Encyclopedia of Crisis Management
K. Bradley Penuel, Matt Statler, Ryan Hagen
SAGE Publications, 2013/02/14 - 1176 ページ
Although now a growing and respectable research field, crisis management—as a formal area of study—is relatively young, having emerged since the 1980s following a succession of such calamities as the Bhopal gas leak, Chernobyl nuclear accident, Space Shuttle Challenger loss, and Exxon Valdez oil spill. Analysis of organizational failures that caused such events helped drive the emerging field of crisis management. Simultaneously, the world has experienced a number of devastating natural disasters: Hurricane Katrina, the Japanese earthquake and tsunami, etc. From such crises, both human-induced and natural, we have learned our modern, tightly interconnected and interdependent society is simply more vulnerable to disruption than in the past. This interconnectedness is made possible in part by crisis management and increases our reliance upon it. As such, crisis management is as beneficial and crucial today as information technology has become over the last few decades.
Crisis is varied and unavoidable. While the examples highlighted above were extreme, we see crisis every day within organizations, governments, businesses and the economy. A true crisis differs from a "routine" emergency, such as a water pipe bursting in the kitchen. Per one definition, "it is associated with urgent, high-stakes challenges in which the outcomes can vary widely (and are very negative at one end of the spectrum) and will depend on the actions taken by those involved." Successfully engaging, dealing with, and working through a crisis requires an understanding of options and tools for individual and joint decision making. Our Encyclopedia of Crisis Management comprehensively overviews concepts and techniques for effectively assessing, analyzing, managing, and resolving crises, whether they be organizational, business, community, or political. From general theories and concepts exploring the meaning and causes of crisis to practical strategies and techniques relevant to crises of specific types, crisis management is thoroughly explored.
Features & Benefits:
他の版 - すべて表示
Accessed actions activities agencies allow analysis areas assessment assistance attacks become building Business Continuity cause Center civil command coordination countries created crises crisis management critical damage decision Department designed disaster disease earthquake effective efforts Emergency Management ensure environment evacuation example exercises facilities federal fire flood functions Further global groups hazard human identified impact important incident increase individuals infrastructure International involved issues limited loss major ment mitigation natural occur Office operations organizations planning population potential practices preparedness prevent problems programs protection Readings recovery reduce regional response result risk role safety Security situation social specific staff standard strategies term threats tion types understanding United University vulnerability