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Colonel Anderson, his friend and aide-de-camp for twentyyears, thus describes the General's last moments:—" After some time, he seemed very anxious to speak to me, and at intervals got out as follows: 'Anderson, you know that I always wished to die in this way.' He then asked, were the French beaten ?—and which he repeated to every one he knew as they came in. s I hope the people of England will be satisfied; I hope my country will do me justice. Anderson, you will see my friends as soon as you can. Tell them every thing—Say to my mother'—Here his voice quite failed, and he was excessively agitated." At the thought of his mother, the firm heart of this brave and affectionate son gave way—a heart which no danger, not even his present situation, could shake, till the thoughts of his mother, and what she would suffer, came across his mind.
General Moore • was a soldier of the best mould. He was endowed with a vigorous mind, improved by every accomplishment which an anxious and intelligent parent could suggest or bestow. With a face and figure uncommonly handsome, he was active and capable of bearing great fatigue; but in his latter years he had a considerable stoop, and was much broken down by wounds and service in various climates, although only forty-seven years of age at the time of his death. He was the eldest of five sons of the late Dr Moore, and was born at Glasgow in 1762, where his father practised as a physician till he accompanied the late Duke of Hamilton on his travels. He took his son along with him, and thus he was early introduced into the first society of Europe. Having his education and pursuits guided by so able a director, and so accurate a judge of mankind, as his father, every improvement was to be expected. How completely these expectations were fulfilled, the military history of his country will show. "Sir John Moore, from his youth, embraced the profession with the sentiments and feelings of a soldier. He felt that a perfect knowledge and an exact performance of the humble but important duties of a subaltern officer are the best foundation for subsequent military fame. In the school of regimental duty he obtained that correct knowledge of his profession so essential to the proper direction of the gallant spirit of the soldier; and was enabled to establish a characteristic order and regularity of conduct, because the troops found in their leader a striking example of the discipline which he enforced on others. In a military character, obtained amidst the dangers of climate, the privations incident to service, and the sufferings of repeated wounds, it is difficult to select any point as a preferable subject for praise. The life of Sir John Moore was spent among his troops.
was the opinion particularly addressed to me, at a kind of farewell •drier in 1805, when my regiment left his brigade to embark for the Mediterranean. It was accompanied by many excellent observations on the character of the Highland soldier, and the duties of Highland officers, especially whs* regards their management of, and behaviour towards their soldiers, aad the necessity of paying attention to their feelings. The correctacu of his views on this important subject I have seen fully confirmed by away years' experience.
• After he was made Knight of the Bath, he preferred to be called General, rather than Sir John Moore. " Sir," said he one day to an who called him Sir John, Sir John, at the beginning of every i "I am your General; I am General Moore."
"During the season of repose, his time was devoted to the care and instruction of the officer and soldier; in war, he courted service in every quarter of the globe. Regardless of personal considerations, he esteemed that to which his country called him the post of honour; and by his undaunted spirit, and unconquerable perseverance, he pointed the way to victory." o
Every soldier's heart must warm when reading so just a tribute from a Commander-in-Chief to the memory of this gallant soldier. General Moore's keen feelings of honour, and enthusiastic zeal for the duties of his profession, often
'General Orders, Horse Guards, lit February 1809.
raised his indignation at any dereliction of conduct or duty Hence, with the mildest and most amiable temper, he w* considered by many who did not sufficiently know him, m fierce, intemperate, and unnecessarily severe; while, a truth, no man was more indulgent and easy, when strictnes was unnecessary. At the same time, when severity w» called for, as the correctness and propriety of his own mind led him to have " no mercy on officers who neglected their duty on any important occasion," no man could be more severe; and in this he greatly resembled the eminent men by whose example he was always anxious to form his habits and character—Sir Ralph Abercromby and Sir Charles Stuart .
It was under General Stuart in Corsica that Genera Moore, then lieutenant-colonel of the 51st regiment, was first distinguished. At the storming of Calvi he headed the gre» nadiers; and in the face of an obstinate and gallant resistance, carried the place by assault . General Stuart, who witnessed the attack, rushed forward, and with an enthusiasm which only such minds can feel, threw himself into the arms of Colonel Moore, the surrounding soldiers shouting and throwing up their caps in the air for joy and exulttation.
As Sir John Moore, according to the wish which he h*2 uniformly expressed, died a soldier in battle, so he was beried like a soldier, in his full uniform, in a bastion in the garrison of Corunna, Colonel Graham of Balgowan, Colons' Anderson, and the officers of his family only attending.
On the 18th and 19th of January, the army being all embarked, sailed for England, one division of which landed at Portsmouth, and another at Plymouth. The 4?d regiment landed at Plymouth.
The soldiers suffered more from the want of shoes that from any other privation; and, marching over mountain) deeply covered with snow, their feet were torn by the ice, and their toes frost-bitten. The shoes were supplied by contract, and, as is too common in such cues, became wholly unserviceable after a few days' marching. *
England, 1809— Wakkeren— Scotland, 1810—England, 1811 — Portugal, 1812—Spain—Salamancka—Burgos—Portugal.
The soldiers soon recovered from their wounds, and from the fatigues of the march to Corunna. No officer of this
* Although the following observations may seem foreign to the present subject, I give them a place here, both on account of the number of men who suffered severely on this occasion, and, at the same time, in order to mention the great improvements that have been made in this respect— improvements that must be gratifying to every friend of the good and faithful soldier. I ha e had frequent occasion to notice the high state of comfort, and the attention to the feelings and convenience of the soldiers, introduced into the army under the directions of the present Commanderin-Chief. The regulations with regard to the shoes for the troops form only one out of it numerous list of improvements, all tending to the tame purpose,—to show the soldier that he is held in respect by the country which pays him, and by his immediate commanders. Such is the attention paid that justice be done to the soldiers, and so judicious and appropriate are the regulations, that much of the fault must rest with the regimental officers if they receive, or permit their soldiers to be supplied with improper clothing or provisions. But while such is the case in the army, it cannot well be denied, that the system of doing every thing by contract is quickly undermining the honesty of the people, and subverting all proper ideas of truth and justice in their dealings. In contracts, it is generally understood that the lowest will be accepted. When the cheapest ohVr has been preferred, the next object of the contractor is to fulfil it on terms as profitable as possible to himself; that is, to make the article as bad as he can, first saving the risk of its being returned on his hands. A contractor, feeing (hat his principal sets others in competition with him, will naturally re
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regiment died except Major Campbell, whose constitution, previously debilitated by a service of twenty-five years in the regiment, sunk under the severity of the weather to which he had been exposed on the march. He died a few days after landing at Plymouth. •
The regiment was marched to Shomcliffe, and brigaded there with the Rifle corps, under the command of Major General Sir Thomas Graham. In these quarters the men were again' equipped, and soon ready-for farther service The 2d battalion, which had been quartered in Ireland since 1805, was now under orders to embark for Portugal and could therefore spare no men to supply the loss sns
taliate. In this process he must give directions to his workmen, who then become familiarised with fraud, bad materials, and hasty and careless workmanship, such as they do not see in the fair honest course of business. Observing this iniquitous proceeding among their superiors, and, so far at they perceive, without shame, punishment, or prejudice, to their rbanu . ters, it cannot be a matter of surprise, that, in their own little dealings, they should practise a duplicity and deception so successfully carried on upon; those to whom, from their education and rank in society, they might be expected to look up as examples of honour and integrity. When tat great number of contracts is taken into consideration, and the excessive proportion executed in such a manner as to render it proverbial, that at* work badly executed has been done by contract, and when we lanhe consider the thousands of the common and labouring people to whom, a the course of workmanship, the secret of these deceptions must be Cobbj nicated, and the still greater number who must suffer, as the poor sold*n formerly did, from its effects, this system of itself may be viewed su a way fruitful source of dishonesty, and of the lessening of that regard for my dealing and probity which has always been so honourable a feature in tac character of the people of this kingdom.
* Major Archibald Argyle Campbell was son ofLieutcnant-Calor.es1 Dun can Campbell, who had served in the Royal Highland regiment dan;; the Seven Years' War, in the 84th, or Highland Emigrants in the Axcerican war, and as Lieutenant-Colonel in the Breadalbane Fcneibles in Ck last war. Major Campbell died honoured and lamented by his rcgixncci So sensible were the officers of his value, that they subscribed a sum a money, in which the soldiers requested to join, to erect a monumesatw his memory in the Gallon Hill burying-ground in Edinburgh, where it sv» stands as a mark of respect to a brave soldier, whose courage was gutit. by judgment and prudence, and whose prudence was warmed by the be* heart and the kindest disposition.