« 前へ次へ »
attack to which Dr. Warton was subjected begs you will accept of those two prints, by the Commentary on the Essay on Cri- which I will bring with me, of the pictures ticism : te remarks on the passage,
alluded to, and they will give you ocular
denonstration of your mistake. The very “ One science only will one genius fit," reason, and the only one, of his making an
imitation of Rembrandt on the saine subject, that some nicer virtuosi have observed,
was to show the world how he hath industhat in the serious pieces into which Ho- triously avoided all images of that sort in GARTH has deviated from the natural bias bis Paul before Felix particularly, and in of his genius, there are some strokes of the general that his ambition was to be an exact ridiculous discernible, which suit not with the dignity of his subject. In his Preaching they being all intended as her portraits,
initator, and not a burlesquer of Nature; of St. Paul, a dog snarling at a cat, and
never her caricatures. He will be very glad in bis Pharaoli's Daughter, the figure of the infant Moses, who expresses rather arch
to see you when you come to town, and con
vince you that the great masters of antiquity. ness than timidity, are alleged as instances that this artist, unrivalled in his own walk, mentioned by you, and that he never was:
have been guilty of the foolish oversiglit could not resist the impulse of bis imagination particularly Titian, in one of his grandest towards drollery. “ With this remark Hogarth was violently expressed in the figure of the intant Moses,
works. Timidity is not the single passion and unnecessarily otfended * : he introduced
but Ime to his mother nurse also; very a publication of Warton into one of his different ideas from arcliness, none of which post ludicrous prints, and vowed an “immortal odium.” 'By the interference, how- good a critic as you are should judge of the
is in the figure; and he desires only that so ever, of Dr. Hoadly and Garrick, a reconciliation took place; the Doctor, by softening by the object itself in the picture, and not by
painting by your eyes, and not by your ears ; the observation, inade the amende honorable in a subsequent edition of his work ; and report. Hogarth has got again into portraits,
his hands full of business, and at a high price. Hogarth apulogised, and was satisfied.”
He has alinost finished a noble one of our Upon this subject the following let- sprightly friend David Garrick and his wife. ter passed from Chancellor Hoadly They are a fine contrast. David is sitting at
a table, smilingly thoughtful over an epilogue, to Dr. Warton ;" which, as it is both
or some such composition, (of lus own, you amusing and characteristic, we
may be sure,) bis head supported by his happy to quote in this place, thongh it writing hand; and Madam is, archly enough, makes a small knot in our biographical sealing away his pen waseen behind. It has thread.
not so much fancy as to be affected or ridi
culous, and ye: enough to raise it from the " Chelsey, April 21st, 1757.
formal inanity of a mere portrait. There is
an admirable head of Dr. Hay, of the Com." I yesterday called upon little David the
mons, which if I were like I would not have King and the great (Giant) Hogartı, to both
my picture drawn.
I should not like to of whom I paid your respects; to the one by ineet that figure alive in the fields going giving him your letter, and to the other by
to Chelsey, tor fear of lying that night in a reading your conscientious acknowledgment dich, of your error with regard to his pictures of Paul and Moses, and your promise of
" With twenty gaping gashes on my crown.' amende honorable. The first gave no par ticular answer, but in what all your feeling
“ Yours most truly, acquaintance join, expressions of honour and
“ J. HoAdly." regard for your good heart first, and, secondarily, head. The latter says, you have more
In the spring of 1766, Dr. Warton than conquered any resentinent he might was, on the resignation of Dr. Burton, have had, by your handsome acknowledge appointed Head Master of Winchester ment, and your amende honorable is a soper- School. He was succeeded in the ushererogation he neither expected nor desired. He ship by the Rev. Thomas Collins, who
had been a Fellow of New College, and
to whose direction the Free School uu This was, indeed, the sore place of that der the patronage of that Society had truly comic painter. When the picture of The Harlot blubbering over a Bullock's
been entrusted. Heart' was displayed in the sign-painter's “ But, alas!" says Mr. W., alluding to the exhibition, he, although the bint of that situation and university honours bestowed burlesque assemblage was derived from him, upon Dr. Warton, “ while he fondly inWas so hurt at the ridicule of his dear Sigis- dulged that happiness which ever awaits the SUNDA, that he flew into a most violent gratification of laudable arnbition, an event passion at the circunstance at which be pught occurred which was deemed the complete
wreck of his domesúc felicity. The wife
io have laughed.
whom he still adored with unabated love, whose prudent and useful exertions contri- « On the evening of an important battle, buted to the affluence, whilst her unalfected the Duke of Marlborough was beard chiding and endearing tenderness secured the bliss his servant for having been so extravagant and comfort of his life, fell a victim to a as to light four candles in bis tent when rapid and unconquerable disease, and left Prince Eugene came to confer with him. him the widowed parent of six children *." Elizabeth was a coquette; and Bacon reo!
ceived a bribe. Dr. Busby had a violent The transition in this part of the
passion for the stage; it was excited in him work is as singular as it is sudden ; by the applauses he received in acting the for following the last paragraph, Mr. Royal Slave before the King at Christ W, immediately says, “ About this Church; and he declared, that if the retime he (Dr. Warton) became a mein- bellion bad not broke ont, he should cer.' ber of the Literary Club.” We cannot taquly have engaged hmself as an actor. extend quotation as we could wish ; Luther was so immoderately passionate, that but we must observe, that Mr. Bos- he sometimes boxed Melancthon's ears; and well meant to say, which was actually Melanethon humu self was a believer in judicial the fact, that Mr. Langton was a better Richelieu and Mazarin were so superstitious
astrology, and an interpreter of dreans. scholar than some that he has named :
as to employ and pension Morin, a pretender he does not insiguate' that he was a
to astrology, who cast the nativities of these greater genius than any, though his able politicians. Nor was Tacitus himself, talents were highly respectable. who generally appeared superior to supersti
In Deceniber, 1773, Dr. Warton mar- tion, untaluted with this folly, as may appear ried Miss Nicholas, daughter of Robert from the twenty-second chapter of the sixth Nicholas, Esq.
book of his annals. Men of great genius have
be 'n somewhere compared to the pillar of In 1782, " the eminently learned and fire that conducted the Israelites, which frepious Dr. Lowth, then Bishop of London, quently turued a cloudy side toward the bestowed on him a Prebend of St. Paul's, spectator." and within the year added the living of Chorley, in Hertfordshire; which, after some
(To be concluded in our next.) arrangements, the Ductor exchanged for An Essay on the Elements, Accents, Wickham. " This year gave also to the world the
and Prosody of the English Lanlong expected sequel of the Essay on Pope;
guage; intended to have been printed a great part of which volume had been
as an Introduction to Mr. Boucher's for some time printed, and the completion Supplement to Dr. Johnson's Dictionof which was retarded from motives of the ary. By J. Odell, M.A.
1 vol. most delicate and landable nature."
12mo. Mr. W. here enters into a candid,
There are no studies, the necessity of fair, and elegant critique upon this which has been more frequently impart of the work, as he had before pressed upon our minds, than those that done upon the other. We have, in
are termed PuiLoLOGICAL, and especithis instance, little inclinalion to play ally that particular branch of them the the Hypers, but a very strong one to
EnglisH LANGUAGE; yet, with respect extract, which, had we space, we find it to this, there is, perhaps, no study that impossible to indulge, without injuring has been less regarded. the context, of his judicious observa
Our early authors, when they contions: however, those upon the fol. descended to speak their mother iongue, lowing line, as he states them to be, so
seem to have been much more redunwe think them worthy of notice, we
dant than systematic. This is observable shali at a venture quote,
in the works of Chaucer and others, “ Unthought-of frailties cheat us in the down to the period of the Reformation, wise."
In fact, they frequently expressed them
selies in terms which, if not local or “ For who," says the Editor, “could ima. gine that Locke was fond of rom:nees; that provincial, were much worse ; for they Newton once studied astrology; that Dr.
were probably of their own creation, Clarke valued hmselt for his agility, and
unwarranted by any authority, and, frequently amused himself in a privaie room consequently, inexplicable by any efin his house by leaping over tables and forts. chairs; or that our author (Pope) himself Hooker, who wrote towards the close was a great epicare.
of the sixteenth century, was the first
who endeavoured to introduce purity She died October 5, 177% into English composition.
SHAREPEARE did more ; for wbile he the arms of the FRENCH, we have cerextended its verbal compass, be dis- tainly had much to dread from the played every inflection of which it was intrusion of their republican jargon. capable.
Shakspeare says, words before blows: Jonson laboured to reduce the flights so as the one has been sometimes known of enthusiasm to the rules of graminar, to be the precursor of the other, it and to bring idioms before the tribunal is proper to be guarded at all points. of accuracy: Lord Bacon to amalga- We were therefore glad to learn, that a mate philology with philosophy. Yet society is formed, at the head of which still our language was for a long period is that learned and venerable Prelate, unsettled.
the Bishop of Dromore, for the pura ja the times of the PURITANS, &c. pose of “ whipping those stragglers it assumed a character stiff and formal o'er the sea ;" or, in other words, as those of the sects that predominated for divesting the English tongue of After the ResTORATION, it became as foreign idioms. inuch too florid as it had before been Toward the promotion of this detoo precise.
sirable purpose, the essay before us If in the reign of the first JAVES will essentially contribute. it had been frequently weakened by its Mr. Odell observes, in the title, “inclassic auxiliaries, in that of ihe second tended to bave been printed as an it suffered still more from the inter- introduction to the supplement to Dr. mixture of French phrases.
Johnson's dictionary by Mr. Boucher," At the close of the seventeenth cen- and is a continuation of the learned tury, such was the barbarous state of attempts of Mr. Harris, Dr. Louth, the English tongue, that its refinement and several others, to purify the Eng. became an object of consideration a- lish language, and, by philosophical mong the learned. C'pon the dawn of and grammatical processes, to associate the eighteenth, Addison endeavoured sound with idea. to effect by reason and ridicule what To analyse a work of this nature Tillotson had before attempted to would, if we were not exceedingly diffuse, do by influence and example.
be totally useless. Mr. 0. has divided Swift, who was through life too his essay into three parts; ELEMENTS, great a politician to do any thing with. Accents, and Prosody. In descanting out a plan, we had alınost said without upon each of these he is clear and a plot, addressed a remonstrance to the perspicuous ; though we think that Lord TREASURER Oxford, concerning with respect to the latter he is too the imperfect state of our language; minute ; or rather, we should say, too alleging, " that in many instances it fastidious ; for this reason, and he offended against every part of grame knows it far better thau ourselves, that mar." HARLEY, who was a man of there is no language in which Proderds rather than of words, took no SODY has soared so far“ beyond all pains to remedy the evil of which fixed and settled rules as the English." the Dean complained. Therefore, al- There is no language in which not only though he was frequently obliged to melody but measure has run so wild hear his mother tongue spoken much as in ours. So differeut have been the plainer than he liked, the language ideas of even the learned upon this remained in the same state until the subject, that we should conceive it alsubject of its retinement attracted the most out of the power of grammarians, attention of James Harris, Esq., who in the present state of things, to reforin bas, in his Hernes, philosophically them. analysed it.
of these aberrations many notices Dr. JOHNsOn then took up the sub- Inight be adduced; therefore that reject; and although he has swelled the formation is necessary, every one acEnglish vocabulary, perhaps, a litile quainted with letters must allow, at the beyond its necessary bounds, be seenis, same time that he coufesses it to be a by a general, though tacit, consent, Herculean task. to have fixed its standard.
This task Mr. 0. has successfully From tbis standard there has, within attempted. He has, in the two former a short period, been some danger of parts of this essay, raised the columns deserlion; for althougli, during the upon which the latter is supported; present awful contest, we have bad and as we think, for the reason before little reason to fear 'invasion from alleged, that there is something not
only classical, but patriotic, in render- which the examination of the work will ing our language as pure, and keeping not fully verify. it as uncontaminated, as possible, we are happy in the present opportunity to utility of every publication is its greatest
“ The editor presumes to think, that the recominend this undertaking.
recommendation, and therefore that comJ. M.
pendium which is the most extensive in its The Tablet of Memory; shewing epery public. Through the whole of the following
contents must claim the approbation of the memorable Event in History from pages, he has selected his articles from histothe earliest Period to the Year 1807 ,
rians of the first rank, as well as the most classed under distinct Beads, with
authentic annalists; which will render this their Dates; comprehending an Epin work useful to every class, from the throne tome of English History: with an to the homely cot. It will save the learned ezact Chronology of Painters, emi- the trouble of turning over voluminous aunent Men, &c. To which are an- thors to refresh their mcinories; to the illitenered several useful Lists. The rate it will give information, and to the ignoEleventh Edition, considerably en
rant it will convey instruction. Here, at larged with several Hundred addi
one view, you may look into antiquity, or er. tional Articles. I vol. 12mo. pp. 348. amine things of later dates. It will be a
remembrancer to those who have forgotten Perhaps the surest criterion of the what they have read, and may serve as an merit of this work is to be found epitome of English lustory,” &c. &c. in that part of the title-page which announces that this is the elerenth
To this we must add, that in the edition ; a circumstance decisive of the
fluctuation of events which so pecujudgment of the public with respect to liarly mark the passing times in the its utility.
great changes of the religious, the moIt has been the fashion of some of ral, the commercial, and the pecuniary our brother reviewers, whose effusions systems under which the European are in no danger of becoming the things world is now groaning, it is absolutely
necessary to have a work of this nature they reprobate, to despise books of reference: dictionaries they have not brought down to the present important much regard for; lexicons they likestill
We, therefore, are glad of this less; and with respect to encyclopedias, opportunity to observe, that it is of they are, as the lawyers say, at sea.
considerable benefit to the public to Far different are our opinions of these find one so ably executed, and at the useful works: we think, to adopt a me
same time so reasonable in its price. chanicidea, that, like the cases of letters
J. M. in composition, they contain the seeds Hours of Leisure; or, Essays and Chaof literature, which may, under the guidance of good sense and judgment,
racteristics. By George Brewer. flourish into every branch of science.
Dedicated, by Permission, to Lumley In the same point of view we consider
St. George Skeffington, Esq. i l'ol. chronological tables. Every compen
12mo. 1806. dium that can assist the memory has its When the Essays of Goldsmith first use ; and the world is infinitely obliged made their appearance, it was in the to those patient and persevering spirits, humble vehicle of a weekly periodical who have, in works of this nature, with publication, price three-pence, called Infinite labour, sinoothed the paths that Is The Bee.” Their intrinsic merit lead to the attainment of knowledge. procured them many admirers ; and
To these observations, which have a one of them, which we think does general application, we must particu- not appear in the modern collection, larly add, that the Tablet of Memory a valuable acquaintance to the writer. seems to us to be the most useful of This paper (we recollect) described a any that we have yet seen. We have STAGE-Coach with passengers as upon coinpared it with the Tables of Du- the point of setting out for the TewFRESNOY, with Trusler's Chronology, PLE OF Fawr, and an author, who and some other works; and we find, laboured under the weight of two ponthat in point of arrangement, and in derous volumes of a dictionary, in some instances of accuracy, it is supe. danger of being turned back by the. rior to any. Upon this subject we may GENIUS who acted as COACHMAN, had fairly trust the editor to speak for him he not espied the Rambler peeping self, because be does not say a word out of bis pocket. This circumstance
secured him a scat, and, we believe, Evremond; but I had read, too, Bacon. introduced GOLDSMITA to the friend. Locke, Addison, and Johnson. I was buro in ship of Dr. JOHNSON, who has often ex
the latier part of the Augustan age of pressed his admiration of the stile of literature in this country, and is a philothose early effusions " of his friend Sopher in the truest meaning of the word.
A desire, however, to go abroad, terapted Goldy." Of the stile of GOLDSMITH, in his Es
me to forsake the natural alliance my nmd
had tormed. But it appeared as it it was says, we are as great adınirers as the only to take me from written books to learned Doctor, thongh still less capa- open to me the book of Nature- America, ble of imitating it; and, indeed, we India, China, Sweden, Denmark, and Northought that it could hardly be imi- way, displayed their treasures to iny riper tated with accuracy, until we saw the contemplation. I had left my home-but in series of essays by our ingenious Cor- every climate I found Virtue and Humarespondent, GEORGE BREWER, which NITY-in every country PROVIDENCEwere first published in the EUROPEAN
and in all the space I traversed, a Drity. MAGAZINE ; the success of which has
The saine sun arose from the horizon of
INDIA as had cherished the soil of my induced the author to interweave them
paternal laud; and though another hemiwith many other pieces, and launch
sphere presented other stars, and China anthem on the literary ocean in the vessel
orher country, totally different in its scenery, upon whose cargo we are about to risic its productions, and its costume, yet every a few more observations.
where I could trace the strong outlines of the It was from reading those essays that same Alighty hand).” we were led more correctly to contem- With the attainments that Mr. B. plate the stile of Goldsmith; and tho has stated, exerted in so wide a field, result was, that we found its excellence consisted not only in its being smoothly of the world, be is unquestionably
and with the experience he has had and verbally familiar, but in its happily qualified for the profession of an Essayadapting itself to a familiarity of ideas, ist, which he has in this volume exof images, of descriptions, and situa. ercised with genitus and taste; we hope tions : all tbese properties Mr. BREWER with concomitant success. has imitated, until we find his efforts
We have, upon many other occaassume a higher character, and partake sions, hinted our predilection in favour of the original cast of tbinking which of periodical writings. As pictures of distinguished his PROTOTYPE. Having made these remarks, as every dered abstracts of the times; of course,
living manners, they may be consireader wishes to know what kind of a person he is to whom he feels himself number of this collection, containing
we were much pleased with the first obliged for rational and elegant enter the adventures of Jack Ease ; which, tainment, it now becomes necessary as a kind of finger-post, supported by further to observe, that Mr. E. seems good seuse and good bumour, is a much to have entered life with advantages better director to others who travel tbat, alas! did not fall to the lot of the same road, than that so lately set up poor GOLDSMITA. He seems to have in the HAY MARKET. viewed human nature upon a much The MARGATE PACQUET-The Mas more extended scale, and to ***** but
OF THE WORLD-The PHILOSOPHIC Tar it is much better to let him speak for The EASTERN TALE OF ESAUDI AND
Esoudi --The well introduced Story of “ Allow me,” says he, “ on this occasion,
ATTACA-Matthew Mupple's LETTER to say a few words of myself, and the senti
TO BUONAPARTE - CHARACTERS Cnaments of my mind, lest any one might say
RACTERISTIC, and a number of other --no!—I will not go this road I do not like articles, have very considerable merit. my companion. I will tell you honestly and They are sprightly, easy, and, in sevecandidly, that I am not a disciple of the ral instances, clegant. In short, the new philosophy-yet I was educated in a contents of this volume fully justify the school of science and taste. I began early to title ; they are that kind of amusing entertain a respect for literature. Among reading which is well adapted to HOURS the friends of iny father were Jonas Hanway, George Keale, Lord Trevor, and ruany more
OF LEISURE, and well calculated to afford of the most excellent men and connoisseurs
an agreeable relaxation to the mind : of the age. Books were my delight, and my
though we are, indeed, inclined to class occupation was reading io ny father. I the whole in a higher species of litorahvad heard of Montesquicu, Rwusseau, and ture, and to recommend the work not St. Evrenond, and at eleven years of age I only as an innoceut, but as a MORAL had read Montesquieu, Rousseau, and St.