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according act of congress admiralty admitted American appellate apply appointed arising authority Bank bill carried cause character Circuit Court citizens civil claim colonies commerce committed common law considered constitution construction contract convention crime criminal decided decision defendant discussion district doctrine duties effect election enemy England English equally established exclusive executive exercise existence extend federal force foreign give given grant held important interest judges judgment judicial jurisdiction justice land law of nations legislative legislature limited Lord March maritime means nature necessary neutral object observed offence opinion original party passed peace person port practice President principles privileges prize proceedings protection provision punishment question reason regulations reports respect rule senate ship statute suit Supreme Court territory tion trade treaty Union United vessel vote Wheaton whole York
506 ページ - So, if a law be in opposition to the Constitution, if both the law and the Constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the Constitution, or conformably to the Constitution, disregarding the law, the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.
662 ページ - States; 2 To borrow Money on the credit of the United States ; 3 To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes; 4 To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States...
634 ページ - The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man ; and every citizen may freely speak, write and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.
333 ページ - L. 78) declares, that the Circuit Courts of the United States shall have original cognizance, concurrent with the courts of the several States, of all suits of a civil nature at common law or in equity...
ii ページ - States entitled an act for the encouragement of learning hy securing the copies of maps, charts and books to the author., and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned, and also to an act entitled an act supplementary to an act, entitled an act for the encouragement of learning by securing the copies of maps, charts and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and...
487 ページ - It is not intended to say that these words comprehend that commerce which is completely internal, which is carried on between man and man in a state, or between different parts of the same state, and which does not extend to or affect other states. Such a power would be inconvenient, and is certainly unnecessary. Comprehensive as the word among is, it may very properly be restricted to that commerce which concerns more states than one.
299 ページ - The person having the greatest number of votes as vice president shall be the vice president, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have a majority, then, from the two highest numbers on the list, the senate shall choose the...
413 ページ - ... exclusive original cognizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, including all seizures under laws of impost, navigation or trade of the United States, where the seizures are made on waters which are navigable from the sea by vessels of ten or more tons burden, within their respective districts, as well as upon the high seas...