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of a nation, when the whim, caprice, or pride of one man, and that man a tyrant or a fool, and perhaps both, can plunge it into all the horrors of war? Surely this is infringing the rights of God with a witness.

When the true philanthropist views with his intellectual eyes, the accumulated and complicated miseries of his fellow creatures, throughout this wretched world, he sickens at the sight. Through the cruelty of ambitious politicians, and the craft of interested priests, man, who was made little lower than the angels, is reduced far below the level of the brute creation. Bad example, bad education, but above all bad government, are the radical causes of the miseries

If we for one moment, cast our eyes to Europe, Asia and Africa, we will view exhibitions of human wretchedness, which would make a midnight robber melt into tears! and yet, in all these countries, there is no diminution in the gifts of nature. The brilliant sun illuminates and invigo.

of man.

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rates them with his benign influence; the trees blush and bend with delicious fruit ; the fields wave with golden grain ; and the seas teem with shoals of silver fish. I recollect myself to have seen in Norway, delicious fish taken up in baskets and buckets, on board of a brig, they were so abundant. Yet, although nature is thus prolific, governments counteract her beneficence, and thus infringe the rights of the God of nature: For it is a lamentable fact, that in the most fer. tile countries, thousands of human beings suffer and die for want; owing to the prohibition, and penal sanctions of cruel governments. Fear is of course, the predominant passion in despotic countries ; pusillanimity supercedes independence, and man becomes not like a lion, but a spaniel dog; he licks the dust his tyrant walks upon ; and only asks liberty to eat, drink, and die ; but alas! asks in vain. And yet in the United States, there are miscreants who participate the blessings of liberty, and yet calumniate the

only free government the ravages of despotism has left, in the whole world! and applause, and even vindicate the cause of the traitors and tyrants of mankind-pardon the tautology; I cannot refrain from repeatedly exposing such base ingratitude and servility. Hence so much ignorance of man's natural rights, which I call ignorance of the most destructive nature, is so prevalent in this world. Hence millions of human beings, are more senseless and servile than the beasts that perish. Ignorance and cruelty are seated upon superb thrones, while ignorance and misery are seated on stinking dunghills. A bad government, I will therefore contend, is not only an infringment on the rights of God, but is also the scourge

of man, and the curse of the whole earth. Imagination cannot conceive, nor language express its fatality. And I believe it is the duty of every honest man, not corrupted by political apostacy, to warn his fellow citizens of the danger and de

formity of despotism. From this consideration, I enlarge this part of our subject more than I at first contemplated. I have but one good qualification for the task, and that is sincerity; and I may add, an independent spirit. I feel the most earnest desire, to exhibit to the indiscriminate inspection, of the young people of the United States, the deformity of monarchy, that they may properly appreciate the liberty purchased by their fathers, and handed down to them as a most sacred deposit. I wish to vindicate the cause of man, because in so doing I plead the cause of God. I intend to enlarge this subject, in a fourth edition, with additions, of my “Charms of Benevolence, and Patriotic Mentor," in a few months, God willing. This work lays near my heart; and although thousands of the good people of America, are insensible of its importance, I tremble even to think of the consequences of this insensi

bility. Most assuredly this indifference was the radical cause, of the annihilation of all the republics in the world, our own solitary one excepted.

The ground, evacuated by the friends of liberty, through lassitude and indifference, is instantly occupied by the votaries of despotism; and thus, by the lassitude of the one party, and the assiduity of the other, the bloody flag of despotism too often surmounts the cap of liberty; and when once an aristocratical or monarchical party get a firm footing in a country, they cannot be conquered, but by the most dreadful struggles. The most resolute courage, unshaken patriotism and unanimity of principle, can only make victory in such a case even possible. It is a thousand times easier to guard the avenues to the temple of liberty, than to expel the assailants when once they have taken possession of it. Hence, in the above edition, which will be about 400 pages, I propose to shew the danger, of the

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