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adopted by the other aldermen and citi- under the Crown * ; it therefore les zens. · Although the public architecture
comes necessary that I should state by had not entirely relieved itself from the what accident i bave filen from thrit to ight of those Saxon and (othic in- terse, yet pithy.mauer, which made cumbrances which gave to buildings tbe my works as bright and as sharp as appearance of having been hewn out of a 'sword, and without much trouble solid rocks; yet from Italian inodels in refininrendered them us pure as exhibiting the refined taste which at granulated copper, and as hari as adathat time perva:led Italy, ao ornamental mant; to this, in which one conceit lightness was obtained, which, by adding is folded over another like a bale of embellishinent to solidity, produced na- druggel, so simsy in its fabric that ny beautiful structures. Thiese were it will not bear perking +, and which considered the more perfect, as no at- bas, as you must by guping have discotempts had yet been made to blend the vered, so much of the nap upon it, Grecian with the Gotbic stiles: at such that although it marks the Drapier, an idea the genius of the people of the it is as destitute of pristine strength fifteenth century would probably have as ferret or quality binding compared revoited, though it was embodied in sub- . to cardis or girl-web. sequeni ages.
The sensation produced upon human The doinestic architecture of that pc-' cars, which were always, with me, fariod, if we can trust to the reputed dates vourite members of the body corpuof the few specimens that remain, was of rale, the pithiness of my former stile, a very singular character. The dwel. and the concomitant advantages it translings of the middle and lower classes of fused through my writings, were all the people were still, in defiance of law the emanations of necessity ; I was and of common sense, mostly of wood; absolutely obliged to detend myself their elevation partaking something of from a number of enemies whom ! the nature of an inverted pyramid, and acquired by the following circumstance: their interiors displaying low ceilivgs, I had once in my shop a piece of dark stair-cases, irregular floors, and, most rxcellent cloth; so admirable was in short, abounding witli all the incon- its texture, and so unblemished its web, veniences that it was possible for build- that I frequently opened it as a patteru ings to possess : incouveniences which to the people. "I delermined never to were continually felt; perhaps, from sell any of this ; but as I wished to have their effects, frequently lamented; yet its fabric more fully displayed, for the patiently submitted to. The architects imitation of the whole purish, 1 bad of those times, thinking more of splen- it made into three coats ; plain, but dor than of salubrity, it appears, lavished their skill upon ecclesiastical edifices, &c., while they suffered the houses of of the shop of the publisher is the Croa!!
* What a senseless pun ! One of the sians the middle and lower orders of the citi; Nay, upon second thought, if there was any zens to remain in a state that rendered
merit in this conceit, it would be easy for them a kind of passport to the sepul
one of my reading to discover that it was chres or cemeteries which those edi. stolen froin the story of the Druper, who was fices enclosed, or by which they were hanged by Edward the IVth for saymg he surrounded.
would make his son heir to the Crown ;
" Meaning indeed luis house, To the Editor of the European Magazine. Which by the sign thereof was termed so."
Shal.sp. Letter III.
WY. VOTTON. SIR,
London, 7th August, 1806. 4. Perking, or cramining, the cloth, in HAVING no doubt but that you, and predotoved by doing the piece, from end to
consequently the public, have al- end, over two roliers, fixed to the ceiling ready discovered the manifest difference before a wmdow; the examiner loving it
between bin and the Biglie; so that he sees betwixt the stile of my present epistles most accurately any faults in the labrie, for when brought into comparison with my which the seller allows discount at an e-tabformer, as I have already proceeded lished rate.
M. B. two stages in your vehicle, which is, like a mail-coach, inost admirably a- This unfortunate brother, who sutfered dapted for the conveyance of letters, for his wit, lived opposite to the Cross in and also sets off from an office held Cheapside.--Drapier.
of beautiful workmanship. These coats man has, in time, been known to forget I one Christmas Day presented to three his Greek; anotier has, at times, forbrothers, who (although I only used to goiten his friends ; another his family; go to church with one of them, were all another his creditors, who, perhaps, my intimate friends. How they behaved will never forgei him ; and so in these dresses, which I, as one of their these circunstances also affected ny Either's executors, had given them ; memory, and repressed many of what how they hail them laced, fringed, and
Mr. Locke calls innate ideas. otherwise embellished; how they suf- Only possessing, even in my best mofered thein to be altered till they want- ments, plain cominon sense, without the eri ri jormation ; how they were alter- smallest pretensions to humour, which I wards dis igured and torn; I have a bale, or to wil, wirich I hate still more, rzady stated: therefore i shall brietty believing that nine out often of my add, that all the accidents that ba;- readers were bappy in the same eniipapened to these couts were laid to my thies, I had yet, upon reflection, in the charge. I was accused before judges, busy periods of my lifin, suflicient peneaud obliged to defend inyself against tration t: discover, that I, M. B. "Dragridies * who were not judges; and, pier, was bui a loul, or rather a icasel *, in short, got into such a contention,
in the hands of the Drapiers' ('ompany that my exertions condensed my words, in your metropolis, Mi. Editor: who gave energy to my stile, and made it they were, we shall presantly see, and what il was,
that my name, or rather the initials of If, in the vicissitudes of human af- both my names, had become as conspifairs, this contention has ceased, the cuous as the woru El upon the temple obullitions of my mind have also sub- of Delphit, and were, for a purpose sidled. Before I left Dublin, my spirit diannetrically opposite io tue FP's, to be had in a considerable degree evapo
seen in almost every sireet, as these ratei: I had neglected my business, you know point out where water is to phlegm predominated in my corporeat be had in case of conflagiations. system ; while my brain, exsiccated to We haci once in Dublin a famous eridily, became a passive element, a quack, who never announced himself ivere caput mortuun. These are phra
ou his bills by any other signature than ses which I learned from my apoihe- the ominous olie of R. 1. inis Doctor, cary; therefore I wiil npt answer for cluse at ine bead of Nilus I, was willing, ther correctness,
I suppos, ta show the people how well in this state I arrived at Chester,' he could keep his own secres, that they where, like my friend ihe tinker, i might be induced to trust him with ainused myself a considerable time in theirs, that this learned meraber of endeavouring to amend copper and the facully did from motives of interest, brass.
I was persuaded to do at the sugges. Having hinted one cause, producing tions of some of our company. Though an effect, or rather defect, so visible the Hajoriy had been dispersed, yet in my present episiles, I must also I still kept up a correspondence with observe, that time, or the times, is, or
the Heats. are, apt to corrode the memory: one
flow I became Free I shall now
stale. Know thien, Mr. Editor, that * Diogenes Laertus says, 1:at when the " I was bred at a public school, where pople oi grigentum were aitlicted by the I acquired some knowledge of the Latin literarplague, they appied iu Envedu tongue, I serveil my apprenticeship in che, ishu had ihe art of stopping pestilential
* Tiere he is right: his works hare isised rapors (whether breathed from the mouths
V. 1. of Critics, or issuing from the shops of book
+ I wonder that the D- will g) out of sellers,) with a charul, c.8. He took'as many his way. When he does, he always blunders : esses as he could find, and finyed ther: lie lie should have said the temple of Apollo, ác. then lung their hides over those rocks that The El, which points to natiers of too deep were most exposed to the passage of the erudition for hin', was written in letters of Etesian winds, which circulating a counter gold, and also ut brass. If in this case any etfluvia, isad such an affect upon the senses of similiiude could be extracted, it must be from the inhabitants, that the 10wn was treed. Vit. the latier.---Ww. WoTToN. Linpedor les, $. 00.
# This was half a century before our great Hire the D. - bas most abominably mis- Abyssinian traveller, who could find or vacib quoted, us I cond prove-it I wus fond of wierany where, wrote. The allusion sontroversy.--a. WOTTON.
TLOvšense --B-1-1. Europ. Mag. Vol. LI. Jan. 1907. D
London, where I set up for myself with was a saint, though not a divine ; & food success.” My shop was near one physician, who had in himself more of the Temples. There I continued humour than all his patients put totill, by the death of some friends and gether ; a poet and plenipo, who could misfortunes of others," I lost all my turn any thing, from a commissacustomers. I then went over to Tre- ry's list” to a scriptural chapter, into land, and did business in two little verse, but whose attempts to make shops which I had at Laracor and peace produced a great noise ; a secre. Rathbeggin. I had before had a stall tary, who was only like Erasmus in at Kilroot, in the diocese of Comor; bis name; a duke *** but it is not neand betwixt these three places made cessary to allude to them all; it may out what might be called a pretiy be suiticient to observe, that from sixliving: Yet still I was dissatisfied : teen of the choicest we formed a club, I hated to remain in a country where which, long after we bad separated, there were at lcast twice as many feet the wags in Ireland used to term the as shoes: so my wandering disposition Drapiers' Company. It was some of lcd me back to England, where I had these who were, by the deaih of a lady liope I should get another shop, and be to whom they had declared themselves allowed to put up the sign of the humble servants, thrown out of employMitre.
ment, that put me upon writing, as In this disposition of mind, I was used to be the practice in ancient one day walking by Whitehall, aud Grecce and Rome, on Wood, who was thinking of Cardinal Wolsey, when my supposed to be a clumsy chip of those eyes were attracted to soine books that blocks that had been used to fill up were ranged on a stall under the wall
Be this as it may, you of Privy Garden. Reading was always know how I chopped himn into halfa favourite amusement with me; so I penny picces *, and wanted the people cheapened some old authors; but not to burn them; you are also acquainted wishing to give more than they were with all the material transactions reworth, I was haggling for the price, corded in my former letters : I therewhen a carriage almost as fine, and forc, having led you a round through quite as light, as my Lord Chancellor's, ways as intricate as proceedings in chanstopped. The bookseller ran to the cery, return with great satisfaction to door, tbinking that the gentleman precisely the spot whence we set out. within wanted some of his ware ; but As you, Sir, from this, must have he beckoned to me, and invited me perceived that I began this series of to dinner. I made him one of my letters, as one begins an epic poem, shop door bows; but as I had dined, in the middle, I ardently hope, having thought no inore of his invitation, till, once more got into the straight road, a few days after, I was attacked in that I shall in future proceed in my the same manner, as I was gazing at course, let it be long or short, without some pictures of wild bcasts that were any very material deviation. hung out at Charing-cross, which was On the morning after my arrival then a daily fair. Flere being fairly at Manchester, as I have already stated, caught, I followed my gentleman, though a spirit of inquiry, which is inherent in he wished in the first instance to take my disposition, induced me to visit seveme in.
ral different manufactories in this (even In this honourable person's house I then) flourishing and opulent town. soon found myself at home; and as he These researches begun on the ilth of had a considerable knowledge both of May, 1754 ; I continued them for a concloih and crape, was an adept at men- siderable time. I had a better excuse for sures, had a secret to destroy mots, kucw something about packing, and was withal extremely zealous to pro- * Halfpenny clumps of wood were commote our trade, I was by bim easily monly sold by the chandiers in Dublin till persuaded to open a shop in St. Francis.
near the middle of the last century, perhaps street, near the church of St. Patrick, of Greece, the tables were inade of wood.
later. (Wr. WoTToN.)-- In the heroic ages Dublin. During the time that I was so inti. Myricanus, in Atheneus, !. xi, cap. 12.
Their fornis were round, if we may believe mate with this gentleman, I also be- BENTL.-Perhaps this heroic Grecian form canie acquainted with many others was the nucleus from which sprung the whom I exceedingly valued. There knights of the Round Table. LAMBIN.
seeing the works than most persons, as ning of cotton, and bad obtained for it I truly said that I wanted to furnish a patent, it was, I believe, productive myself with pieces and patterns, in the of as little, perhaps less protit to him, way of my trade; and a slight con- than that to my friend Wood. In fact, versation with the principals, or over- all that he goi by it was a very conlookers, convinced them that I know siderable luss * Other inventions of something about the malter. You the same nature had been introduced at know, Sir, or perhaps you do not Manchester, and niany different places; know, that I hai, in my former zeal but as they had proved cqually ineffito introduce a desire to wear their cient, I think I may fairly state, that, own manufactures among my dear in the course of my progress, I recountryfolks, endeavoured to make inarked, that all the operations were myselt acquainted with the fabrication conducted by hand. But how were of all the articles in which I deall. they conducted? Why I do assure you, But this was not all: I had also, as Sir, in a mode which, by dividing them I hinted in my letter to a noble Lord *, into branches, rendered their producdated December 14, 1721, invented se- tious much superior to those that I veral kinds of stuff, which, although had observed in Ireland, where, as the only wove in black and while, sutti. species of goods nianufactured were ciently displayed the ingenuity of the more contracted, so were their fabrics Jabricator. i had attended particularly much coarser than those of this town. to the articles of crape and cloth, and My attention was at first rivetted by had tried, though without success, to the mode liere adopted of weaving fuspersuade my fair countrywomen, (and, tian; an article which, although I had by-the-bye, no country-women are fair- little call for, I have had many poetical, cr,) that, beautiful as they were, it did and some prosaic friends, that were not signify sixpence whether they con- masters of the art of fabricating: Of cealed their charms with dresses of ten- linsey wools”ys, which are, you know, peony Irish stuff, or Spital-fields bro- composed of lines of flux and worsted, cade of ten pounds a-vard; that these the former the bottom, or warp, the were matters which their lovers would latter the pile, or woof, I saw but few never discorer, though they might wish pieces, but was informed that a conto uncover them as soon as possible. I siderable number were in the press. used many more arguments of the like (orderoys were to be found in many nature, with which they scerned as much warehouses : they were then intended affected as a congregation with a ser- for breeches ; and although this kind of mon of Dr. X- or a jury with an drapery is now in disgrace, and in its haraugue of sergeant B
How stead we wear small clothes of linen, ever, these exhortations and confer- which reach almost from our chins to ences, carried on in my shop, and clse- our heels, yet I am happy to sce male where, gave me a tolerable insight of patriotism counteract the malice of the the disposition of the ladies. I saw ladies, which seems to be levolled at what they would be at; and concluded our piece manufactories. that they had a passion for a finer sort While I was in this town, a bale of of goods than our homespuns. Those nankeen arrived from Bengal; its faI was happy to find that the mame bric was, by the ready ingenuity of factories at Manchester were about to our artisans, successfully copied. It supply. These establishments, which, soon became the fashion; at which I if I might be allowed to launch a bull, do not wonder, because, at a short disI should terin mines of national wealth, tance, it looked exactly like butf. as they are assemblages of individual I have always considered this stuff in industry, were then, comparatively a spiritual point of view, as it must speaking, in their infancy. The general certainly have reminded the wearers introduction of machinery had not yet of botli sexes of some of the first abridged labour, and in some respects chapters of an old book put into their superseded, in others facilitated, ma- hands at school, and so far, I hope, nual operations; for although very carly in the eighteenth century Mr. Paul had invented a machine for tbe spira• * Another bull! If the D--- stumbles it had a good effect upon their mo
so upon pluin ground, how should we expect
him to be more sicudy when he attempts * Lord Viscount Molesworth.
to climb over clussic rocks. WOXT.
Mirror, the Grecian, w35 a man win, rals.
after he tad sazina bis mind with the Thread satins were then mirhiily frecut contempliion of those angust in voque; and our mairous, like 'Rus vestiges of antiquity with which his na. sian wires, were cndued with stripes in tive country abounded, was impelled, by abundance.
a curiosis still more extensive, io visit The girls received 2any cheo's, fine xia; the land once so hostile, and and coarse, but did not seen much afterward so suonissire, to Greece lie to mind them!
had accordingly traceủ the Ganes, to On the whole geocration of colton the mountains of Tibet, and the Indus, articles, such as muslins, cali:oes, dini- froin Castuere to the Indian Sea. lle ties, &c., I shall, perhaps, in another had parsued liis antiqnarian researches letter, observe more at large. We have, through many other parts of Asie; and in these kinds of goods, imitated the while he trarersed the immense penin. ingenuity of the Indians, until our own sula, lamented the fall of the Alexanproductions, if we consider their cheap- drive empire, Trom Persia he herl, ness and beauty, have become inimi- by the Gulf and the Arabian Sea, table.
arrived at Suez, with several merchanls One more observation I must make, who had been the companions of his which is mpon the different dispositions voyage.
Here they joined a caravan), of his Majesty's female subjects on this composed of a great number of persons and the other side of St. George's Chan- of different nations. They began their nel. There, their own country manli- march, and had proceeded a considerfactures were universally rejected; and able way across the great Desert, whir I remember, that I had once much Myron, who knew that the lading of ado to make my servant-girl trundle the camels of his associates was of her mop in a stout Irish sufo pelti. immense value, observed to them one cout, although I gave her the picce: dav, as they travelled ou, that having while here, the sofier sex, when they escaped from the dangers of the ocean, alid really cover, used to wrap their and from the pirates of the Straits, bocauties up in collon that has passed they had now nothing to fear. To this through the operations of this indus. Oniri and lializ, two young Arabian trious town and neighbourhood. Upon merchants, who had, during their jourthis interesting subject much more nies together in India, paid to the sage onight be said; but, as I have written Myron particular attention, assented. to the end of my paper, I must do as
The l'aravan Bassa, who had listened to ihey do when summer puts an end the oliservation of the foriner and the to a session), adjour business, how- acquiescence of the latter, raised his ever pressing or muterial, over to the eyes, and pointing toward the north, next.
beaved a sigh. lle then held down I am, Sir,
his head; and folding his arms, ap. Tour very obedient hurble servant, peared for a few minutes to be
BI. The enotion of the Basst attracted
the attention of the Sage, and he ven-
marks of terror and apprehension which
were so visibly depicted on his counte-
pance, and so strongly displayed in his
the eyes of Myron followed the direction
of his finger; wbile the Hybeers, or I force of contrast is in no coun- guards gathered around him, and seened
try more evidently ext.ibiteri, or to wrich his motions with the inost inora frcqnently experienced, than in tremulous anxiety. The Sage at this ARABIA ; a porlion of the globe wliero. instart observed that clouds of the deepin large tracis of stony sierility, and an est sable, intermingled with others of immeise expanse oi sandy de seris, are the brirl:test veririlion edged irith gold, sirongly op;inued to those land and soiled slowly athwart the zenith; while beanindul features of ieruil.y which dis- in their descent they were intersected linguish that district called Turlarpy. by rays of ihe greatest brilliancy, which
BY JOSEP11 MOSER, ESQ.