Boyle on Fire: The Mechanical Revolution in Scientific Explanation
A&C Black, 2005/05/30 - 205 ページ
The philosophy of Robert Boyle (1627-1691) is a hot topic in early modern philosophy. Boyle was at the centre of the scientific community of 17th-century England, and an accurate view of the Enlightenment scientific revolution is impossible without recognition of the contributions that he made. Work on Boyle's philosophy is also shedding light on contemporary issues in the philosophy of science - it can help us understand the nature of scientific explanation and the role that the mechanical model of explanation plays in present-day science. Boyle's mechanical philosophy ushered in a new explanatory model for science and even though his corpuscular hypothesis failed, its failure does not entail the failure of the explanatory model of which it was an instance.
Boyle on Fire demonstrates these points by examining Boyle's work concerning a method of experiment common in the seventeenth century called Fire Analysis. In the Sceptical Chymist (1661), Boyle attacks elemental theories of chemical explanation primarily by raising objections against Aristotelian and Paracelsian interpretations of fire analysis. The book reconstructs Boyle's corpuscular account of fire analysis and then compares it to these objections. This process reveals those characteristics of mechanical explanations that make them epistemologically superior to elemental theories of chemical explanation, and it is these characteristics that survive the death of the corpuscular hypothesis and have become an enduring feature of the scientific enterprise.
レビュー - レビューを書く
1 Boyle and the Philosophy of Science
2 On the Intelligibility of Mechanical Explanations
3 Boyles Attack on Elemental Interpretations of Fire Analysis
4 Boyles Mechanical Theory of Heat and Fire
5 Boyles Mechanical Epistemology
6 The Contrivance of Parts
7 Mechanical Explanation in Contemporary Science
他の版 - すべて表示
agitation alchemy Anstey Aristotelian Aristotelian and Paracelsian arrangement Boas-Hall Boyle believed Boyle writes Boyle’s mechanical philosophy Carneades chapter chemical claims consider contemporary science continental drift corpuscles corpuscular hypothesis Corpuscularian deﬁnition Descartes diﬂerent Edward Davis eds eﬂects elemental interpretations elemental model elemental theories Elutherius example explanatory model ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁre analysis ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂame Gabbey galaxy heat Hunter and Edward ical identiﬁes important intelligibility of mechanical interpretations of ﬁre LeFevre London macroscopic McMullin mechanical aﬂections mechanical explanations mechanical interpretation mechanical model mechanical theories Michael Hunter model of explanation Nadler Naomi Oreskes natural phenomena natural philosophy nomothetic explanations objection occult explanations occult qualities oﬂers ofRobert ofthe Paracelsian particles passage phenomenon philoso Pickering & Chatto plate tectonics primary qualities principles produced properties Robert Boyle Sceptical Chymist scientiﬁc explanation scientiﬁc revolution separate seventeenth century shape Shapin signiﬁcant speciﬁc spiral Steven Shapin structural explanations substances sufﬁcient superior texture tion wood