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and is not. That is, he was alive in his own person, when he would have sain Christ with the young children, but seeing he was prevented in that, and could not devour the young child Jesus, he persecuted the woman, and the remnant of her feed. That is, all true believers in that child Jesus, they were the remnant of her feed; but the earth help'd the woman, and swallowed up the food. That is, the young children that were Nain by the dragon's command, are called by the spirit, the earth, and their deaths did swallow up the flood of persecution, that came out of the dragon's mouth.
And this is the beast that was, and is not ; that is, he is dead, and the other beast that had seven heads, and ten horns, he is that scarlet coloured beast that the woman doth fit upon. That is, all the feven heads that this beast had, his own being one, they did exercise the power of the dragon in perfecuting the faints, which was the remnant of the seed of the woman, whom the dragon did persecute. Now this is to be minded by the reader, that the fpirit of the dragon, it did remain in the seed of reafon, that was in those seven heads, or seven beasts, though the dragon which is the eighth, was dead, as to his outward appearance. Neither did that visible body of the dragon appear any more, but that spirit of his seed, it was in his son's feed; so that the same spirit of the dragon it did run through the feed of reason, through the line of thofe seven beasts, and did cause them to persecute, and shed the blood of the saints as he did, and would have done. This was chiefly with relation to those ten perfecutions, in the time of the apostles commission.
And as for the beast that was, and is not, and shall afcend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition. The meaning is this, that the same spirit of reason, that was in the dragon, who was that beast that was, and is not.
I say, the same spirit of persecution shall afcend out of the bottomless pit of the imagination of reason ; that is, in the other beast that succeeded the dragon ; for all wicked beasts were, and are guided by one fpirit, even the spirit of the devil, which devil is no other but the spirit of reason in man; and the imagination that floweth from this fpirit of reason, it is that bottomless pit ; so that this beast that did ascend out of the bottomless pit, it was no other but the spirit of reason that did ascend out of the hearts of those seven beasts aforesaid ; which caused them to exercise the power of the dragon, in persecuting and sheding the blood of the saints, and so at the end of the world they go into perdition. For this is to be minded, that when a wicked man doth go into perdition, he doth never return again, because it is an eternal perdition.
This is to be minded also, that the bottomless pit is one thing, and perdition is another ; for almost all men are in the bottomless pit of their own imaginations, only those that know truth ; yet men's spirits of reason may ascend out of the bottomless pit of their vain imaginations, and come to know truth, but after the spirit of a man goeth into perdition, there is no possibility ever to ascend out of that, because it is eternal.
Again it is said, And they that dwell on the earth Mall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life, from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is. That is, the ignorant and idolatrous
people on the earth, ihall wonder when they benou Ipirit of the dragon acting itself forth in idolatry and persecution, for not worshiping his image, as the dragon did; so that it did seem to ignorant people to be the fame beast, and that the dragon-beast was risen again, which made them to wonder to behold that beast that was, and is not, and yet is ; when as it was no other but the dragon's fpirit, in the feed which acted itself forth in the person of another beast, much like unto the dragon, or beast that was not.
So that those ignorant people that dwell on the earth, they look upon fpirits going out of the body, and assuming other bodies ; but there is no such thing. But most people on the earth then, and at this day do believe such things, which doth cause their vain imaginations to wonder, taking one thing for another. But the elect seed whose names are written in the book of life, from the 'foundation of the world, these I say, never do wonder at any such thing; for they know that spirits cannot slip out of the bodies, and allume other bodies, but that spirit mult die with the body. Only there is a spirit remaineth in the seed, that is in another, that may act cruelties like his, or worse, but not in the same person; so was it with this beast, that was, and is not, and yet is, and so forth.
CH A P, LXII.
seven mountains, on which the woman fiteth. This verse is a begining of the interpretation of John's vision, and of the beast, and of the woman, and so the interpretation goeth to the end of the chapter. For this must be minded, that John saw these things by vision and revelation, when he was in the ifle of Patmoss, a banished man, before these things were acted upon this earth, which maketh his writings the more hard to understand, and much more hard to interpret. So that it must needs be true wisdom to know the mind of the spirit in these mystical sayings of his. Yet the revelation of faith hath understood, and given the interpretation of most of the chief things of concernment in the book of John's Revelation. These seven heads are called by the spirit, seven mountains on which the wo.
These seven mountains are those seven beasts spoken of before, though called here seven mountains. And as for the woman, I have shewed what is meant by it before, to wit, all spiritual power in relation to the worshiping of false gods, it being set up by non-commissionated men, and all false wora shipers they are called by the spirit, a woman, or the great city Babylon.
So that those chief men who have set up forms of worship without a commifsion from God, they are called the woman that fiteth on feven mountains. She may be said to fit upon them, because her spiritual idolatrous power is above their temporal power. For, as I said before, the temporal magistrate is commonly subject to the priest, especially in matters of religion, so that in this regard the woman may be said to fit upon seven mountains; for she had power over all these seven beasts, to cause them to commit spiritual fornication, and spiritual whoredom with her in worshiping of false gods, and in sheding the blood of saints.
Verle 10. And there are seven kings, five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come, and when he cometh, be muft continue a short space. The meaning is this, that John saw in is vision, that five of these seven persecuting beasts were fallen. And he, that one, is in present being in the time of the apostles commission, and that was the sixth.
And the other that was not yet come, he was to come after the commission of the apostles was extripated out of the world, and when he is come he shall continue a short space. That is, he shall not continue to the end of the world, for no man knoweth what the spirit doth mean by a short space; but the fpirit of the beast that was, and is not, he shall continue to the end of the world, as in verse. 11. and the beast that was, and is not, even be is the eighth, and is of the seven, and gceth into perdition. The meaing is this, that the spirit of the dragon Herod, the beast who is the eighth, though of the seven wicked beasts, because they all acted by his wicked spirit of reason, the devil.
So that the spirit of the dragon, it shall run through the loins of all persecuting kings and head magistrates, even to the end of the world. Hath not the fpirit of persecution run through the loins of many Papist kings, by the power of the Popes spiritual fornication, since the worship of the gospel was set up by him all over Europe?
Hath not the spirit of spiritual fornication to worship false gods, run through the loins of the Papists, Protestant, Presbytery, Independent, Baptist, Ranter, and Quaker, all over Europe, or as we call it Christendom?
So that this spiritual fornication all opinions do commit with idols, or in worshiping of false gods. So that they all make up but one woman, or one whore, who commiteth fpiritual fornication, or one great city Babylon. So likewise there hath many Papist kings, since the Pope had this spiritual power, that have been guilty of Theding the blood of marytrs, more than can well be numbered. Neither can all Protestant kings be excused in this point, nor Pesbytery, neither would the other four be excusable, if they were in power.
So that the spirit of the dragon it doth, and hath run through the loins of all these beasts that have been since the Roman Catholick religion was set up. So that all the persecution that hath been for conscience fake, all the blood that hath been shed for religion fake, it hath been acted from the spirit of the whore aforesaid, in the priests, and from the spirit of the dragon in the head magistrate, who are called beasts. And this fpirit hath reigned, and doth reign in the head maigistrate ever since the Roman Catholick religion was set up, as aforesaid, and shall continue to the end of the world; they all being counted by the spirit but one beast, because they are all guided by one spirit of perfecution and bloodshed, for religion fake. So that I declare, that this is the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seventh; that is his spirit runs through the feed of the seventh, and fo it doth run through the bodies of these that are the eighth
So that this spirit of the dragon, which is reafon, the divil, who hath persecuted, and shed the blood of faints and martyrs of Jesus, for not worshiping false gods, that they may all go into perdition together, that is into eternal damFuntion.
С НА Р.
CHA P. LXIII.
ERSE 12. And the ten horns which thou sawet, are ten kings, which have
received no kingdom as yet, but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These ten kings were inferior to the beast, and were under his dominions ; for the beast was as it were an emperor, who had many kings under him. And these ten kings lived in kingdoms, but were not lo established as that they could keep them against the beast's will, yet nevertheless if they would be obedient unto the beast, and execute his will, he would give them power as kings one hour with himself, that was until they had extirpated the name of Jesus out of the world. And that power they received of the beast, it was to persecute and kill the saints; for these ten kings were those ten horns upon the beast, that had seven heads. That is, these ten kings should receive power from the beast, to execute those ten persecutions upon the saints. Yet I would not have the reader to think that there were but ten kings, and no more, for ten kings did not last three hundred years. But if there were ten fcore kings, the spirit doth call them but ten, fignifying those ten persecutions in the primitive times. For the beast had seven heads and ten horns, and these ten kings were those ten horns, and they received their power to persecute, and shed the blood of saints and martyrs of Jefus, from the seven heads, which is called a beast. So that the one hour that these ten kings received power from the beast, it was all the time of the ten persecutions, for they were the ten horns, as aforesaid. This you may fee in verse 13. These have one mind, and sall give their power and strength unto the beast. That is, seeing the beast had given them power as kings, to shed the blood of saints, they likewise proffer unto the beast their power and strength to serve him, in what they can. And the service these ten kings must do the beast, it is to shed the blood of the faints; as you may see in verse 14.
Verse 14. These Mall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb sball overcome them, for he is Lord of Lords, and King of Kings, and they that are with him, are called, and chosen, and faithful. These ten kings aforesaid, are to make war with the Lamb; that is, they make war with the faints, and shed their blood, For these ten king's do execute the will of the beast, in making war with the faints, for in making war with the faints, they may be said to make war with the Lamb
And as the faith and patience of the saints did bear their cruel torments, to the terrifying of the fouls of their persecutors, even whilst in this life; fo that the sufferings of the saints with patience and chearfulness, for they have no other weapons of war, but the weapon of the spirit; that is to say, a breaft-plate of righteousness, the shield of faith, the helmet of salvation, the sword of the Spirit, these are the Lamb's weapons of war, and he doth furnish his faînts with them, so that they shall be able to overcome all their enemies, who fight with spear, and shield, or with sword of steel, or gun; these are the devil's weapons of war, and he fighteth with the saints, with these and such likeweapons, and so kills the body, R
and hath no more to do. That is, he puts to death this natural life, which is callled but killing the body, and hath no more to do. But the weapons of war the saints do use, they being spiritual, they kill the persecutors foul, and yet shed no blood. For as carnal weapons do kill the natural life of man, and thed his blood ; so likewise those spiritual weapons aforementioned, do kill that spiritual life in the persecutors, with an eternal or second death, and yet shed no blood; and in this manner shall the Lamb overcome these ten kings, which ten kings do include all persecuting fpirits whatsoever. For the Lamb being King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, he hath chofen his faints, and they are faithful to fight under his banner, for he hath called them for that purpose. And the Lamb being their king and captain, the faints shall certainly overcome their persecutors, and in this sense the Lamb fhall overcome them.
CH A P. LXIV.
15 And he saith unto me, the waters which thou sawest, where the whore fiteth, are people, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues. I have opened this verse before, so that I need not speak any thing more of it here, but I shall pass by this, and go to verse 16.
Verse 16. And the ten horns thou sawelt upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make ber desolate and naked, and shall eat ber flesh, and burn her with fire.
These tén horns are those ten kings aforesaid, they received power before from the beast to persecute the saints, and to make war with the Lamb; and now they receive power from God to hate the whore, and to fight against her fpiritual power, as you may see in verse 17. For God hath put it into their hearts, to fulfil bis will. Yet I would have the reader to mind, that these ten horns, or ten kings, do imply all wicked kings who are subordinate, or under the beast. For all wicked beasts are included in this one beast, and all idolatrous fpiritual power is included in this one whore, or city Babylon. So that God will put it into the hearts of wicked kings, to put down the spiritual power of idolatry.
So that the Fifth-monarchy-men are mightily mistaken, thinking in themselves that those kings, or great perfons that shall pull down the Pope's spiritual power, or any other spiritual power, that hath near affinity with the Popith worship, I say they are much mistaken. For God will put it into the hearts of wicked reprobate men, to do his will; they shall hate the whore, and make her desolate and naked; that is, they shall smite her flesh with a sword of steel, and burn her with fire ; that is, they shall utterly destroy her,
For burning with fire fignifies utter destruction; and eating her flesh, it signifies the being well pleased in their minds, so that their minds doth feed upon the destruction of her, and in this sense they may be said to eat her flesh. Only this I do confess, that the Pope is that whore that must be made desolate ; for the same spirit of fornication concerning spiritual matters, or worshiping of idols, 'is in the Pope and others, as there was in other whores, who profess the fame fpiriqual power as the Pope doth. For one spirit of idolatry hath run through the line of them all in all ages, and the Pope succeeding after the ten persecutions, he is called by the spirit, a whore, and the last whore.