He admitted that if Swedenborg was judged by the creeds and popular teach

Obituary. ing, and they could be proved to be true, Departed this life, on the 7th of Octhen Swedenborg was in error, but con- tober, in his 74th year, Mr. John Broadtended that if measured by the Scripture field, of Cheetwood, Manchester. standard, then the charges brought Of a man whose modesty and humility against him were unsustained and unsus- were so characteristic, this simple antainable. There was a very good attend- nouncement might for some reasons ance, and the lecture was listened to be considered a sufficient epigraph. He with interest all through, with the ex- himself would have wished for no public ception of occasional interruptions from eulogy, and it may be confidently said Mr. Walsh, which, however, were speedily that the memory of his good deeds, the put a stop to by others in the room. At recollection of his sweetness, his gentlethe close, an animated discussion took ness, and his wisdom, will convey to his place, in which several gentlemen took friends a far more faithful estimate of part. One gentleman of Christ Church his career and character than any writspoke favourably of the writings, and ten words can. But it would be a commended their perusal to all present. strange omission if the desire to see Mr. Walsh proposed a resolution, “That some record of Mr. Broadfield's life in in the opinion of this meeting the these pages were not gratified ; and writings of Swedenborg are not worthy though this can only be attempted of being read by Christians.' A gentle- briefly and hurriedly, it will perhaps be man, who said he was not a Sweden- more acceptable now than later. borgian, proposed as an amendment, “That Mr. Broadfield was born at Bridgin the opinion of this meeting the north in 1803, and his love for the city writings of · Emanuel Swedenborg are and county of his adoption never made worthy of being read and studied by all him forgetful of his own romantic intelligent people.' On being put to town.” One of the last of a long series the meeting, the resolution was carried of excursions with his grandchildren, by the narrow majority of four hands, which was made in the spring of the but considering the fact that a great present year, included a visit to Bridgpart of Mr. Walsh's supporters were north, where it was his delight to renew mere boys, evidently taken there for the the pleasures of his youth, and point purpose, the friends of the New Church out to those so dear the scenes of many believe the lecture was a success. pleasant memories. In 1817 Mr. Broad

field came to Manchester, where he SNODLAND. --The Rev. W. O'Mant, of served his apprenticeship, and if his Leeds, visited this Society in August, and biography should ever be written, it gave two Sabbath's services, which were must be seen that the sincerity, rectiwarmly appreciated. He did good ser- tude, and manly independence, which vice to our cause also by giving a lecture were so conspicuous in his after life, .“ On Swedenborg and his Claim and were no strangers to his early years. Mission,” on the lawn opposite to Mrs. After his marriage in 1824 he began to Hook's house. There was a good at- attend the services at Peter Street, and tendance, and a useful conversation at a very early period he was attracted followed. Rev. Mr. Marsden, the min. by the beauty, consistency, and, above ister of the Society, has carried forward all, by the practical character of the this matter every Wednesday evening New Church doctrines.

Among his since by giving lectures on “Heaven," à papers have been found a series of adsubject on which every one ought to mirable notes and studies suggested by have intelligent views. The Maidstone sermons of the then minister to the Telegraph newspaper called the atten- Society, the Rev. R. Jones, and the tion of the public to Mr. O'Mant's careful and conscientious examination lecture.

of the doctrines he was able to make Birth.

soon strengthened convictions and as

pirations which knew no enfeebling On the 17th October, at Colinfield, during the rest of his life. He speedily Wigan, the wife of Mr. John Johnson, won the affectionate regard of the little F.M.S., Head Master of the New Jeru- band of worshippers who constituted the salem Schools, of a daughter.

Society of Manchester and Salford, and

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he gained the friendship of many whose an affection so warm and strong, so names will long be held in honourable generous and fruitful, it led to his fillremembrance. He very soon began that ing offices in the Church so numerous, career of usefulness in the Peter Street and gave him opportunities, never neSociety which continued to the last, and glected, for faithful and cheerful perhe looked back to this connection as the formance of duties so varied and importmeans of his greatest blessings in life. ant, that we cannot refrain from making He was appointed representative to some reference to them. As Treasurer, Conference as early as 1830, which office Trustee, Member of the Church Comhe filled no less than twenty-nine dif- mittee, Superintendent of the Sunday ferent times, -almost uninterruptedly School, Representative in Conference, from 1851 to the present year; the only and Member of the Conference Council, exceptions being 1869, when he was in an ever generous contributor of Germany, and 1874, when illness pre- time, labour, money, and influence, to vented his going to London. He had the Missionary, Tract, and other instibeen a Trustee of Conference since 1846, tutions of the Church,-our beloved. and of the value of his services in both friend rendered services as real and capacities it is needless to speak. Of efficient as they were warm-hearted and the Manchester Tract Society he had untiring. Never had the New Church been an active member since its founda- a more loyal supporter. His thoughts. tion, and his services as Treasurer to and affections delighted to act as its tosthe Manchester and Salford Missionary tering fathers and its nursing mothers; Society extended back to a period of and his public and private efforts for its nearly forty years. For an equally long good were so comprehensive, unselfish, period he had been an active friend, first earnest, and unflagging, that not all to the Manchester and Salford Free Day his unassuming reluctance to have them Schools, and when these institutions spoken of could prevent them from were separated, to the Peter Street Day being very highly appreciated, both in School. Of the Sunday School Union this country and abroad, wherever New he was also a consistent friend, and had Church principles are cherished. been a Trustee of its Building Fund “With the Peter Street Society Mr. from its establishment. Of Mr. Broad- Broadfield's identification-long, close, field's relationship to the Peter Street and affectionate-was throughout most congregation it would not be easy to acceptable to his fellow-members, and give an adequate idea to outsiders, but eminently beneficial. His power of it may be truly said that to advance attaching others to principles he held the external and internal prosperity of dear, his zealous and persistent promothis Society had been one of the chief tion of concord and goodwill, his ability occupations of the last twenty years of and readiness to give wise counsel and his life. He had been intimately con- cordial co-operation wherever required, nected with its management, and had enabled him to act as a uniting bond filled various of its offices for nearly and consolidating force in the Society, fifty years, and perhaps nothing could very powerfully conducing to its prosbetter testify to the affectionate regard perity, and to no mean extent lightenin which he was held than the following ing the pastoral labours and responsi. letter from the Committee to the mem- bilities of its ministers. In these and bers of his family, who have acceded to many other respects we are very paina request that it should appear in these fully aware that the loss of Mr. Broadcolumns :

field must long be felt to be absolutely “Dear Friends, -On our own behalf, irreparable. and as representing the Peter Street "In the midst of our sorrow it is yet Society, we desire to give some written a pleasure to all of us to remind ourexpression of our grief and theirs on selves of the many felicities of this life account of the loss of our dear friend which seemed to cluster congenially Mr. Broadfield. It is indeed no or- about our beloved friend. Endowed, dinary bereavement that we, with you, while still in unbroken vigour, with are now called upon to deplore. Mr. leisure to devote his energies to that Broadfield's connection with the Society kind of work for the Lord and the began so far back, and lasted unbroken Church which he most ardently dethrough so many years, was motived by lighted in, he was expressly happy in

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this, that whatever his hand found to tion, we remain, yours in loving and
do he could do abundantly as well as sorrowing sympathy,
with all his might. In his case, will,

S THE COMMITTEE.” opportunity, and means were usually Until a few months ago, Mr. Broadin a concurrence as delightful as in the field enjoyed generally excellent health, case of others it is rare. Highly blest and though he had not been so vigorous in the affluence of family affection sur- as usual during the early part of the rounding him, and to which his heart summer, neither he nor his family were so adequately responded, possessed, be- at all alarmed. He attended the last sides, to the last of

meeting of the Conference at Accrington, *All that should accompany old age,

and spoke several times in his own charAs honour, love, obedience, troops of friends, acteristically forcible manner, both in

Conference and at one of the public his seemed to be a visible exemplifica- meetings. But a week or two afterwards tion in this lower world of the lot of he was compelled to remain in-doors ; the man whose blessedness is portrayed up to within a few days, however, of in the 128th Psalm :- Blessed is every his departure, it was hoped that he one that feareth the Lord; that walketh might rally for a time, but the end came in His ways.

For thou shalt eat the somewhat suddenly, and on the morning labour of thine hands: happy shalt thou of the 7th of October he passed gently to be, and it shall be well with thee. . .. his rest. Behold, that thus shall the man be Of Mr. Broadfield's private virtues blessed that feareth the Lord. The more might be said than is possible now. Lord shall bless thee out of Zion; and In his lifetime it was his wont to minthou shalt see the good of Jerusalem all ister and assist without letting his good the days of thy life. Yea, thou shalt deeds be known, and some of these have see thy children's children, and peace only come to light since his departure upon Israel.' No one who knew Mr. to his eternal home. In the hearts of a Broadfield could fail to be aware that multitude of those who mourn his loss, these felicities, to which we have ven- there will remain the indelible imprestured thus to advert, grew to a very sion of timely counsels, of seasonable large extent out of his qualities and aid in trials, of comfort in sorrow, or of character. It is delightful to know a strong and guiding hand in hours of that they can only be enhanced and darkness. Among the numerous testimultiplied in his eternal home. Still, monies to his goodness and wisdom as ever, but far more than ever, the which grateful and sympathetic hearts heaven within him must continue to have uttered since his removal, these produce a heaven around him. He will are the words of good old men, his not need to relinquish the principles he friends in past years, who have found so faithfully stood by whilst here. The his influence their best earthly hope ; of life lessons he learned and practised so some who look back to his generous well amongst us he will not be now assistance as the initial step of their required to gainsay. The work he most success in life; of others who have been intensely enjoyed whilst on earth will kept in the way of honour and virtue by continue to engage his energies and his sympathy and encouragement; and rejoice his heart through all the eternal of those who have been his colleagues years. He will still, in the interior and associates in works of well-doing. sense of the words, 'eat of the labour of Nor is it easy to define the distinguishhis hands;' happy will he be, and it ing fruits of his character and the elewill be well with him.' Translated into ment of that charm which many realized the higher meaning of the promise, and in his very presence, and he had a firm with correspondingly elevated and aug- conviction of the nearness of the other mented felicity, the Lord will still world, and an equally firm trust in 'bless him out of Zion; and he shall Providence. He never doubted that if see the good of Jerusalem all the days men would so regulate their thoughts of his life,' a life that can know no and affections, that the Lord could be end. Yea, he shall still see his chil- with them, peace and happiness would dren's children, and peace upon Israel.' ensue ; but he always insisted in the

“And now, dear friends, commending absolute necessity of co-operation with you to the Divine Source of all consola- the Lord. He was charitable in the

best sense of the word, and his greatest they shall obtain mercy.

Blessed are delight was in being useful to others; the pure in heart: for they shall see but his charity was no mere emotional God. Blessed are the peacemakers: for sentiment, always under the guidance of they shall be called the children of God.” discriminating judgment, it was never vainly or thoughtlessly indulged. The of the impressive scene at the gravelove of justice was another conspicuous yard of St. Paul's Church, Kersal, on feature of his character, his courage was the morning of the 12th, there is little never at fault, but even when he had space to speak. Many old friends were occasion to censure or oppose, he never present, and it was considered by not a forgot what was due to the feelings of few of the spectators that so solemn a others. One of his dearest and most ceremony had never been so free from intimate friends has said that he has depressing gloom. Of the helpful and often been amazed at what seemed like eloquent In Memoriam sermons preached the instinctive wisdom of his opinions, by Mr. Broadfield's old friend, Dr. Bayeven in difficult and complicated cases, ley, to crowded congregations at Peter and that he could only attribute this to Street, on the morning and evening of a constant habit of striving to see what Sunday the 15th, the readers of this was right. How far this opinion was magazine will, we understand, have an correct would be seen if we were allowed opportunity of reading. to quote from the diaries, which, during his lifetime, no one saw but himself. At Accrington, on the 9th of October, In these pages of autobiography the Mr. William Binns Pilkington, in the secret of his serenity and confidence 26th year of his age. The deceased had, during trials, of the sweet sphere of a short time ago, completed his studies happiness which surrounded him, and as a surgeon, and was entering on the of his constant delight in duty as well active duties of life with every prospect as of what may be called his enlightened of a useful and successful career in the insight, if not revealed for the first time, world, when he was assailed by disease, is unfolded in a manner wonderfully and removed to a higher sphere of life encouraging and profoundly pathetic. and usefulness. The son of devoted Of him it may be said that he was wise New Church parents, his childhood and and gentle, tender and true, brave and youth had been surrounded by Christian virtuous, and if it were permitted us to instruction and influence; and if he had lift the veil from the record of some of his not become actively engaged in the uses noblest and most unselfish actions, that of the Church, his attendance upon her few would refuse to call them heroic. public services, and interest in her pros

And of those to whom he is nearest perity, showed an attachment which and dearest, it may be said, that while would, in all probability, have ripened his loss must in one sense seem irrepar- into still deeper interest and more able, they have much to console them. active New Church usefulness. The The legacy of such a man's unwavering infinitely wise and benevolent, though affection, of such a father's tenderness to us inscrutable Providence, which rules and cheerful trustfulness, cannot as- in the affairs of men, has seen well to suredly be ineffective. And perhaps if remove our dear brother to another state his children and grandchildren were of life. The world on which he has called on to select from the Book, which entered will give increased perfection to he whom they loved so constantly studied, his mental acquirement, and fuller aca passage which should at once describe tivity to all his acquired capacity for his chief virtues, and the joys he had use. We mourn the departure of a such good cause to anticipate, no one young man of great promise, and symwould be deemed more fitting than the pathize with his bereaved parents, who words, “Blessed are the poor in spirit: have watched with tenderest affection for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. every opening bud of promise in the Blessed are they that mourn : for they earthly life which has thus early closed. shall be comforted. Blessed are the But we bow with resignation to the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. Divine will, which does all things well, Blessed are they which do hunger and and feel assured th the wisdom and thirst after righteousness: for they shall benevolence of His providence which we be filled. Blessed are the merciful: for know not here we shall know hereafter.

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MARK xiii. 18.

When the God-fearing Christian gazes around him upon the world of science of to-day, and sees how many of its high priests and prophets, amid their boasted intellectual light, are groping in thick spiritual darkness, he oft wonderingly asks why it should be so ? why those men of powerful brain, and keen mental perceptions, and penetrating intellectual vision, should, by and through their explorations in God's kingdom of nature, be drawn farther and farther from God into the som bre gloom of materialism ? On the wings of speculation and experiment they take flight after flight into the realms of scientific discovery, among the far-distant suns and planets ; into the ethereal oceans of light and heat; upwards into the air, and downwards into the bowels of the earth and the depths of the sea,—everywhere finding wondrous things, each enfolding wonders within wonders; and yet all the marvels of skill, and beauty, and harmony, and usefulness which they thus discern, seem but to have the effect of more firmly closing their spiritual eyes against a knowledge and acknowledgment of the loving and wise God, of whose wondrous mind these outward marvels are but the ultimated concretions and expression. To the enlightened perceptions of the earnest Christian student, there is not an object or phenomenon in the whole universe of nature which does not unmistakably point to the existence of God, the Creator and Heavenly

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