Speaking (La Parole)
Northwestern University Press, 1965 - 132 ページ
Speaking is an introduction to the philosophy of language from an existential and phenomenological point of view. Gusdorf's central concern is to analyze speech within the context of human reality. Speech is an abstraction, but speaking is not, he says. Speaking expresses the experimental and dialectical relation of man, nature, and society. It is through speaking that nature is sublimated into the meant and expressive world of human reality.
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abstract act of speaking affirmation animal appears authenticity Babel becomes beginning bodily cated Christian concrete confusion of tongues consciousness constitutes context conversation created culture defined Descartes dialogue discipline discourse Discourse on Method divine language emergence environment essence established language existence existential phenomenology experience expres fact faith formulas freedom French function given gives guage Gusdorf horizon human reality human speech human world ideas initiative insofar intention Karl Jaspers kind limits linguistic lived magical Malebranche Maurice Merleau-Ponty meaning ment merely Merleau-Ponty metaphysics mind monologue nature never object one's oneself ontology ordinary language ordinary language philosophy Paris Paul Ricoeur perfect person philosophy of language poet possible present presupposes problem rediscover relation remains revolution rience seems sense silence simply sion situation social Socrates spiritual style symbol theme things thought tion tongue traditions transcendent true truth understanding unity universe universe of discourse usage vocabulary voice writing