January has passed, and do his throughout the empire for a
« dead best, among his kinsmen and friends, lift " exertion, the majority of the reto create as great a strength for the presentatives of England declared for next contest, as his opportunities and Sir R. Peel; and nothing but the votes means will afford.
of O'Connell's tail achieved a temporWe repeat then, once more, that, as ary defeat of the Conservative phalanx. respects the registration of the present By these votes, and by these votes only, year, it is beyond a doubt - it is, in the Whigs were enabled to scramble fact, sufficiently admitted, even by our once more into office, and, with some antagonists themselves — that the Con
difficulty, get through another session. servatives have achieved a decided Yet, even during that session, when. victory. But we are distinctly warned, ever a vacancy gave an opportunity for that the enemy means to try another the voice of the people to be heard, fall with us; and that he even enter- that voice loudly declared its delestatains hopes of being able, in the regis- tion of the system then carrying on. tration of 1836, to repair the losses he The prime actor, if not prime mover, has sustained in that of 1835. By of the whole conspiracy against Sir every motive, then, whether of pride in R. Peel's admivistration, ventured to what we bave already done, or of hope take office, and to face his constituents as to the still greater triumphs which in Devonshire. The Devonshire electors it is in our power to achieve, we are at once rejected him. He gave another urged to perseverance in that course secretaryship 10 Charles Grant; and on which we have so auspiciously Charles Grant, in the person of his entered.
substitute, was instantly kicked out of Nor ought we to forget, whether in
his native county. He next appealed treating of this or any kindred subject, to Staffordshire, at the recommendathe great encouragement which natu- tion of his friend Littleton; and Stafrally flows from the present position fordshire, without hesitation, rejected of affairs. The Conservatives are not Littleton's nominee, and returned a in possession of the government, it is Conservative. true; but they are in the nearest pos- Men of honour and of conscience, sible proximity to it. flaving, there is having professed to rely solely on the no doubt, the best wishes of the sove- will of the people, and thus finding reign, and having also the support of the people's voice every where against three-fourths of the House of Peers, them, would have instantly resigned. they were foiled, in their last effort, But the people who now occupy by the merest fraction of the House of Downing Street have taken one very Commons. That fraction, a miserable simple and distinct resolve, namely, dozen or iwo of votes, is rapidly melt- never to go out of that same snug ing away; and once gone, the unani- lodging while they can by any means mous voice of monarch, peers, and contrive to continue in it. They therecommons, calls the Conservatives again fore prorogued parliament, trusting to to the helm of power. And does not the chapter of accidents for what might this position of affairs furnish the turn up hereafter.
On the announcement of the first two was that of Northamptonshire. The oftbese vacancies, several of the Radical northern division of this county had prots, who evidently were not in the been divided, since the passing of the secret, began to cry out, “ What a fa- Reform-bill, between a Whig and a mous opportunity to shew how greatly Tory -- the property and intluence of the Liberals have gained on this year's Lord Fitzwilliam, the chief resident registration! Let candidates be imme- nobleman in the district, being 100 diately started for Gloucestershire and great to leave any apparent chance of for Leicestershire.”
depriving the Whigs of at least a sbare It happened, however, unfortunately in the representation. In 1832 the for these gentry, that there is more in a Conservatives were bold enough to county election than mere swagger and make the attempt, but Lord Milton talk; and country gentlemen, though polled 1562 votes, and came in at the they may be staunch Whigs, do not head of the poll, while his antagonist, relish the idea of throwing away some the second Conservative candidate, three or four thousand pounds on an stood at the foot, with only 1269. election, except they can
However, Lord Milton died, and little chance of success at the end. the Whigs assumed, as a matter of This chance did not appear to them course, and almost of right, that they lo exist, either in Gloucester or Lei- would be allowed to name his suceester. Therefore, in the latter county, cessor. They had no intention, they tbe * Liberals" did not think it wise said, of disturbing Lord Brudenell's Even to propose a candidate; while in seat (the Conservative member), and the former, though they started a man, they took for granted that their right
and a very respectable and worthy one, to a share in the representation would ! they found it expedient, in less than not be denied.
eight-and-forty hours afterwards, to It is sufficiently clear that this way withdraw his name, having first ascer- of putting the question gave them a taided that if he went to a poll he considerable advantage.
Added to would be beaten by a certain majority which they had, of the two, the preof more than tuo to one!
ferable candidate. The ministerial These were the vacancies caused by prints observed, “ Mr. Hanbury has the deaths of two Tories. But there every qualification to be desired in a here other two, caused by the decease county member. He is of an old and of two Whigs. What became of these? honourable family, and possesses a
Both of them have been filled up by large property in the county; whereas Tories! and that not by surprise, or Mr. Naunsell (the Conservative canaccident, or any other mischance, but didate) is an Irish gentleman, only after fair and open contests, in both of lately become known to the county of which the Whigs had, rather unusually, Northampton, and having only a small a great preponderance of local interest.
property in it." Mr. Locke, member for Devizes, had The preponderance of influence, too,
been returned by a majority of nearly was on the side of the Whigs. Their !
one hundred above his Tory colleague, journals assured us, with the greatest he, Mr. Locke, being a staunch Whig, delight, that “ Mr. IIanbury had the or rather Radical. He died, and the support of the Dukes of Bedford and electors proceed to choose a Cleveland, of the Marquis of Northeessor; and they fix upon Mr. Est- ampton, of Lords Fitzwilliam, Spencer, court, a Conservative, in preference to and Sondes; and that Lord Strathaven,
a Whio by mnie
titor by a majority of 293, it was ob- posed themselves to some ridicule by vious that a majority of 594 on the supposing that a man who has so many opposite side was equivalent to motives for resenting the treatment be change of not fewer than 887 votes ! has experienced could cordially coalesce And this out of a constituency of about
with them in any plan for the pacification 3700! Say we not truly, then, that
of Ireland. His tactics were those of the
devil in the old legends,-he usually deour prospects daily brighten, and that
ludes bis victims with the hope of relief it only requires a little longer perse- from their embarrassments; and when verance in exertion to insure the right- bis bait has been swallowed, he suddenly ing of the vessel of the state, and her turns round on them, and shews that he future course of safety and honour ? was all the time deceiving them."
A still further motive, however, may be found in the fearful predicament in
This, then, is the sort of government which the country remains, amidst all
we are now under, -one whose policy, these hopes, so long as the firm of according to the Edinburgh Review, is Russell, O'Connell, and Co. continue
“ dictated by an individual;" which to conduct its affairs. And this cannot
very individual, according to the Mornbe better described than in the words
ing Chronicle, is “ an agitator from neof the Liberals themselves. The very
cessity," and one“ whose policy, is
that of the devil in the old legends." last number of the Edinburgh Review thus characterises that predicament:
Such is the present predicament of once
happy England ! Yet from this con“ A state of things in which this very
dition she may be delivered, - nay ! worst of mischiefs must oftentimes befall assuredly will be delivered, if the friends us,- that small knots of men, or even of the king, of the church, and of the single individuals, rising into an unnatu- constitution, do but continue a little ral and most inauspicious importance, longer the efforts they are now making. are enabled to dictate to the government Can we leave this subject without what line shall be pursued ; and thus to become the arbiters upon measures of
referring to one more feature of the the greatest moment. As long as the
present moment, namely, the splendid parties that divide parliament are so
gatherings” of Conservatives which equally balanced, every individual-cer
have lately taken place, even in towns tainly every balf-dozen individuals where, three years ago, the very name may exert an influence on the affairs of of “ Tory" would have almost caused the country, which no good citizen can a man to be hooted through the streets! contemplate without feelings of alarm." Especially we must remark the festival
at Bath, the seat of Mr. Roebuck's Such is the opinion of one whose
popularity; that at Sheffield, blessed means of judging no one will dispute,
with Mr. Buckingham as its repre—for by common consent this article is attributed to Lord Brougham. In
sentative; and that at Birmingham,
which has, up to this period, returned his view, the circumstance of a single
Mr. Thomas Attwood. In each of these individual, or a knot of individuals,
towns, the number of persons who being enabled, by holding the balance
attended these dinners amounted to in the House of Commons, to “dictate the policy of the government,” is one
very nearly one thousand. By what
possible means could the half, or the which ought to “ fill every good citizen
fifth of this number, have been colwith feelings of alarm.” That O'Con
lected together, two or three years back, nell and his tail are here aimed at is
under the con
It bids us arouse, ere our birthright be gone,
" The sea-girt isle ! the sea-girt isle !
Land of the brave and fair!
And owns that land her care :
Which dangers but renew;
In peace serene and true :
To fraud or tyranny;
A Nelson dared to die?
Unfurl'd to that fair gale
But fills true freedom's sail :
THE GREEK PASTORAL POETS
THEOCRITUS, BION, AND MOSCHUS.
Moscius was a contemporary and been replied, that grief has no univerfriend of Bion, whose school he is sal language; and that, when the first supposed to have attende à in Italy, overwhelming paroxysm of sorrow is whence he styles himself his disciple, past away, every man will write such and the heir of the Doric Muse; add- verses (if he write them at all) as the ing, that his master had bequeathed ordinary turn of his mind may dictate. his riches to others, his poetry to Thus the sweeping declaration of Johnhim.
son, that where there is leisure for Αλλοις μεν τεον ολβον, εμοι δ' απελειφας αοιδαν. fiction there is little grief, receives a Their manner, indeed, is so similar, signal defeat. Milton, when he shathat, if their strains were mingled to
dowed his lost friend, Mr. King, under gether, we might easily attribute them the person of Lycidas, was won by the to one pipe. In both, the affectation charm of that mythology in which he of art predominates over nature; and
took so much delight; and when Bithey seem very rarely to have selected shop Andrews prayed for his daily an image recommended only by sim
bread in Greek, the fervour of the plicity or truth. To look in the heart
Christian was not less sincere or inand write -- the beautiful command of tense because it was tinged by the the Muse to Sir Philip Sidney — held
enthusiasm of the scholar. Every out few charms to them. But if they composition must necessarily be the possessed the faults, they attained result of meditation: in some cases, also to many of the beauties of our brief; in others, prolonged. No man own metaphysical poets. If they are
sits down in the midst of a tempest to not descriptive, they are picturesque;
describe it; and whoever has wandered if their pathos is not natural, it is ro
through scenes of historical or local mantic and poetical. Of the famous interest, will recollect the difficulty of elegy upon Bion, the opinion is uni- at once reducing to order the throng versal that it is composed with un
of thoughts that awoke within him. common grace and suavity of language,
The most delightful poems on rural and embellished with all the richness themes have been written in the smoke of a most luxuriant fancy. To those
and tumult of a town. critics who attack the very principle of Having already presented the reader the poem, affirming, with Johnson, with a version of the Elegy on Adonis, that passion plucks no berries from we are now about to take up the lyre the myrtle and ivy, nor calls upon in praise of Bion. The great resemArethusa and Mincius, nor tells of blance between them will be apparent rough satyrs with cloven heel, it has
to every reader.