London: The Selden Map and the Making of a Global City, 1549-1689
University of Chicago Press, 2014/01/06 - 320 ページ
If one had looked for a potential global city in Europe in the 1540s, the most likely candidate would have been Antwerp, which had emerged as the center of the German and Spanish silver exchange as well as the Portuguese spice and Spanish sugar trades. It almost certainly would not have been London, an unassuming hub of the wool and cloth trade with a population of around 75,000, still trying to recover from the onslaught of the Black Plague. But by 1700 London’s population had reached a staggering 575,000—and it had developed its first global corporations, as well as relationships with non-European societies outside the Mediterranean. What happened in the span of a century and half? And how exactly did London transform itself into a global city? London’s success, Robert K. Batchelor argues, lies not just with the well-documented rise of Atlantic settlements, markets, and economies. Using his discovery of a network of Chinese merchant shipping routes on John Selden’s map of China as his jumping-off point, Batchelor reveals how London also flourished because of its many encounters, engagements, and exchanges with East Asian trading cities. Translation plays a key role in Batchelor’s study—translation not just of books, manuscripts, and maps, but also of meaning and knowledge across cultures—and Batchelor demonstrates how translation helped London understand and adapt to global economic conditions. Looking outward at London’s global negotiations, Batchelor traces the development of its knowledge networks back to a number of foreign sources and credits particular interactions with England’s eventual political and economic autonomy from church and King. London offers a much-needed non-Eurocentric history of London, first by bringing to light and then by synthesizing the many external factors and pieces of evidence that contributed to its rise as a global city. It will appeal to students and scholars interested in the cultural politics of translation, the relationship between merchants and sovereigns, and the cultural and historical geography of Britain and Asia.
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Antwerp Arabic Asian atlas Banten Beijing BL IOR Bodleian Library Bombay British broader Cabot calendar Cambridge University Press cartographic Cathay Cathay Company Cavendish Charles China Chinese Chinese map claims collection commerce Company’s compass concept copy Dutch Early Modern East Asia East India Company edition efforts embassy England English Europe European exchange French Fujian Fujianese global Glorious Revolution Grotius Hakluyt Henry History Hyde Hyde’s II’s imperial Indian Ocean islands James Japan Japanese Java Jesuit John Selden kind king language letter London Luo’s Malay Manila manuscript Mare Clausum merchant networks Ming Empire Mughals Newton Ogilby Ogilby’s Ortelius Oxford Persian political Portuguese printed Purchas Qing relations Revolution Richard Richard Hakluyt Robert routes Royal Society Selden Map seventeenth century Shen ships Siam silver Sinica sixteenth sovereignty Spain Spanish strategies suggested sultan Surat Taiwan texts Thomas Thomas Hyde tion trans translation voyage William Zheng