« 前へ次へ »
Oh, young Lochinvar is come out of the West!
He staid not for brake, and he stopped not for stone,
. So boldly he entered the Netherby Hall,
Among bridesmen, and kinsmen, and brothers and all.
Love swells like the Solway, but ebbs like its tide;
. The bride kissed the goblet, the knight took it up;
He quaffed off the wine, and he threw down the cup:
. So stately his form and so lovely her face,
That never a hall such a galliard did grace; While her mother did fret, and her father did fume Ano the bridegroom stood dangling his bonnet and plume. Ano o bridesmaidens whispered, “Twere better, y far,' To have matched our fair cousin with young Loch
. One touch to her hand, and one word in her ear,
When they reached the hall-door, and the charger
. There was mounting 'mong Graemes of the Netherby
. Study this poem and tell the story briefly and with
. Shut your eyes and imagine the whole episode until
you can see every detail of it vividly.
. Write a paraphrase of stanza 3 so as to make the
facts clear and vivid. State exactly what happened.
. Paraphrase the same stanza so as to show the feeling
. Paraphrase stanza 7 so as to emphasize the DiS
crimination—so as to make us understand exactly what each person did, and why. For the sake of vividness always keep your paraphrase in direct discourse. Read your paraphrase aloud and then read aloud the stanza paraphrased. Notice that your reading is improved after making the clear paraphrase. This is because the paraphrase is your interpretation of the meaning.
. Select from the poem three passages that discrim
inate by showing contrasts.
. Select three passages that discriminate as to time,
in which the attention is called to what came first Or what came after.
. Select some passage that discriminates as to place;
that points out the position of persons or objects. Note: In stanza 6 the attention is not called to the time, though a time-word (“while”) is used. The point is not the time of his dancing but the beauty of it. In Stanza 4 the word “now” does call attention to the time. Before this he had come as a lover, but now he says he Comes as a mere acquaintance.
EXERCISES Take exercises 1-4, describe them rapdily and vividly; and then give them before the class, as you would to a class of your own that you were teaching. Lead the class in these exercises, and see that each member performs correctly.
Study this selection from Shakespeare's Julius Caesar until you can see the whole scene just as if you were there when it occurred.
Brutus. Good countrymen, let me depart alone, And, for my sake, stay here with Antony: DO grace to Caesar's corpse, and grace his speech, Tending to Caesar's glories; which Antony, By Our permission, is allow'd to make. 5 I do entreat you, not a man depart Save I alone, till Antony have spoke.
First Citizen. Stay, ho! and let us hear Mark Antony.
Third Citizen. Let him go up into the public chair; We'll hear him. Noble Antony, go up. 10
Antony. For Brutus' sake, I am beholding to you.
Fourth Cit. What does he say of Brutus?
Third Cit. He says, for Brutus' sake, He finds himself beholding to us all.
Foo Cit. "Twere best he speak no harm of Bruto:
First Cit. This Caesar was a tyrant.
Third Cit. Nay, that's certain: We are blest that Rome is rid of him.
Sec. Cit. Peace! let us hear what Antony can say.
Ant. You gentle Romans,— 0
Citizens. Peace, hol let us hear him.
Ant. Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears;
I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.
Come I to speak in Caesar's funeral.
When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept: 40
First Cit. Methinks there is much reason in his say– 1IngS. Sec. Cit. If thou consider rightly of the matter, Caesar has had great wrong. Third Cit. Has he not masters? I fear there will a worse come in his place. 61 Fourth Cit. Mark'd ye his words? He would not take the crown; Therefore 't is certain he was not ambitious.
First Cit. If it be found so, some will dear abide it.
Sec. Cit. Poor soul! his eyes are red as fire with Weeping. 65 Third Cit. There's not a nobler man in Rome than Antony. Fourth Cit. Now mark him, he begins again to speak. Ant. But yesterday the word of Caesar might Have stood against the world; now lies he there, And none so poor to do him reverence. 70 O masters, if I were dispos'd to stir Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage, I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius wrong, Who, you all know, are honorable men: I will not do them wrong; I rather choose 75 To wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you, Than I will wrong such honorable men. But here's a parchment with the seal of Caesar; I found it in his closet, "t is his will: Let but the commons hear this testament— 80 Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read— And they would go and kiss dead Caesar's wounds And dip their napkins in his sacred blood, Yea, beg a hair of him for memory,