mon cause.

tries to be protected by them, are not | The King of Bavaria, or such able to raise the necessary sums.

This other sovereign of the countries also is provided against; and a part of bordering ou France between the money to be paid by France, is to

the Rhine, and the Prussian be employed in raising defences against The King of Spain


15 Frencha aggression ; the remainder is to remunerate to a certain degree-for,

Of the twenty five millions wbich rewholly remunerated, it cannot be-the main to be distributed, five shall be apalacrity with which the nations of Eu- and the remaining twenty shall be assigned

propriated to finish the works at Mayence, rope started forward to support the com for the erection of a new federal fortress

As this is one of the novel- upon the Upper Rhine. ties of the time, we allot a portion of Although all the Allied States have afour pages to a statement of this distri- forded proofs of the same zeal and devotion bution, as marked in what is denomi- for the common cause, there are some, notpated “A Protocol.

withstanding, like Sweden, (which, from The Allied Powers, ackaowledging the all active co-operation, in consequence of

the very commencement, was released from necessity of guaranteeing the tranquillit: the difficulty of conveying her troops across of the countries bordering on Frence, by the Balti«), who have made no efforts erecting fortifications on certain points the whatever :" others, like Spain, Portugal, most exposed, bave determined to set apart and Denmark, although they have armed for that objert a portion of the sims which

to assist in the struggle, have been preare to be paid by France, leaving the remainder for general distribution, under the fectually contributing to its success. Swis

veuted by the rapidity of events from efhead of Indemnities. A fourth part of the serland, which has rendered most essentotal sum to be paid by France, shall be tial services to the common canse, did not applied to the erecting fortifications. But accede to the Treaty of the 25th of March as the cession of the fortress of Saar-Louis,

on the same conditions as the other allies. equally founded on the motive of general These states are thereby placed in a difsafety, renders the construction of new for- ferent situation, which does not allow of tifications in the vicinity of that fortress their being classed with the other Allied superfluous, and that the same has been states, according to the number of their estimated at fifty millions, by the Militor troops: it is therefore agreed, in order to Committee who were consulted upon that obtaiu for them a just indemnity, as far as point, the said fortress shall be set down circumstauces will permit, to apportion at the above-mentioned sum, in the calcu.tweive and a half millions in the following lation of the sums to be expended in fortifications, so that the aforesaid fourth part

Millions. shall not be deducted from the seven hun.

To Spain dred millions of francs promised by France,

To Portugal but from seven hundred and fifty millions,

To Denmark

2 including the cession of Saar-Louis. In

To Swisserland

3 conformity with this disposition, the sum destined for fortifications is fixed at 1871

The burthen of the war having been millions of francs, viz. 1371 millions in borne in the first instance by the armies real value, and fifty millions represented under the respective commands of Field by the fortress of Saar-Louis.

Marshal the Duke of Wellington, and In apportioning these one hundred and Field Marshal Prince Blucher; and these eighty seven and a half millions of frapes armies having moreover taken the city of amongst the States bordering on France, Paris, it is agreed that there shall be re the undersigned ministers have had in view tained out of the contributions paid by the necessity, more or less urgent, of those France, the sum of twenty five millions for states to have additional fortresses, and the the service of Great Britain, and twenty expense, more or less considerable, which five millions for that of Prussia. Subject the erecting them would incur, compared to the arrangements which Great Britain with the means which they severally pos is to make with the Powers, whose forces sess, or will acquire by the present treaty. constituted the army of Field Marshal the According to these principles,

Duke of Wellington, as to the sum which His Majesty the King of the Millions is to fall to their share under this lead. Netherlands will receive 60

The fifty millions stipulated by the artiThe King of Prussia

20 cle of the Military Convention, annexed The King of Sardinia

10 to the Treaty of ibe 20th instant, for the




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pay and other demands of the army which The following article shews, that the is to occupy a part of France, shall be di- importance of the Graphic arts, which vided in such wise, as that

France has been the first to feel and ac

Francs. Cent. Russia shall receive

knowledge, is at length extending itself

7,142,857 16 Austria

10,7 14,285

71 into the conviction of Europe. It ought England


z to have occupied a principal place Prussia

10,7 14,285 71 therein, long ago. The Acceding States . 10,7 14,285 71 Doubts having arisen upon the 31st ar

When France shall only pay, as will ticle of the Treaty of the soth of May, be the case in the first year, thirty millions

, 1814, concerning the restitution of the or any other sum less than fifty millious, maps of the countries which have ceased for the object abore specified; the same

tu belong to France, it is agreed that all proportion shall be observed in the distri

the maps of the countries ceded, including bution of the sum so modified.

those which the French government has

caused to be executed, shall be exactly Thus it appears, that every power in given up, with the copper plates belonging Europe is interested in the punctuality to them, in the space of four weeks after of France, in making good her pay- tbe exchange of t ë ratifications of the prements. If she fails, the failure falls on

sent Treaty. The same shall be done reall. There is not a great power which specting the archives, maps, and plates, will tamely submit to the breach of for a time by the different arnies, as it is

taken away from the countries occupied faith ; there is not a small power which stipulated in the second paragraph of the will not fill with complaints, the courts sist article of the said Treaty. of all concerned. It should seem, also, that during five years, no power can

The following potes derive an imporfind its interest in forsaking the confederacy. French bribes, French in

tance from subsequent events. Since Auence, French intrigue, will inost pro have not heard

their cominunication to Parliament we bably exert themselves to no great ef


some did, fect, during the course of these pay-1 volved in the conduct pursued by the

previously, -thit British faith was inments; and happy should we be to think, French Government towards Marshal that 'ere that time elapses, the French dation will be so well convinced of the ne

Ney. The dates of these papers shew cessity for natioual honour, and public of Paris, at the time when it was signed.

the construction put on the Capitulation faith, -50 much better taught, so VIRTUOUS ! that bribery, influence, in- Copy of a Dispatch from Earl Bathurst trigue, will be abhorrent from its feel to The Duke of Wellington; Downingings, its principles, and its wishes. street, 7 July 1815. Whether the Millennium be so close

War Department, London, at hand as some very worthy persons

MY LORD, 7th July 1815. imagine, we confess our ignorance; but, ALTHOUGH your Grace has stated dig. should we live to witness this happy al- tinctly

that the Couvention entered into by teration, we shall need but little addi. you and Marshal Prince Blucher ou the tional argnment, to persuade us of the

one hand, and certain French Authorities approach, perhaps of the proximity, of decided all the Military questions had

on the other, upon the Sd instant, while it that happy period. We should hail the touched nothing political; and, although sigos of the times, with a welcome, ne

it cannot be imagined that in a convention ver before experieuced by mortal man ; negotiated with these Authorities, by Prince and should hope, -what would forbid Blucher and your Grace, you would enter it for a kind of heaven descending on into any Engagement whereby it shouid earth.-The mere idea is 100 pleasant be presumed that his Most Christian Mato be relinquished, and we close these jesty was absolutely precluded, from the lucubratious with the vision ;-a delu- just exercise of his Authority in bringing sion, if it be one, into which we wil

to condign Puvishment such of his Subjects

as bad, by their treasonable Machinations lingly fall, and from which we shall not and unprovoked Rebellion, forfeited all willingly be awakened.

claim to his Majesty's cleinency and forbearance; yet, in order that no doubt

should be entertained as to the sense with in reference to the communication he has which this Article is considered by The made to the conference, of the orders adPriuce Regent, io conveying His entire dressed to the Admiralty to suspend all hos

Approbation of the Convention, I am com- tilities against the coast of France, observes, • manded to state, That His Roval Highness that there is reasou to foresee that French

deems the 12th Article of it to be binding shipowners might be induced to renew the only on the couduct of the British and Slave Trade, under the supposition of the Prussian Commanders, and the Com- peremptory and total abolition decreed by manders of such of the Allies as may be. Napoleon Buonaparte, having ceased with come parties to the present Convention by his power; that nevertheless, great and their Ratification of it.

powerful considerations, arising from moI have, &c.

tives of humanity and even of regard for (Sigued) BATHURST. the King's Authority, require, that no time

should be lost to maintain in France, the Ilis Grace the Duke of Wel.

entire and immediate Abolition of the Jington, &c. &c. &c.

Traffic in Slaves; that if, at the time of

the Treaty of Paris, the King's adminisCopy of a Dispatch from The Duke of tration could wish a final but gradual stop

Wellington to Earl Bathurst; dated should be put to this trade, in the space of Paris, 13th July 1815.

five years, for the purpose of affording the “ My Lord,

Ring the gratification of having consulted, “ I have had the honour of receiving French Proprietors in the Colonies, now,

as much as possible, the interests of the your Lordship’s Letter, marked separule,' of the 7th instant, regarding the Conven- that the absolute prohibition has been or

dajned, the question assumes entirely a tion of the 3d.

different shape, for if the King were to re“ The Convention binds nobody except voke the said prohibition, he would give the parties to it; viz.–The French Army bin:self the d sadvantage of authorizing, in on one side, and the Allied Armies under the interior of France, the reproach which Marshal Blucher and myself on the other; more than once has been thrown out against and the 12th Article cannot be considered, his former Government, of countevancing and wever was intended, to bind any other re-actions, and, at the same time, justifypersons or authorities whatever, unless they ing out of France, and partieularly in Enshould become parties to the Convention.

gland, the belief of a systematic opposition “ I have, &c.

to liberal ideas; that accordingly the time (Signed) WELLINGTON."

secms to have arrived when the Allies canThe Earl Bathurst,

not hesitate formally to give weight in &c. &c. &c.

France to the immediate and entire prohi

bition of the Slave Trade, a prohibition, The part taken by Britain in the sup- the necessity of which has been acknowpression of the Slave Trade,—to her im- ledge., in principle, in the transactions of mortal honour-has been very enviously

the Congress at Vienna. viewed by France, and every possible

The other Members of the Conference false gloss has been put on it, by those entirely coincide in opinion with Viscount soi-disant liberty-boys, who wished to in the manner the nuost advantageous to the

Castlereagh, and in order to attain this end hold Africa in slavery. We wish to re

authority and consideration of the King, it cord the application made hy Lord Cas- is agreed that it would be advisable to pretlereagh on this subject, to the French face by a few observations, the verbal comGovernment. The answer returned was, munication to be made to the King and to that the French people had been enlight- bis administration, in order that his Maened by various publications recently ad- jesty may be indu, ed voluntarily to make dressed to them: and that, therefore, the arrangement in question, and thus his Majesty held to his former determi- reap the advantage of an initiative, which nation respecting this infamous trallis; kingdom of a tendency towards re-action,

will remove the idea in the interior of the which is, in consequence, absoslutely and will conciliate to the King, in foreign suppressed.

countries, the suffrages of the partisans of Extract of the Protocol of 15th Conference. liberal ideas. [Translation.]

A confidential representation is to be Viscount Castlercagh, His Britannick made to the King accordingly. Majesty's Principal Secretary of State, &c.

ble library, is extremely honourable to Bibliotheca Spenceriana. By Rev. T. the learned, who patronized them, and F. Dibdin. Volume II. 1814.

to the printers, who ventured their la

bour and expenses in preparing them We have often been led to reflect, for publication. not without surprise and embarassment, That these printers were not always on the suddenness of that flood of light adequately rewarderl, these pages bear and learning, which in the course of a repeated witness : we read of some who few years, in the middle of the fifteenth died in distress, overwhelmed with debt; ceatury, shone throughout Europe. It and of others, who transferred their pro : was not so much the gradual dawn of perty, and after a short trial, quitted day-break, rising gently and slowly ihe business, Unless they could obtain over the earth, as it was the bursting the patronage of the Great, want of suceffulgence of the sun, relieved from a cess could be nothing wonderful. There dense cloud, and filling with his rays was then no such thing as the reading the whole extent of vision. The volume pullic; nor any literary intercourse bebefore is bears ample testimony to the iween distant nations. Europe was not correctness of this observation. There yet a literary family; and therefore is scarcely a classic of value, that we works of learning could find purchasers now possess, of which an editiou is not in their own neighbourhood only, which found from 1470 to 1480, and of most was insufficient. of them, several editions, in various llow far mutual piracies might injure places, and some magnificently exeruted. the profession, we cannut tell ; but, we There must have been in activity, at observe, that it was soon necessary for the time, a wonderful emulation, all | Sovereigns to protect the property of things considered; since these were printers and editors by laws and proclaamong the most difficult undertakings of mations. the press, and the least likely to be The present volume contains the concalled for, by an unlearned and sottishtinuation of the Ancient Classics; and generation.

brings to light not a few which have reNot merely books in the German lan- mained unknown to former Bibliograguage, wbich might seem less extraor- phers. They are the glories of Bibliodinary, as Germany was the country graphy; but, are not always valuable, where the invention originally made its on any other account. The value arising appearance, but many works in Latin, from rarity nas tempted rogues of foralso. It is true, that Latin was the mer days,-before the age was matured language of the Church ; and there was into that confirmed integrity which disthen, as since, a great number of per- tinguishes dealers and chapmen in books sons whose liberal minds were not sa- of erudite antiquity, among ourselves, tisfied without possessing a competent in the nineteenth century,--to correct acquaintance with that dialect in which a date by scrutching out a figure; therethey offered up their addresses, their by obtaining M.CCCCLX instead of vows, and their praises, to the Su- M.CCCCLXX.or MCCCCLXX instead preme Being. They must, naturally, of M.CCCCLXXXI. while others have have wished to become acquainted with dexterously and effectually, concealed the nature of the petitions they pre- the latter XI by red ink ornaments, &e. sented, and of the favours they solicited. so that only the best microscopic amaThere were also various sciences which teur glasses have been able to detect the adopted this langnage as their mother impriuted figures, through the thick tongue: this circumstance, being com coat of gum and colour condeased over mon to all nations, gave an extent to the them. Sometimes stamped dates have Latin, which, without a due considera- been printed in the title page, more tion seems altogether unaccountable. neatly than honestly; to the great conNo such cause could render Greek po- fusion of the learned, and to the utter pular; yet, it must be confessed, dejection of the unlearned in this delectthat the number of Greek books, of able science of Bibliography. Alas! early impression, assembled in this no- after the money has been paid at an

It should ap

auction, who, thus surprised, can look | tion of a complete article, that should back at the conduion * to be sold with combine as many of these particulars as all fuults;” without a sigh?

possible, and should, at the same time, Our readers already know the impor- present to our readers a specimen of tance of examining closely water-marks, ihat information which is required by signatures, folios, and catch words :- his study. Our choice has fallen upon they often serve to detect imposture; and the following. if any book, having these distinctions, exhibits a date prior to the use of the PTOLEMÆUS. Latinè. Printed by Doby printers, it is evident, that derep minieus du Lupis. Bologna. 1462. (Spution has been employed, in fabrication rious Date.) Forio. for no honest purpose.

De Bure, Bibl. Instruct. vol. v. p. pear, that not only the type, the arrange-32-40, has takeu unusual paius in his dement, the workmanship, of the art of scription of this curious and much celebrat. printing, soon reached a state of perier-ed volume. The copies in the Gaignat tion, and beauty, not to be excelled ; and Lauragais Collections, supplied him but, that the paper also, a most impor- with the materials of his extended and actant article, possessed every gond quality curite detail. But the labours of De Bure that can render it desirable. There is relating to this editiou have been ec ipsed, no instance, yet known, of paper being both in respect of minutevess and extenfairly worn out by age, without the con

sion, by Bartoloinnieo Gamba; who, in a currence of other causes; how greatly fac-similes of the type and water marks

small quarto volume of 50 pages, has given this must contribute to the perpetuity of with sufficient fidelity. This brochure was learning, is obvious to the smallest re-published in 1796; and in the course of our fection. The discovery of the method description, we shall not fail to avail ourof converting such a useless commodity selves of its contents. Meanwbie Heinecas old rags, into paper, was one of the ken had taken particular notice of the vonoblest ever marle, and merits the ume; and La Serua Santander seems to titude of remotest generations. Descrih- have stolen the materials of Heinecken, ing a Livy, printed by Sweynheym and with his usual dexterity and ingratitude: Pannartz, at Rome, 1469, says Mr. D. for the name of the latter is studiously supThis impression is undoubtedly one of pressed in the Dict. Bibliogr. Chwisi, vol. i.

p. 230-1; vol. iii. p. 804-5. the noblest publications of ancient clas The artifice of the date, M.CCCC.LXII., sical literature. It displays a solidity seems to be accouled for from the mistake of press work, a strength of paper, and of having substituted the first I, instead of an amplitule of inargin, which give it the letter L, between the X and the second a magnificent appearance; and which ll: thus, it should have been, according to cause these volumes to be pumbered the ancient manner of dating, as Breitkopf

DE affirms, 1491: (MCCCCLXLI.) the grandlest books in the pre- Bure concludes, that an X only is omitted : among sent Library. This copy may be said and that the date should have been to be in the purest state of prest rvation; MCCCCLXXII. Now it seems improbaand is of such dimensions, that it mea- ble that the publication could have appearsures 164 inches in heighi, by 11} ined before the year 1482 - the date generalwidth. It is splendidly bound in red-ly assigned to it-for the two following morocco." Such is the language of

reasons. First, BEROALDUS is said, in the enamoured Bibliographers ! and such preface, to have bestowed considerable the qualities they admire in the objects 1462, this distinguished editor was only

editorial care upon it :-but, in the year of their affection !

vine years of age, he having been born in It is certain, that, these aptient the year 1455. Secondly, There is no work works, do not only relate their own his. extant, with the name of Dominicus de tory, with that of the art to which they Lapis subjoined as the printer of it, before owe their existence, but also, the histo- the year 1476: aud if we admit the age of ries of other arts, connected with them ; Beroaldus, even in 1482,* to bave been indeemed important by the learned.


of n'étoit encore qu'un eufant fort have sought throughout the present vo- tendre lorsqu'il fit une critique des Commenlume, with some solicitude, for the selec- taires de Servius sur Virgile, et qu'il censura


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