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Or thence, from the Flood of NIGER, (t) to Mount Atlas, the Kingdoms of ALMANzoR 3 (u) Fez, (x) T E zu M E; (c) and Cusco, (d) in Pr Ru, (e) the
Duff: spread out or large: Or from Phaz or Paz, Heb. i. e. Fine Gold; because Gold abounded thereabout. A large wide Kingdom on the West of Barbary, having the Mediterranean Sea on the North, the Atlantic Ocean on the West, the River Mulvia on the East, Mount AirIas and the River Ommirati on the South, which part it from Morocco. The Country is mountainous and desart ; but in some Places it produces all Manner of Grain, Almonds, Figs, very large Grapes, Cattle, Leopards, the best Horses in all Barbary, and the fiercest Lions in all Africa. It belongs to the Emperor of Morocco, is divided into seven Provinces, and is so called from Fez the capital City, which was so called from Phutz or Phut, the Son of Ham: For there is the River Phthuth near a River of the same Name, and another called Sebon. It is about 12 Miles round, and contains many Gardens, Palaces, Mosques, and about 300,ooo People; of whom there are about 5Coo Jews, and many rich Merchants. The chief Mosque in Fez is a Mile and an half in Compass, the Roof is 15o Yards long and 8o broad; it hath 30 large Gates, and above 3oo Cisterns to wash in. By other Writers this Country is called Lybia.
(y) Susa ; from Sus, the principal City, and a River of the same Name; Arab. i. e. A Lilby. Another Kingdom of Morocco, containing seven Provinces, not well known as yet. It hath Morocco on the North, the Kingdom of Tafilet on the East, the Atlantic Ocean on the West, and is not far from Mount AtIar.
(z) Algiers, Arab. i. e. The Island; on account of a small Island opposite to the Mole. The largest Kingdom in Barbary, about 60oo Miles from East to West, and 250 from North to South, upon the Mediterranean Sea, over-against Minorca, and 1oo Miles from Sallee. It was the Capital of Mauritania, in the Days of King juba, and has been subject to the Romans, Goths, Arabians, &c. The present Inhabitants are Moors, who settled there after their Expulsion out of Spain, A. D. 1492. It is now very rich, and the most noted Pirates in Africa abound there. The English burnt their Ships in 1655 and 1670. The French bombarded their City in 1688. The City is one of the finest, largest, strongest, richest, and most populous in all Africa: The City is a League about. The Africant call it Muzgunna, from the Bene Muzgunna, i. e. The Sons of Muzgunna, who first founded
it, long before the Roman: ; The Arabs call it Aljezeirat; the Moors, Izeir ; the Turks, jezair; and the Europeans, Alger, Algiers, Algier, &c. It lies in a spacious Bay close by the Sea, at the Bottom of a sleep Hill. The Mole was begun by Heyradin Barbarosa, i.e. Red-Beard, a Pyrate, A. D. 1531. (a) Tremisen, Tremizen, Tremissen, properly Flemizen ; Arab. The Arabs call it Marsa, i. e. A Port ; and Al-Kibir, i. e. The Great ; being the Portus magnus of the Ancients; the finest, safest, and largest Harbour in all Africa; but now it is a poor Remnant of a vast Kingdom. A Kingdom of Barbary, West of Algiers, about 300 Miles from Tremissa, the capital City, which is very large, populous, and noble. It hath Fez on the West, Tunis on the East, and the Mediterranean Sea on the North. The Romans called it Casarea Mauritania. Some say this City was the Royal Seat of King juba, and called Julia. This Kingdom is about 38o Miles long, but not above 25 Miles broad. (b) Mexico; American, i. e. A Spring or Fountain, which rises out of a little Hill, called Chapultepes, three Miles from the City, but convey'd in two Pipes upon Arches of Stone and - Brick :
richer Seat of Atabalipa, (f) and Guiana, (g) C c 3 not
bout 400 in Breadth. It was discovered by Columbus, A. D. 1496. By Alausa, by Waspurius; and conquered by Francis Pizarro, A. D. 1525. But fince that Time it is very much decay’d and ruinous.
(f) Atabalipa, or Atabaliba : Amer. The last and one of the most magnificent and peaceable, Emperors of Peru. Francis Pifarrus, with 15o Foot and a few Horse, conquered him with 25,000 Men, and many Millions of miserable People ; but after the Prince had given him a House full of refined Gold and Silver, valued at 15 Millions, to save his Life, the cruel Willain strangled him, contrary to his Faith and Promise, A. D. 1533. The Seat of the Peruvian Emperors had been at Custo for 4oo Years; therefore all these immense Riches were amassed therein; so that the Royal Palace, the Temple of the Sun, the Walls and Houses were covered with Gold and Silver; their Pots and other Utensils were of the same Metal ; which Milton takes Notice of here.
(g) Guiana, Gujana, or Guaiana ; Amer. A large Country of South America, under the Line, well watered, and the most fruitful and beautiful Place in the World; they have an everlasting Spring ; and count a Man dies young, if he does not live