of 24.


France. Sterling. For the British proportion of

Leaving the tothe amount assigned by the

tal amount French government to the

received inallied armies, in lieu of the

to the militarevenues of districts occupied

ry chest, as by them

10,000,000 applicable For equipments &c.

towards the of that part of the

expense of allied forces wbich

the British served under the

army in Duke of Welling.

1815 ·. 10,000,000 416,666 13 4 ton ..ja) 13,860,000

1816 . 6,747,820 281,159 3 4 Deduct appropriated to foreign troops

Francs 16,747,820 L697,825 16 % forming part of the

Births and deaths : Paris. said forces . . 6,560,000 7,000,000

The Gazette de France states the numFrancs 17,000,000 ber of Births in Paris in the year 1815 at (a) This sum is part of 15,360,000 francs, 22,612; of which 8,976 are natural child. the amount originally assigned ; 1,500,000 ren, or born out of wedlock, exceeding fraues having been reserved by the French that of 1814 by nearly 1,200; Marriages government as the estimated amount of re 5,575 ; Divorces 32 ; exactly the same quisitions for horses, &c.

numberas that of 1814; Deaths 19,992,

of which 416 were in consequence of the Value in sterling,


pox. la 1814, the deaths amounted Francs. at the Exchange to 33,160, among which were those of 1815.

3,000 women, who died of sudden fright both of October 500,000

or oppression of the heart (saisissement). 19th 4,500,000

There was, according to French ac19th of Decem

counts, a remarkable discrepancy in the ber 5,000,000

number of deaths among the Allied troops

in Paris in 1815. The Russian army lost Received into

28 men; the Austrian army, 15; the the military

Prussian army, 154 ; and the English chest, to

army, 1,027. wards the ex

Ancient Ceremony Revived. British army

Paris, April. 12.-The ceremonies of the in 1815 . 10,000,000 416,666 13 4 Last Supper being too painful for bis Ma21st of Decem

jesty, who would have been obliged to reber, iv bons,

main long standing, it was Monsieur who payable suc

filled the place of the King in this act of cessively in

piety, practised by our monarchs from January, Fe

time immemorial, on Holy Thursday. bruary, and

Thirteen children of poor but honest paMar. 1816 (a) 7,000,000 291,666 13 4 rents were admitted to the honour of re

presenting the Apostles. They were all Francs 17,000,000 L708,533 6 8 in red tunics, and placed on benches suffi

ciently raised to enable the prince, with

Francs out stooping, to wash their feet, wipe them (a) Paid out of the above, to

and kiss them. Every child received from the Chevalier de Canova, to be

the hands of Monsieur a loaf, a small cruse applied towards the expense of

of wive, thirteen plates, and thirteen fiveconveying to Rome the works

franc pieces. The Dukes D'Angouleme of art restored to the Pope . . 202,180 and Berri performed the functions of To ditto, to be applied as a con

waiters, and brought the bread, the wine, tribution of the Prince Regent

and the meats. All these ceremonies were towards erecting a monumentin

gone through with a piety and collectedRome to the memory of the

ness worthy the descendants of St. Louis. late Cardinal York

50,000 French Institute.-An Ordonnance has

been published for placing the National InFrancs 252,180 stitute upon a new foundation. It is to con

sist of four classes, in the titles of which

pence of the

the ancient names of the French Academies thus will be only a duty on home consumpwill be revived—“ The French Academy, tion. The tariff is still, however, too high; -The Royal Academy of Inscriptions and and I would propose to replace it by duties Belles Lettres—The Royal Academy of on cotton stuffs imported, of wbich it will Sciences—The Royal Academy of fiue be vain to attempt the prohibitiou. LandArts.”—These are declared to be under the smuggling will still elude the vigilance of direct and sperial protection of the King our custom-house officers; and the only The first Academy cousists of forty Mem. means of putting a stop to it, is to impose bers, of whom thirty-eight are named in on the goods introduced, a duty which the Ordonnance; the second of forty, of may counterbalance the premium of the whom thirty-seves are bamed; the third insurance-writers." of fifty-seven; the fourth of forty.

The most important improvements havo The French Academy have ordered a taken place in the situation of the manumedal to be struck in honour of Ducis, factures of Avignon. The oumber of silk their celebrated tragic poet. All nations looms in activity during the last quarter of ought to feel an interest in the homage 1815 surpassed by more than 200 that of paid to genius; but England especially the preceding quarter ; thus furnishing may view with pleasure the distinction employment to 700 workmen who were shown to a man devoted to Eng'ish litera-previously destitute of it, and a manufac. ture, and who, by his six translations from ture extraordinary of more than 458 webs Shakespeare (King John, Romeo and Juliet, of different kinds. 11acbeth, Othello, Humlet, Lear), manifested Rouen has also presented in February at least his foud admiration for the great last a very animated spectacle. Many fobard, whom the mass of Frenchmen, not reigners have appeared there ; our spun having capacity to comprehend, presume cottons have been much in demand. 'Suin their iguorant vanity to despise. perior sales to those in January have takea

French Cotion Munufactures.—The fol. place : the same has been the case as to lowing observations by Count Beugnot, on

linen yarn ; in short, during the precediug this subject, in the French Chamber of De month, there has been an increase in the puties, in their sitting of the 9th, are inter sales to the amount of 2,100 pieces in velesting :-",The use of cotton stuffs has beveteens, cords, &c. come extremely common in Europe, and

Steam-Boat: Spectacle. has extended even to the lowest classes of

The Eliza steam boat arrived at Paris society. England first introduced this taste, from Rouen, in sixty hours. The distance and cultivated it to her great advantage. is 100 leagues. France in her turn became possessed of

At two o'clock at voon, the steam-boat this new brauch of industry: and is still, entered Paris. The quays and barges were in presence of her formidable rival, com covered with people. It passed under one peting with some advantage in the more

of the archies of the bridge of Louis XVI. common articles of manufacture, and con

without any obstacle, crossed the basin at sequeutly of chief cousumption. But Eng. the garden of the Thuilleries, and passed land has over France an immense supe: the Castle amid shouts of “ Vive le Roi!" riority: her machines daily acquire in-bout half an honr after its arrival, the creasing perfection; her capital is extremely Duke of Angouleme went on board. abundant, and her supplies of the raw ma

The Parisians have not yet done won, terials very easy. Hence results a lowliess dering at the steam-boat, io praise of which of price agaiust which our manufacturers cannot cootend, even with the addition of but what is better, there is great reason to

their journalists are absolutely wanton : 10 per cent. required by the Engligh un

hope that their admiration will not evapoderwriters as the premiun of insurance

rate in a few warm panegyrics, for there is on smuggling. On the other hand, our

a partnership of highly respectable persous cotton manufactures experienced a fatai shock in 1814, when it bec me pecessary ing a communication between London and

already formed for the purpose of establishto pass immediately, and without gradual Paris by means of steam-boats. transition, from the Continental to the Eu. ropea o system. Under these circumstances,

Supplies of Corn, imported. let us not tax the raw material (cotton wool The numerous afflictions to which France severely. The duty recommended by the has been subjected, is at present inereased Comunittee will not amount to more than in various quarters by a scarcity of corn. from three to seven centines ou the ell of An early knowledge of this fact occasioned cotton cloth, which will be countervailed several cargoes to be sent from Cork to the by the premium allowed on export, and Garonne, &c. but though the want of the


grain was admitted, there was not money riages about to take place between differto pay for it, and the persons who had itent Sovereign Houses. in charge had no other alternative than to In uniting the Heiress of three Crowns take it back, or barter it for wine.

to a Prince without territories, England Several cargoes of Aour have arrived at seems to indicate that she does not desire

Yet we recollect Havre from Liverpool. They have sold at continental alliances. the rate of from 34 to 36 francs the bar. that the English Ministers had reckoned rel, weighing in the rough 200lb. marc on a marriage with the Prince of Orange, weight, and 180lb. neat, taken in actual as a compensation due to the efforts which deposit, on wbich there is a duty of 50 England had made for the common cause. cents. per metrical quintal. Twenty more Spain and Portugal, united by nature in ships loaded with corn bave entered the ri- both hemispheres, form, by a double mar,

Six have already made their decla- riage, ties which may one day reunite, ratious at Rouen.

under the same sceptre, that fine monarchy About 600 acres of the forest of Chan- of Charles the Fifth, in which the sun never tilly have been consumed by accidental set. fire.

Russia, the Low Countries, Prussia, and M. de Sasselange, formerly a Captain in Wirtemberg, are uniting themselves by the the regiment of Auvergne, who is now marriages of two Grand Duchesses and 102 years old, and has been a Knight of the identity and political views that guide

one Grand Duke. When one reflects upon St. Louis since 1747, wishes to know whe- those Courts, and the personal friendship ther there are any Kvights living whose that unites the Sovereigns of Russia and brevets are anterior ip date to his.

Prussia, one cannot deny that this federaMr. Martyn, who had the management tion governs the whole North of Europe. of the School in Paris, established on the Denmark is the most ancient branch of Lancasterian, or British System, has been the House of Holstein Oldenburgh. There dismissed from his important post by an is but one country a stranger to this kind order of the King: and Messrs. Billot and of family compact that embraces northern Frossard, who were employed in the same Europe. useful manner, have also been compelled

A double marriage will soon establish to give in their resiguation.

new ties between the House of Naples on French Oratory.–One of the Paris pa- one side, and the Houses of Austria and pers mentions a M. Maguier Granderez, France on the other. These ties will prowho delivered written speech in bably have a happy influence over the pothe Chamber of Deputies lately, that litical relations of the South and the centre Jasted five hours and a quarter. The of Europe. In this sphere Bavaria alone Chamber began to thin soon after he had has as yet no family ties but with the commenced, and when he had finished was North. vearly empty.

The importance which politics seem to

attach to these numerous marriages, is the Royal Marrriage.

best emen for the tranquillity of Europe, Paris, March 29-The Princess Marie It proves that we are hereafter to consider Caroline, who is to be united to the Duke the principle of legitimate procession as of Berri, is the issue of the first marriage the basis of political combinations, and as of his Royal Highness the hereditary Prince the guarantee of the future repose of of Naples with Marie Clementine, daugh- nations. ter of the Emperor Leopold.

State of Agriculture. The following are the speculations of a

A native of Normandy, who has had French journalist on the matrimonial con much experience in English husbandry, nections forming in various parts of Europe: and is now settled as a Čultivator in his After so many years in which Mars has native province, says, that a man must not triumphantly troubled the nations, it is but and that his neighbours are very averse

go out of England to learn husbandry ; fair that Venus should have her turn. May from being instructed; those who are inhappiness and prosperity attend these il-telligent being more inclined to botany lustrious conjunctions! The number of than farming. Their implements are many them is, certainly, remarkable.

and clumsy, and fit only to make a bonfire

of : he has only seen one or two great Among other characteristic traits which clumsy drills, which no one can put to the situation of Europe affords at present, rights. He expresses great want of a we must remark the great number of mar- small drill machine. He mentions with



approbation, a little mill to grind or bruise, of the representative of his Most Faithful made of steel, about the size of the brim of Majesty of Portugal. The Court of Bra. a hat, the faces stand perpendicularly and zil has addressed an official note to the See turn against each other, two of which of Rome, in which it expresses strong senhave been lately sold to go to England. timents of abhorrence at the revival of an Nothing has been done to improve any Order of Monks, which had been so missort of cattle, except horses, and all the chievous, and had been abolished by the good brood mares were taken away by the general consent of Europe. former Government. He says, that were it

Hoffer's remains removed. not for the foreign troops, whose consumption has kept up the price of corn,

A letter from Italy, dated 16th March, the French farmers would have been in as

“ The Emperor has visited at Mandeplorable a state as the English, and that, tua, the grave of the brave Andreas Hofer, after all, Wheat is now selling at the rate

who was shot there: bis bones are to be of six shillings for a Winchester Bushel. taken up and conveyed to the Tyrol, to be Fat meat is dear, but the country does there solemnly interred. Rot look for, or depend much on it.

Precautions against Infection.

In the kingdom of Naples, the sea cor

don, on account of the plague at Noja, has Mineralogical studies.

an extent of near 500 miles, and requires The Academy of Mines, says a foreign daily 10,500 men to occupy the posts. paper, established at Freyberg, in the Erz- | The town of Noja, about one and a-half geburg, under the direction of the cele Italian miles in circumference, and conbrated Werner, and which had experi- taining about 6,000 souls, is closely surenced dilapidations for some years past, is rounded by a double cordon. The first is again in a state of prosperity. A great formed by two ditches, 60 paces from the number of pupils from foreign parts have wall of the town, and so paces from each arrived there, and some Englishmen were other, 10 paces broad, and 8 feet deep besides expected. Werner was about to behind which a battalion with 2 cannon, publish a very important mineralogical forms a close chain. Over each of the work. He is at present engaged in making ditches is a draw-bridge, confining the researehes for several salt mines, which are access to the town by a single gate, provj. expected to be discovered in the kingdom ded with a double grating ; a board is of 'Saxony, and particularly in the Vogt. attached to it, forbidding any person from land, in the environs of Plauen.

approaching the ditches from the town Steam Boat : Trade and Commerce ! under pain of death. To keep order in the A steam-vessel is this summer to navi- town itself

, there is a detachment of 24 gate the Elbe between Hamburgh and men and one Officer, and a Commandant, Magdeburg

A regimeut of infantry and a corps of ca

valry form the second Cordon, five miles Torture abolished.

from Noja, in an extent of 25 miles, in Rome, March 31.— A decision of his close connection with the Cordon oli the Holiness, relative to the form of procedure habitants and the military of the several

sea side. All intercourse between the inin Inquisitorial matters, forbids the appli- Cordons is most rigorously prohibited, so cation of torture to the accused. This de that a priest from Noja, who had sold to a cision has been addressed by his Eminence the Cardinal Secretary of State to the shot as well as the soldier, the former after

Neapolitan soldier a pack of cards, was Ministers of Spain and Pourtugal.

having been deprived of ecclesiastical The Pope has made an extensive creation dignity, the soldier on the spot. The saine of Cardinals, comprehending eighteen of the rigorous measures are taken at Corfu.-order of Priests, and three Deacons. They | Three English soldiers who went from one are nearly all Italians, with the exception Cordon to another, to see their comrades, of two or three Spaniards.

were shot. The Financial embarrassments of the Holy Father still continue; he has just Remonstrance agaiııst the Jesuite. been obliged to take up 800,000 scudi of

Rome, March 12.---Copy of a dispatch the Jews.

addressed to the Portuguese Minister at Jesuits : revival opposed. The attempt of the Pope to restore the the Court of Rome:--Order of the Jesuits does not appear to

Palace at Rio Janeiro, A prill, 1815. meet with the concurrence of all the Ro His Royal Highuess the Prince Regent, man Catholic Powers; not even with that my master, having taken under bis cousia






deration the intentions of Pius VII, as Vienna. They took the two fatter pieces published in bis bull, Solicitudo Omnium, at La Fere. Napoleon, it is said, bad kept dated 7th August last year, by which his these four pieces on account of their proHoliness has thought proper to revive the digious size and destructive effects, to emCompany of Jesus, which was extinct, ploy them one day, with other heavy, arthereby derogating, in so far as the au- fiillery, in the siege of Gibraltar. thority of the Church is concerned, from the other bull, Dominus ac Redemptor noster, of Clement XIV. of glorious memory:

Mercantile Misfortunes. His Royal Highness is surprised at this

Three great commercial houses at St. Pedetermination of bis Holiness, this Court tersburgh have just become insolvent: they never having been informed of it in any are those of Warovief, Averiw, and Neway before, although it has bad most reaanstief. The first has failed for 50,000,000 son to complain of the offences of the Com. of roubles, the second for 10,000,000, and pany of Jesus, against which Portugal the third for 3,000,000. proceeded in the most energetic manner, by the ordinance of September 3, 1759.

Royal Embroidery. The positive intentions of his Royal Highness being to maintain in their utmost ri.

The Infant Don Carlos has embroidered gour the dispositions of the above ordi. for liis mother a girdle enriched with diasauce, whatever may be the determination monds, valued at 60,000 piastres, and in of other crowned heads, even of such as

which the skilful hand of the King is said associated for the extinction of the said to have taken a part.—(Nuremberg Correscompany, my august Master commands pondent, March 29.) me to communicate his resolution to you, in order that you immediately present a note declaratory of the invariable princi

Remarkable Sinking of the earth. ples which his Royal Highness intends to

The following particulars of a great maintain, and conformably to wbich he earth-fall are given in a letter from Sweenjoins your Lordship to admit no nego

den :-“ On the south side of the river tiation, either verbal or written, on this Nid, the fall of earth extends already an subject. This determination of his Royal cighth of a (German) mile into the counHighness being founded on reasons the try, and has carried away with it the most solid and proper, can never be con

church of Tiller. This fall of earth took sidered as affecting in any way the inva place with such violence, that the earth riable sentiments of his veneration and filial

was thrown to the other side of the river, love towards the sacred person of his Ho- and there overwhelmed two dwellings beliness, and which you are specially charged longing to the maior of Randlie, by which to express.

eight persons lost their lives. The mass of Signed) Marquis D'AGUILAR.

earth thrown into the Nid was carried by To Jose Manuel Pinto, Minister Plenipo- the current down to Lixen, where the col. tentiary at the Court of Rome.

lected masses of earth, snow, and ice, tore away several sluices, &c. in the well-known

water-fall there, and the whole mass bas Disastrous Floods.

now formed a dam below the Leer waterA letter from Pillau, dated the 27th of Drontheim. As there is no great quantity

fall, one quarter of a German mile from March, says-“When the Vistula river of water in the Nid, on account of the broke up on the 21st instant, the ice cutcold, there is not much to fear for the the bulwarks and dams, and forced is way town at present; but when the current on the main land, in Marienburg Werder, again becomes swelled, it is possible that and overflowed about 100 English miles in this mass, which has now formed a dam, circumference. The misery occasioned by it is dreadful, and many of the poor sures are taken to secure this, as well a.

may be driven against the bridge : meainhabitants lost all their cattle, sheep the vessels and warehouses.” No sufficient horses," &c.

reason is assigned respecting the cause of

this phenomenon, except that such falls of Trophies of Victory.

earth, but in a slight degree only, have They are now placing before the royal long since taken place near Tiller, and that arsenal at Berlin a cannon and two mortars a sulphureons smell has spread itself. Seveof enormous size. The Prussian troops ral inhabitants from ihe villages of Saelhot found the first at Paris, with another of the and Klaeboe, who were returning home same size, which the Austrians sent to from town, are said to have been buried.



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