in which bis story was received, for am not surprised, M'Goul, to hear his self-love was excoriated by it, and you say so, for, with all the shew of not all the wine which he afterwards riches, these are vulgar people.". drank could wash out the remem- My Cot,” said the Chief, "bow brance of the tragic comment; still, do you know tat ?” as the guests were possessed of great

M'Allister then related what he opulence, he had a kind of sinister had learned with so much tact and reverence for them, and regarded delicacy in his conversation with the the opportunity of cultivating their footman in the morning, and the acquaintance as a sunshiny inci- alarming astonishment of the Chief dent, and something to talk about increased. when he returned home.

“ You don't shay,” cried he, “that On descending to the breakfast- the shentleman tat was the lady's room he found the major part of goodman peside you is no petter than the guests assembled, and the Mac- Robin M'Crust, the penny-loaf baker Goul talking to them as good as at Inverstrone ?" oracular responses.

Old Mr Stuke- “ They are two of a trade," said the ly was not present, the effects of advocate. his claret still confined him to bed; “ Tat's moving,” cried the Chief; and while he remained there, it was “ and what commodity is the man not possible to talk with him of the Cracklings?” Chief's expectation, or any other “ He, the servant told me, was the matter of business. The M'Goul tallow-chandler in Whitechapel, one himself did not altogether feel the of the warmest men in London." propriety of the rule, but the advo- Ay,” cried the M'Goul, “ he is cate“ instructed” that the modes of very warm, for I saw the draps on civilized life required an observance his prow all the time he was eating of the usage. After some time had his dinner, and was very pitiful; but elapsed, and Mr M‘Allister bad again Mr M‘Allister, shurely, shurely yon made himself agreeable to Mrs fatty man has something more than a Cracker, the biscuit-baker's wife, candle. We are poth, Mr M'Allister, who invited him to visit them at Pies in a jeopardy." crust-Hall, he walked out with the The trade of Mr Selvage, the slopM'Goul, partly to wear the day away, seller from Wapping, puzzled even and to talk more particularly than the Edinburgh lawyer to explain; they had hitherto done, on the busin and had be not been assisted in ness which had brought the Chief to his conjectures by the Chief, they England. In the course of this per- both might have remained to this ambulation he happened to remark, hour in the dark. that their visit would be more ex- "A slopseller," said Mr M'Allispensive than they apprehended; for ter,"is, I apprehend, a victualler, or with two servants, and the style in some other dealer in soaked articles, which they had come, they could for we say a slop-basin, a pail of not but give a handsome largess to slops, and so on; but the precise naMr Stukely's household.

ture of the business I don't know." This intelligence was evidently “Ay, ay,” said the M'Goul, “ it's not of the most pleasing kind to the a low trade, and that's al we want to M'Guul, for he gave an emphatic know.” umph when he heard it, and chan- “ But, Mr Tinge, the drysalter," ging colour, was apparently in a pen- said Mr M'Allister; “ his trade is a sive confusion long after. “But," puzzler." said the advocate, "considering the “ Hoo, no,” said the Chief, “ it's sum you have to receive, this, how- just making a mutton-bam without ever, must be overlooked.”

pickle. Put, my goot friend, we are “ Umph," again said the Chief, in a trouble, like a flea in a tar-barwho by this time began to doubt in rel in sheep-shearing; how will we his own mind if three thousand get away ? for if I had my monies I pounds would be the sum he would would not com among them for half receive, and not being quite in his an hour more." element, he began to talk of return- This was coming to the point; and ing to London that evening.

after a long conversation it was Indeed,” said the advocate, “I agreed between them, that the Chief

should return to London as expedi

“ Yes," said the old gentleman, tiously as possible, and, to preserve “it is a debt I can never pay.” his dignity, that Mr M'Allister should “But," said Mr M'Allister, “ you remain behind to receive payment of can advance part, and give security the debt which Mr Stukely owed, for the remainder.” and return with a coach that passed “Sir," said the old gentleman, in the evening. Accordingly, when “ what do you mean?" they went to the house this arrange- “ I am not instructed,” replied ment was made known, and all M'Allister, “ to abate much of the affected the greatest grief at the in- three thousand pounds." telligence, while their hearts leaped Mr Stukely looked amazed, and exwith joy. A carriage and four was in claimed " Three thousand pounds !” consequence in due time at the “ Yes," said Mr M‘Allister, “Mdoor, Pharick and Donald again Goul thinks the debt amounts to mounted the cross-board, and Mr about that sum.” Stukely, notwithstanding his head- “ The debt!” cried Mr Stukely; ach, rose to bid the Chief farewell. “ what debt?” When this was done, the Chief was “ That,” replied Mr M'Allister, helped into the carriage, which pre- “which you owe him, and which to sently drove away, Pharick playing recover he has come all the way a dolorous pibroch as they wended from the North of Scotland. I hope, their way through the park. Far, sir, the Chief will not be compelled however, they had not gone, when to have recourse to steps in law to all those who had seen the Chief de- recover it.” part, returned into the house a little “I owe him much,” replied the old surprised, but saying nothing, on man, “a debt of gratitude I can seeing that Mr M‘Allister remained never sufficiently pay;" behind. He, however, was too good "A debt of gratitude !" cried the a man of business to summer and lawyer; and beginning to suspect winter over his task, and according- the truth, added, “ that's a bad ly he soon requested apart some pri- debt.” vate conversation with Mr Stukely; A mutual explanation then ensuand that gentleman took him into ed, and the lawyer returned by the another room, where the lawyer coach to London, highly exasperated opened the colloquy, by saying, that to think he had been employed on he understood from the M'Goul that such a gowk's errand. Mr Stukely was deeply in his debt.


The British Empire in India forms, banners of Nadir Shah traversed only beyond all question, the most extra- to destroy, has been permanently ordinary spectacle which the politi- subdued and moulded into a regular cal world ever exhibited. During Province by a Company of British the plenitude of its power, the Ro- Merchants, originally settled as obman Empire never contained above scure traffickers on the shores of an hundred and twenty millions of Hindostan, who have been dragged inhabitants, and they were congre- to their present perilous height of gated round the shores of the Medic power by incessant attempts at their terranean, with a great internal sea, destruction by the native Princes; to form their internal line of com- whose rise was contemporaneous munication, and an army of 400,000 with numerous and desperate strugmen to secure the submission of gles of the British nation with its its multifarious inhabitants. Magni- European rivals, and who never bad ficent causeways, emanating from a fourth part of the national strength Rome, the centre of authority, reach. at their command. For such a body, ed the farthest extremity of its do- in such times, and with such forces, minions; and the Proconsuls, when to have acquired so immense a dother they journeyed from the Forum minion, is one of those prodigies of to the Wall of Antoninus and the civilisation of which the bistory of extremities of Caledonia, or the the last half century is so full; with shores of the Euphrates and the which we are too familiar to be able frontiers of Parthia, the Cataracts to apprehend the wonder, and which of the Nile, the Mountains of At- must be viewed by mankind, simlas, or the banks of the Danube, plified by distance, and gilded by rolled along the great roads with the colours of bistory, before its due which these indomitable pioneers of proportions can be understood. civilisation had penetrated the wilds The British Empire in India, exof nature. Their immense domi- tending now, with few interruptions, nions were the result of three cen- and those only of tributary or allied turies of conquest, and the genius States, from Cape Comorin to the of Scipio, of Cæsar, and Severus, not Himalaya Mountains, comprehends less than the civic virtues of Regulus, by far the richest and most imporCato, and Cicero, were required to tant part of Asia, is double in extent extend and cement the mighty fabric. of the area of Europe, * contains

But in the Eastern World, an Em- about a hundred millions of inpire hardly less extensive or popu- babitants, and yields a revenue of lous, embracing as great a variety twenty-two millions yearly.t The of people, and rich in as many land-forces consist of 250,000 natire millions and provinces, has been troops, and 35,000 British, all in the conquered by the British arms in very highest state of discipline and less than eighty years, at the dis- equipment; and this immense force tance of 8000 miles from the parent raised by voluntary enrolment, withstate. That vast region, the fabled out conscription or compulsory serscene of opulence and grandeur vice being ever heard of. So popular since the dawn of civilisation, from is the Company's service, and boundwhich the arms of Alexander rolled less the public confidence in the fideliback, which the ferocity of Timour ty with which it discharges its enbut imperfectly vanquished, and the gagements, that the only difficulty the

• The Company's Territory consists of 514,000 square miles; including the protected States, it embraces 1,128,800 square miles.

+ L.22,691,000. Hist. Sketch of India, p. 208.

# A Brief Inquiry into the State and Prospects of India. By an Eyewitness in the Military Service of the Company, [William Sinclair, Esq.] Svo. Blackwood, Edinburgh ; and Cadell, London, 1833,

authorities have, is to select the most a large proportion is due to naworthy from among the numerous tive or Asiatic capitalists; and such competitors who are desirous to be is the unbounded confidence in the enrolled under its banners; and if pub- good faith and probity of that dreadlic danger is threatened, or the Rus- ed body, that bales, stamped with sian eagles approached the Indus, this their signet, circulate, unopened, like force might be instantly raised, by coined money, through the vast Emthe same means, to a million of arm- pire of China. || So complete has ed men.* When the British power been the protection, so ample the was threatened with a double attack, security, of the inhabitants of the and the Rajah of Bhurtpore raised British Provinces, compared with the standard of revolt, at the time what obtains under the native Rawhen the bulk of the British forces jahs, that the people from every were entangled in the jungles of the part of India flock to the three PresiIrrawady, or dying under the fevers dencies; and, as Bishop Heber has of Arracan, the firm and resolute observed, the extension of the fronGovernment of Calcutta shewed no tiers of the Company's Empire is symptoms of vacillation ; with the immediately followed by a vast conright hand, they humbled what the course of population, and increase of Orientals styled the giant strength of industry, by the settlers from the Ava, while, with the left, they crush- adjoining native dominions. ed the rising power of the Northern To complete the almost fabulous Rajahs; and while a larger force wonders of this Oriental domithan combated in Portugal was pur- nion, it has been achieved by a suing the career of conquest in the mercantile Company, in an island Burmese Empire, and advancing the of the Atlantic, possessing no terriBritish standard almost to the towers torial force at home; who merely of Ummerapoora, a greater host than took into their temporary pay, while the native British who conquered at in India, such parts of the English Waterloo, assembled, as if by en- troops as could be spared from the chantment, round the walls of Bhurt- contests of European ambition; who pore, and, at the distance of 2000

never at any period had 30,000 Engmiles from Calcutta, and 10,000 from lish in their service; while their civil the British Isles, carried the last and and military servants do not exceed hitherto impregnable stronghold of 4000, the number of persons who proHindoo independence.t

ceed yearly to India, in every capacity, Nor are the civil triumphs of this is only 600, including women and chilextraordinary Government less sur dren;T and the total number of whites prising than its vast display of mili- who exist among the hundred miltary strength, and unconquerable lions of the sable inhabitants is hardly political courage. While under the 40,000. So enormous, indeed, is native Princes, the state of capital the disproportion between the Briwas so insecure, that twelve per cent tish rulers and the native subjects, was the common, and 36 per cent that it is literally true what the Hin. not an unusual rate of interest, doos say, that if every one of the under the British rule, the interest followers of Brama were to throw a on the public debt has, for the first handful of earth on the Europeans, time in Eastern history, been lower- they would be buried alive in the ed to 5 per cent; and at this very re- midst of their conquests. duced rate, the capitalists of Arabia Religious difference, and the exand Armenia have transmitted their clusive possession of power by persurplus funds to the Company's sons of one political persuasion, bas Stock, as to the most secure invest- been found to be an insuperable bar ment in the East. Of the Com. to the pacification of European states; pany's debt of L.49,210,000 sterling, and close to the centre of her power,

• Sinclair's India, p. 46.

† 36,000 red coats, and 190 pieces of cannon, were collected by Lord Comber. mere to besiege that important city. Sinclair's India, p. 13.

§ Parliamentary Papers, May, 1832. | Sinclair, p. 13.

Sinclair, p. 27,

Ireland has from these causes, for thousand British officers and judges,t above a century, been a continual has contrived to discipline the for. source of weakness to England. But ces, and secure the affections, and in her Eastern Empire, political ex- mould into an efficient form the clusion far more rigid, religious dis- strength of a hundred millions of tinctions far more irreconcilable, Hindoos; which has amalgamated the have, under the able and judicious prejudices, and healed the divisions management of the Company, proved of so discordant a population; and no obstacle to the consolidation of a penetrated the vast extent of the vast and peaceable dominion. Mr Eastern world, not only with the Sinclair, in his able pamphlet, tells terror of its power, but the jusus that,

tice of its sway. The complete and " In India, notwithstanding the long practical solution of this problem, by

the Indian Government, must appear period that some districts have been in British possession, and the universal peace

still more extraordinary, if it is rewhich reigns from the Himalaya moun.

collected what extreme difficulties tains to Comorin, the natives are still in- the rulers of the Parent State have eligible to offices of trust."

experienced during the same time, The separation arising from reli- in moderating the transports, and gious difference, is still more marked restraining the passions of Ireland; and insuperable. The same intelli

and the mild and pacific character of gent author and acute observer re

our Eastern rule, is contrasted with marks,

the fierce indignation and discordant

interests which are about to tear “ Not only do we find in the army Hin- from the British Empire the right doos of every province, of every tribe, and

arm of its strength in the West India of every dialect

, Hindostanee, Duklinee, Islands. Telinga, Tamil, and Mahratta, both the

The history of the English power worshippers of Shiva, and the worshippers in India, taken as a whole, is yet to of Vishnoo, but we find also a multitude

be written; and few more splendid of Mahomedans, both of the Soonee and Shiah sects, together with Protestant and

or instructive subjects await the Romanist half-castes, and even Jews and

pen of genius, during the decline of Ghebirs. Although all classes live toge

the British Empire. Like most other ther on terms of mutual forbearance, and subjects which have been treated for although this amazing diversity of reli

the last thirty years in English litegious sentiment in no way interrupts the

rature, it has hitherto been the subchain of military subordination, as soon ject only of party invective. Mr as the regimental parade is dismissed, Mill's History, amongst much valuthey break into sectional coteries; the able information, and many just regradation of caste is restored; the Sudra marks, is disfigured by a constant serjeant makes his salaam to the Brahmin attempt to underrate the services, or Rajpoot private ; the Mussulman and conceal the great achievements avoids the Christian ; the Shiah the Soo. of the East India Company. He renee ; the Hindoo all; and thus an almost presents its territorial possessions as impassable barrier of mutual mistrust a colossal empire, based on violence and jealousy obstructs all amalgamation and cemented by fraud. Without of opinion, or unity of action, even on disputing that in the course of its those national subjects which, separately struggles many unjustifiable acts and independently, interest the whole

were occasionally committed, it body."

may safely be anticipated, that the It is a government of no ordinary sober voice of impartial history will kind, which, with such materials, declare, that few political fabrics of has constructed so wonderful an such magnitude have been reared Empire; which, with a European with so little application of exterforce seldom amounting to 20,000 nal injustice ; that its progressive troops,* has conquered an Empire of growth was occasioned by the coaligreater wealth and magnitude than tions formed for its overthrow; that that of Russia; which, with a few its unparalleled successes arose out

* It is now raised to 35,762.- United Service Journal.
† The military servants of the Company are about 4000; the civil, 1200.

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