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THE

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AVD

LONDON REVIEW,

FOR JANUARY 1807.

MEJOIR OF TIIE LATE DUKE OF BRUXSWICK.

(WITH A PORTRAIT.]

It is not, as we have at first observed, bours, it has never happened, that a pleasing circumstance to remember we have been called upon to execute a these things ; because, connected with retask more melancholy than this which cent events, they only serve to torture the contemplation of the annexed Por- the mind, to excite the tear ofsensibility, trait imposes upon us.

and to show us how closely greatness is Almost from infancy, has the fame of allied to a illiction. this hero of the House of Brunswick No marriage could have been celomade a strong inpression upon our brated under more benign auspices, tliau minds; his character was among the ear that to which we have alluded ; 110 perliest of our school predilections: we sons could have been happier in each have, in idea, followed him since the other; nu sovereigns could have been year 1758, through the various events more beloved by their subjects, than the of the wars in which he has been en- Duke and Duchess of Brunswick; yet, gaged, and, in the former part of this perhaps, few conjugal ties have had a period, have, with an ardour concomi inore unfortunate dissolution. tant to youth, sympathized in his mis it is not the purpose of this slight fortunes, and rejoiced in his success. sketch, to revive the feelings of the *Happy were we then to observe, gra- public, if they have for a moment subtified are we even now to reflect, that sided, nor to add fresh stimulations to our attachinent to tlie Ilouse of Bruns- the woe of individuals; too keenly do wick, and to its heroic scion, the here. we syunpathize with the one, and too ditary Prince, was not a particular pre- profoundly do we venerate the other : dilection; the whole country expressed we shall, therefore, having introducci the same sentiment; and wheresoever the portrait of the late Duke or Bruun the name of his uncle, Prince Frenie WICK, which will, in its descent to posteNÁND, was mentioned, that of the young rity, gather respect for superior to any hero was combined, as a sharer in the with which our feeble powers could engeneral applause which the brilliant ca ducit, conclude this memoir with a few reer of victory that almost constantly brief notices of the eventfal bistory of attended the inparalleled exertions of its original. the combined armies at that period, so It is here unnecessary to contemplate frequently clicited.

the illustrious and ancient family of We can well remember, when the Brunswick froin its founder Izo, of the people crowded to bchold the portrait house of Esti, who died in 1053. It may of this young Prince, as it was exbibit- be suflicient for our present purpose tv ed in our print 'shops ; and still retain siate, that by the marriage of Hexny!'. the idea of his person, when he resided surname the Lion, with MAUDE, the iu SOMERSET-HONSE, a short time before eldest daughter of llenry Il. of Eng. his marriage with the lovely Princess land, it became not ooly connected with Augusta, who was as much the idol of the JORHAN, but traced the Saxon V the country for her benignity and beau NARCas in its line. ERNEST, DUKE OP ty, as he was for his courage and libe- Brunswick, who died in 1510, divided rality.

the fi.nily isty ihe two brancbes of 4159

Warrior,

DER.

WOLPENBUTTEL and Zeu.. . Of the for- parts of Germany too much neglected,
mer of which, the hero CHARLES Wil- found in Brunswick a secure asyluin,
LIAN FROISAND, whom we now lament, where, treated with, liberality, they en-
was Duke. He was born October 30, joyed the utrnost personal and mental
1735, and was the son of Charles Deke liberty.
OF BRUNSWICK, and a sister of I'Rede The DUKE OF BRUNSWICK succeeded
BUICK THE Great. Under his uncie Prince his father in 1780, yet be still remained
FERDINAND, as we have already stat on the list of the general officers of the
cl, he acquired his military education. Prussian monarch, and commanded the
in ilie seven years' war, he commanded army destined to the invasion of flor-
the iro,ps of his native country, which LAND, in 1757. In this expeditiois, liis high
comp:sed part of the allied army. Cou- military character did much ; theatiach-
rage is there'it in the house of Bruns ment of the populace still moke; seconded
Wic, but pruden.e and fortitude are by the STADTHOLDER, and the friends of
sedim the concomitants of so young a

the house of ORANGE, the numerous Yet these were equally con partizans of the French, ikose traitors Seous in the bereditary irina', who to the true interests of their country, s stingas?.othinoli as iucii, and ob- whom, we are sorry to observe, were tained ang

piise as uriversal at H45an. among the higher oriers of the DUTCH, BOCK on STGEV, where ihe asics were shrunk from the treasonable task that driezied, as it cravelr and Minden, they had with such temerity undertaken,

ere their cirorts were crowned with and ihe cause of realih rij, of honour, victory.

and of virtue, triumphed. In 1769, he acquired immortal glory, In the year 1792, we are to behold big retreat to which he was in pelled the Duke again in the field, commander ly the ardour of his troops, who, ad of that ariny, which was designed to yancinz with too much celerily, were counteract the infuriate operations of a disconcerted by the French; in this di nation bent upon TREAfox and Murlera!na, he evincert that coolaess of intreridity which wouiš have done honour to In the plan of this excursion into the oldest general: he retired lighting, France, there was a combination of and was wounded. Scarcely had he re the best principles that can animate corered, before (in the battle of Klos the human system ; it was at once geterkamp,, he was again woundei. nerous, noble, liberal, and humane; it

lilihi, be was a starer in the victo was intended to save a ferocious and os obtaincre over the Frenca, at Wil wretched people, from all those crimes, PERCUSTY and WARBURG; and aiso from all those frantic ebulilions, which at the battle of JOHANNISBERG, where the insidious arts of interested and am. thoeneny is said to have had the advan- bitious demagogves, were then in the

In this contention, he received a very act of exciting, and from all those third and changerous wound, in the lower horrors, which their own sanguinary part of his senan.

dispositions have brought upon ihom. The teininntion o? the war, in which It is too louch the cusiom of the he had inade so distinguished a ti- world, to judge of and appreciate cirgazte, shower the hereditary Prince in a cumstances by their success. llad this new character. He returned to Bruns- expedition terminated in the manner ****, ?10, w talents fully arlequale which the exalled prilanthropy of its to thclaska.sisted his?ather in the ad- plan most assuredly meritel, it would ministration of the atairs of his duke have been recorded as the greatest von. On january 16, 1754, he marrici erent that ever adorned the page of antie PRINCESS IVGUSTA, ibe ellest sister cient or modern bistory: thai it did not, ofour brived: overcizn; a union which, is at this moment to be lamented by Eues has been observed, seemed to promise ROPE in general, and by this country the greatest happiness. Finally ani- in particuiar. able : munificent, the hereditary

Herc let is draw the curtain before Prince oitheprincess of Brunewickpro- the disasters that pareccder the dissoluterten ren of letters, encouraged the fion of this amailo and excellent Prince ; arts, and promoted t'e man isaciares of the reinembrance of them is too recent, their country. Literary characters, that to need any stimulation from us; the 10:!, betore this period, been in many public griet' for bis loss, for the distress

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of liis family, too acute, and the public and political, as at once evinced his fora indignation ioo universal against tue ty- titude and his wisdom. When he had rant, that endeavoured to carry revenc systematized all matters respecting the beyond the grave, and, with more than holi apostolic sea, he began to turn his xavage barbarity, would not, even on the attention toward his own family. petition of his faithful siihjeets, who rc His parents, who had been of low convered his memory, suiter nis venerable dition, sverc dead; but he had a sister, remains to rest wilt his ancestors to named Camilla, living, who had three want any addition. Indeed, we could sons. These seemed to be excelicnt sta} scretly jind word; to express our s-1152- jects to convert into a princess, and a tons upon this occasion, were it even mos: hopeful brood of young princes, possible that our feble powers could thai vigne spread his royal descendants od to the acieral abhorrence which orer the Roman, perhaps the turopean Thistotal abandonment of very principle territories. Of this the Cardinals were and particle of himnity has excited. a care; and az, however greatness may

Troin the union of the Duke and Ou have been actuired, it is always sure to chess of Brunswicki, have arisan sereral find tatterers, sumc of those sought out Children, viz. George Charles Augustus, Cumiilla, Win, it has been said, then in the lite hereditary Prince", boru febru- habied a romantic cottage, in a small ary 9, 1766 ; he was married October 21, and beautiful viage, called " !he (rot1790, to the Princess Louisa Frederica, !oes,” in the marqilisate of incona; they daughter of the Prince of Orange, born immediately dress zal her, and her sons October 28, 1776 ; by whom he has left in the stile, and furnished them with the a son, born October, 1304. Princess appendage of royalty, and, highly pleasCaroline Elizabeth, birn May 17, 1768;

ed with what tvey had done, as they married April 8, 1795, ts his Royal were sure it would procure them the faHighness George Prince of Wales. Privce vour of the Pope, were on the point of George William Christian, born June 27, conducting their protegées to Rome, 1779; and Princess Augusta, born Au- when a messenger from his Holiness argust 18, 1770.

M. riveit, commanding, that Cainilla and

her vspring should appear before him

in their ordinary apparel. ANECDOTE of Pope Sixtus V. and lhe

The Cardinals, their conductors, judgPRINCESS CAMILLA.

ing that this was an affectation of humi

lity in :ixtus, which he would be pleased E have, in this are, froin a most to see dispersed with, proceeded with ihe

Princess and her sons, who were loth 10 of things, seen, by the varied rotations relinquish their newly-acquired finery, lu of the wheelof fortune, some of the high kome. est characters degraded, and some of the When they arrivcil at the l'aticar, the lowest clevated. We have seen many of Pope, woo liom the windows bebeld the inetaphorical extravagancios exhi- tbem, was astonished at their train, and bited in a coarse but moral print, enti- still inore, when the Princ 'sslanilla and tled, “ The World turned upside down." her three sons were announced to him. We have, indeed, seen and beard of more He, however, in a moment recollecleci instances of mutability in these respecis, himself, and said, that he had heard of than we bave any pleasure in speculat- many princesses, but that the name of ing or descanting upon; we therefore (umilla was not in his list of royal perwish to turn our retrospective attention sonages. to the contemplation of a character, to One of the Cardina's, thinking that which we have formerly alluded, and the memory of the good father was which involves the consideration of a more treacherous than it really was, eaman, who soared to the acme of ecclesi- gerly said, “ Surely yo:ir livliness must astical and princey elevatio!, upon the recollect your sister !" wings of a great deal of merit, and a “ I do," replied sixtus, “recollect little hypocris.

that I had a sister, but she was a kusherSixtisthe fifth, when he bad mounted woman: tikrofore, the MRISCESS CA. to the highest pinnacle of the koristi MILLA cannot be that person." church, by feigning himsellscarcely able It was to no purpos to endeavour to to drug biis liimbs up the mis ps

pasual the pure of her identity; ha l'éten's, in a short space of time, mados prisistat, tat mil he sais Cainilla i such judiciousregulations, both spiritual her proper hancil it was impossible for

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of

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Conjectures respecling Passages and Characters in the Alchemist.

MIST.

him to recognize her... In consequence, CONJECTURES respecting Passages and the Cardinals, crest-fallen at the ill suc CHARACTERS in Bex Juxsox's Alche: eess of their scheine, were obliged to &ress her and her sons in their ordinary To ihe Ediior of the European Magazine. garb. It happened, that at her second appear

SIR, ance,which was in warsc habiliments, the T is a remark that seems to have esPapal Court was gn high gala ; Sixtus was caped even ibe sagacity of the Spécsitting in his chair of state, surrounded TATOR, in his humorous disquisition redy the dignitaries of the church, foreign specting signs, that many of the eccen. princes, ambassadors, and Italian nobi- tricities, and eviormities, which used to kty ; yet, as soon as he saw his sister and impend over our heads, arose froin a cir. her three sous enter, he descended from cuinstance common in the reigns of Elihis throbe, and, embracing them, said, zabeth and James, and which had not " Welcome, my dear relatives, 1 glory entirely worn out, even at the beginning si seeing you approach me in the garh of the last century; naurely, that when of virtuous poverty, and now pericet. a young tradesman was about to open a ly recognize my Camilla, and am de- shop, be deemed it absolutely liecessary fighted with her promising offspring to consult the eunning man, with regard You, my dear sister, shall now share to the setting up a tecky or thriving with me in my exaltation ; but, per sign; this, like liansei, &c. was ainong Åaps, wben you reflect upon the

peace the superstitious of petty traffic, and and happiness that resided in the vi- is alludel to by SUBTLE, in the Archeeinity of Norintii, you will find little ist, who says to ABEL DRUGger, in reason to congratulate yourself on your the scene where this absurdity is most change of situation! Thescollicious Car- admirably ridiculed, ekuals,” he contined, “who, kad } been sol disposed, would not have suffcred me

" A Townsipan born in Taurus gires the BUIL, to keep my domestic anairs secret, hard- Orihe Butt's eas. In Aries the Rox.

A ly mesit my thanks. They prematurely

poor device." Excaied you a princess, a dignity which He then goes on to slate, to Captain my sense of propriety obliged me to an Face : mul. I now restore to you that title ; at the same time, I am alınost tempted to

" He shall have A Ball, that's Abel; endue them with one, that miglit mark

Andly it standing one whose name is Dee, iny displeasure, that any persons sliould

In a Rug gown; there's D. and Rug, that's dare to make a Princess in my family, Aud right inenst him a dog snarling Er;

Drug; ercept myself.

M.

There's Drugger, deel DRUGGER. That's

And here's now Mystery and Hieroglyphic !" An infullid?: REMEDY to stop BLELDING at the lose.

In .considering this passage, it has

occulred to me, that this string of aboFrom the Ilcarial Journal. minable and abortire Puns, could not, TITIS reinedly has been universally in eveu in the reign of James, have been

use for more than a hundred tolerated on the stage, (although some years in the province of Frisin, but was apparently as senseless, were in other Lirpt a pintouud s:cret til N. Tia- places,) it they had not conveyed some ingi, a, hecary at imsterdain, made meaning, some local, or temporary alas composition public, which is as fol- lusion, which, although now obliteİONS:

rated, was probably felt and enjoyed by Take an once i scenarııın saturni, a large majority of the audience. Nos olvitriolum wartis liait an omice, rub thing delights a conjectural critic more them in a glass mortar, then add eighit thau whai the moderas call a purile. 220cos of spirits of wine and mis. Dose sex, whose sterling sense and wit for your people from ten tv twelve make us blush at seeing what we

cars of age, as many drops ; under see," was also equally keca and corfuerily, fouries or life 'n drops; grown feet. He, we may well believe, intuitively persons twenty drops, four times cach, Caught the manners of the age, aod, in in a spoonful of wine or branc!y. :ame mosi instances, faithfully pourtrayed Derdirive recommended in hæmorrages them. ml bads, excre'il or inerna!.

The fash.or of smoking, as it was

lus sign.

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were

conse

mes's was, among the gallants of the and animal, and who sometimes perhaps times, decined an accomplishment. The threw an obloquy upon the cauine chashops of Tobacconists

racter, by pretending to appear as, or to quently a kind of Sinoking Academies, have a spirit at command, in the shape of where the dashing youthsqualified them- a dog. is uncertain; but we certainly know selves, in under triat they night appear that these geniuses, in conjunction with with credit at the ordinaries *; there Lask! * performed many tricks that fore I have no doubt but that ABEL would not have disgraced the firm of PROGER was the personal represen- SUBTLE, Doll, and Face. tative of, at that tiine, a well known

I am, Sir, (obacconist living at the siga of the

Yours, Bell, and that the interior of his shop, Westminster, 5th Jan. 1807. X, Y, his utensils, his Smell like conserve of Rosenrostirenck Beans; Delines, respecting his queries in the “-pots, that, open'di

112, Holborn Hill, Jan. 2, 1807. His Maple Block, lis Silver 7mgs, Winchester pipes and fire of Juniper; European Magazine for December, p. formed a correct picture of still life.

421 : Having done with the shor, I return

That Frederick, Count Palatine, marto the sign of the bell ;

ried Elizabeth, sister of Charles I, and

by her had issue, Frederick llenry, And by it standing one wliose naine is Dee drowned in 1629, in the fifteenth year la a Rug gotin.

of his age, Charles, Charles Louis, The ahsurdity of placing one of the

eldest surviving son, Rupert, Maurice, name of Dre upon a sign, except the Elizabeth, Louisa, and Sophia; conse: figure was lave led, or the portrait quently nephews and nieces to Charles I. known, could not have escaped the ob- doubt but Mr. Elmes will make use of

Respecting Sir Christopher Wren, no servation of Ben. In the first instance

those valuable scraps froin the Euroi struck me; but upon consideration

pean Magazine, improperly denominatit secins to have a meaning, such as I

ed Drossiana. He will find that there should suppose to be congenial to the

is a collection of several volumes of ideds of the poet, and its ridicule to be the original drawings of that great pointed at the famous !r. Dee. Whom Architect, in All Souls College, Oxford.

f is probable Jonson contemplaied, And he is informed, that in a sale of as the prototype of sublie, and who, it appears froin his portrait, wore the drawings, &c. (Dr. H. tirinks,) belong dress that he has described t: whether sold by auction, by Mr. Philips, of Gol

ing to Charles Rogers, Esq. which were he meant by the “i Dog starling Er," to allude to his coadjutor Kelly, who several pen-and-ink outlines of the prin

den Square, in 1799 or 1800, there were was, it is most likely, the CAPTAIN cipal Churches in London, by Sir ChrisFace of the Alchemist, and of whom topher. Dr. Ward, in his “ Lives of the it was actually believed, that he had Gresham Professors,” is very extenthe Protran power of transforming sive on the article WREN. l'imself into a variety of shapes, human

In addition to the account of Mr. i Camden, in his animals of Elizabeth, says, Cooke, Dr. H. begs to subjoin an anectrint, to the best of his knowledge, the first dote highly creditable to the philanTobacco soen in England was brongit from thropy of Mr. Cooke, which has come Virginia (by Sir Walier Ralcigh, 1583); and

to his knowledge.--About four years he observes, that in a few years afterwards, since, Mr. Cooke empluged a person Tobacco Tuverns, (or sinoking houses,) were in a street near Covent Garden, as his as comtron in London as Beer houses, or

hair-dresser, on account of bis family. Wine taveros. * Cotton Cart. Antiq. xiv. 1. In this

: he had neglected attendance, at which

It happened that for several niornings wirich is his pedigree . the learned sage calls jumself Johannes Dee, Philosophus, and makes hijaseli Cousin to the Queen ; at the bottuin is a small whóle length drawing of family, user, it is said, to personate an Angel

.

* Laski, a young Polander of a noble him in a Fur Gown

Doll Copion, the Queen of Fairies, was ut.

first performed by a youth. British Museum.

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