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which our own country takes the lead; The present instructive tract, is in. the evident depression of intolerant tended as a compliment to the Consort principles, produced by public opinion, of the Princess Charlotte.
It places and supported by the diffusion of know- his house and himself in the most faledge; - the general freedom of thought, vourable light. Such a publication is discourse, and discussion ; the expo- proper, for the information of the pubsure of Jacobinism with its concomi- lic, which cannot but desire acquainttants, and the miseries it has scattered ance with the early character and among mankind, it inust be acknow- conduct of this Ilustrions Personage, ledged that causes are in activity, the pow one of themselves. It is a kind of result of which may be most felicitous. memorial of services, very proper were
It is impossible not to perceive in the promotion in question : which, indeed, general desire to repel the charge of it is : for in our judgment, to stand bigotry, for instance, a tendency to- bigb in the esteem and favour of the wards that universal admission of reli- people of Britain, is a promotion of no gious freedom, which hitherto has not little dignity, at all times, and whoever been enjoyed by every country. - be the subject of it. And when we look at the progress this
Prince Leopold was born Dec. 16, has yet to make in the United King- 1790. He is the third son of Frederic dom itself, the consequence of having Josias, the celebrated Commander of a wise conductor, in a high station, is the Allied Aruies, in the early part of only short of infinite. We would snp- the war, against the French revoluport the Protestant ascendancy, not by tionists; who honoured him, by uniting force, or by fraud, but by talent, judg- bim as an object of hatred, with the ment, virtue, wisdom, generosity, and British Minister: and the accusation of firmness. The house of Saxony is being Complice de Pilt et Cobourg Protestant: it has produced some of the was the terrible form under which fell most vigilant and active supporters of thousands of innocent victims. Protestantism. The Prince of Saxe The house of Saxony becoming conCobourg has been nursed in the lap of nected by marriage with the Court of adversity : he has been taught in a Russia, it was natural that some of the school, the lessons of which are severe, sons of the reiguing Duke should enter therefore not easily forgotten. The the Russian service. In this service property of his house was seqnestrated Prince Leopold was'enrolled, accordingly. by Buonaparte: that must be a me When he was only fifteen years of age, mento in perpetual recollection.
(in 1806) he saw his principal towy, We might trace other particulars, with with the palace of his ancestors, plunwhich the welfare of nations, and of this dered by the French, in the characters nation especially, is combined ;- but, of intendant and commandant, The this is not the place for speculations so castle was stormed; and the dacal faextensive and so complicated. Hope is mily exiled. During this period of essentially different from enjoyment ; distress, says Mr. Schoberi, Prince and it is still hope, though it do not fix Leopold remained with bis attlicted mothe place, or the period, in which to ther, (now a widow; for her husband expect its completion. But, Hope can- had sunk under his misfortunes) who, not be realized without the agency of but for him, would have been entirely proper instruments; and this we say, deserted. The family experienced a ihat if his Serene Highness be the ho- partial restoration at the peace of Tilpoured instrument in the hand of Pro- sit: but, to a country ruined, and utyidence of realizing those blessings still terly impoverished. The well-known necessary to the prosperity and happi- patriotic sentiments of these Princes, ness of a great people, the importance of induced Napoleon to insist on the exthe choice is so much the more apparent; pulsion of Prince Leopold from the army and our opinion, that scarcely any event of Russia, and of his brother, Prince could be more interesting to the nation, Ferdinand, from that of Austria. at this moment, receives additional and In 1813, the three brothers. of the jncontrovertible support.
house of Cobourg exerted themselves to
the utmost to promote the emancipation of that age. The principal of these was of Germany; and Prince Leopold en- Henry von Veldeck, a man of noble birth, gaged in several negotiations at Munich, and high in office at the court of the landin Poland, and in Russia; and thus ac- grave. His chief poetical performance was
a travslation of Virgil's Eneid, with which quired the immortal honour of being the first prince of the then existing Confe- he interwove the achievements of the em
Frederic 1. The others were named deration of the Rhine, who openly de- Walter von der Vogelweide, Reinhard von clared against France.
Zwetzen, Wolfram von Eschenbach, Peter Prince Leopold was in the battle of Olp, and Henry von Afterdingen. These Lutzen, May 2d, and in various subse- men frequently displayed their talents in quent actions; in which he conducted competitions before the princes whom war himself with great intrepidity. He re
or amusement brought to the residence of ceived the cross of commander of the the landgrave. On one of these occasions military order of St. George, from the they chose Herrmann himself, and his bro
ther-in-law, Leopold, duke of Austria, for Emperor of Russia, on the
field of bat- their heroes. Afterdingen, who had retle, August 30. ` Among other decora- sided some time at the conrt of the duke, tions, during the operations between the characterized bim in such glowing and en26th and 30th of August, he was pre-thusiastic strains, that Walter von der Vosented with the Austrian military order gelweide, who was his most strenuous opof Maria Theresa. He was also in the ponent, was obliged to acknowledge bis battle of Leipzic the 16th and 18th Oct. superiority. The vanquished poet, deeply He commanded various bodies of cavalry and Olp seconded his proposal. Zwetzen
chagrined, urged a fresh trial. Veldeck in the progress of the Allies in France, and Eschenbach were appointed umpires : and entered Paris with them, March 31, and to such a pitch was the poetic fury car
ried ou this occasion, that nothing less than The Congress of Vienna, sensible of death by the hand of the public execution the services of the house of Cobourg, er of Eisenach was destined for the congranted an indemnity, so far as the quered party. Walter's friends, sensible means they had at their disposal would that he was not á match for Afterdingen, allow. Prince Leopold managed the succeeded by a variety of artifices in pre negotiation. It cannot be supposed sion to dice. His opponents played false,
vailing upon the others to leave the deci. that a prince so young could be already and he lost. To escape hanging, the apà mature and perfect general, or a paratus for which was already prepared by Commander of the first rank and repn- the executioner, in front of the castle of tation ; yet it seems likely that he Wartburg, where this singular competition might have emulated his father as a took place, Afterdingen loudly insisted on soldier, had he not been called to hap- another trial of poetic skill. His demand pier conquests.
was complied with, but his adversaries had The work before us contains a history the current of his ideas, and with such
recourse to all possible means to disturb of the House of Saxony, which derives
success that he admitted himself to be interest from the more prominent events
He was accordingly adjudged and characters of the different periods. without mercy, to suffer the fate agreed To examine the remoter parts of the upon.
In this dilemma he claimed the History, would afford but little enter-protection of the landgravine Sophia, in tainment to onr readers, nor would they minstrel of that age, might be appointed
treating that Klingsor, the most celebrated be intelligible, without illustration of umpire. Not only the landgravine and their connecting events. We therefore her consort, but the other minstrels concontent ourselves with a few extracts, sented that Klingsor should decide the which mark the manners of the per- dispute within a year, Afterdingen himsonages, and of their times.
self proceeded to Hungary, and before the Herrmann I. was a warrior ; but,
expiration of the time appointed, brought Tired of the wars which at the com- According to various accounts, Klingsor
back bis umpire with him to Eisenach. mencement of the 13th century distracted bad studied at Rome, Paris, and Cracow; Germany, Herrmann directed his attention and had attaiped such proficiency in medito the arts of peace, and was a zealous paciue and other sciences, particularly astrofron of some of the most emineat winstrels nomy, as to excite the astonishment of his
cotemporaries. He had visited the East, be seen. At that time, and for some cen. where he profited by the society of the turies before, it was a mania common learned Arabs of Bagdad, of whom he among princes to strive to increase their was supposed to liave learned the mysteries wealth and importance by the practice of of the black art, which in those days had the art of making gold, and if they could mumerous votaries. The truth is, that produce metals of what was termed cheKlingsor was one of the greatest scholars mical gold, their happiness was complete. of his time, and such were his poetic abilities, that he found it an easy task to bear
Our Henry IV. exhorted all his subjects, away the palm from many minstrels. The in four proclamations, to apply themselves latter, satisfied that their failure could not with the utmost diligence, to the philoso be the result of natural means, without phers' stone, that by such means the nation farther ceremony ascribed his superiority might be relived from its debts. He ento the assistance of the devil. On the ar
couraged the clergy in particular to this rival of this celebrated man, a solemo pursuit by the representation, “ that as meeting was summoned at Wartburg, they were so fortunate as to transform in which this important dispute was to be bread and wine into the body and blood decided Klingsor and Wolfram von
of Christ, it would be very easy for them Eschenbach tried their skill, and proposed to convert a base metal into one of nobler riddles to one another. The victory was
quality." No sovereign was more strongly iu general doubtful; upon which Klingsor addicted to alchemy, than the emperor is related to have been thrown into Rodolph II.; he was wholly absorbed in it, such embarrassment that he called a and therefore invited to bis court the demon to his aid. lo the Jena collection oracle of the art, the celebrated Sendivog, of the works of the minstrels, there are ac. to assist him in his operations. The emtually several poetical fragments, in wbich peror Leopold I. had also many of these the supposed spirit, Nasian, is represented artists about him. Augustus elector of as telling the severest truths, especially to Saxony, as we have already seen, was rethe clergy on the infamous system of in- puted to have made greater proficiency in dulgencies, the greediness of the priests, alchemy, than any of these princes. Marand other similar
subjects. In those days grave John, of Brandenburg, received from such sallies were certainly dangerous, and his favourite study the surname of the Klingsor seems to have bad the good sense
Alchemist, and he was prouder of this title to put them on purpose into the mouth of than of the electoral dignity. Duke Fredean evil spirit to avoid any uopleasant con
ric V. of Wirtenberg, duke Francis II. of sequences to himself,
Saxe-Lauenburg, Margrave Frederic Er.
nest of Culmbach, and prince Augustus of Such was the spirit of the age! and Anhalt, are also recorded to have been such were the resources of genius, on a
successful alchemists. Prudent statesmen, difficult and dangerous subject! Was the nevertheless, exerted their efforts to check Reformation, then, not called for ? were
this folly, and one of them emphatically, pot such castigations of the Clergy calls could declare with truth that it had grown
says:-“I never yet saw a state which for it!
rich by means of alchemy. May God diThe weaknesses of great men are se- princes from such vanities and absurdi
vert the minds and understandings of all rious evils; and whether they be music
ties!" mad, or ambition mad, or mad for the acquisition of gold without labour and
These warnings rung in the ears of duke commerce, they intrude on the proper feet upon him than perhaps to excite his
Christian, without producing any other efduties of exalted station ; and they af- pity for the ignorance of those by whom ford opportunities for knavery and im- they were given. He constructed a com posture. Of this we find a striking plete laboratory for his favourite pursuit, instance, in Christian, of Eisenberg, at was in correspondence with the most emithe close of the seventeenth century.
nent alchemists of his time, and was known
to the adepts in Eugland as well as in GerThis priuce was a man of an honourable many, hy the name of Theophilus, abbot upright mind, and a tolerable profieient in of the Blessed Virgin of Lausnitz. The languages and sciences. In the solitary dupe of many a swindler, he at length conleisure left him by the concerns of his little tracted debts, which he was never able to state, he fell, however, into the reveries of discharge. He consoled himself with the the alchemists, and fancied that he saw notion that spirits would infallibly relieve gold and spirits where neither was to him from his embarrassments, even when
he was necessitated to reduce his establish-, band.
God in his justice has appointed a ment, and had but few resources to supply certain term for our reconciliation, and that the means of living like a prince --Aterm approaches.
You are chosen to acjournal, in the duke's hand-writing, relative complish our re-union.
Though I am to his intercourse with five supposed spirits, happy, I am not yet admitted before the and the maguificeut promises made by throne of God, but have hitherto resided in them, is a singular monument of human a retired place of agreeable repose: where credulity. It embraces the period between as my inexorable husband still hovers be. April, 1636, and March, 1706. It appears tween time and eteruity, iu darkness and that the sum promised him by the spirits, cold, but not without hopes of happiness." during this time, it he would have patience, “ But how is it possible that -" exceeded five millions of doilars in ready
“ Believe my words. What I tell you is money, besides bullion and jewels to ten times that amount. The jourual contains, truth. How many things are there which moreover; a minute statement of the par: bend, and which nevertheless exist! Ex.
the human understanding cannot compre. poses to which the duke intended to apply these treasures ; an estimate of the value perience will be your teacher yonder, of the diamonds and precious stones, and a
where we all see, feel, and believe, what o calculation of the prodigious power and here never entered into our limited con energy both of the red and white multiplied
ceptions." and fermented tincture," reduced with in
The Duke was struck dumb, and the credible pains and patience into tables-an spirit thus proceeded :
We are rejoiced to find you chosen to operation which alone might suffice to turn the brain of an ordinary person.
be the instrument of our reconciliation
Thank God with us that he has been If the supposed appearances of the spirits pleased to appoint you such. I give you which conversed with the duke, and made eight days to consider of the matter. I him such profuse promises, were mere il- shall then return at this hour to learo your Busions of the imagination, they must have determination. God be with you." been more lively than any of which I can form a conception ; if not, they may have
The spirit vanished, leaving the duke abbeen comedies that were acted with the sorbed in meditation on what he had seen
and heard. He resolved to consult Chrisdeluded alchemist. It seems more than
tian Hof kunz, a celebrated divine of Tor. probable that a madame von Unruhe, a confidante of the duke, who is frequently Poland, how to proceed in this affair.-
gau, afterwards confessor to the queen of mentioned in his journal, performed an important part in these transactions, and that Hofkunz, with all his casuistry, was not a the spirit called Job was a worthy assist the duke, that “ if there was nothing su
little embarrassed. At length he wrote to ant. To some such agency may also be
perstitious in the business of the recouciliaascribed the following adventure.
tion, he might undertake it; but he ought Tu 1705, the duke was reclined on a
first to examine whether he had courage couch in his cabinet, meditating on his sufficient, and duly prepare himself by mystical concerns, when he heard a knock at his door. He was at a loss to imagine how prayer for the importaat duty.” any person could have come thus far, un The appointed time arrived, and the observed by his guard and attendants, and duchess again made her appearance. She without being announced. He neverthe. saluted the duke, and asked if he were less cried : « Come in!" and a female in willing to comply with her request. He the old-fashioned dress of a princess en
answered that he would, provided nothing tered the apartment. A chill came over superstitious or contrary to the word of the duke, but musteriug his spirits and God were required of him. having convinced himself that he was “ Nothing of the kind is required," said awake, he questioned the visitor as to her the duchess. You are acquainted with my pame and errand.
history." “ Be not afraid,” mildly replied the
“ I am." lady; “ I am not an evil spirit. No harm My husband dealt hardly by me. In shall befall you. I am Anna, a princess of vain did I solicit his forgiveness on my your family; the unfortunate wife of duke death-bed : he remained unmoved. In John Casimir. You know my history." order therefore that we may both become
“ I do," answered the duke ; " but what happy, and be admitted to the divine prenow disturbs your rest, and brings you sence, we wish to be reconciled. I have back into the world?"
already informed you where we are at pre“ I have something to request of you. sent. These abodes we are now to leave, I died without being reconciled to my hus- with the permission of the Almighty, who
has selected you to promote this good tions in his laboratory, to which he almost work."
entirely confined himself
, had destroyed his. “ What am I to do? and how am I im- health, and he expired at the age of 57 plicated in this matter?
years, totally exhausted and wory down to “Be ready to-morrow night to receive a shadow. my husband and me: for I alone have The reader, probably will recollect power to come in the day-time, but not many stories not unlike this, said to have my husband. We will intreat you to be occurred in Germany. Our pages have the umpire between us, to joiu our hands
recorded several. What is there, in token of reconciliation, to pronounce upon us the blessing of the Lord, and then peculiar, to that country, which so to praise him along with us.”
strongly inclines it to the marvellous, The duke promised to comply, and the and the preternatural? The imaginalady disappeared. His Highness then pre- tion of its poets, of its literati, generalpared to give a fit reception to bis expectedly, inclines to the excessive ; but who guests. He ordered wax candles to be would have thought this of its statesmen? Jighted and placed upon a table between
A Portrait of the Prince is prefixed ; the bible and prayer-book, doubled the guards at the door of his apartments, gave
and others, of his ancestors, are inserted himself up to spiritual meditations, prayed
in the work. and awaited thc time with firmness, though pot with perfect composure. Precisely at eleven, the duchess entered, lively and A Letter to a Member of Parliament friendly as ever, and stated her case to the
on the Slavery of the Christians, at AL duke After ber came her husband, gloomy and pale, and delivered what he
giers. By Walter Croker, Esq. R. N. had to say, in a harsh and unkind manner. Price 1s. Stockdale, London. 1816. * Now decide," exclaimed the duchess, " thou, in whom we place our confidence,
EVENTS lately reported as having beloved descendant of our race !"
happened along the shores of Barbary, Christian, infueuced perhaps rather by
are such as every humane, not to say gallantry, pity for the souls that had not every Christian, heart must be shocked yet attained repose, love of peace, and a
at. Whether they originated in sheer desire to extricate bimself from the affair, fanaticism, or in ill understood rumours than by any other reasons, decided that on the subject of that association, which dụke Casimir was in the wrong, and ex. under the anspices of Sir S. Smith, has horted him to be reconciled with his beauti: been forming among Christian Knights, ful consort. “ Thou hast spoken wisely and or in infuriate opposition to treaties. justly," said the spirit. “I am reconciled lately enforced from the Barbary Powers, with my wife." The duke then joined his ice-cold hand to
by Christian armaments, or in whatthe warm soft hand of the princess, and
ever other cause, certain it is, the conpronounced a benediction over them.- sequences have been afflicting and disBoth said " Amen!" and the duchess kindly graceful in no ordinary degree. added : “ Receive our thanks." Upon this It is understood, that the military rethe duke began to sing the Te Deum lau- volted against the authorities, and prodamus, in which he was accompanied by ceeded to violences, by which some hunboth bis guests. When they had finished, the princess addressed him in these words? dreds of unsuspecting Christians were “ Your reward for this your love and good- massacred. When the whole is known, ness, you will receive from God, and soon the honour of Christendom, and of more be with us.” The spirits then disappeared, than one Christian State, distinctly, and left the duke overpowered by feelings may require a reparation proportionate of awe, which the promised reward could to the offence. Not to promote this feelnot fail to excite. The guards, according ing prematurely, we wait for further into their report, heard no part of this conversation, except what was said by the facts have added importance to the tes
telligence. In the mean time, these duke, neither did they see the apparitions. Christian acquainted his adviser Hofkunz, timony of eye-witnesses, as to what they with all the circumstances, and began to have really beheld at the Barbary Ports; prepare for bis eud, which happened about and we rely on the statements here
pre two years afterwards. His chemical opera- sented to the public by Mr. Croker.