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VII. Highlanders embark for America in 1775—Battle of Brook-
lyn 1776—Battle of White Plains—Capture of Fort Wash-
8cct. VIII. Duties of the regiment in Scotland—Disturbances in Ross-
IX. Embark for the West Indies in 1795—Fleet scattered in the
X. Expedition to Egypt in 1801—Landing at Aboukir—Battle
of the 13th of March—90th and 92d regiments lead the at-
XIII. Campaign of 1813—Battle of Vittoria—Siege of St Sebastian
Pyrenees Succession of battles Fmnrr Bidaatpa .
THE MAP OF THE CLANS.
It is proper to state, that the divisions into which the clans are arranged on the Map, are not intended to indicate that the chiefs, or heads of the principal branches of all the clans, were the sole proprietors of the lands classed under their respective names. In several instances, they were only occupiers and tenants at will of the lands on which they and their forefathers had lived for ages. But, while the clansmen obeyed and followed the chiefs of their family and kindred, the superiors and proprietors of their lands seldom held any authority or feudal control, except in cases where the superior and his people entertained similar political views and sentiments. • The lands thus occupied by different clans and tribes, either as proprietors or tenants, are generally called their "Country" or territory; Brae Lochaber, for example, which was occupied for nearly five hundred years by the Macdonells of Keppoch, and their numerous descendants, is called " Keppoch's Country," although the fee-simple of the property had been rested for the greater part of the period in the families of Gordon and Mackintosh. The Dukes of Gordon and Argyle were feudal superiors of the whole of the Camerons' Country, the former nobleman being also proprietor of part of the lands, as also of a considerable portion of Badenoch, the " Country of the Macpersons," many of whom are his Grace's tenants. Indeed, this clan is so numerous in that extensive district, that, except in the case of an accidental emigration from the Duke's Lowland estates, there is not a tenant of the name of Gordon throughout its whole extent.
* Nothing can be more erroneous than an opinion, often repeated, and therefore sometimes believed, that whatever side the feudal superior took in any great political question or contest, he was invariably followed by bis subservient adherents. Many instances to the contrary have been stated, and I could produce many more, all highly cr-dit.ibV to the spirit of independence which long distinguished the clansmen.
Vol. i. A
The Duke of Atholl possesses a very extensive property in Athole; but the district has, for centuries, been called the Country of the Stewarts, Robertsons, Fergusons, &c. With the ex ception of the Duke, there is not in the whole district a proprietor or occupier of land of the name of Murray; but many descendants, whose forefathers sprung from the Atholl family prior to the change of their name from Stewart to Murray, are still resident in the glens of Athole.
Part of two large parishes on the estate of Sutherland, including Strathnaver, from which the earldom of Sutherland derives its secondary title, is situated in Lord Reay's Country, or, as it is called in Gaelic, the Territory of the Mackays. The ranks of the Sutherland regiment of 1793 bore evidence to the propriety of this appellation, as one hundred and Jour William Mackays, almost all of them from Strathnaver, were in the corps, and seventeen in one company, Captain Sackville Sutherland's.
The small clans or tribes of Maclarens of Balquhidder in Perthshire, Macintyres of Argyle, Macreas of Ross, Gunns of Sutherland, and several others, were not proprietors, but, from the earliest history of the clans, till a very recent period, occupied their lands in undisturbed succession.
In defining the divisions and different territories on the Map, it was impossible to attain the correctness of a measured plan; consequently, there are some large estates, belonging to other proprietors, included in districts designated as the territory of a particular clan ; but I hope this outline will afford a general, and tolerably correct, idea of the locality of the Highland clans, and will tend to illustrate the Lord President Forbes's Memorial on their Territories, Military Force, and Patronymics. As this document, which will be seen in the Appendix, was drawn up in 1746 and 17*7, the divisions are in general made to suit that period. Thus the estates attached to the Castles of Comrie and Shian, and the lands of Aberfeldy, are included in the Country of Menzies, as they were in 1746, although they are now the property of the Earl of Breadalbane. There have been many other changes of property since that period, which it is unnecessary to mention.