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Reasoner is a very reinarkable and a sometimes exalts them into a nobler very valuable one, and does honour to substance, but never debases them. Even his extensive erudition. His candour to be able fully to enter into the ideas and judgment, also, deserve much of others,requires an exertion of thought praise ; for (what is very unusual in little inferior to his wbo first formed such researches,) hardly any of the

thein. If mere labour and an ingenious instances quoted can be said to be assortment of splendid passages could forced or fanciful. To me, many of secure the celebrity of Gray, how many them are altogether bew. The whole

celebrated poets

should we then have! bistory of poetry does not afford an I would willingly enter into a parother example of such extraordinary ticular display of the beauties of Gray's anxiety, such ambitious diligence, as poetry; but this I shall reserve to anGray has displayed in labouring to cle

other time, when I sliall have seen the vate his sentiments. What Horace more minute analysis of this poet's mesays of himself, applies more exactly

rits, which the Reasoner bas promised. to our poet. Parrus belongs to nei But I cannot conclude withont remarkther.

ing, that the Reasoner must not have

lately read, or not read with attention, -ego, apis Mutina

the thirty-fifth Ode of the first book of More modoque,

Horace ; from which, Johnson says, the Grata carpentis thyma per laborem Plurimun. circa nemus, nvidique

hint of the Ode to Adversity was taken. Tiburis ripas, operosa parvus

The Reasoner here outdoes even JohnCarinina tingo.

song for not content with the slight

accusation of a hint, he contends that But though the writings of Gray may it is a shameless piece of plagiarisin, be very well denominated carmina ope in which Horace is followed so serrosa, and were no doubt composed vilely as to copy his

very

words. Tbe per plurimum laborein, by whatever poein of Gray bears so little resem. means or exertion they were accom blance to Horace's ode, that I cannot plished, they are at last exquisite poems. consent to the hint even being taken Gray, it is true, on many occasions from it. The expression purple tyrants snade use of sentiments that had passed is evidently borrowed, but I should through others' minds, and forms of imagine nö more. Horace's ode is in language pot unknown, but in his

some parts embarrassed and obscure, mode of doing it, marks of a bold and and certainly is not one of his happiest origival genius appear, that stamp him productions. The following is a detail a poet of the first order. A mere of the substance of it. It begins by copigist, who has no ideas of his own, addressing the goddess Fortune, who (a character which belongs to the had a temple at Autium, as the sovegreater part of poets,) never iuterests, reign arliiter of events; whom the poor Decause he himself i incapable of being man soliciis with his prayers, whoni the interested. In reading the poons of fierce scythian and purple tyrant dread. Gray, we are not sensible of conversing le supplicates the goddess that the but with one inind; we perceive not the firm pillar of the Roman state be not sentiments of different writerse for all overturned by popular tumults. He is elevated to one pitch of conception, next alludes to certain instruments of to one standard of excellence. Whether punishment kept in her temple at AnGray be pouring forth his own thonghts, tium, in this 'strain : Cruel' necessity or those of others, he is one continued goes before thee, lulding in her hand stream of rapiure. His works bear u10 huge spikes and wedges, with the torresembilancc to that tame and laborious menting hook and melted kad; but kind of patchwork which mercly sorts a Hape reverences thee, and does not number of poctical phrases together leave thee,' though thou abandonest without inspiring them with the peculiar the houses of the Creal. But the faithqualities which belong to his own inind. less companion, the parasite, and the lle does not. in fact, borrow ideas from barlot, draw back when the casks others, he makes them his own. He are exhausted. The poet now prays decomposes them, and reduces them to

that Cæsar inay be preserved in bis their first elements ; some he retines, expedition against Britain ; and conothers he dignifies and ennobles. Ile cludes by confessing himself ashamed melts them down in the crucible of his of the wickedness of his age, and the genius, purges them of their alloy; barbarity of his countrymen in wound

Europ. Nag. Vol. LI, Jan. 1607. F

SIR,

ing one another ; wounds which ought Aniello summer's life in Fortune's sline, to have been in icted ou the enfinies of A sta on's slutter! Thus they filter on Rome, the Massagctæ and the ra

From toy iv toy, from vanity to vice; bians. The Ode to Adversity, the finest

Till, blown away his death, oblivicit comes

Bebid, and sirikes them from the Buok of of any in ancient or nodern lines,

Life. can be no servile imitatiin of such a

Thomson's Summer. poem. Before ì red Jobuson's lives, i had always imagined that the hit of this ode was taken from the fola

I have read the reply of your Westlowing line of As You Like !! ; which, in your last ; which, though it contains

minster Currespondent to the Reasoner, to use a vulgar phrase, is undoubtedly a much broaler hint than any thing that

several ingenious observations, does not

anticipate the above, which I had preoccurs in Flora ve's ode:

viously written. The subject is of no Sveet arutleises of Aduersity,

sinali dignity and importance, and deWhichik the toad, nuly an:1 venninos,

serves a still more ample investigation.

I a! Wears yet a precious jewel in iis beat.

Your constant reader,

W. N. The notion that affliction or adiersity Belford-rok', 1911 biec. 1906. is the school of virtue, thal sorrow man eth the heart better, is so natural ull obvious, that it has occurred to tie wise and good of all ages. l'erhaps, Tothe Editor of the European Martine. then, the idea of Gray's poeni origin

Dec. 18, 1806. uated wholly from his ll. In illus

TN the Thirty-fourth volume of the tration of this supposition, let the fula Gentleman's Magazine, page 3.36, lowing beautiful passages in complid. i overve a drawing and description The subject and morai are the signs of a gigantic tigure cut out on the I would not be positive thai Giany liais

side of a very steep hill vcar Cerne, indebted to Thomson ; for the con

in Dorsetshire, Its dimensions are sideration on the happy but short exisience of the insect tribes, impresses every

immense. The height is there given

160 feet. Some of your scientific and serious mind with the m lancholy re

antiquarian readers, I suppose, have flection of the iustability of human life.

seen it, or are acquainted with it. It

would afford grcat satisfaction to many Yet hark ! bow tlıro' the peopled air The busy murmur glo.rs!

others, as well as to me, who am your The insect youth are on the vir

constant reader, if they would intorn Earer to taste the money'i Sirme,

you of the age in which it was cut; Aud float and the liquid non:

the people boy whom it was made ; Some lightiy o'er the current skili, and many other particulars, which it Some show their gaily-gokid ,

would be gratifying to public curiosity Quick-glancing to the sun.

to be acquainted wiib. To C'ontemplation's sober eye',

From the words made use of in deSuch is the race ot mal ;

scribing it, I conceive it has been only And they that errep, and they that fly,

cut out in the earth. If so, I s'ippose it Shall end wher they heran.

may be a production of no gret antiAlike, the busy and they

quity; as raill, the influence of the air, But Butter uro'lute's ieval,

&., i lase veru it, and defnced In Fortime's varying colour chest; it considerably. Were il cut out in

Brush'd by the brand oiroshance, siune, ils execution may be of very

Or chill'invale, their ais dolce greai antiquity. They leave, in dust to rest.

la Indostan there has been very Odi w Spring

groot figures cut out in stone, som

in excavations, and so ne upon the surThick in yon stream of light, is thousand

face of the earth. Of the lasi hind are ways, Upward and downward, ihwarling a id con.

three gigantic statues at bunian; a volu'd,

place mentioned in the Asiatick les The quiv'ring nations sport; till, tempist

searches by that most ingenious and wing'd,

learned inember of the Asiatic societs, Fierce Winter sweeps them from the face Captain F. Horford. These states are of day :

cut in sione, and are clear to the Even so luxurious nuen, unbeeding pass mountain, of which the stuuc forinerly,

10 doubt, formed a part *. If I re Passmg some years on the margin member rig!t, the heig!it of the tallest, of the Main, it was my daily custom which is said to be of the masculine almost to pace the sands, and respire gender, is about seventy cubits; of the the bracing air the beach afforded; “ to other, which is supposed to be intended chase the ebbing Neptune, and to fly to represent a female, the height is him when he came back ;” though some. ahout fifty cubits; the third is, per times caught in truth, when engaged haps, only about twenty cubits. These to purloin a painted shell, or weed of statues are supposed to represent Alain Tyrian dye. But while ainused with and Eve, and one of their sous. As the productions of the fruitful Ocean-or country about Bainian is in a very savage inusing the infinite variety of animated state, the accounts of these statues have tribes whichi glide therein, in equal debeen taken from the report of such peo- ligat, whether under the torrid or the . ple as had been lel to that country by freezing climes-- or extending my ideas their atairs, but who were not very to the numerous distinct nations on the exact in the notice they took of them, extremest borders of that ever-varying ror in their recoilection of them. But undulated green, my attention would certain it is that these, and many other bet occasionally arrested by the clash buildings and excavations, are of a very of waves in opposition. This I saw arise high antiquity; though the time wher, from the towing of the sea between two and the people by whom, they were

somewliai elevated of the shore, made, are unknown.

when the wave, spreading laterally up It is supposed that the Hindoos, at iz the sides of those protuberances, became very early period, had a knowledge of, separaled as it were, and received a new and intercourse with, Britain. In some

directioiladverse. These on their return of their books, it is mentioned as the dawn ibose gentledeclivities, encountercountry of circular stones, of rocking ing as they mel, produced that ciashing stones, and of religions duties; under repoit, ani vere impeded in their prowhich last description it is said to have gress for a moment, not more, as each lieen a place for pilgrimae. if the immediately pursed its way according figure in Dorsetshire were cut in stone, to the incination they had severally it might alord roon to covjecture that bereiverl, on shallow ravepa s ... along the people who made it, and those who the sand to my right hand, as not in the executed the statues in ladosłan, had last obstruct by the incumbent fluid, a very cousiderabic connexion with each othersise imported;, wiile the other other.

Rowed with equal facility to my left To see these subjects elucidated by hand, without uniling with tle water men of genius and learning, will afford breath it, in motiva also; and before very great satisfaction to many of your the b.cainequiescent, 1 bare at times readers, and particularly to

01),i'rved the sia send up a slender wave, Your most obedien: heinble scrvant, which spread orer the two before dc

z. scribed as over marble, imposing an idea of diapianoas p!ales put in motion at

mire by the rain, as wholly unconTolhe Edlilor of the European Magazine. han i appeareti those hund sheets! This

I have osien beheld, and as often ador had the goodness to appro:(, iniral. I was pleased with such ocular gazine for september laid, (p). 212,; an sea, and which are so frequently maniattempt to de:ine the pleasure spiciators fested in the ligater element above derive al tragic exhibitions and disastrous evenis. I now transmit a tritie Bui walking one t'ay over the slippery for another coluinn of thai tertaining woul-covere i cock, a'id unusually lieedMiscellany, il in your judgment it in ly lery at the time, goi an ugly íall, by bio pleasing to a portion of its namorous wich Llacerated iny hand with an obreaders.

tu se nagie of a crag.. piccollecting the oil ofisse corp:nt advised as an antidote

to the venom ofitstooth, I sought where * It is supposed that the earth and rok

I might apply an equal remedy, perTeiseen th: mountain and the statues were

laps, and lave my wound in the briny (ut away, so as to leare ich is their pre. waie, which bled profusely as the hand xat detached sil uation.

recovered from the numbing stroke;

and though it pained me cyceedingly, him where he had been ? and what he I could not refrain a smile when ob- had got under his arın ? Notwithstandserving that I did thus "the multitu- ing his embarrassinent, be answered by dinous

sea incarnadine, making the green frankly confessing the truth. The King one, red.” Macbeth, however, might thereupon, to his great surprise, took a naturally ask, Will all great Nep- purse of fifty louis d'ors out of his tune's ocean wash this blood clean from pocket, and presented it to him, saying, my hand ?" No; this my hand will ra * Madame de Pompadour has given ther the multitudinous sea incarnadine, you the hangings, here is something making the green, one red: which read for the nails. She has often mentioned ing, leaving infinitely the greater im- you to me in very favourable terms; I pression on the mind, was certainly will take care of you." -In order to intended by Shakspeare himself, or the form his mind for the brilliant sphere in players of his time ; otherwise we should which she destined him to shine, the have seen it, making the green flood jovial a bhé waś, upon her solicitation, red.

shortly after sent as Ambassador to Dec. 20, 1806. EXPOSITUS. Venice, at that period the focus of

political intrigue." There he occupied

himself rather in cultivating the good CARDINAL BERXIS *.

graces of the Veưetian fair, than in “T is well knowil, that this Prelatc, court intrigue and modern policy. He

acquiring the subtile refinements of through the intrigues of the infamous the same ideas of state concerns as be

therefore returned to Paris with nearly Madame de Poinpadour, from the sta- had taken out with him, and was aftertion of a poor Abbé to the dignities wards appointed Minister for Foreign of Cardinal and Minister of State. This Affairs ; in which capacity he mado woman, to whom he had been attached himself the secret laughing-stock of all long before she became Louis the XVih's parties. Ile was then admitted a Knight mistress, and whom he so frequently of the Order of the Holy Ghost. De made the idol of his “ teoder strains, even after she had attained the darling the altar of the Chapel of Versailles,

this occasion, as he was kneeling before object of her ambition, continued to surrounded by the Knights of the Order, evince a tender regard for her former and the customary Installation Ode, lover. Soon after her clevation she

" Veni Creator Spiritus,” was per-. procured him apartments in the Louvre, and at the same time that she announced forming; a paper was thrown from the this desirable intelligence to him, she uppernost gallery upon the space pre

served between the senior and junior gave him a piece of rich Persian tapes. Knights, which contained a Latin parody try to hang them with. Overjoyed with of the Installation Ode, and ran, with his good fortune, he was hurrying down the exception of two very indelicate a back staircase with his present under lines, nearly to the following effect : his arın, when he met the King coming up. Louis, who possessed no small de

Esprit saint, divinc essence, gree of curiosity about trifles, asked

Daignez guider ce ministre nouveau,
Et pour l'horineur de la France,

Illuminez son cerveau.
• François Joachim de Pierre, (Comte de
Bernis, Cardinal, Minister of State. Member
of the “ Académie Française," and also of
the “ Académie de Belles Lettres" at Stock-

Renouvellez ce miracle

Sur le pauvre abbé Bernis; holm,) was born at Saint Marcel de l'Ardêche,

Embrasez le de vos flainmes, in ci-devant Languedoc, in 1715, and died at Rome in the month of Septeinber, 1794. His

Inspirez lui votre amour :

Qu'il baise un peu moins les dames, poems vary in their subjects: some of which

Et surtout la Pompadour. are serious and others huniorous : although his versification is generally negligent, and full of affectation, yet many of his compo- better conceived than described. Bernis

The effect which these lines produced is sitions possess considerable merit, particularly his “ Description des Ruatre Parties du rose, however, from post to post, and Jour,” and “ Quatre Saisons." It was on was at length creatod Cardinal. It has account of the extreme fioridness of his man even been said, that Maulainc de Pomner, and its want of variety, that Voltaire padour had destined some millions of used to call hin “ Babet la Bouquetière." livres to purchase for ber favourite the

SIR,

keys of St. Peter, which were then like

CHARACTERISTICS. ly to lose their master.

I. On the same day that the dignity

VEBRIO is a man of extraordinary of the red Hat was conferred upon him, , he invited the Court to a sumptuous pursuits. The instant Febrio sees an banquet, and, like many witlings of the present day, did not neglect to store object before him, he gives, as it were, himself before-hand with a fund of it. Febrio never loses an instant of

the view holloa, and away he goes after plagiarisins, that he might give himnSeif the air of a superior genius.. The which could be done to-day. He com

time, nor leaves that until to-morrow learned Cardinal, engaged in this im- bines his ideas on any subject with portant duty, having taken down a volume from his shelf, opened it in amazing celerity and correctness ; is the very place where some malicious extremely fond of novelty and of spewight had painted the famous fable of Febrio is, that as soon as success begins

culation :, but what is remarkable in the apes, who nimbly skipped from branch to branch, till they reached the heartily sick of them himself, he pants

to smile upon his undertakings, he gets top of the tree; but, alas! the bigher

after something new, and turns off in they clambered, the more did they ex full chase: he hunts down the game pose their post-a. Camberwell, 6th Jan. 1801. S. II.

very well, but never comes in at the death. Febrio is restless in good fortune, and impatieut in bad.

Febrio, caimot bear tranquillity: he To the Editor of the European Magazine. hates to be quiet; ha; the greatest

aversion to repose ; and pines when he Dec. 131h, 1806.

is uninolested. What is still more exIithe contesti Magazine, prege - 355, the conclusion of your remarks, traordinary, Febrio is married, and dis

likes his wife because she is obedient: on the life and character of 'vi. Fox, he would have a woman to tease and

he would be kept you express“ regret that those who contradict him ; had the care of his early education had constantly excited ; and would prefer not paid more attention to" him in a cause for jealousy sooner than not be the beginning of his life ; and as in your jealous, or invent a cause for quarrels former number you have told us that ling sooner than not quarrel he is Dr. Newcome, the late Primate of Ire- outrageous when contined, and in a land, had been his private tutor at Eton, state of phrenzy when he is free. As a the reader will be led to apply this sailor hates a calm because the vessel has charge to that worthy Prelate. Your no way through the water, and that he regard for justice will, therefore, I am

cannot approach his port, so does Febrio persuaded, make you glad to rectify dislike the being at rest. With a little a mistake, which I sce' has prevailed address, Febrio would turn his talents to in other periodical publications, re-advantage; as it is, he suffers only the specting Dr. Newcome, who was never a

fever of enterprise, and fails at the instant private tutor at Eton School, but the his object is within his grasp. With public tutor at Hertford College, in Febrio, the words of Shakspeare, that Oxford, where his faithful discharge madness has method in it, is reverseda of that important office had so raised for Febriu's method has always a spice

of madness. his reputation, that the father of Mr.

Febrio's application is Fox, as did other noblemen and men of application which involves him in

praiseworthy. It is his misapplication tlemen of distinction, placed his son ander bis care in that small seminary,

disgrace. in preference to the other larger Colleges at that time; and had he been

II. there guilty of any remarkable irre Tandos is a conccited coxtomb, full gularitics, you may be assured be coulp of his own inportance and judgment. not have escaped the reproofs of so Tardus ineasures every thing by we lile good a man.

and rule of his own understandin;, which I am, Sir,

is very liinited. Tardus images that Your obcdient servant, he secs defects in a picture or a poem OXONIENSIS.

which art, in fact, beauties, but without

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