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EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AXD

LONDON REVIEW,
FOR FEBRUARY 1807.

,

Own.

AN ACCOUNT OF ISAAC REED, ESQ.

(WITH A PORTRAIT.] SAAC REED, Esq., F.S.A., was born pursuits more agreeable to his accusart-street, Old Artillery Ground, in the peculiar turn of mine!. liberty of his Majesty's Tower of Loli Perhaps, of literary characters, very don, of a family, highly respectable, few had read, and fewer still had remem. and of considerable antiquity. His fa bered, so inuch as Isaac Reed. His knowther in particular, though engaged in ledge of ancient English writers was althe humble occupation of a baker, was most unbounded, and his memory tenaci. a man of education and abilities very ous and exact to a very extraordinary desuperior to his apparent condition, and gree; and bence his publications (though both capable and desirons of bestowing from extreme modesty, and a diffidence these advantages upon his son. Being scarcely less extraord mary than his meof a constitution exceedingly delicate, rit, he seldom appeared before the pubthe subject of this Memoir during his lic otherwise than as an Editor,) are earliest years remained with his pa- stamped with a value peculiarly their rents ; from whom he was at length The same remarkable delicacy removed to an academy at Streatham. and reserve wlich characterised him One of his schoolfellows was the present even among his most intimate acquainPrincipal of Staple Ion; whose intimacy tances, render it extremely difficult to with Mr. R. was unabàted till his death, enumerate all his productions, but the and who cherishes an affectiouate regard following list may be considered as toleto his memory. Mr. R. still continued rably accurate :--. in a state of great bodily weakness, and So carly as the year 1769, he colfor many years of his life was threatened lected into one volume the poetical works with consumptive symptoms...

of the Hon. Lady Mary Wortley MonIn the year 1757 he became an arti- tague. In 1778 he printed a few copies cled Clerk to Messrs. Perrot and Hodgson, of Middleton's eurioins unpublished play, then eminent attornies in London. When called " The Witch, a Tragi-Coomo. his clerkship was concluded, he engaged die ;” which were only circulated prihimself as assistant to Mr. Hoskins, of vately ainong his friends. In the same Lincoln's-inn, an eminent Barrister and year appeared a sixth volume of Dr. Couveyancer. In this situation Mr. R. Young's Works. It is remarkable, that remained for about a year ; when he when lie was requested to suffer his took chambers in Gray's-inn, and be name, or his initials, to appear in the gan to practise as a Conveyancer on his title-page, or advertisement, he made own account.

answer, (so great was his dread on that Independently, however, of his ap- occasion, - he believed he should preplication to the laborious duties offer the pillory itself, if it were proposed his profession, Mr. R., previous to as an alternatore." In 1773 Mr. R. this period, had acquired great profi- collected and published the Cambridge ciency in general knowledge, and in Scatonian Prize Poems, froin their inparticular a decided taste for Old Eng. st.lution in 1750. From 1773 to about Tisis literature, and an intimate acquaint 1780 he was a valuable and constant ance with old English authors. Retired contributor to the Westminster Magaand simple in his manners, strict and zine', more particularly in the biographie unbending in his integrity, and without cal department. He was also au occaany prepossession for the law, of which sional contributor to The Gentleman's he has beun heard to say. “ the practice Magazine ; but of lato years, The Eu. was intolerable,” he made it his princi- ropean Magazine, of which, till within a pal care to obtain a fundamental know few months past, he was both Editor and Jedge of the jurisprudence of his coun a Proprietor, was honoured with his try; and having succeeded to this ex immediate and particular care and supertent, he sacrificed without reluctance intendance. lo 1775 appeared Pearch's liis expectations of professional advance. Collection of Porins, 4 vols. ; which

Keate, Esq. In 1777, an account of the Steevens, with whom Mr. R. Tras joint Life and Writings of the late Rev. Dr. Editor in the subsequent edition of Dodd. The Biographia Dramatica, 1793, in 15 vols. It is worthy of 2 vols. 8vo, founded upon “ Baker's record, that during the time when this Companion to the Play-house,” was a edition was in the press, Mr. Steevens favourite work of Mr. Recd's, and may walked from Hampstead every morning, be considered as one of his most ori- in all seasons, and frequently before ginal productions. Since its publication, day light, to dir. Reed's apartments, in 1782, Mr. R. had continually inte- which were now in Staple-inn, Holborn, rested himself in arranging and collect- rather than want the advantage of Mr. ing materials for an improved edition ; R.'s opinion ; and his respect for Mr. but about two years since, finding him-' Reed's judgment was so great, that he self unequal to continue his exertions, would not suffer a single sheet to be put the property of this work was transfer to the press till it had first been submitred to Messrs. Longinan and Rees; and, ted to his inspection and revisal. Mr. S. on Mr. Reed's strongest recommenda: fee:ing himself deeply indebted for Mr. tion, the completion of it was under. R.'s persevering attention and valuable taken by Mr. Stephen Jones, in whose assistance, bequeathed to him his own hands it will not fail to appear before corrected copy of Shakspeare; from the public with every advantage. In which was published, in 1803, Mr. Reed's 1780 appeared an improved edition of last splendid edition of Shakspeare, in Dodsley's Old Plays, in 12 vols. ; the 21 vols., 8vo. To this edition his name original title-pages of which were found was formally prefixed; and perhaps it among Mr. Reed's papers, having been is not too much to say, that it will cancelled, on account of the Publisher's supersede the labours of future comhaving inserted the name of the Editor : mentators; though Mr. Reed's moa circumstance, as before observed, desty would not suffer him by any highly repugnant to his feelings. In

means to imagine, that all the sources 1782, a new edition of Dodsley's Collec of elucidating his favourite author were tion of Poems, with biographical notes,

exhausted. 6 vols., 8vo. To these we may add

But all these, though no inconsidertwo supplemental voluines, athirieenth abic proofs of bis industry and zeal, and fourteenth, to Dr. Johnson's Works, are far from comprising the sum total 1788; a Select Collection of Fugitive

of his labours ; indeed, they give a Pieces of Wit and Humour, in Prose very inadequate idea of his literary and Verse, under the title of the Repo

usefwness. The works which have sitory, 4 vols., 8vo, 1777–1788; the passed through his hands to the public Life of Dr. fioldsmith, prefixed to the

are exceedingly numerous, and the second volume of his Essays, collected occasions on which he bas given his and published in s vols., by Mr. Wright, assistance in difficult points of literature the printer, 1798 ; and a concise, but almost beyond calculation. Mr. Nichols masterly, delineation of his friend, Dr. in particnlar, one of his earliest friends, Farmer, communicated by Mr. R. to and Editor of Dr. King's Works and the William Seward, Esq., and printed in

Supplement to Swift in 1776, and of his Biographiana.

Aneclotes of Mr. Bowyer in 1782, grateTo the generality of readers, however, fully acknowledges the assistance he dethe name of Bir, Kced is most faniliar rived at that early period in those publias an annotator on Shakspeare. It is cations, from the judicious observations by no means necessary to enter upon a

of Mr. Rred. Many similar pleasing mesubject so difficult and abstruse as the morials of the obligations expressed to original text of Shakspeare ; but the Mr. R. hy authors of the first rank and characicr of Mr. Reed under this head eminence, remain in the possession of his may be summed up with equal truth

friends, and are creditable in the highest and brevity under the four following degree to buis talents; and many valuable elegant lines addressed to him by an ano

testimonies of this description are alymuis authori

ready before the pune. So ample, inToo pompous, labour'd, confident, refinil, deed, was his collection of scarce books,

Most annotations on var Bardappear; s0.thoronghly was he conversant in Thine trace with modest care huis mighty their contents, and withal s: liberal

inind, And, liie lliy Ili, are simp'e, jini, and municating literary information and

{clear, and generous, on all occasions, in comThe first edition of Shakspeare in which assistance to others, that, to use the Mr. R. was engaged was that of 1785, words of one of the most aviable of his in TU vos,

This he underlook at the cologists, (Wr. Seward,) "" his friends bila uçuiar request of his friend, Mr. were si a loss ahich lo admire noel, his

power, or his inclination to assist them." With Daniel Braithwaite, Esq., for

Mr. Reed's moral character was merly of the Post Office, the oldest and wholly unexceptionable, and without most intimate, perhaps, of all his friends, reproach. His private life was re a gentleman well known to the literary tired, and his general conduct and ap: world by his zeal in the cause of literapearance singularly unobtrusive and ture and the arts, and endeared during uppresuming; but he was ever accessi a long life to mauy friends by his ble when he had the power or the general virtues and unwearied benevoprospect of being useful. He was never lence, Mr. R. has at different times married; and his health, though the passed & part of the summer season at strength of his constitution finally pre: Amwell, Hertfordshire, in the cottage vailed against the threatened appear-formerly inhabited by Nir, Floole, the ances of consumption (a disorder which translator of Ariosto and Metastasio, proved fatal to his father), was gene- and in the village celebrated by the derally uncertain, and frequently inter- scriptive poetry of Scott; and so strong rupted by scvere attacks of illiess. In was the attachment which he had formbis latter years he suffered repeatedly, ed to that place, and so genuine and and finally almost uninterruptedly, from unalterable his humility, that is made paralytic affections; which gradually, it a particular request in his will to be but painfully, prepared the way for his buried at Amwell, and that his funeral dissolution. As a son, he never lost should be as private as possible ; desight of the important duties of that siring, at the same time, that the sum relation; and it was one of the last of ten guineas might be distributed to: and most solemn actions of his life, to the poor on the day of his burial. record, and remunerate, some marks of When his health would permit, Mr. attentive kindness shown many years Reed was also a constant visitor at Mr. before, to his mother. Though his ha- Braithwaite's house in London ; aud bits were usually retired, yet at dif- here it was, on the 1st of January last, ferent periods of his life he had made only four days before his death, that hiss three excursions to the Continent; and last visit was paid. On that day be com.. on another occasion, with Major Pear- plained of severe indisposition, but was son, himself also an eininent collector, able, with assistance, to walk home : he almost made the tour of England, nothing, indeed, but extreme necessity, in search of rare books and curiosi- could have obliged him to use any other tfes of literature. Till within the few conveyance. On the Saturday followlast years, he was always an early riser; ing he was materially better, and said, and till increasing indisposition and he had not felt himself so well for years. infirmity rendered it impossible, exer On Sunday he was exceedingly ill; and cise was to him both a source of health on Monday morning, the 5th of Jan and of pleasure. Though he never in- nuary, 1807, about cleven o'clock, he truded himself upon the notice of any, expired with the meekness and resignayet he numbered among his particular tion of a Christian, retaining 'his refriends some of the most respectable collection to the last, and returning a characters of the metropolis. We have grateful sinile to an attentive friend already mentioned Dr. Farmer, the who was exerting herself to alleviate learned Master of Emanuel College, bis parting anguish. His remains were Cambridge ;. Mr. Nichols ; and Mr. Sc- intcrred at Amwell, agreeably to his ward, the author of Anecdotes of Dis own request, on Tuesday, the 13th of tinguished Persons, &c. : but there have January, attended by Mr. Braithwaite, been few literary characters of any e

Thomas Grceve, Esq., and George Ni.. muinence, from the present period for col, Esq., and his relations, Mr. Aubrey the last thirty years, not excepting the Joseph Lum and Mr. Robert Lum. great Dr. Samuel Johoson, who have Mi. Reed was in possession of several not desired the acquaintance of Mr. autographs of eminent public charar, Reed, and been benefited by the accu ters, and has left a large accumulalion mulated stores of his recollection and of curious MSS., and an extensive and knowledge. He always derived great valuable library, which he has directed entertaininent froin dramatic exhibi, to be sold by auction; and the supertions, and was well acquainted with the intendance of which he has cntrasiedle most respectable meinbers of thai pro- to another of his friends, the lev. fession, particularly with the celebrated H. J. Podel, the learned Editor of David Garrick, and the prescut Mr. Spenser and Milton. The library of J, P. Kemble, &c.

Mr. Reed is particularly valuablc, bo.

10

205

cause many of the books are enriched LYCOPHRONIS CASSANDŘĄ. with his own MS. notes and observa

Tuñua iy tions. His books, with the bulk of his Λεύσσει πάλαι δε σπείραν property, he has bequeathed to a feinale Κακών σύρoυσαν άλμη. .

Epit. Cunter. relation, with whose family he had long Λεύσσω, παλαι δε, σπείραν όλκαίων κακών been upon terms of the strictest inti- Σύρoυσαν άλμη, χάπι ροιζούσαν πάτρα macy and friendship.

Δεινάς απειλές και πυριφλέκτους βλάβες. . This last tribute of gratitude, due “Ως μη σε Κάδμος ώφελ' εν περιορίτα

5 on every account to the memory of Iσση φυτεύσαι δυσμενών ποδηγέτην, one who for many years maintained Τέταρτον έξ "Ατλαντος άθλίoυ σπoρόν, the cliaracter and respectability of Tων αυθομαίμων συγκατασκάπτην, Πρύλια: The European Magazine, is ofered Τόμουρε προς τα λίστα νημερτέστατε. ση the part of the present Proprie- Μηδ' 'Αισακείων διμος ώφελες πατήρ tor, with sentiments of mingled satis. Ypnouw smūsas vuxlico.tz dziecita, faction and regret: and if it might Miã od xp-tai tois ozdovs unig már pas be permitted time writer, he would close Μοίρα τεφροίσας για Λεμναίων πυρί: this memorial with another feeble tes.

'Ουκ άν ποσώνδε κυμ' επέκλυσεν κακών. timony to Mr. Reed's character, in the

SCHOL. IN!!, form of an inscription for his tomb :

6. επιρροιζούσαν επηχούσαν. 4. Κάδμος]

ο Ερμής κατά σεγκοπήν άπό τού Καδμίliasinless and humble, diffident, approv'd,

7. συγκατασχάπλην) συμπος ζητήν. 8. Here Reed reposes, rear the spot he lov’d.

λίστα] τα φίλα τους ερωτήσι. Unpromising his front, and ouinard mien;

SECT. 13. But deep and vast the treasures lodg'd with

De navibus ad Trojam appulsuris præReserv'd, but not uncaudio, nor severe;

dicit ('assandra-Prylis, stirpe TroSilent and grave--but grarciul and sincere ; janå sali, fraudem-i'riumi, yui He Honour'd, regretied, hy the chosen few cubre & Paridi pepercerai, limorem Who knew his worth-and all his virtues delet-sprelis insomniis, quorum se knew.

Esacus egerat interprelem. Nelly h: suffer'd thongli severely tried, Vidco, et dudum, calenam sulcantiam And 10complaining liv'd, and calmly died.

malorum He died, unaw'd in Nature's darkest hour;

Trahentem salo, et obstrepentem patriæ He lives, where Truth and Vir ue die no more!

J. B.

Graves minas et igne-ardentes noxas.

Utivam non te Cadmus in circumflua To the Editor of the European Magazine. Issa genuisset hostium pedissequum, 5

Quartum ex Atlante misero semen, TOT

useful to the Public, I request Propheta, ad optima verissime. you will insert this in your Magazine.

Utinam nec Esacæis meus pater

Ab-oraculis abegisset noctivagos terIn most places of India, it was long a very difficult matter to keep the gronud Uno autem texisset duos pro patriâ

rorcs,

10 floors of houses so dry as to be habit- Fato, in-cineres redigeus inembra Lemable. But soinc years past, some person of science discovered a kind of mor

nio igne;

Non tantorum fluctus inundasset malotar, or cement, with which if a course or two of bricks were laid, and another

Not. course of good tiles were laid, no danıp

1. όλκαίων - Ligunt alii ολκάδων. Sed or moisture came up through them.

personir convenientior est finrata dictio Forinerly the damp went up the walls ón xciwy xaxūr, quànı sinplex óà xáday. Mata, for several scet; but where two or three

a naviui trictu et appuisu urbimonitantia. courses of the foundation were laid 4. – Káguos ---] Mercurius; idem qui, with that sort of mortar, the walls con v. 162. Kadmíños, imus e Cabiris Samothratinued perfectly dry. In this country,

cibus. Putt. iu joc. et Boch. Geogr. Neo where it is coinion to have kitchens pretermittenda sunt qui doctissimè disseruit and cellars under ground, such mortar

Füber de ('uli. myseriis. must be of great advantage. Any per

5. --"loop- ] Insula Lesbos Isse nomine

oliin innotuit. son who knows the composition of it, 2::d will publish it in this Magazine, cui adja el Dodunri Joris templom, oraculo

8. Tópaupe--] Tomurus Dudonæ mons; will confer a benefit on the public. insignitum ; cujus sacerdotes, o to paint in I am, "Ir,

épārtas pastixws, timovpor appellaniur. Eustuth. Your most humble scrvant, Hesych. JOHN MILLER.

SECT. 13. Liverpool, Jan. 30, 1807.

Cassandra foretells the arrival of the

SIR,

, Prylin;

rum.

SER,

their way,

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Grecian shipg-laments the perfidy of To the Editor of the European Magazine.
Prylis -- the timidity of Priam, who
slighted the Dream interpreted by
Asacus.

for the last month, I observe that I see, and long have seen a lengthening you mention " a very pathetic letter train

[main; written by the Queen when young, and Of snaky mischiefs, dragging thro' the a Princess of Mecklenburgh, addressed Which, towards my country as they point to the Great Frederick, imploring relief

(vey. from the oppressions of the military Dirc threats and desolating flames con- then quartered on the Mecklenburgh Oh! Hermes, ne'er had Issa’s sea-girt territory. With which letter, it is said, earth

[birth; the King was so pleased, that he reGiven thy base son, the faithless Prylis, commended her to our Sovereign; and Subverter of his Trojan kindred's peace, from this circumstance alone she be. And, tho' from Atlas sprung, a friend came Queen of England."

to Greece. [hostile ear; Whether the concluding passage is Prophet ! whose warnings sooth the correct, or otherwise, I will not pretend To foes too sure a guide, too true a to say; but being possessed of a copy seer !

[clin'd of the letter referred to, I thought it Oh! never had my doubting sire in- might prove acceptable to your readers, To drive those nightly terrours from his and bave therefore transcribed it for mind,

[concenl’d, your use. It is so much to her MaWhose mystic meaning, from our sight jesty's honour, and such an illustration Hiş son prophetic Æsacus reveal'd: of tlie wisdom of his Majesty's choice, Had he with patriot-zeal the pyre begun, that I think it is worthy of being preAnd sunk in tlames the mother and her sented to the Public; especially as it son,

[her date, affords'a confirınation of the moral Troy, still triumphant, had prolong'd sentiment, that “ blessings ever wait Nor had this flood of woes o’erwhelm'd on virtuous deeds." the state.

I remain, Sir,
Notes.

Your obedient servant, 2. --snaky mischiefs-] Cassandra antici. Feb. 4, 1807. . BRITANNICUS. pates the approach of the Grecian navy, and ibe calamities to which her country would

TRANSLATION of a LETTER said to have 800a be exposed. It may be observed, that the three first Greek Imes are descriptive

been written by a certain great Prino of serpents liastening towards the shore : un

* to the King of Prussia +. des whicb image the port expresses the ape MAY IT PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY, penach of the Grecian ships towards Troy. I am at a loss whether I should conThis image was probably suggested by the gratulate' or condole with you on your recollection of Laocoon's serpents; wrich, fate victory #; since the sanse sucress steering their course, as Quintus Calaber which has covered you with laurels speaks, iaw daos, ártix Tgoins, strangled the father and his sons. Virg. .Es. L. 2. Q. Cal.

has overspread the country, of MeckL. 12. An allusion to this inauspicious event, lenburgh with desolation. I know, Sirc, which was prophetic of Troy's future mis- that it seems unbecoming my ses, in fortunes, was sure to find a place in Cassan. this age of vicious refinemeat, to feel dra's narrative. v. 347. Fedopatos popzews. for one's country, to lament the horrors

6. —Prylis ) A native of Lesbos and son of war, or wish for the return of peace. of Mercury, was the fourth in descent froin I know you may think it more properly Atlas, whence Dardanus sprung. He was my province to study the arts of pleas. therefore of Trojan extraction. Yet, when ing, or to inspect subjects of a more Hie Greeks landed at Lesbos, he treache- domestic nature. But however uulca Tuisly disclosed to them the means, by coming it may be in me, I cannot resist which Troy must be taken.

the desire of interccding for this un14. -- Asaculen] Hecuba had dreamed, that she should bring forth a torch. This happy people. torch the seer Esacns, Priw's son, bad

it was but a very few years ago interpreted to mean Paris. He turetold that that this territory wore the most pleas. on the destruction of Ilecuba and this hering appearance. The country was cula son thic preservation of Troy depended. But froru the obvious interpretation of the dream the father's affections rerolied. Princa, * Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburgba antion to save his wife ami volt, was willing now Qures of England. to pow.the destruction, winchi this dread pop Frederick the Grcat. labded, aguwist bis concubide and l.er in iant. - Trobally bee battle of Rosbucba

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