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younger than himself. Of this inarriage One of these, in particular, revived and there has been no issue.

confirmed all the regulations of the The dynasty of this Prince is not, Empress Catherine for the encourage. in historic records, to be retraced fur- ment of the arts, literature, and comther than the reign of Ivar or John merce : others revoked several acts of Basilides, about 1450 ; before whose his late father, and restored a great time the country was little known, and number of British seamen, who had sufsill less ragarded. The imperial chro- fered incredible hardships, to liberty. hology coinmences 1.D. 1162; since At the general pacification obtained which period, Russia has been gradu- by the trea of Amiens, (1801,) Russia, ally rising in the European scale of it appears, had stood unhurt during the nations, in a way the most honourable, violent concussions of Europe. Like by the introduction of the arts and the Pailas, she had only occasionally disextension of their concomitant civiliza- played her arms, and hovered over the tion.

ensanguined fields. if, in the latter To the genius of one man (Peter the years of his reign, the Goddess fied from Ist) this immense empire owes its present the father, in the earlier she acted as a prosperity. Catherinethe Ild appears to Mentor to the son. have pos essed a genius similar to that The genius of Peter the Great seemed of her illustrious precursor. Extensive, again revived in Alexander. His first nay extravagant, in all her ideas, she care was to endue his government with hari conceived the gigantic enterprise of stability, by the removal of feudal preehasing the Turks from Europe, tear- judices. Those impolitic distinctions ing down the Crescent from the Seven which had in all nations operated against Towers, ud planting the Cross on the coininerce, in Russia filed before the cwalls of Constantinople.

nergy of his talents. Too liberal in his The character of ner son Paul, like sentiments to wish to reign the despot of an inscriptio; upon the pediment of the North, he insured his power by prilitiale:nience, hias, as is usual, been sharing it with the Senate. The subject bij te mosi extravagant On the renewal of the war, Alexander praist', and the most illiberal censure. determined, at the bazard of his life, it the beginning of liis reign mild, to endeavour to reanimate the drooping gelerons, 2'u benevolent; at the close spirit of the House of Austria, borne of it austere and capricious *. Yei ve

down by a long series of sinister events, conteniplate even in his extravagances and driven by treachery to the verge of the emanations of a brilliant, but erra anpihilation. tic, mind. This unfortunate Prince ex He seized this opportunity to visit the pired in the night of the 23d of March, King of Prussia ; and, perhaps, like the 1800.

heroes of the ancient world, these MoThe succecling day Alexander was barchs, to secure their countries from proclaimed Emperor of all the Russias. the insidious, the predominating influe The first acts of his political existence ence of all-pervading France, might, as were, the issuing several popular ukases. has been stated, upon the tomb of Fre

derick the Great, vow a permanent

aitachunent to cach other; an aitachsarsta Alerierna. In the ukase which an

ment which now interposes to rescue nounced the birth of Alexander, his stile is

Frussia from destruction. ordered to be, Ilis Imperial II gliness the

in the conflict that commenced the Craud Duke Alcrandor Pavlovitch.

2d of Dereinber, 1805, and continued * The very extraordinary cliallenge, writ three days, this young hero “fleshed ten, as it appears, by Kotzebue, iwder ?ris his mailen sword." Inspired with the direction, has bee's, perhaps, more censureil spirit of his illustrions anerstor at the than it deserves; for, though extraordinary, battle of Pulmowa, he placed himself is is hy no means singular. It will he recit jected, that trial by single comba!, recognized

in the front of danger: herole through

the thickest ranks, exclaiming, “ Vicby Homer, was one the Law of Nations. The challenge of Pau, upon ilie baxis vi tory or death !” and had a buise shot ancient custoin, breatlies the spirit of ro

under bim. mwice, recals the age of chivalry, and in

That the fatal arıristice which ensued suong colours estabits a mind, not only paralys. d the exertions of Russia, and deeply tinctured with the herois, ivut foily rendered ilir heroisin of Alexander une impressed with what appeared to himn ile avaiting, will, perh:urs, be lartente by jusuce of the proposal.

nations yet unborn; the subsequently

noon.

miliation of Prussia is, we fear, but sex; she is remarkably amiable, and one link of the chain of misfortunes diffident even to shyness. Her mind is arising from the infidelity of some mem- highly cultivated, and her manners soft, bers of the Germanic Body, and the gracious, and fascinatias. consequent indecision of its Head. “ Although the Emperor has never

The events which have, in rapid suc visited England, he is as perfectly atcession, followed, (which have, indeed, quainted with its character and manbeen already recorded in our pages,) ners, as he is with its language. lle is it is unnecessary here to repeat; we, very much attached to the English, it therefore, gladlý relinquish our politi- number of whom have settled in the cal pens, to take up our domestic, and Empire, and have formed under the view the Hero whom we have, though auspices of Government a sort of Cofaintly, endeavoured to celebrate, scated lony.” with his Empress, to whose virtues no It appears, that according to the reliterary efforts can do sufficient justice, laxations of the Greek Church, Sunday in their capital, and surrounded by their is, at Petersburgh, aday of great hilarity Court; which is to consider them in the and festivity. However, splendour is light of the friends, the patrons, and chiefly manifested after the divine serthe protectors of their people.

vice is over; we suppose in the foreAlexander,” says Mr. Carr, in his In Moskow, formerly prayers late splendid work*, " is about twenty- and ablutions used to commence after nine years of age; his face is full, very sun-set on Saturday evening, and the fair, and his complexion pale; his eyes church service continue vearly all day blue, and expressive of that beneficent on Sunday. At present the Parade is mildpess which is one of the prominent said to have become a point of consifeatures of his character. Ilis person derable attraction to the traveller. is tall, lusty, and well proportioned; It begins at ten o'clock in that great but being a little deaf, to facilitate his area which is betxeea the winier pahearing he stoops; his deportment is' lace and the magnificent cresceot. condescending, yet dignified. In the “ The men,” says Mr. C.; "amounted discharge of his august duties, he displays to four thousand, and presented a very great activity, and acuteness, but with noble and martial appearance. Their out show and bustle; the leading fea- uniform consisted of a round hat, with tures of his inind are sound discretion only a rim in front and green teatber; and humanity. He is so much an enemy a short green coat buttoned light round to parade, that he is frequently seen the body, and white duck breeches cat wrapped in his regimental cloak, riding very high, so that no waistcoat is ueabout the capital alone, upon a little cessary. common droshka. In this inanner he “ 'The Emperor came from the pahas been known to administer to the lace mounted

a beautiful grey wants of the poor. It is bis wish, if he charger, attended by two or should be recognized in this state of officers. He wore an amazing large privacy, that none will take off their cocked hat, fastened under the chin by hats ; but the graciousness of this de a black leather strap, and bulloneri, sire puts the heart in the hand, as it un- The rest of his dress was a short coat covers the head. I have many times of dark olive green, decorated with a seen him in a chariot perfectly plain, small siar, amibe Cordon blue; wita of a dark olive, drawn by four horses, leather breeches, and high military. driven by a bearded coachiman, a coin. boots, with very long projecting spars.. mon little postillion, and attended by a Upon this occasion there is always a single footman."

great concourse of the commonally, To this whole length portrait of the and a great muster of oificers to pay Emperor, Mr. Carr, the delineator, adds their respecis to the Emperor, whoring this miniature likeness of the Empress. at all easy canter down the live.

“ 'The face of the reigning Empress," " As he passed, I was much sırprizech he observes, “ is very sweet and ex to hear cach company salale lini with pressive; her person is slight but very deep-toneil voices; and highly graciad elegant, and of the usual height of her wlien I was intorined, that the saluia.

tion was---Ciood day to 01 Emprar!

l'pon his return, he alighted, and took * Vir, "A Northern Summer, or, Trare's his station in the contre, when the retound the Baltic." Published 1801. - guments passed the Emperor (who stood

0!

SIR,

16a Extraordinary Circumstances relating to the Sophistication of Potators. uncovered all the time) in open order, contents of your splendid and elaborate the band playing, and officers saluiting: Botanical Work, the Temple of flora As the Imperial colours passed, (which and Philosophy of Botany, has directed tine, vr war, or both, had reduced to a me to transmit to you the Ring (an few shrers of silk,) all the officers and emerald set with diamonds) hcrewith spectators bowed. As the last company sent, as a mark of his beneficence, and was marching off the ground, a lane a proof of his regard for every thing was formed to the palace, through the which is of public utility. people, who gazed upon this young Emperor with enthusiastic delight.”

The Court of Petersburgh is sail to he not oaly higily polished, but highly Extraordinary Circumstances relatius agreeable: ä сhatened freedom of

to the SOPHISTICATION of PotaTOES. mwoners prevails. The affability of the Emperor' and Empress to the higher, To the Editor of the L'uropean Magazine. and their benignity.so the lower orders, have endearen sierauder and his illus AVING heard, and indeed expetrious cousırt to every class of their

, , subjecis. They reign in the bearts, colic, and other disorders of the saine th's similate with the afinctions of nature, bave been, of late years, more agra c'al p-ople, whose ancestors have prevalent in the netropolis, than at leit tirin traditional traits of the mi- any former period, I was led to pay series they erdered under the iron gripe soine altention both to our solid and of saznamed potism, suficient to make liquid food, with a view, if possible, them form ibie mental contrast, and to to discover whciher any new sophisticongratulais themselves upon their pre- cation had taken place; but I will do sent happy situation.

the ingenuity of the manufacturers the The brothers and sisters to the Ein- justice to admit, that, except in one or peror are,

two instances, which have been adrer. 1. Constanline Cesar, Grand Duke tised,) their skill bas balled my indusof Russia, born oth May, 1779, married try. 2611 Ie!. 1796, to Anne Feodoreryone, Unable, therefore, to make any disformaerli Princess Julia l'Irica, daugh- coveries, either with respect to BREAD, ter of rancis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg- MEAT, or drink, I most naturally turnSaalfiel].

ed my thoughts toward the crude rege2. Great Duchess Maria Paulowna, table syslem, and by observation found, born 15th Jeb. 1786, mirried Aug. 3, that a great part of the disorders con150+, to (rarles Frederic, Hereditary plained of, probably arose from the Prince of saxe Weimar.

present management of an article of 2. Great Duchess Catherine Paulow such importance to the poor, that it pa, lorn 21st May, 178*.

may be deemed " the staff of their 4. Anne Paulowna, born 18th Jan. existence." 105.

This article, I am sure, Sir, you will 1. Vicholas l'aulowitsch, horn 2d anticipate, is POTATOES; roots which, bols, 1796.

(whether first imported from Canada or 0. Hichael Paulowitsch, borndth Feb. Brazil, is inmaterial,) you know, when 119%.

M. introduced into this country as a species

of food, had a prejudice raised ay ainst

them in the miods of many, froin a supCopy of an Cricat LETTIR from his position that ihey possessed some delele I'reriency V. DS Jovess:LZOFY,

rious quality. This prejudice the good merkin to the Euroron, and Tresident of the imperial cadony

sense of the people of this and our of ris anni: ciences at Petersburgh, by a long series of repeated experi

sister Island, banished from their minds to Dr. TorYTOR, of llinde Street, Mamhester Square, accompanying !

ments; and potatoes made, and still

make, a considerable part of the food of lling of the l'alue of 5001., which

both, particularly the latter, whose Talla presented lo the Doctor, by úrder

strength and appearance certainly do moj the Everor of Russia.

the greatest credit to their nutritive IS Imperial Majesty Alexander, qualities.

the inperor of Hussa, having in our metropolis the same benefit with nuch satisfaction examined the does not seem, of late, to bave been

derived from this kind of food as for tage, even to the dealer, except in the meris ; people, after having caten po- scale. Now, whether this is cominen, tatoes, frequently complain of uneasi- sarate to the trouble and expense by ness, of wind, the colic, &c. ; which which it is obtained, it is impossible for I take to arise, strange as it may seem, me to say, and useless to conjecture; from a kind of sophistication having while the evils it introduces into the entered into them, that in some degree constitutions of the infant race, and destroys their nairitious, while it in- even of adults, are so greit, that I loja creases their fatu 'nt properties.

these few loosc hints will elicit the more This sophistication, it occurs to me, auihoritative pen of medical reprebenarises from a new operation with re

sion. spect to these roots. that, as every

I am, Sir, one knows, were formerly sold un

Your obedient humble servant, washed from their native earth, but March 9, 1807.

X.Y. which now come into the hands of our cooks bleached nearly as white as the paper I am now writing on. Why the

COLLINS the Poet.. dealers take this extraordinary trouble, and put themselves to ihe ex

COME new particulars have trans. pense of employing a great number

pired relative to the private life of of men, who, with fierculean clus, Collins the Poct. They are furnished are turning potatoes, in tubs almost by dir. John Ragsdale, of lichmond, large enough for a porter-brewer, froin Surrey, who was his intimate friend. morning till night is best known to and go to disprove the charge of idlethemselves; some must be derived from nesi made against that author, by Dis. it, or they are too wise to encumber Johnson and Laughorne. Mi. R. astheir warehouses with the cluinsy ma

seris, that Collins wrote many sizes of chinery necessary for this operation.

his Translation of Aristote, which they The disadvantage to the public in point Doctors have said he never began; and of health, the only point here worth le ad is, that many of his Sites were consideration, is, that in order to oblain

written while on a visit ai Mr. R.'s this external foirness, the roots are

house. He, however, had such a jmur soaked, perhaps, several hours in wa- opinion of his talents, that after showing ter: at least, 'I should suppose, long his compositions to Mr. Razsdal, he enough to nearly double their weighi:

would snatch them from him, and put the consequence is, the destruction of them into the fire; and he is of opie their nutritive qualities, and, of course, nion, that many of the first pieces of their engendering those diseases in the luat Poet were so destroyed. system of which so many complain.

It may be said, that in the process of boiling, these ve etables would probably receive as much water as they can

Winter Food for CATTLF. in this long immersion in the tub. But N an essay lately published by Mr. this I deny ; becaus, it is well known, that both in Ireland and England it is feeding cons in winter, so as to afford the practice to boil them in as small a poor persons a chcaper supply of 1111's quantity of water as possible, and that at that time, lle particularly insists va eren to dress them by sieom has been the injury arising from feeling thein recommended by the first inedical au with decayed !caves. We only saithe, thorities. Besides, m the operation of ball of the turnip, and gave idem caisthe washing-lub where, perhaps a cart. bares, common and Welsh turnips, load of potatoes are at once iinmersed, hhoralbi, and cule-sceil. He also wide the friction produced by the stick ribs use of chut, boiled, and used with reoff their outside coats, or shins, which fuse grain and oil-case, and usor s'rast, sosm to have been by nature provided instead of hay, for their for at night. to repel the admissia of water until Mr. C. proves, that froin 2 dairy of they were in a state fit to be eilen, and thirty mich cows, be sold, betrieco makes them nearly as porous as October, 1905, and the end of March, sponge: it also renders them wfit for 1806, upwards of 40,000 quarts of new heeping, subject to rot, to mildew, to milk, at 2d. per quant; and that aller vegetate ; and, in short, as I have ob. 200 days' milking, bis clear gain tijor served, is attended with au ove advan- cach mild cus was +). 16. id.

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An 09118stox in p. 48.

Amongst the charter rolls several iaE arc oliged to a Correspondent but we have only had the opportuni

teresting circumstances are to be found; omission in our Chronology of Remark

Edward the Ist granted to Hugh Fitzable Events for the year 1806. It is Otho the privilege of a market and bere subjoined.

fair. Feb. 6. Victory of Vice-Admiral Sir Jolin

Hugh de Naunton, 2 Edward II, had Thomas Ducksvorih over a French squadron a grant of free warren in Rendlesham. in the bay of the town of 91. Domingo ; when Robert de Furneux was a great land. one ship of 84 guns, and two of 71, were owner there, 7 Edward II. taken; and one of 120, and one of 81, driven The Prioress and Convent of Campes, on shore and wrecked.

or Campsey, had lands there, 9 Ed. ward II, which were exchanged for

other lands with the Rector of Ashe. ЕРІТАРА. .

: Richard de Rendlesham had lands

there, 36 Edward 111. THE following Inscription appears on a Tomb in Ware Church-yard,

Rendlesham House, supposed to stand Herls:

on the site of the palace of Rendilus, Tu Memors of

became the property of the Spencers in William Jead, M D.,

the reign of Edward the Vith, and conWho Dud 28th Octolrr, 1652.

tinued in that family until it was vested A ed 118 Years 9 Home,

in James, the fifth Duke of Hamilton, by his marriage with Elizabeth, daugh

ter and heiress of Edward Spencer. The RENDLESHAM HOUSE.

Duchess resided here after the death of

her husband. At her decease, it de[WITH AN ENGRAVING.]

scended to her eldest son, Lord ArchiENDLESIIAM. (or Rendilsham, bald (the present Duke of) Hamilton, House of Rendilus,) is situated in the George Wombwell; from whom it was bundred of Loes, in the county of Suf- purchased by P. I. Thellusson, (Lord folk, distant from London eighty-one Rendlesham,) son to the late Peter miles. It is a very ancient town, as Theliusson*; a man no less celebrated appears by Redwald, king of the Fast for his extensive knowledge of, and Avgles, (A 0.590,) having kept his Court unwearied application to, commercial here. Cainden says, “He was the first concerns, than by the very extraordiof all that people ihat was baptized and nary will that he made, in which he has received Christianity; but afterwards, left the immense fortune which he had being seduced by his wife, he had, in the acquirer, from his children to a remote self-same church, one aitar for the reli- contingency. gion of Christ, and another little altar for.

This, formerly, was a handsome, the sacrifices of devils. Suidhelmus *, rooiny, commodious mansion ; but by also King of the East Angles, was after the noble improveinents effected in the wards baptised in this place, by Cedda,” house and grounds, in consequence of or Ched, Bishop of York and Litchficid. the elegant and refined taste of the preAn ancient siker crowu vas found here sent Lord, it is become a princely resiin the beginning of the last century, dence, equallert, perhaps, by few in the weighing about sixty ounces, which is kingdom; while of its splendid hospisupposed to have belonged to some of taliiics ainple testimony has liecn borne, the East Anglian Kings. This curio!is not only by many of our first Nobility, piece was unfortunately disposed of for but by several Granches of the Royal old silver, and melted down.

lamily, who have honoured Rendle

sham House with their presence. Sigehert was succeeded in the king. dom of the East Angles by Sudebeme, son of Sexbxld, who was laprised his Codda himself * This great merchant had a strong comin East Anglia, in tlic Resud Toán called kien prilielisemad, and a clear head. The wridlesham."--- Dede, raf: 4.

ser vi the present article has often seen him, "Subim suici evad Sireh:11, l aptized hy when writing hunset, dictatc to tuo Clerks, Cedda, in East diugha, in Rendlesidin.me and th:#7 nui unirequently in diffcrent lauHenry of lluntingduis, book ..

Siniges.

*

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