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man at Edinburgh, whose name was course of education, proved by no Heron, he acquired some additional sneans favourable to his recovery from property.
his nervous disorier; he was therefore, John PINKERTON, whose portrait ac- although he expected a decent compecompanies this memoir, was born at tency from his father, placed by him EDINBURGH the 17th February, 1758.- in the office of MR. WILLIAN AYTJUN, About the year 1764, he was sent to an eminent Writer to the Signet, to a grammar school, at Lanerk, kept by whom he servei a regular clerkship Mr. Thompson, who had married a of five years. Whether the profession sister of Thomson the poet ; he is de- of the law was agreeable to a youth of scribed as a man of an even and placid his habits, we are not able to state. disposition, and possessed of great dig. His master, who is said to bave been nity of person and demeanour, there- a man of a liberal disposition, fond of fore qualified by nature for the arduous pleasure, expense, and a rural life, and laborious profession of a school- which we suppose to mean the sports master.
of the field, would, however, someAt this period of his life, when the times check his pupil for poring over passions of the boy began to operate, Coperveus, when he ought to have and to indicate symptoins of the future devoted his hours to the reading of propensions of the man ; it is said that Scotch presedents, which we think are young Piukerton, instead of joining equally ingenious, and quite as intelin the more active amusements of bis ligible, as many lnglish. school-fellows, was in bis habils bashful, The poetical passion was first excited reserved, and fond of solitary walks in the mind of young Pinkerton, by and retirement; the emanations of a reading B:ATTie's MINSTR: 1, with contemplative mind, and probably of a which he was much delighted. Shakdebility in the nervous system. Of the SPEARE and Milton did for him what use that he made of his studious hours, the classics had not done at school; an instance is recorded respecting, bis they elicited and infused sentiments translation of a part of Livy, as a school and ideas congenial to those that glowexercise, which is creditable to his ed in their pages, and, exciting the genius, inasmuch as his masier preferred flame of genius, animated him to atit to Hooke's version of the same passage. tempt a poetical composition.
Whether Mr. T. was biassed by that CRAIGMILLAR CASTLE stood in his sometimes laudable propensity which neighbourhood, at once an object awwe have ocrasionally known to ope- ful and sublime; the natural consequence rate in the mind of a preceplor, in of his contemplation of which was, favour of the talents of a pupil, which that it turned his ideas to its once beauthe thinks a creation of his own; or tiful and unfortunate resident, MARY; had a taste sufficiently classical to ena he therefore composed and printed a ble bim to judge with impartiality; we small elegy, which he entitled Craighave not the opportunity to ascertain : MILIAR CASTI E, and dedicated to Dr. however, from this circumstance, Mr. BEATTIE, who favoured him with P. is said to have received the first his advice and observations. This juimpulse toward the literary profession venile production appeared about the which he has since practised with such year 1776. He afterwards wrote a success.
tragedy, which he prudently committed At the school of Mr. Thompson he to the fames; to this succeeded another continued six years, the last of which tragedy, which was shown to DR, was devoted to the allainment of the bram, who praised the style of the Greek language; he then returned to picce, but said that it was defective his father's house, near Edinburgh, where in incident, and consequently of intethe French tongue became so much rest. This, we understand, Mr. P. bas the favourite object of his study, that since revised and totally allered, with he was afterwards obliged to labour a view of adapting it to the stage. hard to recover his Greek and Latin, In that species of poetry which has which are said to have almost escaped veen terined the pathetic ballad, the from his mind in the eager course ol'his Scotch have formerly not only excelled pursuit of the former. Here he also us, but all other European nations. studied the matheinaties, under the Struck with the affecting simplicity of tuition of Mr. Ewing, an able teacher, his native bards, Mr. P., when he was of Edinburgh, and proceeded so far as about eighteen, attempted to complete the doctrine of infinities.
the beautiful fragment of HARDYKAThe seclusion concomitant to this NUTE; he also wrote those pieces that
were confessed and pointed out in his As an editor, he has also published edition of Maitland's Poems, and which many volumes of ancient Scottishi bishave attracted considerabpal!ention, tory, and a collection of the ancient
The father of Mr. P. died in 1780, Lalin Lives of Saints, tending to illus800 i after bis clerkship had expired; trate the carly history of his own counand, being now at liberty to pursue try. He has since favoured the world the bent of his own inclination, he was with a system of Geography, said to attracted to London, not by the plea. be the most correct in our language, sur which the inetropolis aituried, iu trvo volumes, quarto. but by the size of the booksellers' cata That ingenious, and highly enterlo: ues, which seemed to promise a full taining collection, the WALPOLIANA, gratification of his darling passion, read with the admirable biographical sketch ing.
of LORD (XFORD prefixed, is also geneA pecuniary loss to the amount of rally attributed to him; it may therea thu sand pounds, in consequence of fore, in conclusion, be proper io state, the failure of some Merchants of Tas that the litcrary character of Mr. Pingore', obliged him, in 1781, to rcturn kerton is formed by a combination to cotland, where he settled his af- oferudition, industry, and genius. Many fairs; and, in the winter, paid a se useful and elegant works have already cond risit to the English capital, where been derived from his talents; and, he had the preceding year published a should bis health perinii, many more small volume of juvenile poetry. niay yet be expected.
His only intention at first was merely to continue a reader ; but it is not very easy to repress the emotions of genius: On
MELIORATING the CONDITION of being an enthusiastic admirer of the
ROGUES. works of liRAY, he desired, like hin, to inmortalize his name by one small ('essante causa, cessat injectus. volume. The publication of the cot 6 When the cause is removed, the effect tish ballads be considered rather as a
ceasetli." display of bis talents as an editor, than an author; in this line of literature he
To the Editor of the Europ'an Magazine. bas, therefore, chosen more particular
; published many works; but as an au the great number of misdemeanors thor, very few.
committed daily in the service of Manbeing, from his early youth, fond of mon againsi society, by public deline collecting medals, minerals, and other quents; and giving, as every candid incuriosities; a rare coin of CONSTANTINE, quirer ought to do, as liberal a concommemorating his surmation victory, struction as possible even to the acwhich he received from a lady in Scot- tions of the greatest rogues, I couid vot. land, set his numismatic passion again help assuming the fact, that every inafloat, and became the foundation of dividual has an equal claim on the luxua small collection which he has sinceries of life, which are doubtless as sweet made. Addison's Dialogues on Medals, and delectable to one as to another. (though the author rather, as true con On these pre'nises, I began to think that noisseurs say, looked upon bis subject the vist and <"EAT men, legislators, with the eye of a poel, iban that of an and statesien of all ages and countries, antiquary ; and, by the bye, they are', bad been tesiaken in enantiago penal generally speaking, very difcreni cha: law, for the presection and present racters.) delighted Nir. P., and pro of crimes incident to the situations in babiy induced him to compose those 's which men are placed by fortune. I says on medals, which were published know that many grase moralis's would by bodsley in 1781, and is a work insisi, that the only way to aitain a rafrom which we have derived very consi- dical care distonesty, would be by the derable information and entertainmení. improvement of the morals. The mo
These essays are said to have intro- dera philosopher, however, on las other duced him to the acquaintance of Ho- hand, tells is, that the buma: mind RACE WALPOLE, the late Earl of Or wants no inducement in this particular, ford. As an author, Mr. P. has since nor needs assistance, and that the mupublished the well known Dissertation on tual wants of society, and the advan. the SCYThians, or Gorns, andar Ingairy taes of char eier and credit arising into the Ancient History of Scotland, from a course of honesty, would be in two volumes quarto.
suticient to keep inen honcsi. i holi,
nevertheless, this refined system of ethics of expense, cquipage, and pre-eminecce to be imperfect, inasmuch as we daily in society, olserve many of those who pretend to Secondly, that this scale of vieurs 3: sert the omnipotence of this grand di- and pretensions should be inspected hy rection of the mind, making stranga persons qualitied to judge that is, blunders in their estimates and balances by commissioners to he chosen from with one another, and by sone - men, who should be known to be at accountable blindness to these rules of once, thensives, selfish and prodigal, their great and true interests, and of and wlio she u'll be bound to judge for the reciprocities of society, taking every others as they would be done by. It advantage, that may be taken, within should be leit to these gomilemon to out the reach of the law; in short, ha decide whether four, or live, or tra ing willing, at all times, to be great thousand a year, were adequate to the rogues, whenever they think they can- expenses of the gentleman's household pot be found out.
in question, to support his establishThe plan, Mr. Editor, which I hare ment in town, and inis scal in the counin view to recomireud, embrives the try, the extravagancies of his heir, or grand object of prevention of these the elegant dissipations of his wife. misdemeanors. It does no!, it is true, TURDUY, That on s.eh report being include in its benefits the poor in n who made, (overnment should take the inwould be honest if he could, and who dividual cases into consideratio!, and, would rather be honest than dishonest; from time to time, pass 1 money bill who, after a frugal meal for his fizpily, for the express purpose of raising a would not steal a quartern loal, much supply for rendering compensations to less lay his fingers ou a mince-pie's or a the parises for the deficiencies between custard, though they were placed in his their actual incomes, and the amount way; who would not long after high of their erpendiure: or, rather, betwera seasoned ragouts and I'rench wines, nor the sum total of what the party might place his scene of happiness in pride, honestly receive, and that which he is decorations, and trinkets. lo! 'inese compelled to make up by other means, perty depredators of stern want and for his support, or the necessary vieus necessity are bungling workinen in the of his agerandizement. Such a meaart ; and, as a proof that they are so, sure worrid give an ample and supergenerally remain in poverty all their abundant supply to all persons in lives. They have had no proper notion oflice, or otherwise, who might have of peculation, of usury, of supplanting an itching to leue" what did not belong others in the benefits of life, and there to their, merev for the purpose of belfore do not deserve to be included in tering their condition, as it would doubt. the plan for meliorating the condition less pull an end to the arressily of pecu
lation. There oughi to be an excepI shall, therefore, confine the scale of tion, however, against those whom benefit to that numerous class of per- starvation alone has urged to dishosons who, from their education, situa- nesly; or rogors by DORES, as the tion, connexions, and circunstances in law word is : ils tess are not within the Jiic, merit a consideration, and for view of the benefit which is meant for whom, it strikes me, something right the unjust steward, who has the true and ought to be done, not only to re MAYVOV of unriyhleonsis. medy their individual hardship, bui to The following formu've may better prevent the growth of a complaint explazh the design : which threatens, at the present period, r. Vinus, with a sitialion of fire to becoine endemic.
Thousand poor annum, lives necestrily at The propositions, Mr. Editor, which the rate of cight, his private etate I would offer, and which embrace the mortgage to the briin. 'Five houses, great design of effecting a gradual de incluiling tomil and country; viz. (no crease and prevention of venality, po. in tort, one for Mr. diinus, another culation, and other dishoresties, and for Miss W----, a holiee for the last great and little men in oflice, are brieity in the country, a mansion in one of tho as follow :
principal squares in town for Mr. Minus, First, That a careful estimate should and a shooting box in the country. be taken of the victs and pretensions Report of the cominissioners appointof men in high situations, who, it might od for the purpose of beltering the he suspert d, were not provided for, ac condition of rogies. coming to the extent of their ambition, After having taken into mature con. or in an equal ratio with their noticis sideration the necessary scale of expenst's,