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In common speech the word Scottis might be extremely useful and valuable, cism is employed in a very broad and and would not be by any means so general sense, not only to denote that extensive as might at first appear, if perversion or misapplication of Eng- it were confined to its proper object, lish words or phrases peculiar to Scot. and care taken, in gleaning from preland, but even to include Scotch words ceding authors, to exclude English and phrases which have no existence vulgarisms, and other inaccuracies and whatever in the English language. A improprieties of language not more word or a phrase from French or incident to Scotch than to English Latin author is never termed a Galli. writers and speakers ; all words pure. cism or a Latinism, but that abuse only ly Scotch, especially the technical terms of an English word or phrase, which of our law, and of course all the phrases arises from the adoption of the French which are at the present day in use or Latin idiom or phraseology: Yet among our southern neighbours, with. this distinction, obvious as it is, has out regard to their origin or introduc. not been sufficiently attended to by tion. any of the writers who have hitherto Such a work, however, ought to turned their attention to this subject. form a separate publication ; and in In the following list of Scotticisms, compiling it, recourse must not only the author has endeavoured to avoid be had to the well-known collections whatever does not appear to him to fall of Dr Beattie and Mr Hume, but to under the proper acceptation of the every source of whatever authority, word. He has also endeavoured to whence the smallest hint can be de. avoid all those Scotticisms which have rived. Mr Elphinstone's criticisms been already noted in other collections; will supply some useful suggestions ; though repetitions may very possibly and a few genuine Scotticisms, not occur, from the difficulty of collating, previously remarked, may be gathered where there is no corresponding ar. from Sir John Sinclair's Observations rangement, or common principle of on the Scottish Dialect, and from a comparison.
collection of Scotticisms, vulgar AngA complete collection, comprehend- licisms, &c. printed at Glasgow in ing all the Scotticisms already printed 1799, by Hugh Mitchell, master of that come truly under that appellation, the English and French academy.
Many others may certainly be met Review of Boswell's Corsica, and in with in the English Reviews of Scot. various other works of criticism. tish publications, such as the Monthly
* An English friend, to whose revision these Scotticisms were submitted, on this head makes the following remark. “ Professor Stewart, in his Philosophical Essays, speaks of his dislike at a certain mode of expression, which I take to be a decided Scotticism, rather unhappily placed, the subject being just then verbal criticism. But a Scotticism from such a writer of English as he is, is perhaps an honourable national distinction, rather than a blemish. I should not hesitate to say, a disgust at, though I should say, a dislike to any thing. In defence of this, I have only to plead my five degrees of latitude, which in these cases will hold good sometimes gainst more than five good reasons.
In the seventeenth year. At least very
colloquial English. At seven the patient got an anodyne This may be used, but it is suspicious.
draught ; at half-past eight he got an emollient, &c.
Go into the drawers and trunk and Look into, &c.
look for it. He In a present.
gave me it.
Floor-cloth. I have no objections.
objection. The rain will be on.
It will rain. What are you thinking on?
of, or about, more modern and better in this sense ; but, habits of
thinking on, &c. perfectly good. « We waited dinner an hour on him."
H. Arnot. Out of sight the best.
Out and out. Outside in.
Inside out. Don't sit on the door.
in the draught of. Pray come off the door.
out of the draught of. I have no skill of that.
in that art, &c. He threw it over the window.
out of. No person to pass this way, or they If any person, &c.; or rather, all will be prosecuted.
persons passing this way will be prosecuted.