to its ruinous state, and to induce him to notice the rapacious conduct of his tenant Brown. The former portion, it will be observed, is an imperfect translation of the original. Latin epitaph.

To the east, a little beyond Cheadle, about three miles, is the parish of


Sometimes called Allon. It contains about 160 houses, and 800 inhabitants.

The church is a vicarage, whose patron is R. Williamson, Esq. The village is a pleasant and agreeable place; but its chief ornament consists of the ruins of a Castle, which in the reign of Henry II. belonged to Bertram de Verdon; from whom it devolved, with other estates, * to the Furnivalls, afterwards to the Nevills, and from them to the Talbots. It now belongs to the earl of Shrewsbury. It was destroyed by that religious Vandal, Oliver Cromwell. The present remains consist of fragments of the outer wall, of considerable thickness, round a small court. These fragments stand on the natural perpendicular rock,f towards the small river Churnet. The ground to the water's edge descends with a very steep declivity. Below is a small mill to draw iron wire, and a little further down the river there is a cotton mill. The land opposite the castle is equal in height with the Castle Hill; and not more than 100 yards distant. The valley here has every appearance, like many others in this neighbourhood, and various parts of Derbyshire, of being made by some violent conpulsion of the earth : probably by the great deluge of the Scripture. The true date of the foundation of Alveton Castie cannot now be ascertained; Rr 3


. The manor belonging to this family contained no less than ten, some say fifteen, villages. MS. penes me.

$M$. Ubi supra.

but it is supposed to have been built soon after the Conquest. Dr. Plot* says, that“ quickly after the beginning of Edward II. Alveton Castle seems to have been built, by Theobald de Verdun, as may pretty plainly be collected from the Annals of Crossden.” The prodigious thickness of the walls shew it to have been a most magnificent and stately edifice. There is a view of these ruins, as they appeared in 1769, in the Description of England and Wales.t

Bradley is a parish, a little to the north-west of Cheadle. There is a chapel here, which is a curacy. There are not more than twenty houses, nor than eighty or ninety inhabitants.

Draycott is a parish in the same neighbourhood, containing about ninety houses, and 500 inhabitants. The church living is a rectory, valued, in the king's books, at 91. 6s. 8d. In the church-yard there is one of those pyramidal stones which the Danes are said to have set up as funeral monuments of their most remarkable men. This method of erecting some mementa of those who in their lives have been dear to us is very pleasing; and might, if carried to a greater extent, and not confined to warriors and heroes, have a good moral effect. I

Hales Hall, a little to the north-east of Cheadle, is the seat of N. Kirkman, Esq. It was built by the grand-daughter of Sir Matthew Hale, and was so named in honour of his memory.

Rocester parish, four miles from Uttoxeter, contains about 170 houses, and 900 inhabitants. At this place there was formerly an Abbey, for black canons, founded and endowed by Richard Bacoun, in 1146; and at the dissolution was valued at


. P. 448.

+ Vol. VIII. p. 221. Sce Mr. Godwin's last singular, but withal pleasing, little work, An Essay on Sepulchres. A book though many times less, is one hundred times bete ter, than liş Political Justice, now happily forgotten, with the system it was intended to have introduced.

1001. per annum. * This monastery of regular canons was of the order of St Augustine, and was dedicated to the blessed Virgin. Bacoun was nephew to Ranulph, earl of Chester. He granted the Abbey to R. Trentham; and these possessions were confirmed by Henry III. in the thirteenth year of his reign. At the suppression it had nine religious houses attached to it. +

There are now no remains whatever of this monastery. I

The church is a small modern structure, standing in the middle of a field, in which there is a tall slender shaft of a cross, having the edges rounded, yet not itself perfectly cylindrical. Fret-work runs up each side of it. In an out-house, nearly adjoining, there is a tapering stone ornamented with something like a cross, with tri-foliated ends. It is about three feet in length. To what these remains belonged cannot now be exactly ascertained; and having no inscriptions, nor peculiarity of sculpture, do not give any information of their age or former appropriation.

In the church there are several monuments of the Stafford family. There is a very extensive cotton manufactary here, belonging to Mr. Arkwright.

At no great distance from this place, yet not in this hundred, is a small place, called Fald, or Fauld, which we notice only Krr4


* Bp. Tanner Not. p. 496. Dugdale says 1001. 2s. 10d. and Speed up. wards of 1111.

+ Speed mentions only eight " Houses of Religion," in the whole county (viz.) “ Leichfield, Stafford, De la Crosse, Croxden, Trentham, Burton, Tamworth, and Wouler-hampton. These votaries,” he adds, " abusing their founders true pietics, and heaping vp riches with disdaine of the Laietiee, laid theniselves open as markes to be shot at; whom the hand of tbe skilfull soov hit and quite pierced,vnder the aime of king Henry the eighth, who with such Revenewes in most places releeved the poore and the orphane, with schooles and maintenance for the training vp of youth ; a work, no doubt more acceptable to God, and of more cbaritable vse to the land." Theatre of Great Britain. Book I. cbap. 36, fol. 69.

MS. penes me. Mag. Brit. p. 108. Gough's Canud. II. p.517.

for the sake of mentioning the celebrated author of the Anatomy of Melancholy, who, according to Dr. Plot,* was born here. That writer's words are : “ Robert Burtont is generally believed, by the inhabitants thereabout, to be born at fald in this county, where I was shewn the very house, (as they say) of his nativity. And William Burton, in the selvedge of his picture, before his description of Leicestershire, owns himself of Fald in this county, though Anthony à Wood says, they were born at Lindley in the county of Leicester.Fald, is a pleasant village, but very small; it is very near Turbury, already described, and ought to have been mentioned sooner in this work.

Bramshall is a small parish near Uttoxeter, containing be-tween thirty and forty houses and 200 inhabitants. It is a rece tory, under the patronage of lord Willoughby de Broke, value 41. 38. 9d. $

Proceeding from hence, in a northern direction, along the borders of Derbyshire, we again pass Rocester, just mentioned, and reach Denston, a small hamlet, in the parish of Alveton, containing about 200 inhabitants; having also passed Creighton, another hamlel, about the same size. From Denston we pro. ceed to Prestwood, a small hamlet; and from thence to Ellaston, six miles from Utto.ceter, containing seventy houses, and 300 inhabitants. The living here is a vicarage, whose patrons are W. D. Bromley, and D. Davenport, Esqrs.

Crossing the country, in a south-west direction, passing Alveton, Bradley, Crorden, Cheadle, and Chéckley, we arrive at the parish of Leigh, containing nearly 200 houses, and 850 inhabitants. It is a rectory under the patronage of lord Bagot. Mr. Palmer, the rector of this place, planted an apple-tree here,


• P. 276. + Mr. Gough, Additions to Camden, Vol. II. p. 305, calls him Thomas Burton.

# Vide “ BEAUTIES,” Vol. IX. in Leicestershire.

Carlisle's Topographical Dictionary.

from which, according to Dr. Plot,* he lived to gather 46 strikes of apples in one year.


Is now, under the judicious management of John Holliday, Esq. as pleasant and agreeable a place as most others in the county. We have already glanced at the extensive improvements and plantations of this public-spirited gentleman. Since the agricultural survey, and the reprinting of those reports in 1808, still further improvements have been made; and the Moorlands altogether, under the direction of a few more such laborious and indefatigable landed proprietors as Mr. Holliday, would shortly exhibit an appearance of comfort and fertility to which a great portion of these districts, are at present strangers.

The church is a vicarage, in the patronage of the dean and chapter of Coventry and Lichfield. It has an octangular steeple.

Kingsley is a parish, containing 140 houses and 700 inbabitants; it is a rectory of considerable value, being rated in the king's books at 161. 15s. patron S. Hill, Esq. This part of the country has of late years been greatly improved. Many thousand acres about Morredge, Ipstones, and Dillorn, which a few years ago were barren and dreary wastes, have now been enclosed and cultivated. The plantations, principally by Mr. Holliday, of Dillorn, Kingsley, and Oakmoor, are of a very great extent. Dillorn-woods alone form a chain of three or four miles in length, consisting of tail straight oaks and ash, in general so well filled up with underwood, as to be cut in gradual falls, at seven years' growth. Eighty-four acres of wood will admit of twelve acres being cut annually ; and will produce, when sold to the potteries for crates, seventeen


• Nat. Hist. Staff. p. 225, and MS. n. Degge, as cited by Googh.

« 前へ次へ »