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a former Magazine, been stated, that it the beginning of the seventeenth cencame into the possession of CHARLES tury, a few houses began to creep aboat BRANDON, Duke of Suffolk, who ex- the church of St. Martin, and the lane changed his magnificent house, called also to be here and there spangled with Southwark Place, for it. The Chancel- a habitation : the site of a part of Newlors. Ecerton and Bacon resided in it. port Market was occupied by a corIt was afterwards granted to the fa- TAGE of entertainment situated among vourile Villary, Duke of Buckingham, trees. During the sixteenth century, who, splendid in all his ideas, rebuilt it Long Acre had only one house, which in a stile of grandeur till then not very stood at the corner of St. Martin's-lane, often applied to doinestic architecture and Covent Garden was a square smooth
In 1648 the Parliament bestowed this field, with a building, probably the mansion on Lord Fairfax, in reward Convent, situated near the north east for bis good services ; whose daughter corner. About the year 1552, this fa. and heiress marrying that eccentric be- bric and the field were granted to the ing, the second GEORGE Villars, Duke EABL OF BEDFORD ; and in little more of Buckingham, it reverted again to the than half a century after, under the true owner, wło for several years after elegant and improving hand of INIGO the restoration resided therein.
Jones, the two sides of the Piazza The streets built upon the site of this arose, on a plan which, had the dehouse and garden, which form the whole sign of this great architect been comof York buildings, are too well known pleted, would have formed one of the to render a description necessary * most magnificent squares in Europe * · It is impossible to pass by without The field in the vicinity of Covent taking sorie slight notice of the ancient Garden, to which there was a road church of St. Martin in the Fields, and Lammas gate, which has lately which, according to the view that we obtained the title of Leicester Square, have of it, was a small fabric, consisiing was formerly the site of the new buildof a barn-like body, and a square low ingy eclending from Portaville (vultower; the date of the building of which garly termed Porto-bello t) Passage, is unknown. This church, for ages before, and through the whole of ihe sixteenth century, stood alone ; the parish
* There is no part of the metropolis bat annexed to it was immensely large in has, in fornier periods, been distinguished by
scenes of grcaler elegante, or of greater gaiefroportion to the building, if we consi
ty, than Corent Garden, the Piazza, and its der that those of St. Paul, Corent Gar
viemiiy. Soon after its foundation, it was inbaden, St. James, and St. Anne, West- bited by the Earu or BEDIORD, and othersof noinster, have been taken out of it. the Nobily, whose names areidentified with
. The circumstance of its serving for so the sirteis where their mansions stood. In considerahle an extent of district, un the luxurions rein of Charles, it appears equivocally shows how slenderly that to have a little fallen in iis reputatiou, and district must have been inhabited. At to have been cliefly occupied with boarding.
houses ; sume, it is most probable, of a virtu
ons description, and others of a class rather * The water-gate is thus sroken of by the more suspicious. Dryden has made a board. ingenious author of the Critical Review of ing-house in Covent Garden the scene of oua Buddings, &c. “ York-stairs is ur question
of his comedies; which does very little creably the most perfect piece of building that dit eiuier to his poetical talents or his modoes honour to ihe name of Trine Jones. It rality. Such an asscmillage of dramatis per. is planned with so exquisite a iasie', forved sonx was hardly ever collected. Other auof 'suiclı equal and harmonious parts, and thors, down to ladley and the elder Colman, adorned with such proper and elegant deco hare availed themselves of its celebrity. rations, that nothing can be censured or It has been displayed in the prints of Floadded. It is at once happy in its situation, garth and the pantomimes of Rick; in the beyond comparison, and fancied in a sile vovels of Smollet, and in the literary and exactly suited to that situation. The rock verbal controversies betwixt Dr. Franks and work, or rustic, can never be introduced bet. Dr. Roch. In fact, with the exception of the ter than in bmidings by the side of the place of St. Mark, at Venice, and perbasis water."--Why it is more adapted to build The Palais Royal, Paris, its tame, we do not ings in aquatic situations, than to the temple say of what nanire, has been unrivalled. vi Pall, or all ornamented farm-house, we do † This appellation was derived from a
Rustic, (for it is not rock public-house, in this, which Shakspeare would hork,) if judiciously introduced, is admirable have called “ a retired nook of the Island." "..y silwalvis,
Yet was it not so retired, but that wy in.
where stood a house said to have been to his arriving at these dignities, he had planned and begun, by the famons Sir 'completed the building of LEICESTER HENRY SIDNEY, who, after a life of great exertions, civil and military, died
vants clokes were lyned with hare cullered at the Bishop of Worcester's palace, velvett and trymmed with hare-coller and A.D. 1586, aged 57 *. His son Robert gould lace : wirich Jorney was very chargesucceeded bim t. 'In the 1st ycar of able to you. the reign of James the Ist he was “ About 33 yeares agoe yor Ilonor was created LORD Sidney, of Penshurst,
sent yunbassidor to Fraunce alt wych tylne, in Kent; made Lord Chamberlain to you made you 12 sutes of apparell and had the QUEEN ; on the 4th of May, . also vor pages sutes and tooteinens came 10
ove ciuke lynd with sables wluch cost 950 la 3d Jac., honoured with the title of
att least 300 li more ; besides yor servants VISCOUNT LISLE; and in the 16th cre.
lyveries. ated Earl of LEICESTER . Previons
“ Also att the marriage of the Earl of Darbie there was a maske of which
was unic, which cost you 500 11." genious and learned friend James Stuart, better known by the title of Athenian Stuurt, there is one for
Among the expenses of this Nobleman, used, during the latter years of his life, here
“ The many great feasts yop honor made to unbend almost every evening. Whether his presence attracted artists, antiquaries, brother, the states and divers of the Nobili
for the queen (Ann of Denmark) the Queens astronomers, &c., or that he found them tie, both att Baynards Castle and att Petter there, I know not; but am certain, that in the
burst," &c. &c.--the whole of winch amounts parlour of this obscure place there liave been
to £ 1976. topics discussed, and disquisitions conducted, in a manner that would not have discredited prodigious beat; the number and expouste
It appears that this Earl of Leicester was e the meeting rooms of any of our learned
of the roles, suits of clothes, &c., ia tlus acsocieties.-EDITOR.
count, is inconceivable; a very low more spa * His corpse was interred at Pensburst,
cimens, to show at once the extravagance Kent; bis heart in the tomb of his daughier
and the dress of the times, mist suthec. Ambrosia, at Ludlow; the castle of which,
“ The Christmas after the king one of the most beautiful specunens of that
and Queene came in, yor liv. kind of architecture, he edified and repaired
ror made you a sute * of russet when Lord President of Wales.
cloth of gould and lyndu clube # He had three sons, Sir Robert, Sir Phi
with the same wich cloin of lip, and Sir Thomas, and we think one daugh
gould being 17ds cost 3 li. ter, " Sidney's sister, Peinbcoke's inother,"
10s a vard rich comes untu to whom Sir Philip dedicated his, or, as he
39 li 10s. The panes of the Lerins it, her Arcadia.
bose were yaubrulleerd uche * In the account of the expenses of Robert
cost 30 li the vnubrotherer also Siiney, Earl of Leicester, addressed to that
- bad for ynbrothering two Noblemau by Mr. Cruttenden, bis Loruship's
broad gards upon every seawe Steward, in the time of Charles the Isi*, of the doublet 2011. The cuin he states as follows:
side of the close was of uncut “ Aboute the yeare 84, (i.e. 1584,) your velveit weh cost, being usij noble father departed thus late, and yme yards. 1x li. 15. The cloke diately after it pleased God to take out of was lacd with a pould lace tu this lite vor noble brother Sir Philipp Sidney the very cap”, every pardut it whose executors vizt, the now Lady Clan wayed all 02. at vj» che oz. and rickard and . Francis Walsingham carried there was dozan oilace upaway in behalf of the heir general all the on it wch wth 20tve oz of silke goods and moveables at Penshurst, as plate, to.sett on the lace came to jewells, hangings, and houshold stuffe, io the 79 liYr Honor had also to valewe of 20,000 li."
this sute a hatt ynbrotherd He then states the value of rents, fines, with could, girdle, une iangers, and other things taken from this estate, at ritch stockm“, garters, Tuses, 10.000 li., and the income of it at per ann. points, and shooes: uch witia 1090 li.
braking upp ofthe sute came to
so much that the whole charge Surse of the outgoings, as traits of the
of this sute came to att tiae times, are curious.
..000 " About the year 88, yor Honor was sent ynubessidor into Scotland altwch lyme yor ser
* Marginal nute in the original UIS. “Tliis
suite was made against the task at Hanta * Published in the new edition of the Court, when the King and Queca caule from Antiquarian Repertory.
House; that of Liste twas erected in the succeeded him in his house, and in it fireign of CHARLES the Ist. Leicester nished his days House was, it is said, for a short period Notwithstanding the erection of these the residence of Elizabety, the daugh- houses, and the founding of a Gymnater of James the Ist, the titular Queen sium for military exercises, for the imof Bohemia, who died there Feb. 13, provement of that idol of the Eoglish, 1661
“ It was,” says Pennant, HENRY, the spirited son of the peaceful successively the pouling-place of Jaines +, Leicester-fields was actually Princes: the lale Kirig, when Prince what the name implies. The area, con. of Wales, lived here several years. His taining near two acres, was enclosed son FREDERIC followed his example, toward the latter end of the seventeenth
century I. The houses rose by slow
We find (for we cannot resist while we * Leicester House was the residence of have a bit of paper to spare,) that the Earl the Princess Dosager until she removed to soon after had a suit of white satin, &c.
Carlton House. His Majesty, at the time of 1101. When King James went through the death of his royal grandfather, Saturday, London, (a circumstance that clicited the October 25, 1760, resided in Saville Honse. genius of Ben Jonson,) the said
Earl had a We can well remember the universal agitation snit of Murrey colord satin embroiderd with that seemed to pervade the metropolis that seed pearl, dic. 2501. a cloak of ditto em
morning. Every thing was neglecied, and broiderd in the same manner, 1071. odd no. the people poured down from every direction nie. at the marriage of La Montgomery to the palace of St. James and Leicestera suit of ruset taffaty. &c 9601 at the
square. This place, indeed, exhibited a scene rrince's creation * one of black silver tissue,
of most uncommon bustle: it was entirely black silk and silver lace, &c. 100.--at the filled with the carriages of the Nobility and late Queens Maske at Whitehall, another the crowd of spectators.
If the former, srite &c 1001.--at the Tilting day and two as appeared by their horses, had driven with a other suits against masks which the Qucen velocity which bespoke a desire to outstrip bad--1801--All the marriage of the Queen each other in tijeir ergerness to pay their of Bohemia a suit of Tissue of 51. 10s.
duty to the young Monarch, the later were a yard: in short, other dresses that are com no less anxious to see who attended upon puted at sool. for 20 years--amounted to this solemn occasion, and 10 hear every cir. 6000l. Such was the Court spiendor of for cumstance that transpired as soon as the mer periods."- Antiquariun Pepertory, p. 274 atmosphere caught the breath of any who et pussim.
were, or pretended to be, well informed. In + In this house we can recollect, that short, there perhaps have been few periods about the years 1781 or 1782 a most curious when the passions have been niore strongly exhibition took place, under the direcuon depicted upon human countenances, or more of that extraordinary and eccentric gonnus, broadly displayed in human actions. There Loullierhuurg, wluch he called the Erdorura are times, saith the philosopher, when the ETCON, iud wluch, as exbibiung natitire ruling passion, “ be it what it will," bursts representations of great, and, in some in the bonds of dissimulation, and rises superior stances, antal physical changes, was cer
to fixed and settled rules : and this was one rainly never equalled: the etieces of the risiig
of those epochs. $!!, tl:e splendor of a meridian moon, the + This establishment occupied a large Borrors of a storm, and the sublime, though space. In the reign of Charles ibe !ld, when terrific, ebullions of a volcano, here imitated love was more thought of than war, Major in a manner buch, while it impressed a Foubert, à refugee soldier, ereeted here a Stuccession of pleasny and autul seisations military acadeny, which he alicrward reon the wind, sillad 125 with astonishment at moved to Swallow-street. The passage to this the taste and talents of the painter and school still retains the name of Major FouIvachumst. | Dimme a part of the Interregnum se
li appears, from the trial of the Earloftlarresided in Beliemia blouse, Michi-street;
vich and Lord Mohun, for the imurder of Mr. the site of which is now Asiley's l'heatre.
Richard, or, as he was calles, Captain Coote, before the House of Lords, (Lord Soiners, Lord ligh Scward,) the 28th and 19th of March,
1699, that at that time Leicester-fields were Jamie's was the last King of England that enclosed with low wooden rails. The quarri put in force tie staluiC 25 Edw. Ill, tot levy- fran which ihis trial originated happened the ing 01. on every Kmgnis tee, and 201. an 2011 01 October, 1698, at Lockett's, the name nurily on lands held in sociae, 'or inakmg of a man well known in the dramatic history has soll a Koight. Pruce Havly, thotigli not of that period, who kept the Greyhornd Ta. yet.created Prince of Wales, was winted reru, virar St. Martin's-lane, a ine Strand. when he was fiteen years of age :--Tudera. Applegate, orre of the chairm.n, (there were
gradations : it seems that Panton-street heap of ruins, called Durham-yard, was first erected, and was once a place upon which we have, in a former Magaof very considerable traffic.
zine, observed, was once a splendid apReturning once more to the Strand*, pendage to the sce of Durhani, and from which we have made rather a wide called Durram House; wbich, from excursion, we must remark, that that the vestiges of wails, &c. that remained
before the building of that very sintwelve,) deposed, that betwixt one and two gularly constructed pile, the Adeleni, o'clock on Sunday morning he carried Lord appeared to have been of stone. It Mohunt ; that after he had set down at the was erected by Thomas de Halfield, end of Green-street, and had just lighted his Bishop of Durham, 1343. It remained pipe, he heard " Chairs” called again; that annexed to the see till the 28th of Henry he and his partner run with their chair to the upper end of the fields, where he saw Lord the villth, when Bishop Torstai conWarwick within the rails. Hle,” says he,
veyed it to the King, who assignel him “bid us pat our chair over mto the fields ; Cold Harbour, and other houses, in lieu but we told him, that if we did we could not
of it. get it over again.” At this time Leicester King Edward the Vith granted Dur. fields had paths cross them for foot passengers. ham House to his sister, the Lady EliDuring the period of the reign of Charles the zabeth, for life, or until she was otherIld, it appears that taverns had much in- wise aitvanced; but upon the dissolucreased in this neighbourhood: the Grey- tion of the bishopric of Durham, that hound, the Cross Keys, the Standard, are
Prince conveyed it to Francis, the fifth mentioned in this trial; and the Bagnio in
Earl of Shrewsbury, and his heirs. Long-acre. There were also the Cardigan Marr, about the fifth or sixth year of Ilead, the Lebeck's Head, (a most famous ber reiga, having re-established the Cook, who derived sucla credit tor his coli- bishopria, granted to the Bishop of pary exertions, that his very portrait promised good eating ;) the Bedford Head. These
Durham the reversion of Durham we can remember, and several others ; a. mong wbich was the house wherein the So * Cuthbert Tunstall appears to have been ciety for the Encourageinent of Arts, Manu one of those luminaries that derived their factures, &c. was first established, 1753, and splendour from the brilliancy of their own which having been a police otřice, a register talents. Little indebted to his birth for ad. office, &c., is now the Westminster and British ventitious advantages, being the illicit offinsurance offices.
spring of one of the ancient family of Tur. It should have been noted, that anong stall, he yei, by the energy of his abilities, the buildings in Hartshorn-lane, some of became successively Master of the Rolls which were in a very rumous state, stood an Prebendary of York, Dean of Saruin, Bishop old wooden house, where, by tradition, it of London, Lord Privy Seal, and, in 1530, is said that Ben Jonson was born. The houses Bishop of Durham. He was born at Hackin this place, by the raising of the road to the ford, in Richmondshire, 1476; appeared at wharfs, had their lower stories considerably Court early in life; and served Henry the sunk below the surtace of the street: and VIlth, who loved to try bis juvenile states. this, which exbibited a mean appearance, man in the diplomatic school, in several im. was a chandler's shop.
portant embassies. The character of this
Prelate, as we learn froin Camden, and more | It does seem a gular trait of the te- from the all'airs in wiuch he was engaged, rocity of those times, tbat quarrels of this kind was that of an able negociator. He is also should be so frequent; and still more extra stated te have been a complete master of all ordinary, that so great a violator of the laus critical learning, at a tine when criticallcarnof his country, and such a nuisance to society, ing was but little diffused. But what was slivuld escape their infliction. Lord Mohin far better, he is, by most writers, said to have was, 31st Jan., 1692, tried for the murder of been a man of an anable character. He William Mountford f, the player. "lle then, was deprived by Edward she l'Ith, under in 1699, was again tried, for being concerued the pretence of having opposed the Reforinein the murder of Captain Coote; and, as it it tion, but, in faci, for the purpose of in vesiwas by Providence intended that his death ing the ambitwus Earl of Warwick with his should exhibit a moral lesson, was at length palatine dignity. Mary restured him !imine. hilled in a duel with the Duke of Hamilton, dialely after her succession, and appointed in Hyde Park, November 15, 1712. Upon hini one of her ecclesiastical Commissioners this event Swift comments, in one of his lit. In that dreadful oflice he is said to have disters or journals.
tinguished himseli by his mildness and luma
nity. Ile was ajain deprived by Elizabeth, | The house in Craven-buildings, Drury- 1559, and died at Larubeth, November 12, lane, wherein Mrs. Bracegirdle lived, mus in the same year, in the house of Doctor, atler vard inbabuted by His. Prichard. afterward Irelbislop, Pasher.
Place in succession; which coming into beginning of the sixteenth century, expossession by the death of Queen Eliza. hibited a very unsightly appearance. beth, that Prelate * entered into and on the north side it was deformed by erinyed the same in right of his see. a row of stables that ranged along the
The most remarkable circuir stance Strand. These, which were probably tecorded of the transactions at Durham the stables belonging.to the palace, had House, is the grand justing feast which fallen into ruin ; and as, from the great was ce ebraled before the King, HENRY increase of buildings in Westminster, THE VILLTH, and the Queen, Ann of the line of street which formed the Cleves, on May-day and the four fol- communication betwixt the eastern and lowing, A.D. 1516, in the thirty-second western divisions of the metropolis had year of the reign of that Monarch. become extremely frequented, both by Henry, at this time pretty far advanced carriages and foot passengers; " upon in life, seems to have entered into the consideration, or some more special respirit of this festival with all the ar. spect in the mind of RoBERT, Earl of dour that distinguished his youth. The Salisbury," at that time Lord High Knights, it appears, not only feasted Treasurer of England, “it pleased him the King, Queen, Ladies, and the whole to take such order that (at his own cost Court, but the Members of the House and charges) that deformed row of of Commons, the Lord Mayor and Alo stabling, which extended more than half dermen of Londou, their Ladies, &c. + Durham House, it is said, at the
afterwards married. His ideas of a new El* Toby Matthew, afterward Archbishop of doradu, of visionary realms of gold *, were York.
to the highest degree romantic: his sen+ Among the defendants in this long series tence, and long protracted execution, were ? of uncivil actions, we find the names of Lord disgrace to the justice of the nation, and fixed Cromwell and Sir Richard Cromwell; the
an indelible stain upon the character of James, furmer the son to Thonias Cromwell
, Earl He is, by Pennant, said to have once resided af Essex, wlio was beheaded in 25 10. Jo at Islington, in a house near the church, the play which we have quoted he is called
which is now the Pier kull Inn : but this is Henry; but it appears that his Christian demed by Lysons, who says, that the tradiname was Gregory. The title of Farl of tion of his living there is altogether groundEssex fill with his father ; but the barony less, Oldys, in his Life of Sir Walter Rawas only extinct at the bezirning of the last Jeigli, observes, that there is no proot of it; century. Sir Rucliard Cromwell was, upon
and John Shirley, of Islington, who wrote this occasion, the most distinguished cham
a life of him, takes no notice of his tes pion ; for he overthrew Mr. Palıuer and
sidence there. Yet it is a tradition that has his horse in the field on the third day; and
been often repeated, and is, from his conon the filth, Mr. Culpepper : the sixth, the nexions, extremely probable. Pemant challengers broke up their household. It wishes that some curious peripatetic would is stated that the king rewarded their acti- examine and favour us with the arms with sity with a pension, or yearly revenue, of a
which the apartments abound; but as he hundred marks each, and a house to dwell
does not direct us to those of Sir Walter, we m, ont of the lands pertaining to the hospital
will endeavour to supply that detect in * of St. John of Jerusalem : so admirably were
manner which, though rude, is intelligible. the monastic revenues disposed of. Thomas, Lord Crunwell, had had a grant of the malus of Canbury, (Islington, charged with an annuity of 201. to Inn of Cleves,) 1539; on whose aitainder, next year, it reverted to the King.
To that great, but in some respects ec, centric, genius, Sir Walter Raleigh, it has been said, that Queen Elizabeth granted this palace lor lus (temporary) residence. How long he hved in it does not appear; or indeed, considering the establishment that it # The Commission from James ibe Ist to Tequireal, how he could afford to live in it at Sir Walter Raleyfi, for exploring the gold all, is not ascertained. Sir Walter, though he mines of Guiana, is yet extant. His prohad Cilisiderable grants from this Princess, clamation, disavowing the project, is in the who was pleased walls his gallantry and so- Fædera, Vol. XVII, p. so !-Tliese rupes, it Taaone ndias, yet sbe then it that he carried has been ascertained, only fororluced a kind the former rathe: 100 top with respect to one of yellow tule, murcusite, os mundic, so lernt othes Hards of Honvar, wiem, bowever, be in Corowali.---Hill