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THE RIGHT HONOURABLE
GEORGE AUGUSTUS LORD VISCOUNT LUMLEY.
MY DEAR LORD,
T HE papers which I have the honour to present
I to your Lordship, were drawn up by one whose e singular praise it is, that he excelled as a man,
a gentleman, a lawyer, and a statesman. Į received them, (soon after the publication of his Disquisitions on the Government of England,) from his Grandson CarLETON WHITELOCKE of Prior’s Wood near Dublin, Esq; by the favour of Lord Chancellor Bowes late of the Kingdom of Ireland, Archbishop Secker late primate of all England, and Arthur Onslow, Efq; late speaker of the Commons of Great Britain : these very respectable personages being of opinion, that the Journal of the
Swedish Ambally was due to the Publick; as a very confiderable part of the author's Memorials of English affairs, the candor, accuracy, and usefulness of which work are so universally allowed..
It appears, by the first paper of the Appendix, upon what occafion, and with what intention, the Lord Com-missioner WHITELOcke put together that great work, which he chose to intitle Remembrances of the Labours: of Whitelocke, in the Annales of his Life, for the Instručtion of his Children. But such a work, and by such a father, is become the inheritance of every child whose abilities, and station in life, may at any time hereafter call upon him to deliberate for his Country; and for his family and person, as parts of the great whole.. And I confess myself to be one of those who lament the suppression of that branch of the Annales which relates to the author himself, in his private capacity. For I am persuaded, with some better judges, that they would have afforded great pleasure, as well as instruction to the world, in their entire form. The first volume, containing the first twenty (and more) years of his life, may one day see the light; but the greatest part has hitherto escaped my inquiries,
Instruction by precept is flow, tranfient, and too often ineffectual for want of being duly understood: but instruction by example is quick, strong, permanent, and flattering to the mind in the light of a self-instructor. And this is founded in the nature of man, who acquires his general knowledge in this way. For precepts, or principles, are no other than general inferences from particular experiences; which are best understoody, as well as best applied, by those who make them. And thus chiefly it is, that they become profitable helps to the mind; and the true grounds of judgment, as well as action.
In the following pages the political man, that master builder! will find no contemptible model of doing businefs; the family man may also extract thảt which suits his laudable purposes; and the individual the moral and (let me fay) the religious man, who alone adorns the rest, will see his form delineated, and be instructed where to seek his end. I assure myself, my dear Lord LUMLEY, that not a single act, amongst the many which occur in thele papers, whether of prudence, fortitude, temperance, or justice, will escape your observation: but on the contrary, be molded into your very frame, and constitution. With respect to historical facts, the
curious searcher for anecdotes will here find an abundant treasure; and be enabled to fill up divers links in the chain of causes of certain events; and to mark more--particularly the characters of the respectable personages, who figured during a remarkable period. Perhaps also, it may not be unprofitable to note the more rational, and temperate grounds, of some extraordinary occurrences. .
Our author, being called to this important embaffy by the voice of his country at a very critical time, seems to have entered upon his work with all the necessary qualifications. He was a man of sense, learning, integrity, fpirit, temper, experience in business, and knowledge of the world: able to distinguish, choose, and execute whether by persuasion, or otherwise. He was thoroughly versed in the history, constitution, laws, revenues, force, trade and interests of his own country, and it's connections with others; and he made it his immediate study to be well informed of these very material particulars, respecting Sweden. Some sketches of this kind, howsoever imperfect, are preserved in the Appendix, as proofs of his method of proceeding; and more might have been added. Finally, he had a perfect intelligence concerning persons, and occur