Alas! the days have passed along, Dr Leyden. I only know that he rose, The days we never more shall see.

by the power of native genius, from the But let me brush the nightly dews, humblest origin to a very distinguishBeside the shell-depainted shore,

ed rank in the literary world. His And mid the sea-weed sit to muse,

studies included almost every branch On days that shall return no more.

of human science, and he was alike ar. Olivia, ah! forgive the bard, If sprightly strains alone are dear;

dent in the pursuit of all. The greatHis notes are sad, for he has heard

est power of his mind was perhaps The footsteps of the parting year. shewn in his acquisition of modern and Mid friends of youth beloved in vain, ancient languages. He exhibited an

Oft have I hailed the jocund day; unexampled facility, not merely in ac If pleasure brought a thought of pain, i charmed it with a passing lay.

quiring them, but in tracing their af

finity and connection with each other, Friends of my youth for ever dear, and from that talent, combined with Where are you from this bosom fled ?

his taste and general knowledge, we A lonely man I linger here, Like one that has been long time dead.

had a right to expect, from what he Foredoomed to seek an early tomb,

did in a very few years, that he would, For whom the pallid grave-flowers blow, if he had lived, have thrown the greatest I hasten on my destined doom,

light upon the more abstruse parts of And sternly mock at joy or woe!

the history of the East. In this curi.

ous but intricate and rugged path we In 1806, he took leave of Penang, cannot hope to see his equal

. regretted by many friends, whom hisec

Dr Leyden had from his earliest centricities amused, his talents enlight


cultivated the muses with a sucened, and his virtues conciliated. His

cess, which will make many regret that reception at Calcutta, and the effect poetry did not occupy a larger portion which he produced upon society there, of his time. The first of his essays are so admirably illustrated by his inge. which appeared in a separate form was nious and well-known countryman, Ge- “ The Scenes of Infancy," a descripneral Sir John Malcolm, that it would tive poem, in which he sung, in no unbe impossible to present a more living pleasing strains, the charms of his napicture of his manners and mind, and tive mountains and streams in Teviotthe reader will pardon some repetition dale. He contributed several small for the sake of observing how the pieces to that collection of poems callsame individual was regarded in two ed the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Bor. distant hemispheres.

der, which he published with his celebrated friend Walter Scott. Among

these the Mermaid is certainly the most COURIER.

beautiful. In it he has shown all the “Sir, I inclose some lines, * which creative fancy of a real genius. His have no value but what they derive from Ode on the Death of Nelson is undoubtthe subject : they are an unworthy, but edly the best of those poetical effusincere, tribute toone whom I have long sions that he has published since he regarded with sentiments of esteem and came to India. The following aposaffection, and whose loss I regret with trophe to the blood of that hero, has the most unfeigned sorrow. It will re- a sublimity of thought, and happiness main with those who are better qualified of expression, which never could have than 1 am, to do justice to the meinory of been attained but by a true poet:

* General Malcolm's elegant and affectionate tribute to the memory of his friend is to be found in the Poctical Department.


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* Blood of the brave, thou art not lost, tive in private life to the duties of moAmid the waste of waters blue,

rality and religion, The tide that rolls to Albion's coast,

E“ It is not easy to convey an idea of Shall proudly boast its sanguine hue:

the method which Dr Leyden used in And thou shalt be the vernal dew To foster valour's daring seeds;

his studies, or to describe the unconThe generous plant shall still its stock re- querable ardour with which these were new,

pursued.--During his early residence And hosts of heroes rise when one shall in India, I had a particular opportubleed. •

nity of observing both. When he read “Itis pleasing to find him, on whom na- a lesson in Persian, a person near him, ture has bestowed eminent genius, pos- whom he had taught, wrote down each sessed of those more essential and intrin- word on a long slip of sic qualities which give the truest ex was afterwards divided into as many cellence to the human character. The pieces as there were words, and pasted manners of Dr Leyden were uncourt- in alphabetical order, under different ly, more perhaps from his detestation heads of verbs, nouns, &c. into a blank of the vices too generally attendant book that formed a vocabulary of each on refinement, and a wish (indulged to day's lesson. All this he had in a few excess from his youth) to keep at à hours instructed a very ignorant na. marked distance from them, than from tive to do; and this man he used, in any ignorance of the rules of good his broad accent, to call “ one of his breeding. He was fond of talking, mechanical aids." He was so ill at his voice was loud, and had little or no Mysore, soon after his arrival from Engmodulation, and he spoke in the pro- land, that Mr Anderson, the surgeon vincial dialect of his native country ; it who attended him, despaired of his cannot be surprising, therefore, that life; but though all his friends endeaeven his information and knowledge, voured at this period to prevail upon when so conveyed, should be felt by a him to relax in his application to study, number of his hearers as unpleasant, if it was in vain. He used, when unable not oppressive. But with all these dis- to sit upright, to prop

himself up with advantages (and they were great) the pillows, and continue his translations. admiration and esteem in which he was One day that I was sitting by his bedalways held by those who could appre- side the surgeon came in.--" I am glad ciate his qualities, became general you are here,” said Mr Anderson, ad. wherever he was long known; they dressing himself to me, even who could not understand the va- able to persuade Leyden to attend to lue of his knowledge, loved his virtues. my advice. I have told him before,

Though he was distinguished by his and now I repeat, that he will die if he love of liberty, and almost haughty in. does not leave off his studies and re. dependence, his ardent feelings, and main quiet." “ Very well, doctor," proud genius, never led him into any exclaimed Leyden,

you have done licentious or extravagant speculation your duty, but you must now hear me: on political subjects. He never soli. I cannot be idle, and whether I die or cited favour, but he was raised by the live, the wheel must go round till the liberal discernment of his noble friend last;' and he actually continued, under and patron Lord Minto, to situations the depression of a fever and a liver that afforded him an opportunity of complaint, to study more than ten showing that he was as scrupulous and hours each day. as inflexibly virtuous in the discharge “The temper of Dr Leyden was mild of his public duties, as he was atten- and generous, and he could hear with


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you will be perfect good humour, raillery on his sage which described the conduct of foibles. When he arrived at Calcutta our volunteers on a fire being kindled in 1805, I was most solicitous regard. by mistake at one of the beacons. This ing his reception in the society of the letter mentioned that the moment the Indian capital. “ I entreat you, my blaze, which was the signal of invasion, dear friend, (I said to him the day he was seen, the mountaineers hastened to landed,) to be careful of the impression their rendezvous, and those of Liddesyou make on your entering this com- dale swam the Liddle river to reach munity; for God's sake learn a little it.—They were assembled (though seEnglish, and be silent upon literary veral of their houses were at a distance subjects, except among literary men. of six and seven miles) in two hours, “ Learn English!” he exclaimed, “no, and at break of day the party marchnever; it was trying to learn that lan- ed into the town of Hawick (at a disguage that spoilt my Scotch ; and as tance of twenty miles from the place to being silent, I will promise to hold of assembly) to the border tune of my tongue, if you will make fools hold " Wha dar meddle wi' me.” Leyden's theirs."

countenance became animated as I proHis memory was most tenacious, ceeded with this detail, and at its close and he sometimes loaded it with lum- he sprung from his sick-bed, and, with ber. When he was at Mysore, an ar- strange melody, and still stranger gesgument occurred upon a point of Eng. ticulations, sung aloud, “ Wha dar lish history; it was agreed to refer it meddle wi' me, wha dar meddle wi® to Leyden, and to the astonishment of me."-Several of those who witnessed all parties, he repeated verbatim the this scene looked at him as one that whole of an act of parliament in the was raving in the delirium of a fever. reign of James relative to Ireland, which “ These anecdotes will display more decided the point in dispute.-On be- fully than any description I can give, ing asked how he came to charge his the lesser shades of the character of memory with such extraordinary mat- this extraordinary man. An external ter, he said that several years before, manner, certainly not agreeable, and a when he was writing on the changes disposition to egotism, were his only that had taken place in the English defects. How trivial do these appear, language, this act was one of the do- at a moment when we are lamenting cuments to which he had referred as a the loss of such a rare combination of specimen of the style of that age, and virtues, learning, and genius, as were that he had retained every word in his concentrated in the late Dr Leyden ! inemory

John Malcolm." 6 His love of the place of his nativity We have little to add to General was a passion in which he had always Malcolm's luminous and characteristic a pride, and which in India he cherish- sketch. The efficient and active pa. ed with the fondest enthusiasm. I tronage of Lord Minto, himself a man once went to see him when he was very of letters, a poet, and a native of Tivi

. ill, and had been confined to his bed otdale, was of the most essential importfor many days; there

gen: ance to Leyden, and no less honouratlemen in the room ; he enquired if I ble to the governor-general. Leyden's had any news ; I told him I had a let. first appointment as a professor in the ter from Eskdale ; and what are they Bengal college might appear the sort of about in the borders ? he asked. À promotion best suited to his studies, but curious circumstance, I replied, is sta- was soon exchanged for that of a judge ted in my letter; and I read him a pase of the twenty-four Purgunnahs of Cal.

were several


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cutta. In this capacity he had a' ward the fame of having gathered
charge of police which "jumped with them.
his humour well;" for the task of pur- Dr Leyden accompanied the gover-
suing and dispersing the bands of rob- nor-general upon the expedition to Ja-
bers who infest Bengal had something va, for the purpose of investigating
of active and military duty. He also the manners, language, and literature
exercised a judicial capacity among the of the tribes which inhabit that island,
natives, to the discharge of which he and partly also because it was thought
was admirably fitted, by his knowledge his extensive knowledge of the eastern
of their language, manners, and cus- dialects and customs might be useful
toms. To this office a very consider in settling the government of the coun-
able yearly income was annexed. This try, or in communicating with the in-
was neither expended in superfluities, dependent princes in the neighbour-
nor even in those ordinary expences hood of the Dutch settlements. His
which the fashion of the East has pro: spirit of romantic adventure led him

nounced indispensible ; for Dr Leyden literally to rush upon death; for with al kept no establishment, gave no enter- another volunteer who attended the ex

tainments, and was, with the receipt of pedition, he threw himself into the surf, this revenue, the very same simple, fru- in order to be the first Briton of the exgal, and temperate student, which he pedition who should set foot upon Java. had been at Edinburgh. But, exclu- When the success of the well-concerted sive of a portion remitted home for the movements of the invaders had given most honourable and pious purpose, them possession of the town of Bata. his income was devoted to the pursuit via, Leyden displayed the same illwhich engaged his whole soul; to the omen'd precipitation in his haste to exincrease, namely, of his acquaintance amine a library in which many Indian with eastern literature in all its branches. manuscripts of value were said to be deTheexpence of native teachers, of every posited. A library, in a Dutch settlecountry and dialect, and that of pro- ment, was not, as might have been excuring from every quarter oriental ma- pected, in the best order, the apartment nuscripts, engrossed his whole emolu. had not been regularly ventilated, and ments, as the task of studying under either from this circumstance, or al. the tuition of the interpreters, and de- ready affected by the fatal sickness pecyphering the contents of the volumes, culiar to Batavia, Leyden, when he left occupied every moment of his spare the place, had a fit of shivering, and time. “I


die in the attempt," he declared the atmosphere was enough writes to a friend, “ but if I die with- to give any mor cut surpassing Sir William Jones a hun. sage was too just ; he took his bed, dred fold in oriental learning, let never a and died in three days, on the eve of tear for me prophane the eye of a bor- the battle which gave Java to the Bri. derer.” The term was soon approach. tish empire. ing when these regrets were to be bit- Thus died John Leyden, in the moterly called forth, both from his Scot. ment, perhaps, most calculated to gratish friends, and from all who viewed tify the feelings which were dear to: with interest the career of his ardent his heart ; upon the very day of miand enthusiastic genius, which, despi- litary glory, and when every avenue of sing every selfish consideration, was new and interesting discovery was openonly eager to secure the fruits of ed to his penetrating research. In the knowledge, and held for sufficient re- emphatic words of scripture, the bowl

a fever. The pre


built cot,

our eyes,

tues save,

was broken at the fountain. His li- “Why didst thou leave the peasant's turfterary remains were intrusted by his last will to the charge of Mr Heber, " The ancient graves, where all thy fathers lie,

“ And Teviot's stream, that long has murand Dr Hare of Calcutta, his execu. mured by? tors, under whose inspection it is ho- “ And we—when Death so long has closed ped that they will soon be given to the public. They are understood to con

“? How wilt thou bid us from the dust arise, tain two volumes of poetry, with ma

" And bear our mouldering bones across the

main, ny essays on oriental and general lite

“ From vales, that knew our lives devoid of rature. His remains, honoured with stain ? every respect by Lord Minto, now re- “ Rash youth! beware, thy home-bred virpose in a distant land, far from the green-sod graves of his ancestors at

"And sweetly sleep in thy paternal grave!" Hazeldean, to which, with a natural anticipation of such an event, he bids an

Such is the language of nature, mo

ved by the kindly associations of counaffecting farewell in the solemn

passage which concludes the Scenes of try and of kindred affections. But the Infancy :

best epitaph is the story of a life enga.

ged in the practice of virtue and the The silver moon, at midnight cold and still,

pursuit of honourable knowledge; the Looks, sad and silent, o'er yon western hill;

best monument, the regret of the wor. While large and pale the ghostly structures thy and of the wise ; and the rest may grow,

be summed up in the sentiment of Reared on the confines of the world below.

Is that dull sound the hum of Teviot's stream?
Is that blue light the moon's or tomb-fire's

Haeccine te fessum tellus extrema manebat By which a mouldering pile is faintly seen, Hospitij post tot terræque marisque labores? The old deserted church of Hazeldean, Pone tamen gemitus, nec te monumenta paWhere slept my fathers in their natal clay,

Till Teviot's waters roll'd their bones away? Aut moveant sperata tuis tibi funera regnis Their feeble voices from the stream they raise, Grata quies patriæ, sed et omnis terra se. " Rash youth! unmindful of thy early days, pulchrum. “ Why didst thou quit the peasant's si 'le


ways ?

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