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*' Hebrew." Eusebius is more particular1; he tells us," That "the Apostles were not much inclined to write books.— "That Paul wrote only a few lhort Epistles.—That of all u our Lord's disciples Matthew and John only have left us "any written memoirs, and it is faid, they were compelled by "some fort of necessity to write what they did; for Matthew "having first preached to the Hebrews, when he determined "to travel into other countries, published his Gospel in the "language of his country, and left it with them to supply the "want of his own presence among them." To the fame purpose Jeromeb; "Matthew, surnamed Levi, was the first who "published a Gospel, and that in Judea, in the Hebrew lan"guage, principally for the fake of those Jews who were con"verted, and did not regard the truth of the Gospel (but ob"served the Law also), though the Law, as being but a fha"dow, was abolished."
St. Matthew's Gospel os Canonical Authority. It is in all the antient Catalogues of Sacred Books. It is cited by the primitive Fathers; viz. seven times in the Epistle ,ofBarnabas-, twice in the firsl Epislle of Clemens Romanus to the Corinthians, eight times in the Fragment of the second, eight times in the Shepherd of Hermas, fix times in Polycarp's small Epifile to the Philippians, twice in a Fragment of his Responfiones, andseven times in the Lesser Epistles of Ignatius.
HAVING given some account of the Author of this Gospel, I proceed now to establish its authority, which I hope will be effectually done by the following arguments.
Arc. I. St. Matthew's Gospel is of Canonical authority, because it is in all the Catalogues of Canonical books which we
1 Hist. Eccles. 1. 3. c. 24.
b Præf. in Comm. in Matth.
have among the writings of the primitive Christians. Prop. IV. These Catalogues, viz. that of Origen, Eusebius, AthanasiuS) Cyrill, the Council of Laodicea, Epiphanius, Gregory Nazianzen, Philastrius, Jerome, Russin, Austin, the third Council of Carthage, and the author of die books under the name of Dionylius the Areopagite, I have collected them, Vol. I. Part I. Ch. VIII. and there referred to the several places where these Catalogues at large are to be found, and in every one of them the Gospel of St. Matthew is enumerated.
Arg.II. The Gospel of St. Matthew is Canonical, because it is cited as Scripture in the writings of the primitive Christian Fathers. Prop. V.. .
I have observed, Part I. Ch. V. p. 42. and Ch. IX. p. 65. that Mr. Dodwella, and from him Mr. Tolandb have endeavoured in a good measure to rob us of this argument, by asserting, " That the first writers of Christianity had no certain <£ Canon, or collection of facred Scriptures of the New Tef"tament, which they cited; the Apocryphal writings being "bound in the fame volume with the Apostles' writings; "that in Hernias there is not one place of the New Testa"ment quoted, nor in either of the other is any Evangelist "named: and if they do perhaps produce any places, which "are like some in our Gospels, yet you will find them so "changed, and so much interpolated, that it is impossible to "know whether they took them out of ours, or some other "Apocryphal Gospels. But it is certain they sometimes "used the Apocryphal books, and cited what is not in pur "Gospels,—if they cite sometimes any passages, which agree
• Sic autem vera Apostolonun apud reliquos ne umira quidem.E
Scripta cum Apocryphis in iifdem vangeliilam nomine suo compella
voluminibus compingi lolebant, ut turn. Et si quos lecos forte profe
nulla prorsus nota aut censuraEc- rant, quibus similia in noftris le
clesiæ publica constaret, quæ qui- guntur Evangeliis, ita tamen illos
bus esient anteferenda. Habemus mutatos ut plurtmum interpolatos
hbdieque horum temporum Scrip- que reperies, ut iciri nequeat, an e
t6res Ecclesiasticos luculentissimos, nostris illos, an ex aliis produxerint
Clementem Romanum, Barnabam, Apocryphis Evangeliis, &c. Dis
Hermam, Igrfetium, Polycai-pum ftrt. in Iren. 1. §. 39, &c.
—At Novi Testamenti in Hernia b Amyntor, p. 69, &c. ne quidem vnum locum inveneris;
(i with our Canonical Gospels, that was not done by any "defign, so as to evidence that they intended to consirm dis"putable points out of Canonical books; so that perhaps those "very passages, which seem to be taken out of our Gospels, "were taken out of others, &c."
Dr. Grabe* and Dr. Millb have adopted the fame sentiments into their scheme, the defign of which, with a confutation of it, the reader may see above in the first Dissertation prefixed to this Part. The reason of my mentioning it here, is, because I am now entering upon the particular proof of their citing the books of our present Canon) and as I have Vol. I. Part II. shewn, that the primitive Christians have not cited any Apocryphal books, so I shall endeavour now to shew, that they have cited and referred to those which we now receive, and for that purpose shall transcribe and set down the very words, with the manner of their being cited or introduced, together with the words of our Canonical books, which I take to be referred to, in a parallel column.
N. B. I have set down the citations at length only of those which are called the Apostolick Fathers, because the citations in the other Fathers are so plain and so numerous, that there can be about them no dispute; and though I do not believe the writings under the names of Clemens Romanus, Barnabas, Polycarp, Hermas, and Ignatius, are all genuine, and of that age to which they pretend; yet as they are undoubtedly very antient, and referred to by some of the earliest Fathers, I thought it proper to give them the first place in my collection.
* Spicileg. Patr. torn. I. p. jn.
i Prolegom. in Nov. Test.§. 138, &e.
A Catalogue os the several places of St. Matthew's Gospel. , which are cited or referred to in the writings of the A^djlolick Fathers.
I. Ch. iv. Dominus intercidet tempora et dies; i. e. The Lord will Jhorten those times and days. That which proves this a reference to St. Matthew is, that the author adds it upon a citation out of Dan. ix. which is the very fame on account of which our Lord is related by St. Matthew to have faid it1.
II. Ch. iv. Sicut feriptum eftyMulti vocati, pauci electi; i. e. as it is written, Many are called, but few are chosen.
N. B. The reason why thesc two citations are put in Latin, is, because we have not the Greek of Barnabas till the middle of the fifth chapter.
sheep of the flock Jhall be scat- Jheep of the slock Jhall be scattered abroad* tered abroad.
If it be objected here, that this author might take this, as our Saviour did, out of Zechariah xiii. 7. and not out of i St Matthew's Gospel, I an
swer, that this cannot be supposed, because in the Hebrew the verb yi is in the second person, and the imperative mood, and accordingly the LXX. and all the Greek Versions have rendered it in the imperative mood, Smite the Jhepherd; whereas Barnabas places that verb in the first person of the future tense, maTdiu, I will smite> which could only proceed from his citing and following St Matthew, where we read .aata^u, I willsmite. Hugo Menardus (inloc. Bar nab.) has made a like observation upon th^
Word hamofm&wtTai, viz. of
this author's following Matthew, which is yet more evi-.
Christ chose his Apostles, he took those who were exceeding great sinners, it must needs be that he refers to the call of Matthew, and Christ's being censured for going to his house, and supping with him and
other sinners. See Orig. contr. Cels. lib. 1. p. 49. and the Appendix to the first Volume, p. 41*.— See also Toland's Amyntor, p. 44. and Richardson's Aniw.-r, p. 105, 106.