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what shall be hereafter. But this taste it made them blaspheme against him that had power over these plagues. For the mind of man is so desperately wicked, that if he could destroy that God that hath power over these plagues, even as they did those his messengers, and the faints that believed them. But the saints may see, that there is a secret spiritual power in every true inessenger of God, to scorch the fouls of perfecuting, and despising men and women, with the heat of hell fire; this I know to be true by experience, as well as by faith. For the doctrine of the true God, and his true worship, it doth torment the fouls of the feed of the serpent inwardly, as the heat of the sun doth outwardly to a man's body; and men are more subject to blafpheme for the torment within, than they are for torments without, because the one is but for a time, but the other is for eternity.

So that the spiritual scorching with great heat, is that John chiefly intends in this chapter, in relation to the torment of mind that was upon those beasts that persecuted the saints, and all those that received his mark as aforesaid, in the time of the apostles commission, and with relation to the end of the world. Thus in some measure, I have given the literal and spiritual meaning of the fourth angel, pouring out his vial upon the sun, and of verses. 8. and

9.

CH A P. XLIX.

V

ERSE 10. And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the

beast, and his kingdom was full of darkness, and they gnawed their tongues for pain.

This fifth vial it hath a two-fold meaning; that is, a literal and spiritual meaning. The literal meaning is in relation to the vial, or plague that Moses poured out upon Egypt, as you may fee Exod. x. 22. And Moses Strethed forth his hand towards heaven, and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. And in verse, 23. They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days, &c.

Here the reader may see, that this vial was poured out in the natural, upon Egypt, and upon the seat of the king of Egypt, Pharoah being king. Therefore called the beast; and the seat of the beast signifies the power and authority that Pharaoh' had over all the land of Egypt. And this vial being poured out upon the seat of the beast, it signifies upon all those that were under his government; that is, that were of his own people, so that there was thick darkness in the king's palace, and upon his servants, no place free, as there was upon the inhabitants of Egypt, so that darkness was all over the land of Egypt, no place free. For if any place had been free from darkness in the land of Egypt, then I say the vial had not been poured out upon the seat of the beast. So that this vial Moses poured out of thick darkness, it was upon the seat of the beast; that is upon king Pharaoh, in whom the power and authority of Egypt did stand. So that when

darkness was poured out upon the king, in whom the light of all the laws of Egypt did shine forth upon the people, if the seat in whom the law is placed be darkened, then the people which must obey, must needs be darkned also.

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or from man, to make laws for people to obey, that power and authority is called by the spirit, the seat of the beast. And when God doth pour out the vial of his wrath upon this authority, then I say the vial may be said to be poured out upon the seat of the beast; so that the reader may see what is meant by the seat of the beast.

Now I have opened a little what is the literal or natural meaning of tre fitti angel pouring out his vial or plague upon Egypt, and what the plague was, and what the seat of the beast is, I shall now also give you to understand the spiritual meaning of these things aforesaid. Observe, there were many Pharaohs that were kings of Egypt in those four hundred years that Ifrael was in bondage in Egypt; yet all these king Pharaohs are included in that one king Pharaoh unto whom Moses was sent. So that all the kingsof Egypt are counted by the spirit but one king Pharaoh. And all those plagues which Moses poured out upon Egypt, it was upon this king Pharaoh, even until God had utterly consumed him; as he did in the Red-sea: these things were fulfilled in the history, and in the natural, at the begining of Moses's commission. And that beast Pharaoh king of Egypt his actions of oppreffion to the Israelites, they were upon the temporal state of Ifrael. And so the vials and plagues that were poured out upon him, they were temporal plagues also. And there was a temporal darkness for three days all over Egypt; which darkness was but a shadow or type of that spiritual darkness upon the mind of man now, and the eternal darkness at the end of the world,

CHAP. L.

NS

W I would have the reader to observe, that this beast here spoken of by

John, it was that beast that did rise out of the sea, having seven heads, as in chap. xiii. 1. to whom the dragon gave his power, seat, and authority: this was the first beast that persecuted the saints after the apostles commission came to be published upon the earth; that is, this was the first beast that made war with the saints about worship; and so the same spirit, power, and authority that was in this beast, it did run through the loins of all other beasts that fucceeded him

all the time of the ten persecutions. And the same spirit hath, and doth run in the line of all wicked, persecuting idolaters, kings and head magistrates, they are called by the spirit but one beast.

And look what beast, or beasts, are alive at the end of the world, they shall be all counted but one beast, and shall all be overthrown with one overthrow, even as Pharaoh king of Egypt was; for though there were many Pharaohs kings of Egypt, as aforesaid, yet in the destruction of that one king Pharaoh, all wicked Pharaohs are destroyed in him.

So likewise Herod that did seek to kill Christ when he was born, in that he flew all the male children in Bethlehem, who were two years old or under. I declare this Herod was that dragon John speaks of in divers places in the book of the Revelation, who gave his power, seat, and authority unto this beast. And so fuccessively the spirit of the dragon, it runs through the line of all wicked beasts

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many Herods, since Cain's brith; yet this Herod that persecuted Christ, as soon as he was born, is called by the spirit in John, that great red dragon. And his fpirit of persecution it was given to all those wicked beasts that did succeed immediately after him, and that shall succeed to the end of the world.

For this is to be minded by the reader, that the Herod that would have killed Christ, he died before this beast had any power; but Herod the dragon's spirit remained in other Herods, as that Herod that beheaded John Baptist, who was caten up with lice. So that there were more Herods than one, yet the fame {pirit of Cain the devil, was in them all. So that they may be called by the birit, but one Herod, dragon, or devil, they being all guided by one evil spirit, even the spirit of murdering Cain the first man-devil, or the devil become Hesh.

So that this spirit of Cain who ruled in all those Pharaohs and Herods before God was manifest in the flesh, is that dragon-devil who gave his power, feat, and authority unto the beast. That is, the spirit of the dragon did presecute, oppress, and kill before Christ came upon a natural account, for fear of losing his kingdom, as Pharaoh king of Egypt did. And Herod the dragon he New the young children, for fear Christ should take his kingdom out of his hands. So that most of their cruel murders they acted, were upon a temporal account.

But the cruelties that were, acted by those beasts, were upon a spiritual account; I call it a spiritual account, because the persecuting and puting to death of the saints, it was for worshiping of Christ, according to the doctrine of the apostles, who set up a worship contrary to that which was set up by those beasts; for there was a liberty granted of God unto the worship of the law of Mofes, for the Jews to fight with the sword of steel, and to destroy those kings or beasts that did moleft them. But the worship of the gospel did not teach men fo to do, but altogether to the contrary,

So that the sufferings of the saints under the gospel, and ever since, it is upon a spiritual account; for whoever doth suffer meerly for his faith, or his religion, or his worship, he may be said to suffer upon a spiritual account. And those beasts that do persecute upon that account, they perfecute upon a spiritual account; even as this beast did, spoken of by John, for this beast did persecute the faints in the time of the gospel, for worshiping of Christ, and not worshiping his image, as Pharaoh did to the people of Israel in the temporal. And look what plagues were poured out upon Pharaoh, and all the land of Egypt in the temporal; so likewise will spiritual plagues be poured out upon the beasts, and upon all that worship him, or his image.

And as there was a natural darkness in all the land of Egypt, upon the king, as upon the people, so likewise this spiritual darkness is poured out upon the seat of the beast. That is, there is a darkness poured out upon the minds of all evil kings and head magistrates, who undertake to set up forms of worship, as idols and images, for the people to worship. And there being a darkness poured out upon the mind of the beast, so that he doth worship false gods: and not only fo, but this vial of darkness is poured out upon the minds of all those people who Worship false gods. That is, there is a That is, there is a spiritual darkness upon the mind and

spirit

spirit of the beast, and all that worship a false god. I lay a spiritual darkness is poured out upon them all, even whilst they are here in this world; even as that natural darkness was poured out upon Pharaoh, and all the land of the Egyptians.

I say there is as gross a thick darkness poured out upon the fpirits of the greatest part of men and women at this day, concerning the true knowledge of God and the true worship that God requireth, as there was upon Egypt. And this fpiritual darkness of the mind, it is but a preparation or fore-runner of that eternal darkness, which will as certainly be when time shall be no more, as the darkness of the mind is at present in all the feed of the serpent who worship false gods.

But as there was light in all the places of the children of Israel's dwellings, as you may see Exod. x. 23. which dwellings of theirs it was in the land of Goshen where the children of Israel were, as in Exod. ix. 26. Now this land of Goshen it signifies the light of grace, or fpiritual and heavenly light in the minds of the . seed of faith; and the children of Israel signify the true faints, or true worshipers of God in spirit and truth. So that every true believer in the true God, he

may be said to dwell in the land of Goshen in his own mind; in which land there is the light of faith whereby they may see the way to that eternal liglit of glory, where no fad or melancholly thought shall arise to darken the light of peace, joy, and everlasting glory. So on the contrary, the land of Egypt it signifies that hell and darkness of the mind.

So that all those who know not the true God, nor his true worship, they are in that spiritual darkness in their minds, as the Egyptians were who gnawed their tongues for pain. Even so will it be with all those wicked bcasts who have, and do set up images, and idols of gold, wood, and stone, or any false worship whatsoever, contrary to Moses, the apostles, and the two witnesses of the spirit. I say, all those that worship contrary to these three commissions, they are in that fpiritual Egyptian darkness in their minds, whilst they are here in this world; and this darkness in their spirits, it will lead them to that eternal dark night, when as no light shall appear

for ever. That is, no motion of peace, or hope of deliverance shall arise in their minds for ever and ever.

And then shall this beast, and all that received his mark, name, or number of his name, gnaw their tongues for pain to eternity. For this vial or plague is poured out upon the seat of the beast; then of necessity it will follow, that all that worship according to his command, will have the vial of darkness poured out upon them also. So much for the interpretaion of the fifth vial, and of the tenth verse.

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Shall pass by the eleventh, and come to the twelfth verse, And the sixth angel

poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates, and the waters thereof were dried up, that the way of the kings of the East might be prepared.

This great river Euphrates was in the land of Canaan, where those four angels were bound, as I shewed before. And as those four angels were loosed at the

founding

tounding of the trumpet of the lixth angel, lo at the pouring out of the sixth vial this great river Euphrates muít be dryed up.

Now this great river Euphrates, it fignifies all the rivers and fountains of waters in the whole world, in the natural. That is to say, at the end of the world God will pour out his vial of wrath upon all rivers and fountains of waters, fo : that they shall be dryed up, so that the thirst of man and beast, shall not be quenched, this will God do in the natural.

Also God will pour out his vial of wrath upon the spiritual estate of man, even upon the great spiritual river Euphrates; that is, upon all the souls and consciences of wicked, idolatrous, pesecuting men and women all the world over. That is, the waters of their souls shall be dryed up, so that no motion of

peace Ihall arise, or spring from their souls, to quench the thirst of sin then, no more than there did to Dives the rich man, who being in hell, wanted one drop of cold water to cool his tongue. But the river of his soul that did run with motions of peace in his natural life, it was now dryed up, so that no drop of cold water could be had. That is, not one motion of peace, or hope could arise in his fpirit, it being dryed up by the warth of God, being poured out upon the river of his soul.

So that the souls or fpirits of all wicked, perfecuting, idolatrous people all the world over, may be called in the spiritual the great river Euphrates, and the vial of God's wrath being poured out upon the spirits of those people aforesaid, it doth dry up all the waters of their souls ; that is, all their peace, so that no hope of eternal happiness can arise in them; for all hope is dryed up, so that there is no motion of peace can arise in their souls, to quench the fire of hell in them, for all the waters are dryed up in their souls, and this is that great spiritual river Euphrates, spoken of by John, whose waters thereof are dryed up; for the peace of the mind of man, is called in scriptures, water, as Christ saith, He that believes in me, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water; fo likewise Christ laid to the woman of Samaria, if thou hadst asked mne, I would have given thee water of life, and it should be in thee a well springing up unto eternal life.

So that there are fpiritual waters that do spring out of the foul of man, as there are natural waters that do spring out of the earth, or out of the rocks. And these spiritual waters do fatisfy the spirit of man in its kind, as the natural waters do in its kind. And as there is a spiritual water that doth proceed from the feed of faith, fo likewise there is a spiritual water that doth proceed from the teed of reason in man. And this water that doth proceed, or arise from the feed of reason, it doth give great satisfaction to the mind of man.

Now these spiritual waters that do arise from the feed of reason, are called by the spirit, the great river Euphrates; and this is that river Euphrates that the sixth angel poured out his vial upon, and dryed up all the waters, as aforesaid; not but that the natural river Euphrates, which signifies all the rivers in the world, will be dryed up also; only this book of the Revelation of John, it hath generally a two fold meaning; that is to say, a spiritual meaning, and a temporal meaning. So that both the great river Euphrates in the temporal, and the great river Euphrates in the spiritual, the waters of them both will be dryed up at the

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