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Sarum, 721.; and the others smaller Bishop of Winchester, Cardinal of Engsums down to 41. Of the clergy, the land, subscribed the enormous sum of
* 9,9501, Is. ; the Prior of St. John of The revenue consisted of
Jerusalem, 3331. 6s. 8d. ; and several f. d.
others contributed smaller sums. Sir Customs on wool
3,976 1 Subsidy on wool
26,035 18 8
John Cornwall was the only lay indiviSmall customs
dnal whose subscription was so high as Duty of 12 pionnies on the
500l. † (fædrra, Pol. X, p. 461.) pound in the value of gools (the whole annount of which thenre appears to
lions and Constable of the Tower, Artillery. have been 164,7501. 15s.
the Kina's prisoners, Ambassadors, Niessen10d.).
8,937 10 9 gers, Parliament, &c., the Duchess of Hod
land. There remained uprovided for, old 40,676 19 91 debts for · Harflenr and Calais, the King's
. Casual revenues paid into the
wardrobe, and Clerks of the king's Siups Exchequer
. 15,066 11 1
and Works, Arrears to Annuitants, Debts of
king llenay the Ilin, and of Henry the Total revenue
55,743 10 10
Vth.when Prince of Wales.--( Federn, l’ol. X,
p. 113, er VS. Bib. Cott. Cleop. F. i..) Out of which were to be supported :
* This suim does, indeert, appear enormous: £. d.
but if we consider the innense riches of CarThe custody or detenc of
dinal Beaufort, it is not so in reality. ShakEngland
... 5,333 6 8 speare, who selilom makes bis historical chaThe rastody of Calais and its
racters talk at random. in this Ecclesiastic's Mirches in time of war ..
19,119 5 10
address to Death, alludes to the enormity The custody " of the Marches
of his acquisitions. of Scotland and Rohsburg
King Henry. How fares iny Lord ? Spcak, ......19,500
Besufort, to thy Sovereign. The custody of Ireland 1,666 0 0 “ Car. If thou beest Death, I'll give thee The custody of the Castle of
England's treastre, Frounsalic
666 13 4 Enough to purchase such another island, Salaries of the Treasurer,
So thou wili let me live, and feel no pain," keeper of the Privy Seal,
llenry the i Ith, Part II, sct ini, Scene 3. Judges, Barons of Exche
+ Although this subscription was ostensibly quer, and other Officers of
raised to detray the expenses of the corona. the Court
3,002 17 6
tion, there seemis, from the largeness of the Salaries of the Officers of the
sum, to have been a design more latent, Customs, c...
547 0 0 Salaries of Dukes, Furls,
but certainly more ipsporian', wluch extend
ed itselt into tiro branches; the one was in Knihts. Esquires, Abbess of Shene, &c.
presents to the Frenchi nobility, the other pay
to the soldiers; of which a large arny was, Anngities charged on the
froin tile circumstances of the rimes, obliged Customs
4,374 4 3
to be kept on toot. The king's uncles, the Salaries of Officers of the Cus
Dukes of Bedford and Gloucester, bad nerer toms in several ports
very sanguine expectations of the benefit of
Gallic conquist; wlule the Cardinal, who Total expenditure to... . 52,235 16 104 opposed them in erery liing, and who pro
bably foresaw in it advantages to himself Surplus of revenue .... 3,507 13 11 in his design upon the papal crown, used all out of which were to be defrayed ihe charges the means that his power, lus influence, and of the king's and Queen's bouseholdt and has wealth, supplied, to promote the scheme. wardrobe, (cainera--hosprion-zarderoba,) Tuis may probably serve as a reason why the King's works, the new Tower at Ports- neither the names of these royal Dukes, mouth, Clerk of the King's ships, the king's nor of any of their adherents, appear to
* The Marches of Scotland (or what was the subs: ription, while that of Beaufort is at that time termen dehatcable ground,) were so ostentatiously displayed. London, ever attended with an intolerable expense, without too tondi ot war, and, at ihat moment, elated being productive of any thing but subjects with the idea of becoming the metropolis of a for historical ballads. Berwick alone is stated visionary empire on the continent, (which to have cost at this time 10,000 marks an- must have included the subversion of the nually.
Low Countries, her rivals in commerce,) gave + In this account there is a disagreement with a liberalily which she had soon after betwixt the totals and the particular numbers reason to repent, but which at that time, in the record, but it is impossible to trace the in the list of British cities, distinguished he's error.
as supereminently opulent.
Passing over the dreadful contention 1410, began the building of Guildhall to which this coronation was the pre- upon the foundation of an old edifice, cursor, we come to an era when the which is supposed, from the circumstance mechanic arls were called into opera- of the Monarch's arms having been distion to confer immortality upon the played in several parts, to bave been efforts of gevius.
erected by Edward the Confessor. 'Though
not totally destroyed, it was so much da. About A.D. 1440, the mental, t.e maged by the fire of London, that it was moral systems, were in a considerable obliged to be taken down and rebuilt degree changed by the discovery of the
1669. To the taste of Sir Thomas Raw. art of printing. Upon this sulject hav- linson we owe the two gigantic figures ing already observed, we shall only add, of Gog and Magna, which first asiothat its conteinplation involves circumn- nished both city and country in the year stances in the history of human nature as singular as they are striking: first, stood their cintury, which in soine
1706. So that it appears that they have that such an immense benefit should so
instances copfers in nortality, and been. long have been concealed from the European world; secondly, that the pro- have, in more senses than one, been fre
PRESENT at a hundred civic feasts; which ductions of the press should, in process quently deemed aids to mortalily. of time, have become of such incalcu. lable advantage to every class of so
Sir Thomas Falconer, Mercer, Mayor ciety ; and, tinally, that they should, in
1414, built the postern called Moorgate, point of revenue, make so astonishing Sir Henry Barton, Skinner, Mayor a figure in the great scale of national 1416, seems in a very eminent degree resources as they do at present.
to have considered the safety and conHaving observed upon the religion
venience of his fellow citizens ; for he and the commerce, let us now turn
ordered lanthorns with lights to be hung to the architecture of this period, as
out on the winter evenings betwixt Haldisplayed in new erections, and, con
lontide and Candlemas; whereby, in a nected with these and the two subjects place so intersected with brooks and open we have mentioned, as ils effusions began
sewers, unquestionably many accidents more fully to cover the ground within were prevented the walls, and a little to extend the subo Sir Robert Chichley, Grocer, Mayor urbs of the metropolis.
142), gave a plot of ground whereon to In contemplating this subject, it is build the church of it. Stephen, Wal
brook *. pleasing to reflect how many of the Chief Magistrates have been anxious to 1422, the west gate of London was improve and to adorn the city over which begun to be new erected by the exethey presided. We have already men- cutors of Sir Richard Wittyngton, who tioned Hende and Wittyngion ; in addi- was not only in his life, but by his retion to whom we find, that in the mayor- presentatives, a great ornamentor of the alty of Sir John Shadworth, or Chad- city; we find, besides his favourite colworth, Mercer, 1401, the castellaled con- lege, his name attached to a number of duit upon Cornbill, which was first built other public works, and theirs dispensing of stone, A.D. 1282, by Henry Wallis, his libieral donations in the erection or Mayor, and which was the most ancient beautifying Guildhall, St. Stephen's aCage in London, was made a reservoir of bove mentioned, Mercers' Chapel, and sweet water, conveyed by pipes of lead other fabrics. Perhaps there was no from Tyburn; on the top of which was man in the city whose benevolent inplaced a pillory for bakers offending in fiuence was so generally fell in his time ; the assize of bread, for millers stealing of and it is certain, that there never was corn, for bawds, scolds, and otber offenders.
It has been stared, that Sir William Sir Drew Barentine, Goldsmith, Mayor Siandon, Grocer, Navor 1392, gave the 1408, built a part of Goldsmiths' Hall, ground, and that Chichler, who laid the
first and second stones, gave 1001., and all and gave to the Company lands. This
the tinibes work and lead on the procession edifice was erected upon the site of one
way, and the roots of the side aisles. This, still more ancient ; it was destroyed in
except for the sake of correciness, is not very the great conflagration.
material; they were, unquestionably, both Sir Thomas Knoles, Grocer, Mayor very great benefactors to tlus edifice.
one whose life has since been so whim- In the mayoralty of Sir William Edsically represented *
wards, Grocer, Mayor 1471, the conSir William Raincwell, Fishmonger, duit in Aldermanbury, and the standard Mayor 1426, made himself extremely in Fleet street, works that had probably popular, by endowing the city with been suspended, were finished. lands and tenements sufficient to disa Sir Ralph Joceline, Draper, Knight charge three of its wards from their of the Bath, Mayor 1-476, superintended fifteenths, &c.
the repairs of the walls of the city. Sir John de Welles, Grocer, Mayor Sir Edmund Shaa*, Goldsmith,
Mayor 1431, subscribed largely towards the 1482, rebuilt the posters of Cripplenew building of the chapel by Guild- gate. hall, and of his goods the standard in Sir Thoinas Hill, Grocer, was one of West Cheap was inade. He also built the three Mayors tirat died of the the south aisle of St. Antholin's church, sweating sickness in the course of the as by his picture, (strangely there found,) year 1481. He appointed, by his feshis motto, and arms, do yet plainly ap- tament, the conduit in Grasse-street to pear +.
be built. Sir Stephen Eastfield, Vercer, Mayor In the mayoralty of Sir Henry Collet, 1437, contributed largely to the water Mercer, 1480, the cross in West Cheap conduits, which were at that time not was rebuilt in a beautiful manner. only useful, but highly ornamental, to
William Purchasc, Mercer, Mayor the wider streets of the metropolis. 1497, did what we have lately seen re
The “ Comely Cross,” in Cheapside, practised; he destroyed all the gardens was set up in 1442; to which John and walks in Moorfields, aud made them Hatherly, Mayor, contributed. At this plain ground. Whether he had any period many works were carried on, building scheme in conteinplation does both useful and ornamental.
not appear t. Sir Simon Eyre, Draper, Mayor 1445, From the foregoing list it appears, built the Leaden Hall, to be a cominon that the chief magistrates of London garner for the city.
were, many of them, anxious for its During the civil wars, it appears, that improvement, and their ideas seem to the improvements of the city were sus- have been ably seconded and frequently pended: we, therefore, in contemplating those dreadful times, meet with more frequent instances of dilapidation than * This was the magistrate whom we have of building
so otten seen represented in Richard the Illd: but Shakspeare certainly never intended to place him in the ridiculons light
in which he appears on the stage. Richard There was at the beginning of the last
used to call hun his Merchant; aud Decema. century, on the north side of Pancras-lane,
ber the 1st, in the first year of his reign, sold the sign of the Cat. This was near Wittyng.
Buun some of his plate; of which a variety of ton's mansion, and probably once part of his
arucles are enerated by Slow, ainonting estate. But whether it bore any allusion to
to 275 lbs. 4 oz. Try weight; wuch, at a well known tale, it is now impossible to dis
3s. 1d. per ounce, came to 5.501. 135, H.,
and winch the King acknowledger to have + Stow, Seymour, &c.
received by the hands of his trusty Chaplain,
Mr. Edward Charterton. December 23 The • Many of the Mayors and Aldermen,
affairs of Richard 'must have been much with Henry Weaver, one of the Sueritis, had the distinguished bonour of the knight deranged, luis pecuniary wants exercedingly hood of the Baih conferred on them by pressing, beiure he would, we should have Edward the IVth, in the early period of his imagined, have parted with his plave, or reigo. The citizens of London were,
have thught 5501. an object worthy Is general, strongly attached 10 the house of aliç.tion. York from principle; though it has, by wri- + BETILEN was not, at that period, erectters of more ingenuity than candour, been ed ; its site was then occupied by gardens stated, that this predilection was at the extending from London Wall to th: edge instance of their wives, becanise the repre- of the great sen or moor; round which, as sentative of that family was the handsomes: has been before mentioned, there were raised man of his age. That Edward felt their Causeways and writis planted with trees. attachment is certam ; for he kmghted twelve Why these should have been destroyed, as Aldermen and the Recorder in the field, no “ Ripley with a rule" seems to have liad after the riot excited by the Bastard of any concern in it, we are at a loss to con Falconbridge was quelled.
adopted by the other aldermen and citi- under the Crown * ; it therefore les zens. · Alihough the public architecture
comes necessary that I should state by had not entirely relioved itself from the what accident i bave fil.eu froin that w ight of those Saxon and Cothic in- terse, yet pithy mapujer, which made Climbrances which gave to buildings the my works as bright and as shuip as appearance of having been hewn out of a sword, and without much trouble solid rocks; yet from Italian inodels in refinino rendered them us pure as exhibiting the refined taste which at granulated copper, and as hari as alathat time perva:led Italy, ao ornamental mant; to this, in which one couccit lightness was obtained, which. by adding is folded over another like a bule of embellishinent to solidity, produced nia- druggei, so flimsy in its fabric that ny beautiful structures. These were it will not abcar perking +, and which considered the more perfect, as no at- has, as you must by guping have discotempts had yet been made to blend the vered, so much of the nup upon it, Grecian with the Gothic stiles: at such that although it marks the Drapier, an idea the genius of the people of the it is as desiitute of pristine strength fifteenth century would probably have as ferret or quality binding compared revoited, thougli it was embodied in sub- . to cardis or girt-web. sequeni ages.
The sensation produced upon human The doinestic architecture of that pe- ' ears, which were always, with me, fariod, if we can trust to the reputed dates vourite members of the body corpuof the few specimens that remain, was of rale, the pithiness of my former stile, a very singular character. The dwel. and the concomitant advantages it translings of the middle and lower classes of fused through my writings, were all the people were still, in defiance of law the emanations of necessity : I was and of common sense, mosily of wood; absolutely obliged to detend myself their elevation partaking something of from a number of enemies whom I the nature of an inverter pyramid, and acquired by the following circumstance: their interiors displaying low ceilings, I had once in my shop a piece of dark stair-cases, irregular floors, and, most rxcellent cloth ; so admirable was in short, abounding witli all the incon- its texture, and so unblemished its web, veniences that it was possible for build- that I frequently opened it as a pattern ings to possess : inconveniences which
to the people. I delermined never to were continually felt; perhaps, from sell any of this; but as I wished to have their effects, frequently lamented; yet its fabric more fully displayed, for the patiently submitted to. The architects imitation of the whole purish, I had of those times, thinking more of splen- it made into three coats ; plain, but dor than of salubrity, it appears, lavished their skill upon ccclesiastical edifices,
• What a senseless pun ! One of the sians &c., while they suffered the houses of the middle and lower orders of the citi; Nay, upon second thoughi, if there was any
of the shop of the publisher is the Cro1!! zens to remain in a state that rendered
merit in this conceit, it would be easy for them a kind of passport to the sepul- one of my reading to discover that i was chres or cemeteries which those edi- stolen froin the story of the Druper, u ho was fices enclosed, or by which they were hanged by Edward the IVth for sayng he surrounded.
would make his son heir to the Crown ;
“ Meaning indeed his house, To the Editor of the European Magazine. Which by the sigu thereof was fermer so."
Shal.sp. Letler III.
W. VOTTON. London, 7th August, 1806.
f. Perking, or examining, the cloil, is
, consequently the public, have al- end, over two rollers, fixed to the ceiling
before a window, the exammer luiving it ready discovered the manifest difference
between him and the light; so that he sees betwixt the stile of my present epistles
most accurately any faulis in the fabric, for when brought into comparison with my
which the seller allows discount at an estaba former, as I have already proceeded lished rate.
M. B. two stages in your vehicle, which is, like a mail-coach, inost admirably a
# This unfortunate brotler, who suffered dapted for the conveyance of letters, for his wit, lived opposite to the Cross in and also sets off from an office held Cheapside.--DRAPIER.
of beautiful workmanship. These coats man has, in time, been known to forget I ove Christmas Day presented to ibree his Grech; another has, at times, forbrothers, who faitough I only used to goiten his friends ; another his family; go to church with one of them were all another his credi 1978, who, perhaps, av intimate friends. How they behaved will never forget him; and so in the dresses, which I, as one of their these circunstances also ailected iny Kither's executors, had given then; memory; and repressed many of what how they had them laced, fringed, and
Mr. Jocke calis innate ideas. otherwise embellished; how they suf- Only possessing, even in my best mofered them to be altered till they want- ments, plain cominon sense, without the eri reformation ; how they were alter- smalles: pretrnsions to humour, which I wards disigured and torn's I have also baie, or to wil, which I hate still more, r.ady stated: therefore I shall briefly and believing that nine out of ten of my adid, that all the accidents that diapo- reaiers were bappy in the same antipapened to these coals were laid to my thies, I had yet, upon reflection, in the charge... I was accuser before judges, busy period of iny lifi, suflicient pene200 obliged to defead in yself against tration to discover, that I, M. B. DraCrities * who were not judges; and, pier, was bui a tol, or rather a ieusel *, in short, got into such a contention,
in the hands of the Drapiers' Company that my exertions condensed my words, in your metropolis, Mi. Editor: who gave encrgy to my stile, and made it they were, we shall presantly see, and what il was.
that my name, or raiher the initials of If, in the vicissitudes of human af- boih my names, had become as conspifairs, this contention has ceased, the cuous as the woru El upon the temple ebullitions of my mind have also sub- of Delphit, and were, for a purpose sided. Before I left Dublin, my spirit diumetrically opposite to the FP's, to be had in a considerable degree evapo.
seen in alınost every street, as these rated: I had neglected my business, you know point out where water is to phlegm predominated in my corporeal be had in case of contingutions. system ; while my brain, exsiccated to
We hall once in Dublin a famous aridity, became a passive element, a
quack, who never announced himself ivere caput moriuun. These are phra- on his bilis loy any other signature than ses which i learned from my apoilie- the ominous one ofR. T. inis Doctor, cary; therefore I will not answer for close at ine head of vilust, was wiling, their correctuess,
I .suppos, to show the people how well in this state I arrived at Chester, he could keep his own secrels, that they where, like my frieod the tinker, i might be induced to trust him wun amused myself a considerable time in theirs. What this learned member of endeavouring to amend copper and be facully did from motives of interest, b7483.
I was persuader to do at the suggesa Having hinted one cause, producing lions of some of our empany. Though an effect, or rather defect, so visible the Majorly had been dispersed, yet in my present epistles, i must also I still kept up a correspondence with observe, that time, or the times, is, or
the Heads, pre, apt to corrode the memory: one
How I became TREE I shall now
stale. Know then, Mr. Editor, that * Diogenes Laertius says, that when the " I was bred at a public school, where pople oi Agrigentona were aitlicted by the I acquired some knowledge ofine latin
Durants pugue, they applied to Eimredu. tongue, i served my apprenticeship in choose who had the art of stopping pestilential
* bere he is right: his works have rised vapoars (wliether breathed from ihe mouths
тапу в 1;ар.
W. W. oi critic*, or issuin from the shops of booh
+ I wonder that the D. will g') out of sellers,) with a cheruvi, c. g. He took'as many his way. When he does, he always blundersi assus as he could find, and firsyed them : be lie should have said the temple of Apvilo, ác. then lung their bodies over those rocks that The ET, which points to maliers or too deep were most exposed to the passage of the trudition for bin, was written in letiers of Litsian winds, winch circulating a counter gold, and also ut brass. If in this case any etfluvia, had such an effect upon the senses of similitude could be extracted, it must be from the inhabitants, that the tour was treed. Vit. the latter.---Wr. Worrox. Empedocles, $. CO.
# This was halt' a century before our great Hre the D. bas most abominally mis
nian traveller, who could find or me! quored, 18 I cond prove-it I was fond of wier any where, wrote. The allusion sontrorersy.---ilm. WOTTUN.
nonsense.--B--1--L. Europ. lag. Vol. LI. Jan. 1807. D