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European Maga zine.
RENDLESHAM HOUSE, SUFFOLK,
The Seat of Lord Rendlesham. Published by L Asperne at the Bible Crown & Constitution Cornhill, -4pril 1791807.
AXCIENT AND MODERN LONDON.
in most of his pursuits. He appears, in
his ideal city, rather to have stated what COLLECTED AND RECOLLECTED, BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.
of reflection, the same kind of political allu-,
sion through the means of serious fiction, No. LV.
and, in suine instances, the same turn of
thought, in both. It in the latter production . PAILOSOPHICAL AND MORAL VIEW Or
there is ruore kumour, it is because Swift
meant his piece as a satire upon solemn, WITH NOTES, &c.
though local and individual, absurjities; and
Sir Thomas More bis as upon a more general Chapter XX
plan, blending exteusive observation with
almost universal reflection. ITHE allegorical description of Lon
This great, this little man, (for in his prodon to which in our last we al.
fessional conduct, in his writings, and in his luded, as it is displayed under the appel- colloquial observations, he was certainly lation of Amaurot, in the Utopia of great, while in his superstitious viservances, Sir Thomas More, does not, at least in scouring heretics with his own band, to our apprehension, notwithstanding and in bus singing in a surplice with the the respectable antiquarian authority choristers, he was surely little,) has lett mary that we have quoted, secin to exhibit apophthegms; most of which appear to be niuch of the character of the City in the emanations of an experienced, though the sixteenth century. In fact, the in some instances an irregular, mud. Tracing author of the work that we have men
the chat' of human ideas as it has aluated tioned, although a great, was certainly similar to many that are termed luconie,
down the stream of time, they are extremely a very singular genius *, and eccentric winich are to be found in the Morals of
With the apopbthegms of Sir Thomas More * The singularity of Sir Thomas More was we could, were we so mclmed, easily crowd not only conspicuous in his writings, but in our pages; but they are, generally speaking, his conversation, his professional exertions, tvo well known to answer any new purposes, and even in his devotion. Born to inherit a either of instruction or entertainment; the, genius, far, far indeed, elevated above those of
sanie observation will apply to the anecdotes the common cast of mankind, he was yet very of him, which are already very numerous. frequently so mentally dazzled by the bril. Ho sens, in a very peculiar manner, to have biancy and velocity of lus own ideas, that Leen the object of the caprice of a Monarch, when he was placed in situations where they who was, perhaps, the strangest compound, could not burst into corruscations of wit and
of luxury, libidinousness, liypocrisy, cruelty, bumour,they,in their clash with gravity,becare credukty, and superstition, that ever the Aloppressive, and created a verbal confusion mighty stanıped with the inage of nuan, or, which did not always meet with the tenderest fortune blazoned with the tiile of Sovereign. interpretation. To this lic probably alludes, In the year 1320, Sir Thomas settled with his when, speaking of the differeut tastes of men, family at Chelsea, having pur hased an estate he says, in his epistle to Peter Giles, “ Many there. lle bad resided in Chancery-lane, know nothing ot learning, others despise it. probably at the house termed " the Chancery. A man that is accustomed to a coasse and lansich." At Chelsea, it is said, Henry the harsh stile thinks every thing is sinouth that Villth would sumeuines, unimised, dine is not barbarous. Our trifiing pretenders lo with the man, whom he alterward, upon the learning think all is slight that is not dressed most frivolous pretence, cunsigned 10 the up in words that are worn out ofnse. Some block. The account which Erasmus gives love only odd things, and many lıke nothing of the manner of Sir Thomas More's living at but what is their ow. Sune are so sour that Chelsea, exibily a picture wi domestic hap they can allow no jests, and others are so dull piness. “ His house," he si 13, that they can endure nothing that is sharp; iuated near the waler-side," neiiber so wean and some are as much afraid of any thing as to be entitled to contempt, nur 30 magnifithat is quick or lively as a man bit with a mad
to become the subject of envy. dug is ot' water." While we are upon the " There he.conversyth with his wife, bis soll, subject of UTOPIA, we cannot help bunting his daughter-in-law, bus three daughters and an idea that strikes us, which is, that the their three husbands, with cleven grandchilgrave hind of allegory which pervades this dren. There is not any man living soarfection." work, seems to have been impressed upon ate to his children as be; and he loveth his ihe mind of Swift, and, although in itat old wife as well as if she was a young mad.” 1 vehicle it obtained a more humorous tinc In the play of the wife and Deaths of fure, to have been the basis upon wluch. Thomas, Lord Cromwill, (which, though not he founded his description of LAPUTA. It written by Shakspeare, was of his age, and is, we clunk, casy to trace the same cast therefore perfjo uce at a period whou whe
Ewrop. Hog: l'ok LI. March 1807. Z
he wished his metropolis should be, church of ST. MARGARET, rising above than what it really was.
To us it ap
a cluster of houses and trees, denote the pears astonishing that the plan of a city of Westminster. On the foreground city which ranked so high in the Eu a few small dwellings shaded with large ropean scale, and which in a few years trees, and some contiguous ruins, discriafter was actually the subject of procla minate the chapel of “ Jur Lady of mations for being orerbuilt, should have the Pew;" close to which there was been so contracted. Turning our eyes
a house, wherein, Stow says, to its western suburb, of which we have distracted and lunatic people ;" but the print of Holbein now before us, that some King of England, not liking what do we behold but a large extent of to have such objects so near his palace, fields stretching from the village of caused them to be removed to Bethlem. Chering to the hospital of St. James, Near this chapel stood the hospital of on the site of which the palace now St. Mary Rouncival *; a cell to the stands ? To the left, the un-towered fa- priory and convent of that name at bric of the Abbey, the gable roof of the Navarre, situated exactly opposite St. Hall, and the square pinnacle of the Martin's lané, and occupying the site
whereon Northumberland House now
stands. memory of Sir Thomas More was recent, and
The beautiful cross, one of those e. his sayings common in colloquial conversa
rected by Edward the Ist to the merion,) there is a scene wherein Cardinal Wola sey and Sir Thomas More dine with Sir Chrisa mory of his Queen, does not appear topher Hales, (then said to he Master of the
in the print. Rolls ;) where the propensity of Sir Thoinas However Henry the Villth might, in to apophthegmatize appears in several in- general, delight in dilapidation, Weststances, whiclı, however poor the language, minster seems, after her escape from the however flimsey the texture of the scene, rapacity of his courtiers, to have beand we do not mean to defend either, were come his favourite, and to have owed unquestionably characteristic, and, as such, to him not only some of her archino doubt highly relished by the audience : tectural and rural advantages, but her
civic distinction.. The Monarch's idea " Hales. My Lords *! with welcome I pre of enclosing the park of St. James for
sent your Lordships a solemu health. the accommodation of his new built “ More. I love healthis well, but when as palace there, and bis newly acqnired healths do bring
palace of Whitehall, and also for the Pain to the head, and body's surfeiting, public, is one of those circumstances Then cease I hсalths: Nav,spill not, friend! by which, as by the legacy of Julius
for thoʻthe drops be small, Yet have they force to force men to the projector bave been felt and acknow
Cæsar, the taste and liberality of the wall." ledyed by every succceding age.
As “ More. My Lord Cardinal, von are a
soon as the Park was finished, he erect. royal winner,
ed the beautiful gate near the Treasury; Have got a man, besides your bounteous din which many may yet remember: it had
a house that ranged on its south side, Well, my good Knight, pray that we come and crossed the street opposite the Banno more;
queting-Hlouse. This fabric was large, If we come osten, thou may'st shut tby door.” This picce is only valuable, as, in the life, * Founded and endowed by Williamı'Mar. die. of Cromwell, the liero of the tale, wlude it shall, Earl of Pembroke, in the reign of exhibits another instance of the cruelly and Henry the 111d; suppressed by Henry the caprice of the Monarchi, shows us also the P'th; refounded by Edward the Ilih; at state of the Englisk press, which seems, in the length totally suppressed at the general dis. promulgation of the vices of the father during solution of religious houses by llenry the the reign of the daughter, to have enjoyed vilth. As a part of his hereditary share of very considerable liberty.
the ecclesiastical plunder, it came to Howard, Earl of Nurilianipton, who caused it to be
totally denuolislieci, anik erected Northarap There was, by-the-bre, but one Lord ton House (since changed to Northulier, present, namely, Cardinal Wolsey; for Gare land livuse) on the spot, in the time of diner, his Secretary, as appears by the Cho- James the Ist. At first it consisted of only puis to Acı IV, (and as was the faci,) was not ibree sides. It appears, from some lifted created Bishop of Winchester till after Wola discovered when the front was rebude, that söy's death.
one Milos Glover was the architect.
and had three windows in each story, tuated nearc Hungerforde House * :" fronting the entrance of Westininster: and although it had belonger!, for a it had also wbite rails before it, and considerable time, to the see of Nora small enclosed garden on the side wich, it caine, or rather returned, to toward Whitehall, which consequently the Archbishop of York, whose Inne narrowed the street betwixt that and it had been terined in 1399. It has, in the palace.
Yet although we could have parted with this house and appurtenances without regret, when we con
Court were first established. We find that sider the contiguous gate, which exhi
" K. Edw. I. did specinlly appoint John de bited a perfect specimen of the best Metingham (then Id. Chief Justice of the Comstile of Gothic architecture, and contem
mon Pleas) and the rest of his fellow justices
(ofthut Court,)" that they should ordain and plate the significant variety of its ornamental appendages, we cannot but la- appoint seven score attorneys and lawyers, ment that this elegant proof of the service to the King and justice to the people.
or more at their discretion, who might do genius and talents of our ancestors was These, it appears, settled in houses which not suffered still to remain, as an orna became inns of court, &c.; or, as Fortescne ment to a city which is now supposed to terms them collectively, the university for stand much in necd of architectural de- the laws. I! this sense the word Inn, or coration.
Hostel, were commonly understood, until In the central point of the foreground the latter term, derived from the French, of the print of Hólbein, to which we have became more generally applicable to houses already adverted, is the fiermitage:
of entertainment, and lun was applied not a hermitage at Charing-cross now seems only to the connected apartments of the
students of the law, but to the town resia to us as strange as at Aidgate, or near
dences of the Nobility, &c.: though we tbe Tower. Yet so it was. It appears, have an idea that this term was only applied however, to have been but a small cell,
to those buildings that were of wood, and and was, in fact, annexed to the cha.
that those of stone were either termed houses, pel of St. Catherine over against the mansions, or places, as York Place, Winchester Cross.
Pluce, &c. We have still in recollection a It is a pleasing, and, in a moral point drawing of this part of the Strand, in which of view, a useful speculation, to con
Norwich Inn, evidently a wooden building, template the changes that have, in the
with four gables or pediments, a front court lapse of ages, occurred in landed pro- of London's Inn, Aldersgate-street, had the
wall, and low gates, appeared. The Bishop perty, and the different modes in which the sites of buildings have been co
same appearance, and was also of wood.
There was also in Butcher-row, an Inn which vered, the transactions that have taken hasi belonged to a Bishop; the back front of place upon particular spots, and the which, we remember, was of wood, and ot:he events that have happened in different same construction. Indeed, many other inmansions. In the continual fluctuation stances might be adduced to prove that the of human affairs, we have scen mag- term Inn was only applied to wooden buildnificence and clegance arise from dung- ings, and that the ins for the accommodahills and laystalls, and cover the places tion of travellers were also of wood; though that were before the retreats of indi. after the conquests in France the term Hostel gence or the haunts of profligacy; and
was more frequently applied to thein. edifices which united the properties of
* This was a very large old house, which taste and convenience, sink into ruins and was the residence of Sir Edward Hun
stood on the site of lungerford Market, under the wand of caprice: therefore gerford; thc bust of one of whose family, the fecting anecdotes of fabrics either
in a large wig, adorns the present marketformerly, or at present, distinguished, house. It had a large garden, upon which are not only pleasant, but valuable; all the surrounding buildings are ereeted. pleasant to this age, and valuable, as This inarket was a speculation intended to having in prospect their descent to rival Covent Garden, then rising into estimaposterity.
tion, by intercepting the fruit and viber The London lodging of the Bishop of regetables as they were landed at the adNorwich, or, as it was called, “lbe jacint stairs, and affording to the dealers Bishop of Norwich's Inne *,” was si
a place of traffic without subjecting them to the expense of carriage. But it appears that
Coreni Garden had got the start, and had * Inn (from the Saxon) meant a cham become not only the mart for garden stuff ber, or lodging, and was not applied to a but gallantry; while Hungerford, in both, was house, anless divided, until after the Norman only supposed to vend the worst commdir Conquest, when the Inas oi Chaucery and of tiu.